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parchment perforated with small holes: to the hair. The weight of these barbathe strings of dough are continually cut off, rous appendages draws down and deforms so as to form small pellets of dough of the the ear, and, in my mind, they inspired a size of ordinary shot, and these are rolled continual terror lest the filagree should about until they are quite round, and have catch in some projecting object, during a attained a sufficient hardness to prevent rapid movement, and tear the earring out them from sticking together. Earthen of the ear. Some of the women also wear pipkins form the ordinary cooking utensils bracelets and anklets, but these are by no of the country; and upon an earthen jar, means so common as the earrings and the containing water, a bowl perforated with a tiara. The dress of the women, within number of small holes is set, into which doors, consists of an embroidered jacket bowl the granulated dough is put, covered with short sleeves, usually of silk or velwith a folded cloth, and it is cooked by the vet, and a petticoat of dark green cloth, steam. A fowl and some onions are which is not made after the fashion of usually boiled in the water, and are added European petticoats, but is merely a piece to the granulated dough or kouskous, form- of cloth rolled several times round the ing a palatable and savoury dish. There are person, and secured by a scarlet damask no knives or forks used in the dissection of scarf, inwoven with gold thread, tied round a fowl or other similar article, but meats of the waist. Unmarried females have long every kind are torn asunder by the persons hair arranged in two plaits hanging down sitting at table, who would disdain any the back; but when they are married, this instruments of cutlery but their fingers for is cut off, and they then employ a crimson the accomplishment of such operations." scarf, with the ends hanging down the
It is the vice of all barbarous nations to back, as a head dress; and it is by no look with scorn and abhorrence on foreign- means an unbecoming one.
The Moors have great prejudices “ Tetuan is a much more thriving town against Europeans. These are found to than Tangier: it has some manufactories, be much stronger among the women than whereas Tangier has none, but chiefly deamong the men. The writer already quo- pends for its support on the money exted, says, “This is stronger in Tetuan, pended by the consuls. The chief occupawhere Christians are rarities, than in Tan- tions of Tetuan appear to be shoemaking gier, where the consular body and its re- and tailoring, iron working, weaving, dyetainers have familiarised the people to the ing, and mat making. The countrymen, Nazarani.' At Tangier, the women, when who are chiefly Berbers, come into the in the streets, cover themselves with a market with their commodities borne by hayk, or large plaid, leaving but a small camels, horses, or asses, and each has his opening through which they can see with long gun, without which he would never one eye. In Tetuan, the women also cover think of travelling. They bring wheat, themselves closely with the hayk, but oil-skins, wax, honey, and a number of are not altogether dependent upon it, as other articles, and take back woollen and they have a piece of calico extending cotton goods, cutlery, shoes, and other across the face, beneath the eyes, which similar articles, part of which are of Eurocompletely conceals the features. The old pean production, and the rest are manuwomen have the reputation of concealing factures of the place. The Berbers are their faces more carefully than the young distinguished by a long lock of hair deones, who are accused of sometimes drop-scending from their heads, after the manping the hayk by a wilful accident. Both ner of the Chinese, while the rest is either the Moorish and the Jewish women are shaved cut quite close. They say that fund of jewellery, and every kind of gau- by this lock of hair Mahomet is to draw dy dress. Most of the Jewesses have a them up to heaven. There is a tradition silver band, or tiara, encircing the head, among them, that they are the descendants on which pearls and precious stones of of the Philistines that were driven out of every kind are arranged in tasteful devices. Palestine by David. The mountainous Gold lace, and gold thread of every kind, parts occupied by this people cannot be is in great request, and even the poorest traversed with safety even by the envoys persons will generally contrive to obtain a of the sultan. The district of Reif, for fine dress or two, which will constitute all example, lying on the coast between Tan. their fortune. European jewellery is not gier and Tetuan, the inhabitants of those much prized; and the jewellery of the towns cannot visit without great risk, and country, which is that in request, is of the scarcely ever, therefore, make the attempt. rudest description. The earrings of the Small vessels that are becalmed upon that Jewesses are of the size and shape of ram's part of the coast, are often boarded and horns: the tip is diminished in size suffici- despoiled, and the crews murdered, and ently to go into a hole in the ear, and the no redress is to be obtained for such acts large end, which is adorned by a profusion of violence. The chief use of the walls of filagree work, is looped up by a hook around Tangier and Tetuan is not to de
fend them against a foreign crusader, but shocked those who had professed themto shield the inhabitants of the towns from selves the admirers of American freedom. the lawless mountaineers, who would other. There we see that poverty and all its atwise descend in the night to robiand mur- tendant evils are as deplorably abundant der. If any calamity falls upon a town as they can be under a monarchy. That from fire or otherwise, the Berber will be misery which some have weakly supposed sure to seize that opportunity to endeavour was peculiar to Europe, it is clear may be to plunder it; so that the people in the found in the United States, unchecked by towns have to contend against a double those vigorous though not perfectly unex fue. During the recent bombardment of ceptionable measures-repudiation, nulli. Tangier by the French, the Berbers were fication, and Lynch law. thundering at the gates, and they would It is monstrous in a nation which has so have cared nothing for the town having loudly claimed distinction as the generous fallen into the hands of the French, pro advocate of the rights of men, to find slavided they had succeeded in obtaining part very in its most odious forms. Yet this of the booty. Any government less su- we have lately seen elaborately defended pine than that of Morocco, would long by a secretary of state, Mr. Calhoun. since have taken steps either to expel such That gentleman has thought proper to miscreants from the country, or to reduce point out to his countrymen how fearful the them to obedience."
mistake committed by Great Britain in The helpless state of the Moorish go abolishing slavery. He tells what but few vernment, which has caused it to offend the politicians in this country are aware of, French, may be expected to invite attack. that English statesmen are distracted by A new order of things will probably soon the awful consequences which result from be witnessedFrench Africa be conside- that step. Mr. Calhoun says: rably enlarged--and the emperor of Mo- “ The vast increase of the capital and rocco ordered to follow the dey of Algiers production on the part of those nations into exile.
who have continued their former policy towards the negro race, compared with that of Great Britain, indicates a corres
ponding relative increase of the means THE LAND OF GENUINE LIBERTY. wealth, and power.
of commerce, navigation, manufactures,
It is no longer a When the late Mr. Mathews returned question of doubt, that the great source of from the United States with his budget of wealth, prosperity, and power of the more oddities, gleaned on the other side of the civilised nations of the temperate zone Atlantic, the Yankee gentlemen who wit- (especially Europe, where the arts have nessed his “ At Home,” voted his carica« made the greatest advance), depends in a ture of “ Uncle Ban," his “ Nigger," &c., great degree on the exchange of their protoo broad. Society in America was de- ducts with those of the tropical regions. clared to be in a much more advanced So great has been the advance made in the state; and for his coarse lampoon, when arts, both chemical and mechanical, within the mimic again crossed the western main, the few last generations, that all the old he met with anything but a flattering re- civilised nations can, with but a small part ception. In the same way all English ar- of their labour and capital, supply their tists who have painted American life have respective wants; which tends to limit been hooted down. Mrs. Trollope and within narrow bounds the amount of the Charles Dickens are scouted as gross li- commerce between them, and forces them bellers; and English misrepresentation has all to seek for markets in the tropical rebeen a favourite theme with the journalists gions and the more newly settled portions on the other side of the water.
of the globe. Those who can best succeed It however happens unfortunately that in commanding those markets have the from time to time facts transpire which best prospect of outstripping the others in more than justify the most unsparing ex- the career of commerce, navigation, manuposure made by British satirists, which factures, wealth, and power. This is seen show that in “ the model republic,” ava- and felt by British statesmen, and has rice and lust of power prevail to such an opened their eyes to the errors which they extent as to overpower the best feelings of have committed. The question now with humanity, and these are given to the them is, how shall it be counteracted? world, not by individuals who are moved What has been done cannot be undone. by national prejudices, but by those who The question is, by what means can Great belong to the happy land.
Britain regain and keep a superiority in Among these Mrs. Child, who has just tropical cultivation, commerce, and influpublished " Letters from New York,” takes ence? Or shall that be abandoned, and a respectable stand. From her we obtain other nations be suffered to acquire the a confirmation of much that has previously supremacy, even to the event of supplying
British markets to the destruction of the out looking up from counting her money, capital already vested in their production? she drawled out, 'Yes, Charity; and I got These are the questions which now pro- a great price for him! [Here the colourfoundly occupy the attention of her states
ed woman imitated to perfection the lanmen, and have the greatest influence over guid, indolent tone of southern ladies.] her councils.''
Oh, my heart 'was too full. She had sent And this he urges in a state paper which me away of an errand, because she didn't had for its object to "hound on” the want to be troubled with our cries. I United States people to the seizure-that hadn't any chance to see my poor boy. I is, the "annexation "-of Texas. Great in- shall never see him again in this world. deed may be the disappointment of those My heart felt as if it was under a great who can feel for their fellow men, that the loail of lead. I couldn't speak my feelings. generous sacrifice made by England has I never spoke them to her from that day not more largely benefited the suffering to this. As I went out of the room, I race it was intended to relieve, but greater lifted up my hands, and all I could say still their grief might rationally be, if that was, ' Mistress, how could you do it?'” step had never been taken, or could now But slavery, though repugnant to Engbe recalled, provided it caused us to wit- lish notions, is a state of comparative hapness, even among ourselves, such mourn- piness, we are told. In this instance, what fully disgusting scenes as Mrs. Child shows followed? The poor boy thus sold, having are to be looked upon in “the States.” She accidentally given utfence, was shot dead brings before us a negro laundress, and by his purchaser because he did not un. lets her tell her sad story in her own lan- dress with alacrity to be flogged for what guage. In her we see an affectionate mo- he had done. ther, a poor slave faithful to the claims of That Mrs. Kinmore was a religious lady, nature, striving with unwearied zeal to get will be seen from a further extract. Chamoney, not for her own personal indul- rity, who had received the present of her gence, but to redeem her child from bon- liberty from a slave jobber, went to New dage. But all in vain. Her mistress, Mrs. York. There meeting with one to whom Kinmore, a religious lady, would not let she had formerly been known she was the sable parent have her own offspring if asked: she could get a dollar more for him froin “What has become of your mistress a stranger. The course things took we Kinmore? Do you ever hear from her ?' bave thus brought before us:
• Yes, ma'am, I often hear from her; and "I carried all my money to my mistress, summer before last, as I was walking up and told her I had more due to me; and if Broadway, with a basket of clean clothes, all of it wasn't enough to buy my poor boy, who should I meet but my old mistress Id work hard and send her all my earn- Kinmore! She gave a sort of start and ings, till she said I had paid enough. She said, in her drawling way, 'O, Charity, is it knew she could trust me. She knew Cha- you?' Her voice sounded deep and hollow, rity always kept her word. But she was as if it come from under the ground; for a hard-hearted woman. She wouldn't let she was far gone in a consumption. If I me have my boy. With a heavy heart, I wasn't mistaken, there was a something went to work to earn more, in hopes I here (laying her hand on her heart), that might one day be able to buy him. To be made her feel strangely when she met poor sure, I didn't get much more time than I Charity. Says I, “How do you do, mistress did when I was a slave; for mistress was Kinmore? How does little Sammy do ?' always calling upon me; and I didn't like (That was my little grandson, you know, to disoblige her. I wanted to keep the that she wouldn't let me buy). "I'm poorly, right side of her, in hopes she'd let me have Charity,' says she; 'very poorly. Sammy's my boy. One day she sent me of an er- a smart boy. He's grown tall, and tends rand. I had to wait some time. When I table nicely. Every night I teach him his come back, mistress was counting a heap prayers.' The indignant grandmother of bills in her lap. She was a rich woman drawled out the last words in a tone which --she rolled in gold. My little girl stood Fanny Kemble herself could not have surbehind her chair; and as mistress counted passed. Then suddenly changing both the money-ten dollars-twenty dollars— voice and manner, she added in tones of fifty dollars—I see that she kept crying. earnest dignity, ‘Och! I could't stand that! I thought may be mistress had struck her. Good morning, ma'am !' said I. I smiled, But when I see the tears keep rolling down as I inquired whether she had heard from her cheeks all the time, I went up to her, Mrs. Kinmore since. “Yes, ma'am. The and whispered, “What's the matter?' She lady that brings my daughter to the north pointed to mistress's lap, and said, 'Bro- every summer, told me last fall she didn't der's money! Broder's money! Oh, then think Mistress Kinmore could live long. I understood it all! I said to mistress When she went home, she asked me if I Kinmore, · Have you sold my boy?' With- had any message to send to my old mis,
tress. I told her I had a message to send. He has suffered severely for the crime he Tell her, says I, to prepare to meet poor did commit; and since he has shown the Charity at the judgment seat.'
most sincere desire to reform, it never The consequence of this is, in the Uni- ought to be mentioned against him. I ted States we find a villainously discordant think I know his state of mind, and I will and immoral population. On all sides the take the responsibility of maintaining that seeds of vice are springing up most vigo- he is not guilty. But to all his urgent rously. Native born Americans (in the representations, he received the answer, States) despise their own fathers for having "He is an old convict and that is enough. first seen the light in foreign lands. Every The poor fellow hung down his head, and reader of history has smiled incredulously said in tones of despair, 'Well then I must at the story of the son of king Henry II. make up my mind to spend the remainder When the monarch, at a feast, in compli. of my days in prison. •Thou wert not ment to biin put the first dish on the table, concerned in this robbery, wert thou?' said the prince disdainfully remarked that “it was Isaac, looking earnestly in his face. •Innot much for the son of a great king to be deed I was not. God be my witness, I waited upon by the son of a petty count.” want to lead an honest life, and be at peace In America we have something like a reali- with all men. But what good will that do? sation of it:
They will say, He is an old convict, and “A young loafer, a native born, but of that is enough. Friend Hopper told him Irish parentage, being, out late in the he would stand by him. He did so; and evening, his father inquired where he had offered to be bail for his appearance. The been. He replied, “To a native American gratitude of the poor fellow was overmeeting;' and received a whipping for his whelming. He sobbed like a child. His impertinence. •I don't care a copper for innocence was afterwards proved, and to the flogging,' said the juvenile patriot; the day of his death be continued a vir.but to be struck by a cursed foreigner is tuous and useful citizen.” too bad.'»
The principles acted upon in the United States seem in countless instances to be pregnant with evil. For the man once LEGEND OF ST. JEAN DU DOIGT.* convicted of theft, it is more difficult than even in England to return to the paths of
After that by order of the cruel Herod honesty. No mercy is shown to penitence, the glorious Si. Juhn the Baptist had been and this causes crime to be repeated. Seve- decapitated in prison, and that the incesral instances of the melancholy conse
tuous Herodias had outraged the holy quences of pursuing such a course are given head by a thousand punctures with her by Mrs. Child. We subjoin one, which needle ; fearing lest it should again unite places in striking contrast the vicious sys- itself to and reanimate his body again to tem which prevails, and the counteracting upbraid her with her adultery, she caused efforts of individual benevolence:
it to be interred in a secret spot within her " Patrick McKever, a poor Irishman in palace, whilst the disciples of the holy mesPhiladelphia, was many years ago sen
senger carried the body to the town of Setenced to be hung for burglary. For some
bastian in Samaria, and there buried it bereason or other he was reprieved at the tween the two prophets Elisha and Abdias. foot of the gallows, and his sentence His body, however, continued to exhibit changed to ten years' imprisonment. He such surprising miracles, that the emperor was a man of few words, and hope seemed Julian the Apostate commanded it to be almost dead within him; but when Friend burnt, and the ashes cast to the winds, Hopper, who became inspector during the thinking by those means to extinguish the latter part of his term, talked to him like glory of Jesus Christ through his holy a brother, his heart was evidently touched messenger. The Gentiles, executing these by the voice of kindness. After his re- commands, entered with furious zeal into lease, he returned to his trade, and con
the place of this sacred deposit, razed the ducted himself in a very sober, exemplary sepulchre, carried off the relics, and cast
The inspector often met him, them into a great fire, which reduced pait and spoke words of friendly encourage- of them to ashes; but there came so vioment. Things were going on very satis- lent a rain as to extinguish the fire, and factory, when a robbery was committed in afford the faithful an opportunity of rocothe neighbourhood, and Patrick was imme. vering the bones, some entire, and others diately arrested. His friend went to the half burnt, together with the ashes, and to mayor, and inquired what proof there was carry them away as precious relics, which that he committed the robbery. “No proof; have since been dispersed into various but he is an old convict, and that is enough to condemn him,' was the answer. Nay, by Albert le Grand, and first published in the year
Extracted from the Lives of the 'Breton Saints it is not enough,' replied Friend Hopper. 1636.
parts of the world. As to the head, it a fountain now called Feuntean-ar-Bis, that was first discovered by certain devout men is. La Fontaine du Doigt, The Fountain of who had come to Jerusalem, and to whom the Finger. Before him lay the parish the saint appeared, and revealed the place church (of Plongasnon), the valley of of its deposit. The finger with which the Praonn Meriadec between its two bills, and saint pointed out the Saviour, when he ex- to the north the British ocean or English claimed, “Behold the Lamb of God, which channel, and the fort of Primel; whilst betaketh away the sins of the world,” was neath lay his own village and paternal presented to Philip, surnamed the Just, the roof. The more he contemplated the then patriarch of Jerusalem, who received scene, the more was ho convinced that he it with great reverence. It was longwhile was in his own parish. Rising up with all there preserved, and was famed for nume- joyfulness, he descended into the valley, rous surprising miracles. In course of time the oaks and elms curbing and bending a young maiden named Peclé, a native of their tops as he passed. Arrived at the Normandy, transported it into her own bottom, the bell of the chapel, then dedicountry, where a church of St. Jean du cated to St. Meriadec, began of itself to Dvigt was erected for it, and the finger ring in a most extraordinary manner, placed therein, God renewing the miracles whereupon the neighbours betook themat this translation. At what period this selves to the sacred edifice, and there dishappened, who was this Peclé, or by what covered the young man on his knees before means she thus enriched her country, I the altar. In their presence the papers lit have not hitherto discovered, neither does up spontaneously, and the sainted relic history make mention.
which the Breton had unconsciously borne Now nigh this church there dwelt a at the junction of the right hand with the grand seigneur, in whose service was a arm between the skin and the flesh of his young Bas-Breton, a native of Plongasnon, right hand, leaped upon the altar, the but unfortunately his name is not handed which perceiving, he thought to have died down to us.
This young man bore a sin. with joy, remaining longwhile without abigular affection towards the sacred mes- lity to utter a word. At length, having senger, and exhibited an extraordinary regained his presence of mind, he arose, devotion for the holy finger. Being about and manifested to all the people that this to quit his master and return into Bre- was the finger of St. John the Baptist. tanny, he earnestly affected some portion After relating that duke John having of the miraculous relic, incessantly praying been instructed of these miracles came to God and St. John to grant him this favour, Morlaix, attended by four prelates and a and persevering weeks together before the numerous suite ; and having caused the altar, in fastings and tears.
young man to be interrogated, and diligent About the year of grace 1437, John V inquiries to be made in Normandy and at, being then duke of Bretanny, and Charles the church of St. John there, and finding Vui king of France, our young Breton, de- the whole account true, made a solemn sirous of quitting Normandy, where the procession to Plongasnon, and thence to French waged a deadly warfare against Chapelle-Meriadec, where he devoutly kissthe English, to compel them to evacuate ed the relic, the reverend father proceeds France, and recross the sea into their own to tell us that country, demanded his discharge; but be- The miracles occasioned through the fore departing, he resorted, according to merits of St. John by the touch of the fincustom, to the church of St. John, and of- ger, which restored sight to the blind, fered up his prayers with extraordinary hearing to the deaf, and health to the disfervour and devotion; and perceiving him. eased of all kinds, attracted an infinite self possessed with an inward satisfaction multitude to this little chapel of St. Meriand delight he could nowise account for, adec, whence there accrued such vast he at once set out for his native place. On sums of money that it was resolved to erect the first day, passing through a little town, a larger structure, the church bells struck out of their own In 1489, the English auxiliaries, under arcord, and the trees bent their heads and the command of the controller-general of bowed before him, to the great wonderment England, Richard Eggecumbe, unable to of the people, who, suspecting him of sor. keep themselves from “ roding,” landed one cery, apprehended him, and clapped him night. entered the bourg of St. John, pil
laged it, and carried off the finger, with inIn his extremity, he devoutly commended tent to present it to their king (Henry VII) himself to God and St. John Baptist, whom a very religious and Catholic king. Arhe selected as his intercessor ; and having rived at the port of Hampton, a numerous concluded his frugal repast, he laid him procession of ecclesiastics with cross and down to sleep. What was his surprise taper proceed to the shore. upon awaking on the morrow to find him- But when the dean had opened the box self in his own country and parish, beside he found nothing, whereat all were greatly