the extent of £864, 15s. above the real and Schools are established, and who would calculated revenue. The revenue of the thus, without sufficient warning, or having Society has, of late years, sustained a defi. any means of providing for the exigency, ciency which has been gradually increasing, have been deprived of institutions which and which, if no additional funds are ob- they had equally supported and countetained, must in all probability become nanced, for the advantage of their tenantry greater, instead of less. This has arisen

and people. from two causes, over which the Society Nor was it possible for the Society to over. had no control, and which they have no look the situation of the Teachers of these means whatever of removing. These are, Schools, many of whom are labouring so 1st, The abatements of rent, which, from faithfully and meritoriously in the service of the state of the country, it was found indis- the Society and of their country. Justice, not pensably necessary to give the tenants on less than humanity, would have cried out the estates; and, 2d, The sudden reduction against at once throwing such men

out of of the rate of interest on the bonds belong- employment, and thus reducing them and ing to the Society. As to the first of these their numerous families to absolute indi. causes, there is, no doubt, some prospect gence; while the necessity, if their Schools that the reduction may not be permanent, had been suppressed, of making some proat least to such an extent as formerly; but vision for the Teachers, till they had the there is no reason to expect any ameliora- opportunity of endeavouring otherwise to tion as to the other. On the contrary, the provide for themselves, would have made rate of interest is still on the decline; and but a very small diminution in the expenwhile the Society were last year under the diture for the year. necessity of reducing the interest on their It must, at the same time, however, be bonds from 5 to 41 per cent. applications perfectly evident, that the Society cannot have lately been made for a still farther re- possibly go on with a super-expenditure so duction, with which it will be impossible enormous ; and that, if the funds cannot be for them not to comply. The dividends on brought to meet the expenditure, the Estathe Bank Stock belonging to the Society, blishment must be so reduced as to correhave also been lately reduced. In addi. spond with the income. It will be most tion to these causes,

the very heavy expense painful for the Society to be obliged to realready incurred by printing the new sort to a measure so distressful in its conQuarto Gaelic Bible, and which must ne- sequences to the best interests of the thoucessarily continue till that important work sands and tens of thousands of their coudis finished, has most materially affected trymen, for whose instruction they have so both the ordinary and the permanent funds long been enabled most essentially to proof the Society.

vide, though never to the extent they could In these circumstances, with a super- have wished. Nor can they think of havexpenditure so large, and the prospect of a ing recourse to it, without the most unastill greater deficiency of revenue, the So. voidable necessity, and till they have at ciety had but one of two alternatives, least put it into the power of the Public, to either to reduce at once the Establishment say whether they will not prevent that newithin the revenue, or to apply to the Pub. cessity from taking place. lic for the means of enabling them to conti- The Society has now existed for nearly nue it on somewhat, at least, of its present 120 years. Its ordinary funds and exerscale.

tions have been directed almost exclusively In declining the former and adopting the to the education and religious instruction of latter of these, the Society have been in the poor, in the Highlands and Islands of fluenced by considerations which, they are Scotland. Its operations have been carripersuaded, will meet with the cordial ap- ed on in an uniform and steady course, exprobation of every humane and Christian tending its usefulness as its means increasmind. All the Schools which they have ed. By its Teachers, Missionaries, and retained on the Establishment, it is believ. Catechists, the most important and lasting ed, are both necessary and useful; so that boon has been conferred on a once rude no farther suppression could have been at and much neglected population,--the light present made, without depriving a district of knowledge, and Christian truth, and of almost the only opportunity enjoyed by duty, having been poured on many a reits inhabitants, of obtaining the inestimable mote, but not on that account less interestbenefits of education and religious instruc. ing district of the country, which would tion. Such a measure might also have otherwise have been left in the darkness of considerably injured the interests of the ignorance and immorality; while the sucSociety, with the Proprietors and Clergy- cess with which its exertions have been atmen of the different parishes where the tended, and the gratitude with which they have been welcomed and acknowledged, Schools, by the last year's returns, were are the best evidences of their importance 13,541. and value.

Yet although its operations have been List of the Directors and Officers of the Sonow carried on for more than a century,

ciety for the Year 1824. during all that period the Society has never The Most Noble the Marquis of Bute, made any extraordinary call on the cha- President. Committee of Directors. rity of the public, or in any way interfered William Murray, Esq.-Preses. John with those valuable kindred Institutions, Tod, Esq. Writer to the Signet ; George whose funds are derived from annual con- Bell, Esq. Surgeon, Edinburgh; Rev. tributions. And will not this considera- Andrew Thomson, D. D. Minister of tion present a particular claim for it, on St. George's, Edinburgh ; John S. More, the benevolence of those who are ever Esq. Advocate ; Walter Brown, Esq. ready, when a case of real want is laid be. Merchant, Edinburgh ; John Waugh, fore them, to bestow their gifts, whenever Esq. Bookseller, Edinburgh ; Rev. James they are urgently required, and not to al. Robertson, D. D. one of the Ministers of low any scheme of Christian or patriotic be. South Leith; Rev. Walter Fogo Ireland, neficence to languish or fail for want of D. D. one of the Ministers of North adequate support ?

Leith; George Ross, Esq. Advocate ; The Society cannot, indeed, permit Rev. Thomas Fleming, D. D. Minister themselves to think, that, in an age like of Lady Yesters ; David Freer, Esq. the present, so distinguished for liberalicy Writer to the Signet; Robert Scott Monboth of spirit and of contribution, the pub- creiff, Esq. Advocate ; Rev. David Dick. lic will turn a deaf ear to the appeal that son, one of the Ministers of St. Cuthbert's ; is now made to them, in behalf of an In. John Yule, Esq. Writer to the Signet, stitution, not more venerable for its age, Officers of the Society._Rev. John Campthan honoured of God for its usefulness; bell, D. D. one of the Ministers of the but that they will rather embrace, with Tolbooth Church, Edinburgh ;

John equal promptness and cordiality, the op. Tawse, Esq. Advocate, Secretaries.-Wil. portunity that is now presented to them of liam Stevenson, Esq. Writer, Edinburgh, assisting it in its exigencies : and thus of Treasurer.- Wm. Scott Moncrieff, Esq. enabling it to dismiss for ever the gloomy Accountant.-John Pitcairn, Esq. of Pitapprehension of being painfully compelled, cairn, Librarian.—John Dickson, Esq. of not only to deprive many valuable instructors Kilbucho, Advocate, Comptroller.-Arof the young and the old, of the means at chibald Lundie, Esq. Writer to the Sig. once of subsistence and of usefulness, but to net, Book-holder.-Mr. James Howden, withdraw from many a Highland Glen Clerk. and Island, remote from church, and incapable of providing the means of education for its teeming youth, the only establishments in which they can be taught in ear- EARLY last summer, the Glasgow Misly life to fear God, to love their country, sionary Society sent out the Rev. Mr. Ross, and honour the king.

after regular ordination, to join their mis

sion in Caffraria. The following extracts Abstract of the Scheme of the Society's Esfrom letters received by their Secretaries,

tablishment, from May 1824 to May communicate the gratifying intelligence of 1825.

his late arrival at the Chumi Institution,

and are corroborative of the farther kind. 170 Schools on First Patent, £2771 10 ness of God towards that infant mission, 27 Superannuated Teachers on

which even already has not laboured in ditto,

304 0 vain. 11 Missionaries,

475 0

From the Rev. W.R. Thomson to the Rev. 16 Catechists,

164 0 94 Schools or Second Patent,

William Kidston, Secretary.

479 11 Superannuated Teachers on

Chumnie, 14th Nov. 1823. ditto,

58 0 Rev. and dear brother,-Your letter to

us was forwarded by our dear brother, Mr.

£4251 10 Ross, immediately on his arrival at Cape Total free and calculated Reve

Town, along with many others from our nue of the Society at 1st May,

friends, which greatly refreshed our minds. 1824,

3386 15 It was a source of gratitude to us, that our

fellow labourer and his partner had been so Super-expenditure, £864 15 far conducted in safety by the kind proviThe number of Scholars taught in these dence of God; what delighted us all was




towards us. the notice of the printing press, which he

I trust our gratitude was sin

cere, and that the assistance which we then was bringing along with him. If my voice could reach them, I would thank every asked, and daily ask in the prosecution of contributor to the Glasgow Missionary So

the work committed to us, will be graciousciety, for enabling its Directors to send out

lv given. this most valuable appendage to their mis

On the 17th we got our printing press sion. It is impossible to calculate the ad. in order ; on the 18th the alphabet was set vantages which may result from it. The up, and yesterday, the 19th, we threw study of providence has of late years in a off 50 copies. Rejoice, Rev. Sir! Reparticular manner been forced upon my joice thou dear Society! through your innotice by the chain of events which has at- strumentality a new era has commenctended my own obscure life ; and even in ed in the history of the Kaffer nation; this printing press 1 would recognize the follow your noble gift with your believing directing hand of infinite wisdom. It ap- and affectionate prayers; the star of hope

is above our horizon ; may its cheering pears to me sent exactly at the right time. By having it sooner we would probably light usher in the rays of our better sun ! have set its stamp upon many errors, and if later, our exertions must have been con

( The Rev. J. Ross to the Rev. Dr. Love, siderably cramped from the difficulty of multiplying written lessons. I think it

Chumie Institution, 10th Jan. 1824. may now very prudently become a subject

Rev. Father,- It is with some degree of of discussion with the Directors whether, gratitude to our God and Saviour that I and how far, they will encourage and sup- write you from this place. I hope you will port native teachers, under the direction of

have learned, by letter from Mr. Bennie, your missionaries. The system, I think, that Mrs. Ross and I arrived here on would prove a powerful auxiliary to your Tuesday, 16th Dec. 1823. Again and other exertions ; from five to six pounds

again, by sea and now by land, we have annually would be amply sufficient for each, been made to see that the Mediator is well and enable them to appear respectable a- stiled Wonderful. Jehovah is wonderful mong their countrymen ; if these salaries

in counsel and excellent in working. With could not be afforded from the general all our turnings and windings, I suppose we funds of the Society, it might be made a have not travelled less than a thousand separate object. The plan is here pecu

miles, and yet we are both sound and well. liarly necessary, for so long as the people When I think of Mrs. Ross, the tossing continue to live in small parties, of from and twisting of a waggon, the roads, and five to ten in a kraal, some system of local want of roads, the very hot sunshine, and instruction must be pursued. At present the damp and cold nights, I say there is a there is no difficulty here in finding a field very good and gracious God, and hope that of labour; all the principal chiefs in Kaf- it is according to his promise that no evil ferland have repeatedly requested to have has befallen us. ministers to instruct their people, and they Leaving the Caledon Institution, we are still waiting and crying more earnestly, might now be said to enter upon our jour. “ come over and help us."

ney. After travelling one day we entered

a Karroo, and journied alongst it seven Mr. J. Bennie to the Rev. Dr. Love, Sec.

days without seeing any of our species, save Chumie Institution, 20th Dec. 1823. four families. A few deer and ostriches Rev. and dear Sir,-I have purposed were the only living creatures above the writing you a few lines this evening, io in- size of small birds which met our view. form you that Mr. and Mrs. Ross, accom- There was a scarcity of water at times, and panied by Mr. and Mrs. Brownlee, arriv. during some whole days we saw not a blade ed here on the 16th instant, in health and safety. In vain might I attempt to de

On the 20th November we entered a very scribe the joy I felt at secing them; it was fine valley, called Longhloof, or Long Glen, not an every day's joy. Having rode down the name is characteristic; we travelled in to Grahamstown to purchase a few articles, it other seven days, three of which were aI there saw a letter from Mr. Ross, and a long the Crombe, or Crooked River. I waggon load of his goods ; concluding that know not how often we crossed and recrosshe must be near, I went forward, and on ed it. If elsewhere we found the ascent and the 11th at sunrise I met the waggon 22 descent of the mountains dangerous, here miles from the town. On our reaching the also we were not without our fears; one Institution we assembled in Mr. Brown. wrong step of the oxen would have thrown lee's house, and thanked our God for all us over the shelving path. the mercy and goodness he had manifested December 6th, we reached the Moravian

of grass.


Settlements on Witte River on Sabbath.

ner to questions put to him in a public Before setting out on our journey, I had meeting ; his humility and diligence prodetermined not to travel on Sabbath, except mise much. required by necessity or mercy, or to reach N.B.-Robert Balfour is one of the a Missionary settlement early on that sacred Caffres lately baptized by the missionaries day. I must say, that we were necessitat. at the Chumie Institution. ed twice besides the present instance, to travel on this day of rest. The excuses made in this country for travelling on Sabbath, are many ; often it is done with the view of shortening a long journey ; but that (From the Missionary Chronicle.) reason seems to me altogether nugatory. In a great measure do I impute our get- During the past month, the Directors ting on so well to our resting upon the have received only one letter from Dema. Lord's day. On these days we had prayer rara, on the subject of Mr. Smith. It meetings with Mr. and Mrs. Brownlee, who confirms the melancholy tidings of his were our companions from Cape Town. death, but enters into no statement of the Besides the ordinary worship with the ser- circumstances of his case, subsequent to vants, we had also what may be called pub- the close of his trial : probably because it lic worship every Sabbath excepting two. was judged the less necessary, as the chief Mr. Brownlee had opportunities of speak. object of the letter was to inform the Di. ing at the neighbouring farm houses; and rectors of the intended departure of Mrs. half way betwixt Enon and Grahamstown. Smith, accompanied by Mrs. Elliot, from I was met by my dear old friend Mr. Beni- the colony, about the 1st of March. The nie. Such meetings have often been romanti- arrival of the disconsolate widow and her cally described ; his coming, however, was companion, which may be shortly expectmore than a gratification of Christian feel- ed, will afford those details of the closing ing; for several days we had been travel. scene of the sufferings of the departed Misling in hourly expectatiou of being compels sionary, which the affection cherished for led to halt or return, we now went boldly his memory will lead the Christian comon from Grahamstown. We might have had munity to desire. a party of soldiers to accompany us, but

The letter states, however, two incidents, trusting in him who had hitherto allowed tending to show that the hostility which had no evil to reach us, we advanced forward followed Mr. Smith, whilst living, has not without human protection. If when we out

ceased with his life. Permission to accomspanned on Friday night, we had our fears, pany the remains of her husband to the place on Saturday they were increased, so that of interment was refused to Mrs. Smith; on Sabbath I acquiesced in the advice of and the sum of 2000 guilders, part of 3000 my brother, and went on in our journey, which had been seized with the papers of instead of tarrying and exposing ourselves Mr. Smith, when he was made prisoner, to Lions, Elephants, and wild Caffres. As though claimed for her benefit, were dewe approached the district of the institution, tained for the purpose of being applied to the Rev. Mr. Thomson and Lady met us ; the discharge of the expense incurred on many Caffres gathered around us; though account of Mr. Smith's maintenance while armed, they were perfectly inoffensive ; now in prison ! and then a few from the settlement joined us, A report has been circulated in the pubsome on foot, and some on oxen : their af. lic Journals, on which it may be proper to fectionate simplicity towards their old teach- offer some explanation. It states, that an er and their coming new one, tended to re

order from Government had reached the lieve me from the burden of those feelings Colony, within a few hours of Mr. Smith's which the then present, though not new decease, directing him to be sent to Engthoughts had excited. We entered the in- land. This rumour, it is presumed, is stitution about mid-day; with its external ap- founded on the following circumstances :pearance I was pleased, and had good tes. The letter which, in December, first reachtimony of an appearance of a more impor. ed the Directors, on the affairs of tne Mistant kind among some of its people. In one sion in Demarara, brought intelligence of of its inhabitants who accompanied us from the dangerous state of Mr. Smith's health. Dr. Thom's, I observed the most orderly An application was in consequence made conduct; he was patron to the two other to Earl Bathurst, entreating that an order drivers. I hope he will not disgrace the might be sent out for his immediate return name which he bears—Robert Balfour. to England, upon such security being giv. While in Cape Town with Mr. Brownlee, en, at home, as his Lordship might think he gave answers in a most satisfactory man- proper to require, for Mr. Smith's appear. ance to submit himself to any legal pro, cannot but follow that the protection of ceedings which His Majesty's Govern. those laws, in the diffusion of the gospel ment might see fit. to direct against him. through its dependencies, is a matter of With this application (though without re- public right; and the Directors feel that quiring the offered security) his Lordship they would have discharged their public was pleased to comply, and caused it to be duty defectively, if they had neglected any signified to the Treasurer, that conditional legal method of bringing to a solemn deorders to that effect had been transmitted to cision the important question-How far the Governor. It was, no doubt, the ar- the conduct of the authorities in Demarara rival of this order, which is referred to in has been consistent with the laws. the communications from the Colony, that A copy of the petition being given in has given rise to the report; and the inci. this Chronicle, an extended reference to its dent plainly shows where, so far as human contents is rendered unnecessary. It may responsibility is involved in the causes of be stated briefly, that it complains of the Mr. Smith's death, that responsibility is to whole treatment of Mr. Smith, from his be found. No charge of disregard or of arrest to his decease-of his being brought inattention to the claims of humanity can to trial before a Court-Martial-of the conbe brought against the authorities at home. stitution and various proceedings of that The endeavour to save his life was made, Court-and of the inconsistency and illethough, from the detention of the letter on gality of the sentence pronounced by it : which the application was founded, it prov.. and it prays for the rescindment of that sen. ed unavailing.

tence, and for such future protection on beIt is, before this time, generally known half of Christian missionaries in general, to the friends of the Society, that the Di. throughout the British Empire, as the case rectors, in pursuance of what duty seemed shows to be necessary. The petition was to themselves to require, and of the recom- received by the House, and ordered to be mendations given to them by persons qua- printed. The public Journals have relified to advise, have presented a Petition ported, that an Hon, member, in office, to the Honourable House of Commons, took that occasion to charge it as containing founded on the whole circumstances of Mr. considerable inaccuracies. It becomes the Smith's trial and death. . This step would directors to state, that they are not conscious have been taken somewhat earlier, had it of such errors; and it may not be unsuitnot been judged proper that the presenta- able to observe, as a proof of the candour of tion of this Petition should not precede (if their intentions, that a copy was sent to the the recess of the House, usual at Easter, proper department several days before the would allow it to be so lang kept back,) petition was actually presented ; and that the placing on the Table of the House the the Hon. gentleman is fully aware that any Trial of Mr. Smith, which bad, some time intimation of their existence would have met before, been ordered to be printed. The with the readiest attention. The petition Petition was introduced to the House on was intended to convey the feelings of the Tuesday, the 13th of April, by Sir JAMES directors upon the general question ; and MACKINTOSH, with a feeling which high- if, in any part, these may appear inaccurate, ly entitles that Hon. Member to the es- it is confidently believed that their stateteem and gratitude of the whole Society. ments will prove correct in the several points

In adopting this important measure, the on which the merits of their case essentially Directors have given their unfeigned assurances to His Majesty's Government, The printed copy of the trial of Mr. that they have not been actuated by any Smith, ordered as before stated, was presentdiminution of respect or of gratitude, but ed to the House on the evening on which purely by their conviction of what was due the petition was received. It contains 92 from them to the memory of Mr. Smith closely-printed folio pages, so that, to give a to the Society which they represent to the circumstantial account of its contents, withcause of Christian Missions wheresoever in the limits of the Society's Chronicle, is carried on—and to the expectations of the impracticable. The full trial, marking those innumerable friends to that cause, through variations which shall be found between the out the British Empire.

official copy and that transmitted from the It may, perhaps, not be presumptuous to colonies to the directors, is passing through say, that to few subjects have the attention the press, and it is hoped will be ready for and the feelings of the whole publication, by sale, early in May. munity been, at any time, more anxiously The public are aware of the use made by turned, than they are at this moment to the the prosecutors of Mr. Smith of his private issue of the late proceedings in Demarara. Journal, and that extracts from it stand reIf, as is asserted, Christianity is a "part corded on the proceedings of his trial; as and parcel of the laws of this realm,” it supporting the charges brought against him.


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