THE SMUGGLER OF FOLKSTONE. proceeded in numbers to various points of

the coast, and worked their vessels and

carried the cargoes into the interior. By EDWARD PORTWINE.

The shores of France being within

twenty-six miles, induced many of the inCHAPTER 1. — FOLKSTONE.

PENINSULAR habitants to embark in a course life WAR. SMUGGLING.

which promised competence. Some were

forced into the illegal traffic from necessity, The marine town of Folkstone is remark- others from inebriety, but the greater numable for its singular construction, and its ber for profit. From the Lizard to the neighbourhood is replete with picturesque mouth of the Thames, before the conclusion and romantic scenery. Its fertile valleys of the war in 1815, the contraband traffic and lofty hills, clothed in all the luxuriance had been most prosperous and profitable to of nature; its rich soil, loaded with corn, those engaged in it. The tradesman, the fruits, and flowers, present a strong con. labourer, and the unemployed, ventured trast to the town, built on the side of a

their lives and liberties in the hours of steep hill, and running abruptly to the darkness; and the opulent committed a shores of the British Channel

. Folkstone, breach of the law by purchasing the silks, at the terinination of the late war, was a brandy, Hollands, and other articles thus dull and miserable fishing-port, with its obtained, and by permitting such goods to harbour choked with marine deposit, to the be secreted on their grounds or premises. hindrance of commerce. It seemed to lie

Who were the most guilty ? the nobles prostrate before her more fortunate and and commoners who indirectly induced a powerful neighbour, Dover. This cele- violation of those laws they had enacted, brated town is about six miles from Folk

or the poor, the humble, and the starving ? stone, then famous for two branches of industry, which were the only sources of re. venue to its singular inhabitants, namely, smuggling and fishing. But science, in its rapid course, has

About a mile on the north of the town of tended to improve the condition of man- Folkstone, and within the bosom of a lofty kind. It has populated regions and in- hill, reposes in silent beauty an earthly pacreased the productiveness of the earth ; it radise, containing all that is lovely and has brought country nearer to country, and luxuriant in nature; fruit-trees bending increased the general sum of human happi. their loaded branches to the earth, and ness. In every part of the civilised world flowers that impregnated the atmosphere science has progressed, and the works now with a thousand perfumes. This place is constructing present to the world a phe. called the Cherry Gardens, where fruits nomenon without paraliel. It may have and flowers, thirty years since, were in desolated some districts, but it has bene. high perfection. fited others by increasing commerce and These gardens are protected by high adding to general prosperity.

hills on the north, and on the south, east, The town of Folkstone is one of the and west is stretched out at their feet a places which has received aid from the re- noble plain, whose boundary is the cliffs sistless power of steam, at a time when all which overhang the channel. hope had departed with the suppression of Within these extensive gardens were smuggling and the failure of her fisheries. seats, bowers, and lawns, with bowlingScience steps in, and this port is now pros- greens; and a house of entertainment, perous and imposing. The former features where every delicacy could be obtained, of this town are fast fading from the recol- from champagne to strawberries and cream. lection; and her plains and vallies resound On Sundays this prolific region swarmed with locomotives rushing to and fro. The with young and old desirous of enjoyment. peninsular war—a struggle which deprived The rich, the poor, the intellectual, and the England of her dearest blood, a war com- ignorant, the squire and the peasant, seemmenced in favour of an ancient family of ed all determined to enjoy themselves. France, and marked by murder and rapine- The peer acknowledged "equality once a was fiercely raging at the commencement week," and considered it no indignity to of this tale. This struggle required the bestow his attentions on the fair but humwhole of our navy to protect the coast from ble daughters of this beautiful district. invasion and our commerce from destruc- In the autumn of 1813, on a warm Sun. tion. Few ships or men, therefore, could day evening, the towns and villages adjabe spared by government to prevent a vio- cent poured forth their hundreds of the lation of the revenue laws, so smuggling gay and happy. The hardy fisherman and was carried on to a large extent in open his “ love" from Folkstone; the thriving defiance of the officers employed to pre- tradesman and his family from the marine vent it. Organised bands met secretly, village of Ludgate; the substantial baron

of the ancient cinque-port of Hythe, mixing left the fields, the noise of horses' hoofs, with the inhabitants of the rural districts – treading rapidly on the flinty road, sounded repaired to the cool bosom of this moun- in the ears of the young men. tain. At the foot of the mountain, three

(To be continued.) persons were perceived in earnest conversaton.

One of them, a handsome, tall young man, with a free and open countenance, was STATUES FOR THE NEW HOUSES dressed in all the fashion of the day-a

OF PARLIAMENT. bule coat designed his muscular frame, The antiquary who may live five hunwhile a pair of corduroy breeches and top- dred or a thousand years hence, may be boots showed off to advantage his athletic not a little puzzled to decide what caused and well-proportioned leg ; round his neck the individuals to be selected, whose effihe wore a green handkerchief, fastened at gies adorn what will then be called the the front with a diamond pin. This was ancient pile at Westminster. To him and the young man whose lively conversation, to those who may take their turn of life and keen piercing glance, had caused so at an earlier date, the following informamany hearts to palpitate and thrill with tion will prove of value, drawn as it is joy as each girl whispered to her compa- from authentic sources. nion the name of James Waldron.

The fourth report of the Commissioners One of his companions was dressed as a sea- of Fine Arts, made in April last, and but man. He was fresh coloured, about twenty- recently published, describes the course six, with features indicating experience on they had taken in consequence of a letter the deep. Captain William Sarson was a Bri- addressed to them by Sir Robert Peel restish sailor-hardy, generous, and reckless pecting public monuments to eminent men; of danger. His services were dedicated to and in consequence of subsequent delibera. his country, and his heart had been long in tions they recommend that six insulatel the possession of Affery Jeffery, a young marble statues be in St Stephen's Porch lady resident in Folkstone.

and sixteen in St. Stephen's Hall. They The third was a fashionable dandy of do not take upon themselves to name the that period—a rich descendant of a long subjects, but they say—“We are at once line of drapers of the good port, who pre- prepared to recommend that statues of sented an excellent appearance by the aid Marlborough and Nelson be placed in St. of his tailor.

Stephen's porch; and that statues of SelThese three individuals were as opposite den, Hampden, lord Falkland, lord Clain disposition as imagination could conceive, rendon, lord Somers, Sir Robert Walpole, and yet these opposites were necessary to lord Chatham, lord Mansfield, Burke, Fox, each other's pleasures. Waldron esteemed Pitt, and Grattan, be placed in St. Stephen's Sarson for his manly bearing and fearless. Hall; and further, that W.C. Marshall

, J. ness of character, and Hamish was proud Bell, and J. H. Foley, whose works in the to be called the friend of both.

last exhibition in Westminster Hall were “ I tell you,” cried Waldron, “ that Bar- considered to be entitled to especial comnard is my euemy, and I shall not forget mendation, be at once commissioned to the cause."

prepare models for three of the aforesaid 'Squire Barnard your enemy? Impos- statues, viz., the statues of Hampden, lord sible!" responded Hamish. “It was only Falkland, and lord Clarendon," and that last Sunday, when seated in the northern £2,000 be granted on account towards the summer-house, he praised you, and spoke payment of such works." warmly of your manly conduct."

The subject was referred to a commit“Indeed! And who was present when tee, who produced the following report:I was so honoured ?”

Your committee appointed to prepare Affery Jeffery, Margaret Cumlin, Jane a general list of distinguished persons Gittens, myself, and Margaret's father, and of the united kingdom to whose memories we all felt the young 'squire had spoken statues might with propriety be erected in the truth."

or adjoining the new Houses of Parliament, “ All?” asked Waldron, anxiously. such list being unrestricted as to the num“ Yes, all."

ber of such distinguished persons, and “ And Margaret.”

as to the time in which they lived,” have Why,” continued Hamish, “she said the honour to submit two lists; the first little, and appeared to receive the atten- (A), of names to which they agreed unanitions of Barnard with reserve. But what mously; the second (B), of names on which is the cause of the animosity between you your committee were not unanimous, but and the heir of ten thousand acres?" decided by greater or smaller majorities.

“Let us move on, and reserve our friend's The aggregate of these two lists consists of disclosures on this subject,” cried Sarson. 121 names, which may probably afford

The friends walked onwards, and as they scope, not for indiscriminate adoption, but




rather for choice and selection on the part to execute any great number of these of the commission at large. At the same statues simultaneously would not be contime, your committee desire to express ducive to the interests of art. their unanimous opinion, that the attempt MAHON


London, March 11, 1845.
Lists referred to in the preceding report.

Sir William Wallace

Sir Philip Sydney

Robert Bruce
Duke of Marlborough

Lord Clive

Lord Burleigh
Lord Heathfield

Robert Boyle
John Hampden
Earl of Clarendon

Lord Howard of Effingham Caxton
Lord Somers
Sir Francis Drake

Earl of Chatham
Admiral Drake

Edmund Burke
Lord Rodney

C. J. Fox

Lord Howe
William Pitt
Lord Duncan

Inigo Jones
Lord St. Vincent


Christopher Wren
Sir Thomas More
Lord Nelson

Sir Edward Coke

Sir Joshua Reynolds
John Selden
Sir Walter Raleigh

Sir Matthew Hale

Captain Cook Earl of Mansfield

John Howard Lord Erskine

Sir Thomas Gresham William Wilberforce

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Report of Committee respecting the selection of John shall be chosen, have come to a of persons whose effigies might be placed resolution of recommending the particular in the niches of the House of Lords. names which have been submitted to the

The selection of the statues for the eight- commission. In the text of Magna Charta, een niches in the House of Lords, which

has inserted in Matthew Paris, the king recites now been referred to your committee, does himself to have granted it by the advice of not appear to them altogether so free and Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterwith so wide a scope as the selection of the bury; the archbishop of Dublin; seven ninety-six figures on painted glass upon English bishops; the master of the Knights which they have lately reported. In this case Templars in England; with sixteen barons, the

very narrow size of the niches, and five of whom had the rank of earls, though their Gothic form, seein to limit the choice only four are mentioned by this author, of the commission to characters drawn from who has also committed one or two other the feudal age, and, as usual with effigies slight inaccuracies. Roger de Wendover, of that period, presenting little or no va- whose chronicle, lately published by the riety of attitude. On a careful considera- English Historical Society, is almost wholly tion of the characters which might be copied by Matthew Paris, omits altogether chosen, subject to this condition, your this recital of names in his text of the committee have become convinced that no charter. But in this instance he is cerscheme is preferable to that which was tainly wrong, as appears by the incontestafirst suggested to the commission by his ble evidence of the charter itself, of which, royal highness prince Albert-namely, to as is well known, several copies exist. fill the niches with the

effigies of the prin. There can, therefore, be no doubt that the cipal barons who signed Magna Charta. personages above mentioned were Your committee subjoin a list of the names cerned, in a prominent manner, in the which they would recommend for this pur- enactment of that great and celebrated pose. They conceive that the difference law. But, while it would have been easy of character as laymen, or as prelates, to recommend for the eighteen niches in would afford a picturesque variety of at- the House of Lords the effigies of the archtire

, and that the historical analogy would bishop, and some other ecclesiastics, with be inost suitably attained by placing side those sixteen barons whom we find recited by side in the same house of the legisla- in the charter, we were checked by the ture, in windows or in niches, the succes- consideration that these, as appears by a sive holders of sovereign power, and the preceding passage of Matthew Paris, were first founders of constitutional freedom: all on the king's side in the previous conStephen Langley, archbishop of Canter- test, and that it would be a very inadequate bury; William, bishop of London; Almeric, commemoration of that event to omit those master of Knights Templars; William, earl nobles of England who had in reality the of Salisbury; William, earl of Pembroke; chief share in bringing it about. It is inWaryn, earl of Warren; William, earl of deed true, that those who had adhered Arundel; Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent: most steadily to king John united with the Richard, earl of Clare ; William, earl of rest at last to press upon him the necessity Aumerle; Geoffrey, earl of Gloucester; of compliance with the demand of a charter Saher, earl of Winchester; Henry, earl of of liberties; so that it may be said to have Hereford; Roger, earl of Norfolk; Ro vert, been granted on the unanimous requisition earl of Oxford; Robert Fitzwalter, Eustace of the baronage; but this affords only a de Vesci, William de Mowbray.

reason for selecting names indiscriminately MAHON

HENRY HALLAM from both parties, considering them as in T. B. MACAULAY SAMUEL ROGERS fact combined for the purpose of obtaining ROBERT HARRY INGLIS THOMAS WY$E.

a legal guarantee for their liberties. It B. Hawes, JUN.

became, consequently, the duty of the comWhitehall, May 15, 1845.

mittee to look over the history of the time,

in order to fix upon eighteen persons who, The following letter from Mr. Hallam

out of a more considerable number, apon the considerations which influenced the peared most worthy of being commemo: commissioners, will throw additional light rated on this occasion. The archbishop of on the subject:

Canterbury, Stephen Langton, indepenMy dear sir,-In compliance with the dently of his high rank, was, as is well request of his royal highness and the other known, one of the most distinguished members of the commission, at our meet- statesmen of that age, and a strenuous suj • ing yesterday, I will state the grounds on porter of the charter, though without which the committee appointed to select quitting the royal banner. The next in persons whose effigies might be placed in station among the prelates is the archthe eighteen niches of the new House of bishop of Dublin; but, as he did not hold Lords, having first determined that men an English see, it seemed more desirable prominent in obtaining the Great Charter to select Willian, bishop of London, whose

see is next in dignity among those who the lake it presents a high wall rising from were present, and whose name may be the water, and surmounted with two slofound in history. Almeric, master of the ping gable roofs; on the land side you see Knights Templars in England, was the re- four pyramidal towers, and over all rises presentative of a renowed and powerful a rectangular turret with a sharply pointed order; and his effigy would furnish some roof, tipped with conductors, to preserve variety of costume. Five earls are recited the stores from lightning, as the castle is on the king's side, those of Pembroke, a now used as a powder magazine for the very eminent man, of Salisbury, of Warren, Pays de Vaud. To the left, rise very rich of Arundel, and lastly, Hubert de Burgh of woods, which cling even to the summits of Kent, afterwards Justiciary of England. the steep limestone rocks, that form the On the side of the barons we find seven walls of the great basin of the lake. Beearls, those of Clare, Aumerle, Gloucester, yond, a little to the right, are seen the Winchester, Hereford, Norfolk, and Ox- tapering spire of Villeneuve, the mouths of ford. Three yames remained to complete the Rhone, and the entrance to the fertile the number of eighteen. No doubt could though narrow country of the Valais, bebe felt as to that of Robert Fitzwalter, tween which and the castle are many pretty whom the barons had placed at their head buildings scattered here and there along in conducting this enterprise. Eustace de the edge of the lake, like so many nests of Vesci bore a considerable part on the same love in the beautiful groves that surround side, and has some name in history. One them. These have much the appearance of only remained; and among many noble, but those sweet little retreats which the sinuous scarcely very historical persons, none ap. shores of Windermere afford ; and repeared more eligible than William de mind one when due allowance is made for Mowbray, ancestor of the duke of Norfolk, the change of climate, the style of the arthe oldest peer, and that in the three ranks chitecture, and the greater proportions of of duke, earl, and baron, in the existing the scenery, of those delicious nooks where House of Lords. William de Mowbray is Brathay, Clappergate, Dove's-nest, and also ancestor, not only of the various noble Low-wood, have claimed dominion over the families which bear the surname of Ho. fancy of the stranger. The entrance to the ward, but of that of Berkeley. Such, I ap- castle of Chillon is by a strong drawbridge, prehend, are the reasons which have in- upon which are erected guard-rooms for duced the committee, as they have myself, the soldiers of the canton, who keep conto recommend the eighteen names, of which stant guard, in their neat uniforms of blue you possess a list, to be commemorated as

and grey. Passing this bridge, you enter, having borne a share in obtaining the great through a lofty gateway, a small court, on charter of John.

the right of which is a covered space used I am, my dear sir, very truly yours, for fuel, where there is a spring of sweet

HENRY HALLAM. clear water flowing through a brass gun C. L. Eastlake, Esq.

barrel, as is common in various parts of Switzerland (the barrel being sonetimes passed through a tree). Opposite to the entrance you

see the inhabited part of this VISIT TO CHILLON ON THE LAKE massy pile, the inmates of which seem to OF GENEVA.

have a great antipathy to the use of gardening tools, as the grass grows to a tole

rable height on the two stone steps which Leaving the beautiful village of Mont- lead to the huge black door of this incarreux, a sudden turn in the road, which is cerating mansion. Close to this door, to bordered next the lake by chesnut and the left of it as you advance down three walnut-trees, and on the other hand by steps, rather more free from weeds (owing the verdant walls of the Dent de Jaman, to the constant wear of English feet), you brought us in sight of the castle of Chil- enter a doorway, which seems to offer lon, standing, as Rousseau says, “Sur un access to an old potato house or cellar. rocher qui forme une presqu'île, et autour The janitor is an ancient dame, short as to duquel j'ai vu sonder à plus de cent cin- one leg, and long as to the rest of her quante brasses, qui font près de huit cents body, with a face furrowed like the hills pieds, sans trouver le fond. C'est là que fut about her, and as stormy in appearance as detenu six ans prisonnier François Bonni- the passes of the Gemmi. One may easily vard, prieur de St. Victor, homme d'un imagine, without any great stretch of the mérite rare, d'une droiture et d'une fer- inventive faculties, that, if the tenderer meté à toute épreuve, ami de la liberté part of the domestics of this hospitable quoique Savoyard, et tolérant quoique prê- place, in the nineteenth century, bears tre.”—(Nouvelle Héloise.)

such a prepossessing appearance, poor The appearance of the castle from the Bonnivard had no very pleasant sojourn Vevay side is particularly neat. Towards here. This dear Dulcinea jingling her


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