« VorigeDoorgaan »
by calling out the whole man, raise them in body and mind enormously.
"Now I say all this without blaming the masters at all. It is merely a result of inevitable circumstance. But when I am told that the Lancashire system is perfect, and ought to be permanent and helped towards permanence by the alms of a whole nation, I answer: It is not perfect at all. It is fortuitous, barbaric, exceptional, transitional. We thank the masters for it, because it has called a great population into existence, who otherwise would not have been born. It has created great wealth. It has civilized, somewhat at least, tens of thousands who would have been languishing in Irish bogs or English workhouses; but, like all things of rapid growth, it is hollow and insecure, and here is its fall. It has collapsed at the first real shock; and what wise men must do, is to help out of it as soon as possible as many workmen as are sufficiently civilized to emigrate to a manlier and healthier sphere of life, and to supply their places, if fresh hands be needed, by less civilized beings, who may be raised and trained in the transitional school of Lancashire work. But I am justly indignant, when I find Mr. ****, and the organs of the Manchester school, holding up this Lancashire system (which is no system at all) as the model of human society — taking their stand on it to insult all that four-fifths of England holds dear, the monarchy, the government, the church, the army, the navy, the landlords, the sturdy agricultural peasant; and after doing more than all the demagogues to set class against class, accusing me of setting class against class, 'under well-known Satanic influences' (the actual words of the Morning Star'), because I interfere to see common justice done to the British public and to the Lancashire workman.
"Years since, when I was the only free-trade parson for miles round, I fought a similar battle against land
lords and farmers. I have found that by so doing I did not lose their respect. Angry as they were at the time with me, their English justice and common sense confessed me slowly to be in the right; and no one is better friends with squire and farmer now, than I who was looked on as a firebrand once."
FELLOW OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY GEOLOGY OF PALESTINE AND THE BIBLE-WORK AT CAMBRIDGE-WELLINGTON COLLEGE MUSEUM · LECTURE AT WELLINGTON LETTER FROM DR. BENSON - - WONDERS OF SCIENCEMAN AND THE APE - MOCKING BUTTERFLIES - A CHAIN OF SPECIAL PROVIDENCES TOADS IN ROCKS - PRINCE OF WALES'S WEDDING -D. C. L. DEGREE AT OXFORD· BISHOP COLENSO SERMONS ON THE PENTATEUCH.
How seldom, friend, a good great man inherits
For shame, dear friend! renounce this canting strain.
Or throne of corses that his sword hath slain?
The good great man? Three treasures, Love and Light,
ROFESSOR KINGSLEY was this year made a Fellow of the Geological Society - he was proposed by Sir Charles Bunbury, and seconded by Sir Charles Lyell. "To belong to the Geological Society," he writes to the former, "has long been an ambition of mine, but I feel
how little I know, and how unworthy I am to mix with the really great men who belong to it. So strongly do I feel this, that if you told me plainly that I had no right to expect such an honor, I should placidly acquiesce in what I already feel to be true.' The distinction of F. G. S. came as a counterbalance to his rejection at Oxford for that of a D. C. L. degree, which his friends there had proposed to confer on him. From boyhood geology had been his favorite v study; but since he entered the Church it had assumed a deeper importance from the light he believed it must throw on Bible history; and long before any scientific exploration of Palestine was planned, we find him urging it on travellers. The following fragment of a letter, written early in 1853 to Dean Stanley, will show his speculations on the subject:
"... While you are on your way to the Holy Land, I wish to point out to you the great help you might give to our understanding the prophets, especially Micah and Isaiah, by trying to make out whether there are volcanic features in the country to the southwest of Jerusalem. I need not point out to you the distinct allusion to volcanic phenomena of every kind, with which these two writers connect the drought of Ahaz's time, the great misery of the landholders of Judea, and the final destruction of Sennacherib's army, as well as the desolation of Edom and Moab which occurred about the same time. I have been trying for a long time to arrange them, and also to connect them with the remarkable (though wellknown in similar cases) re-appearance of the springs throughout a large part of the country, of which Isaiah speaks (cap. xxx. 25, and also xxxv.). But the travel
lers, except to the volcano district of Sinai, have been such bad geognosts, that I cannot get enough from them. And, moreover, scientific travellers think themselves bound to ignore the Bible, and pious' ones to ignore. science. So science suffers from neglecting the history which is ready made for them, and the Bible suffers, being considered to be a mere tale of portents and 'miracles,' even by the pious. Now I want some one like you, to look at these points: (1) The recent volcanic marks in Edom. Isaiah, cap. xxxiv., connects the eruption there with the great events of Hezekiah's time. But no one has worked the country well to the east of the Dead Sea. And no one will tell me whether there are marks (as I expect) of recent upheaval, which have caused the disappearance of water in Edom. Oh, for some one to look for raised beaches half-way up the cliffs on the east side, and to examine the famous sandcliff between El-Ghor and the Dead Sea, and tell us whether it bears marks, as I expect, of recent upheaval.
"(2) The liability of Jerusalem to earthquakes. They evidently very seldom shook the city itself; but they did not always spare it. Josephus, Antiq. ix. 10, in fine, connects the Rabbinical legend of Uzziah's attempt to offer sacrifice, with an earthquake which broke the temple roof and hurled a large rock close to the city into the king's garden. See also the passage of Jeremiah, which has now got into Zechariah xiv., 4, 5, whereon Whiston with exquisite naïveté, makes the pardonable remark, that "there seems to have been some considerable resemblance between these historical and prophetical earthquakes." The same earthquake seems to me (if you believe, as I think we ought, that Isaiah's lyrics are chronologically arranged) to be spoken of very clearly in Isaiah ii.
"His most important chapter, xxix., speaks of the eruption during Sennacherib's invasion as visiting Jeru