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for the gloiy of his majesty, when he aris- sary. Were every fact, and every eth to shake terribly the earth.' And the
and spontaneous bounties which gratify his de.
every process that phy. sires and minister to his necessities
, or the sical science unfolds, traced back to unexpected deliverance from impending its bearing on this object, and exdanger, would as naturally, on the first hibited as accomplishing a specific contemplation of them by an unsophisticat- purpose of the divine will, then the ed mind, elicit a grateful acknowledgment whole course of these studies would of divine goodness
. But when the open form a clear and delightful commening intellect is, without reference to revela. tion, introduced to the knowledge of second tary on all the moral instruction causes, when the student learns that the previously communicated, and the planets are maintaiued in their orbits by whole of the physical sciences would when he throws a stone, or kicks a ball, coalesce into one grand system of that the revolution of the seasons, and suc
natural theology. Philosophy nolešs cession of morning and evening, are effected than religion requires phenomena lo by movements which he can communicate be traced up to the first cause. And to any thing around him,-when in the
were this attended to, then every earthquake he sees only an explosion of gas, and in the volcano the burning rub- step that the student takes in science bish of a mine abounding with pyrites – would reflect new light on the chawhen the professor exhibits the destruction racter of the Creator-would bring of a mountain in the class room, and the
more vividly and impressively home lightning falls within the mimickry of his
to his heart the feelings of admira. own electrical machine, when the skill and Jabours of the gardener enable him to anti- tion, gratitude and love-would cipate the varied characters and appear. give a new force to the impulse that ances of the productions of the soil, and urges him on in the pursuit of inwhen he ascertains that the danger he dread- tellectual and moral excellence, and ed was averted by a proximate cause, pale would add a new link to the chain pable and sure, - when all these circumstances are displayed, one after the other, that binds him to his Maker. The before him, a vail is as it were drawn aside, sciences would be studied both with the phenomena of nature are exposed in more zeal and greater advantage, their proximate machinery, and the natural impressions of awe, and fear, and gratitude, axiom, that a knowledge of the
were it adopted as a fundamental are all effaced. The phenomena are no Jonger directly attributed to the agency of Creator, his character and purposes, God, and pride elevates human reason to is the most important knowledge the throne of Jehovah.”
that the creature can attain, and con
sequently that all other knowledge Such are the evils. The queso is to be prosecuted with a view to i19 tion is, how may they be avoided ?
improvement. This would form a We again quote Mr. Campbell.
sort of meridian Jine by which the
sciences would be connected into one . When God made the world a habita. tion for man, there were two objects to be grand whole, and the relative place attained. The first was the preservation of and importance of each determin. the globe, and the second the making it, ed. They would then, like the dife and every thing connected with it, subser- ferent radii of the same circle, from vient to the use of its inhabitants. “ Accordingly, all the sciences are direci.
whatever part of the circumference ed to the development of the means by
we set out, all conduct us to the which these ends are attained."
same centre, the glorious source of
all knowledge and all trith. For a long period at least, more As it might be shown that this must depend upon the teacher, than would tend great.y to the improve. upon any change than can be made ment of the sciences themselves, in the system of physical science: there can be no room for the supo and were the object stated by Mr. - position that we would sacrifice any Campbell kept steadily in view, no portion of them to religion. Cerother change appears to be necese tainly, were the sacrifice necessary, with Religion.
we would not hesitate to make it. tural Attributes of the Deity.--A But we think nothing can be clearer cursory view of some of the Sciences than that our intellectual and moral which are related to Resigion and powers are so connected, that every Christian Theology. The relation improvement of the one is calcu. nich the inventions of Art bear to lated to reflect improvement upon the objects of Religion.-Scriptural the other. Nothing can surely be facts illustrated from the System of more groundless than the idea, that Nature.- Beneficial effects which any natural opposition does or can
would result from connecting Science exist between science and religion.
It will at once be seen, that as In the remaining part of bis vo
the illustrations in the first chapter lume, Mr. Campbell notices in succession the different physical sciences, must be drawn from the sciences and shows, shortly, but clearly, how which are more directly brought they may all be made subservient
into view in the second, there is to the promotion of piety.
Into great danger of repetition. This, this part it is unnecessary to follow however, Mr. Dick' has very carehim, as this is the object to which fully and very successfully guarded Mr. Dick has devoted the whole of against.
The sciences noticed in the se, his book, and consequently is able to enter much more minutely into cond chapter are natural history; detail. We may here, therefore, geography, geology, astronomy, take our leave of Mr. Campbell, natural philosophy, chemistry, anawhich we do with feelings of high tomy, and history, with a select respect. The subject of his book list of books on each subject. In is one of the very greatest impor. chapter third he introduces the arts tance, and we are happy that it has of printing and navigation, the been taken up by one so well qua. telescope, microscope, steam-naviHified to do it justice. We cordial- gation, air-balloons, and acoustic ly wish him that reward which we tunnels. The next chapter illushave no doubt will be most satis, trates the depravily of man, the factory to hiinself-ihat of seeing resurrection and conflagration. It the attention of the Christian world ends with a list of topics of which awakened to this subject more ge
he originally intended to give scien, nerally than it has yet been that of tific illustrations in this chapter, but seeing the principle on which his which he has been obliged to omit book is written, that the acquisition
for want of room. " Whether this of genuine religion is the great bus subject,” he says, (for the illustra siness of life, made the grand ba- tion of which the author has abunsis of education, and the spirit of dance of materials,) " shall be prothe gospel interwoven with
secuted in another volume, will enbranch of human kuowledge.
tirely depend on the reception which
the public may give to the volume Mr. Dick's work will not occupy which now makes its appearance." us long. Being itself a book of Mr. Dick's statement of the prina details, we of course cannot enter ciples of the arts and sciences re. into any detail concerning it. Age. ferred to, and of the facts which neral view of its contents, accom- they have brought to light, may panied with an extract, will convey to be considered as quite correct. The our readers a better idea of the nature only exceptions that we have noticed of it, ihan any remarks of ours can are his adoption of the theory of do. It is divided into five chapters, Olbers, with regard to the Asteroids, af which the titles are - Of the Na, which appears to us to rest as yet
upon very slender grounds, and the a loss to distinguish one object from another. facts stated in tis quotation from We would be unable to distinguish rugged Borelli. That the muscles must in precipices from fruitful hills ; naked rocks
from human habitations; the trees from the general exert a force many times hills that bear them; and the tilled from greater
than the resistance to be the untiled lands. “We would hesitate to overcome is very true. But the pronounce whether an adjacent enclosure uncertainty that must of necessity ble land, or a field of corn: and it would
contain a piece of pasturage, a plot of ara. attend all mathematical calculations require a little journey, and a minute inwith regard to living force, where vestigation, to determine such a point the data are far from being accu
We could not determine whether the first rately ascertained, should prevent person we met were a soldier in his regi. us from putting down their results' mentals, or a swain in his Sunday suit; a
bride in her ornaments, or a widow in ber as certain discoveries. When Mr. weeds.” Such would have been the aspect Dick has calculated the force ne- of nature, and such the inconveniences to cessary to propel a fluid through a whicb we would have been subjected, had tube seven eighths of an inch in dia
God allowed us light, without the distinc
tion of colours. We could have distin. meter, at the rate of fifty.two feet guished objects only by intricate trains of in a minute, and multiplied that reasoning, and by circumstances of time, force by ten or by a hundred, he place, and relative position. And to what will still find himself far short of delays and perplexities should we have been the contractile force attributed to the reduced, bad we been obliged every mo.
ment to distinguish one thing from another heart. These, however, are very by reasoning! Our whole life must then trivial exceptions. His moral re- have been employed rather in study than in flections founded upon the facts and action ; and after all we must have remaindiscoveries mentioned are generally cui in eternal uncertainty as to many things
which are now quite obvious to every oue ingenious, and his illustrations often
as soon as he opens his eyes. We could striking. In one or two instances neither have communicated our thoughts perhaps they are pushed rather far- by writing, nor have derived instruction ther than was quite necessary, as
from others, through the medium of books;
so that we would now have been almost as when he would regulate the tense which ministers should use in their ignorant of the transactions of past ages, as
we are of the events that are passing in the prayers, by a reference to geogra- planetary .worlds ; and consequently, we phy, and in the effects which he could never have enjoyed a written revela. anticipates from the invention of tion from heaven, or any other infallible acoustic tunnels. These things may if the Almighty had not distinguished the
guide to direct us in the path to happiness, happen to excite a smile, but the rays of light, and painted the objects around reader will rather be pleased than us with a diversity of colours,—s0 essentialinclined to blame.
ly connected are the minutest and the most The following extracts, taken al- magnificent works of Deity. But now, in
the present constitution of things, colour most at random, will, we have no
characterizes the class to which every indidoubt, convey a very favourable vidual belongs, and indicates, upon the first idea of the book :
inspection, its respective quality. Every
distinguishing mark by which it is charac-
It is surely well that people should sent mode of our existence, and it was evidently intended by the Creator that we
thus be taught the value and imshould be enabled easily to recognize the portance of blessings which are so forms and properties of the various objects common as to be little thought of. with which we are surrounded. But were
We think it very probable, that the objects of nature destitute of colour, or were the same unvaried bue spread over the there are many of our readers who face of creation, we would be destitute of were never before conscious of their all the entertainments of vision, and be at being so deeply indebted to colour ;
now Mr. Dick's work abounds with
tion of the earth may be made articles of this kind, and we pro- level to the grossest apprehension, posed to present a few more to our –for, says, he, it is plain either readers, but the length to which this that the earth revolves round the paper has already swelled deters sun, or that the sun and starry us, especially as a portion of that heavens revolve round the earth, space which we would gladly have Now it is quite true, that the preachallotted to extracts, we must devole er may most triumphantly toss poor to a different purpose.
Hodge upon the horns of this mer. Mr. Dick, as well as Mr. Camp- ciless dilemma ; but he knows Inile bell, wishes for an union between of human nature science and religion, but he would that such a lecture would be proaccomplish that union by a very ductive of any moral effect. It different mode of proceeding. Mr. might make the ignorant stare, and Campbell wishes to give to science the very ignorant perhaps admire ; more of a Christian character; this but we hope that preachers will is right. Mr. Dick wishes to give always enter the pulpit with their to Christianity more of a scientific own hearts too deeply impressed character ; this we think is wrong. with the imporiance of " whiat are That the perfections of God should termed the doctrines of grace," to be illustrated by occasional referen. engage in such disquisitions. It is ces to his works, is perfectly pro- highly proper that ministers should per ; and we believe that preachers be men of learning, and men of are accustomed to make such refer. science; but he ivho makes ibe ence just as often, and with as much pulpit a place for displaying either, particularity, as is either necessary wants something we conceive more or proper. For in the present state essential than them both.
Whata of knowledge, it is obvious, that if ever they may know, and the more these references be not of the most they know the better, they ought general nature, so far from serving to remember that there they ought as striking illustrations, they will “ to know nothing, save Jesus only serve to bewilder by far the Christ and him crucitied.” greater portion of those who hear To Mr. Dick's plan, therefore, of them. But Mr. Dick seems to uniting religion with science, we can think that ministers ought to enter by no means give our assent. А into such details and explanations, lecture on a week.day evening, upas would enable their hearers to on the plan proposed by him, might comprehend the illustrations of the be proper and useful; but the Sabdivine perfections which may be bath ought to be devoted to higlier drawn from science,- in short, that themes, and to matters that will they should preach just as he himself come more touchingly home to the writes; now nothing can be more conscience than aught that science absurd. We are much obliged to can afford. Mr. Dick for such illustrations from Mr. Dick's mistaken view of the the press; we would thank no man manner in which an union between for thein from the pulpit. To him, science and religion ought to be effectindeed, it appears that it would be ed, has led him into a very serious quite easy for the minister to make fault. We allude to the manner in his people acquainted with many which he speaks of Christian minis. scientific facts, which would be use. ters, whom he never mentions but ful in illustrating the perfections of in a querulous and censorious tone. God He has given us for exam. They certainly are not infallible ple an argument by which ibe moa more than other men, and if Mr.
Dick thought them wrong, there card such as, that angels are pore immun could have been no barm in his terial substances,—that they were formed saying so,
on the first day of the Mosaic creation, We hope they are not
that the wisdom of God is nowhere so il above listening to good counsel, lustriously displayed thronghout the uniwhen properly offered to them, and verse as in the scheme of redemption, that would be willing to correct any er
the chief employment of the future world rors of which Mr. Dick might have will be to pry into the mysteries of salvaconvicted them. But instead of whole material universe was brought into
tion,-that sin is an infinile evil, that the distinctly, and manfully, and at existence at the same time with our earth, once convicting them of error, his-that the Creator ceased to create any new charges against Christians in
order of beings in the universe, after ar, ral, and divines in particular, are
ranging the fabric of our globe,--that the
whole system of material nature in heaven repeated and reiterated in almost and earth will be destroyed at the period of every section of his book, as if they the dissolution of our world, that our were the determined patrons of all thoughts and affections should be completethat is ignorant. This is very in- ly detached from all created things," &c, judicious, and, moreover, very inaccurate. That some good Christ.
Such is Mr. Dick's account of ians are ignorant enough to look what Christian divines are accus, upon all science with a suspicious tomed to believe, and to reiterate as eye, is very true. But this is by indisputable maxims. Now, admitno means the general feeling of the ting every one of these positions to Christian world. And, if it were,
be just as arrant nonsense as Mr. the manner in which he uniformly Dick supposes them to be, we may speaks of divines and religionists remark, that had he made his such is his candid mode of classic charge at all specific-had he acfication-is little calculated to pro
cused the ministers of Perth and its duce a reformation.
vicinity, from whom we take it for There is one statement against granted he forms his ideas of the which he seems to entertain a pecu.
whole class of Christian Ministers, liar antipathy, and has, therefore, of reiterating this nonsense, attacked it both in his text, and in should just have left these gentle. a note in his Appendix. It is,
men to defend themselves the best " That there never was, nor ever
way they could. But we must re. will be, through all the ages of eter- mind Mr. Dick, that in imputing pity, so wonderful a display of the their weakness to the whole body of divine glory, as in the cross of divines, he is just exemplifying one Christ.” Now, we could easily prove of the characteristics that he himthat, on Mr. Dick's own showing, self has assigned to the illiberal this assertion is probably true.
But man," He condemns without heallowing it to be utterly false, which sitation, and throws an unmerited he has completely failed in his at- odium on whole bodies of men, be. tempt to prove, yet there is surely cause one or two of their number no occasion to make as much noise may have displayed weakness or about it as if every minister made folly." And when, without limita it a part of every sermon.
ing his censure to those clergymen The following quotation is from
on whose ministrations we suppose the note referred to.
that he is accustomed to attend, and
whom, therefore, he may possess “ There are a great many other vague the means of criticising, he charges and untenable notions, which are entertain- divines generally with such noned and reiterated by Christian divines, as indisputable axioms, which it would be of sense, we must just tell him that importance to the cause of religion to dis, the charge is not true, and that, since