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To the zeal and firmness of attach them the decision of His Majesty's Goment to the cause of Missions cherished vernment, to remit the sentence of by their friends and supporters, the Di- death against John Smith, and to direct rectors, will confidently look for counten- that he be forthwith dismissed from the ance in this trying period of the history colony of Demerara and Essequibo, and of their Society. The opponents of enter into recognizance, in the penalty Christian efforts to disseminate the word of two thousand pounds, not to reside of God by oral instruction, and by the within the said United Colony, or with circulation of the Scriptures, (for both in His Majesty's Colony of Berbice, or are involved in their censure,) have em. within any Colony or Settlement in the braced the unhappy events of Demerara, possession of His Majesty in the West as means of prejudicing the public mind Indies. The Deputation further reportagainst those efforts, and of lessening ed, that this communication was accomthe resources by which they are carried panied by an expression of the approba

The London Missionary Society tion of Government with the “ Instrucmust necessarily share largely in that tions" given by the Directors to their opposition. Its Directors trust, there- said Missionary, Mr. Smith, which apfore, that having, (as they hope,) excul. probation has been subsequently convey. pated the Society from blame, they may ed in a letter from Earl Bathurst, adconfidently commend it to the Christian dressed to the Treasurer ; whereupon it community at large, for that increased support which will more than repair any Resolved, I. That the Directors of injury that may by such means be done this Society have, on many occasions, reto its interests. It need not be stated, ceived from His Majesty's Government with what satisfaction the Directors will those favours which have greatly encouperceive, and with what gratitude they raged their efforts, and that they have will acknowledge, such indications of the

ever entertained towards the Government continuance of public approbation and sentiments of the sincerest gratitude and favour towards their Society.

respect. It is with sincere concern that the II. That they have learned, with Directors confirm their statements, for- great satisfaction, that his Majesty's merly made by them, of the ill state of Government approve of the “ Instruc. Mr Smith's health. The only letter they tions” given by the Directors to their have from himself (which is subsequently said Missionary, John Smith, as to the given) represents him in a condition of conduct to be observed by him in refer. extreme weakness, and, from the nature ence to the Slave-Population, whereof of his disorder, much is to be feared.

the following is a copy : The Directors will, however, cherish the hope, that he will be spared to return to Extract from the Instructions of the Direchis native land, and will live to witness tors, given to the Rev. John Smith on the entire removal of all prejudice excit- his going out to Demerara, dated 9th ed against his character by the calum- December, 1816. nies cast upon it.

“ In the discharge of your missionary The Directors suhjoin the Resolutions duty, you may meet with difficulties al. of their body, on the result of their ap- most peculiar to the West Indies or Co. plications to His Majesty's Government . lonies, where slaves are employed in the in reference to the trial of Mr. Smith. culture of the earth and other laborious

employments. Some of the gentlemen At a Meeting of the Directors of the who own the estates, the masters of the

London Missionary Society, held at · slaves, are unfriendly to their instructhe Mission-House, in Austin Friars, tion ; at least they are jealous, lest, by on Thursday, the 19th of February, any mismanagement on the part of the 1824, and specially convened to re- Missionaries, or misunderstanding on ceive the Report of the Deputation · the part of the negroes, the public peace appointed to communicate with His and safety should be endangered. You Majesty's Government, on the case of must take the utmost care to prevent the their Missionary, the Rev. John Smith possibility of this evil; not a word must of Demerara ;

escape you, in public or private, which

might render the slaves displeased with WILLIAM ALERS HANKEY, Esq. their masters, or dissatisfied with their Treasurer, in the Chair.

station. You are not sent to relievo The Deputation reported, that the them from their servile condition, but to Rt. Hon. Secretary of State for the Co- afford them the consolations of religion, lonial Department had communicated to and to enforce upon them the necessity

VOL. XXIlI. NO. III.

ary Smith.

of being subject, not only for wrath, the lives of those very persons who .but for conscience sake,' Rom. xiii. b.- are now (I shudder to write it), 1 Pet. ii. 19. The Holy Gospel you

seeking his." preach will render the slaves who receive Because, 3dly—They perceive that, for it the more diligent, faithful, patient, the insurrection in the Colony of and useful servants; will render severe Demerara, other causes, both remote discipline unnecessary, and make them and proximate, may be assigned the most valuable slaves on the estates ; than those which the adversaries of and thus you will recommend yourself the Missionary have thought proper and your ministry even to those gentle- to allege. men who may have been averse to the Because AthlyThey regard, as uncon. religious instruction of the negroes. stitutional and oppressive, the whole We are well assured that this happy ef- proceedings under which their Mis. - fect has already been produced in many sionary, Mr. Smith, was imprisoninstances, and we trust you will be the ed; his papers seized ; his commuhonoured instrument of producing many nications with his friends preventmore."

ed, and his trial conducted ; and III. That notwithstanding their de- the protraction of Martial Law, unference and respect for His Majesty's der which, contrary to the ordinary Goverment, they have learned, with dis- regulations of the Colony, the evi. appointment and regret, the decision dence of slaves was admitted against come to upon the case of their Mission. him, and an appeal from the sen

tence to the King in Council, possi. Because, Isl-They consider the re- bly precluded.

ports of the Insurrection at Deme- Because 5thly_They discover in the rara to have been greatly exagge. proceedings of the Court Martial, rated as to its importance and dura- during a trial, not commenced for tion, for the purpose of casting two months after the insurrection, odium on the measures proposed by and protracted during six weeks, His Majesty's Government, and many deviations from that equal the legislature, in reference to the justice which Britons in their native Slaves.

country are accustomed to enjoy. Because, 2dlyThey have satisfactory Because, 6thlyThey conclude from

reason to believe, that, owing to the the evidence adduced (although evi. influence of religious instruction, dence upon which, by the ordinary the revolt was unaccompanied by laws of the Colony, no property of the horrors usually attendant on the value of forty shillings would West India insurrections ; in con- have been affected, or the guilt of a firmation of which opinion, they white person established for any bave the assurance of a clergyman offence,) that the Missionary was of the established Church of Eng- not guilty of any of the charges al. land in the Colony, that, in his leged, and that the insurrection was judgment, many of the Whites re- not, either directly or indirectly, siding on the Plantations are in

promoted by him. debted for the preservation of their IV. That although the Directors lives to the Christian precepts of would be led by their duty and the regu. the Missionary, Mr. Smith. This lations of their Society, to exclude from assurance is contained in the fol- their protection any Missionary who had lowing extracts from a private let- actually violated their instructions, as to

the conduct required to be observed by “ I feel no hesitation in declaring, him in respect to the Slave-Population,

from the intimate knowledge which yet they cannot withdraw their confi. my most anxious inquiries have ob. dence and esteem from their Missionary, tained, that, in the late scourge Mr. Smith, whose innocence they see no which the hand of an All. wise cause to impugn: and that he be in. Creator has inflicted on this ill-fat- structed (if he shall he so advised by his ed country, nothing but those reli. Counsel, and if it be expedient on due gious impressions which, under consideration of the state of his health) Providence, Mr. Smith has been in immediately to tender an appeal against strumental in fixing-nothing but the sentence of the Court Martial, in or. those principles of the Gospel of der that the subject may be duly inves. Peace which he has been proclaim- tigated before the Lords of his Majesty's ing—could have prevented a dread- Privy Council in England; and that he ful effusion of blood here, and saved be assured, that, on his return to Eng

ter:

SMITH.

land, he will be assisted by the Directors bellion of the Negro Slaves within these to the utmost of their power in his en. Colonies of Demerara and Essequibo; deavours to establish his innocence. and further, after such revolt and rebel.

V. That the Directors will, on their lion had actually commenced, and was part, take such further measures for ob- in a course of prosecution, he, the said taining, in this country, the reversal of John Smith, did further aid and assist the sentence passed by the Court Mar. in such rebellion by advising, consulting, tial in Demerara, against the said John and corrresponding, touching the same, Smith, as they shall be advised.

with the said Negro, Quamina; to wit, VI. That, although the Directors on the (19th and] 20th of August last, have long perceived, with just indigna- he, the said John Smith, then well tion, the systematic and continued at. knowing such revolt and rebellion to be tempts, by garbled extracts and calum- in progress, and the said Negro, Quaminious reports, to prejudice the public na, to be an insurgent engaged therein. mind against their Missionary, Mr. 3. For that he, the said John Smith, Smith, they have abstained from all ani. on the 17th of August last past, and for madversions and replies ; but it appears a certain period of time thereto precedto them that justice and humanity now ing, having come to the knowledge of a require that their sentiments should be certain revolt and rebellion intended to publicly expressed.

take place within the Colony, did not VII. That the above Resolutions be make known the same to the proper signed by the Chairman ; that they be authorities, which revolt and rebellion inserted in the next Monthly Chronicle did subsequently take place to wit, on of the Society, and in such other chan. or about the 18th August last past. nels of public intelligence as the Direc- 4. For that he, the said John Smith, tors may hereafter direct.

after such revolt and rebellion had taken W. ALERS HANKEY, Chairman. place, and during the existence thereof;

to wit, on or about (Tuesday and] Wed. COPY OF THE CHARGES AGAINST MR. nesday, the (19th and] 20th of August,

now last past, was at Plantation Le ReThe following are the charges upon munication with Quamina, a Negro of

souvenir, in presence of, and held comwhich Mr. Smith was tried : the clauses in italics, between the brack. Smith, then

well knowing the said Qua

Plantation Success ; he, the said John ets, are the parts not found in the sen.

mina to be an insurgent engaged theretence of the Court :

in, and that he, the said John Smith, Charges preferred by order of his Ex. did not use his utmost endeavour to sup. cellency Sir John Murray, Lieutenant. press the same, (by securing or detaining Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the said insurgent Quamina as a prisoner, the United Colony of Demerara and Es- or] by giving information to the proper sequibo, &c. against John Smith, Mis authorities, or otherwise ; but, on the sionary :-Ist, For that he, the said contrary, permitting the said insurgent John Smith, long previous to, and up to Quamina, to go at large and depart the time of, a certain revolt and rebel- (without attempting to seize him, and) lion, which broke out in this Colony on without giving any information respector about the 18th of August last past,

ing him

to the proper authorities, did promote, as far as in him lay, discon- against the peace of our Sovereign Lord tent and dissatisfaction in the minds of the King, his crown and dignity, and the Negro Slaves towards their lawful against the laws in force in this Colony, masters, managers, and overseers, she and in defiance of the proclamation of the said John Smith thereby intending to martial law issued by His Excellency the excite the said Negroes to break out in Lieut. Governor. such open revolt and rebellion against the authority of their lawful masters, managers, Letter of Mrs. Smith, addressed to the Se. and over seers,] contrary to his allegiance,

cretary. and against the peace of our Sovereign Lord the King, his Crown and dignity.

Demerara, December 4, 1823. 2. For that he, the said John Smith, Rev, and dear Sir,You have no having, about the 17th day of August doubt heard of the trouble which has last, and (at divers other days and times, ] befallen Mr. Smith and myself, and the one day theretofore preceding, advised, temporary ruin of the Missionary cause consulted, and corresponded with a cer. in this colony, in consequence of the retain Negro, named Quamina, touching volt of the Negroes on the East Coast: and concerning a certain revolt and re- You would have been fully informed by * Sec Mr. Smith's Letter to the Secretary.

Mr. Smith of every thing relative to the their slaves, and a great impediment in Mission, had not the severe nature of the way of their instruction. About six his imprisonment precluded the possibi. weeks after this, i. c. the beginning of lity of his writing to any one. The rea- July, the slaves got information that son I have not written to you before is, some instructions had been sent out by that I myself have been but a few days the Government for their benefit. This liberated from a rigorous confinement of information, it appears, originated with thirteen weeks with him. *

the Governor himself. It seems he On the 21st of August, the third day freely conversed with gentlemen on the after the revolt, Mr. Smith commenced subject in the hearing of one of his ser. a letter to you, in which he intended to vants, who immediately communicated point out the real causes of the revolt ; it to the son of one of our deacons. but before he could finish it, we were, in They received an idea that they were to a forcible and brutal manner, taken be made free, either in whole or in part. away from our house by the militia. From all we have learned, the latter noThis fragment, and likewise a letter to tion was most general. Hearing nothing Mr. Mercer, which Mr. Smith could not of the affair from the authorities, on the send to him, (or rather copies of them, 18th of August they revolted. the originals not being in my possession,) Many of the planters, I think I may I shall forward to you by the first oppor- say the colonists generally, apprehended tunity, as they contain several facts il. that the religious instruction of the slaves lustrative of the causes of the revolt.lt was incompatible with their condition in is impossible to detail the innumerable life, and that, as soon as they became a grievances to which the slaves generally little enlightened, they would revolt; were (and for aught I know to the con- and many of them believed or pretended, trary still are) subject. But it was their that the real object of Missionary inreligion that, in general, occasioned thein struction was, by instilling into their the most vexatious treatment. There minds principles of insubordination, to was no redress for them. The Burgher make them revolt; and, though the officers of the district were noted for proximate and chief cause of the revolt their aversion to the religions instruction was evidently of a political nature, yet of the slaves. At length, towards the that was overlooked, and religion substilatter end of last May, a communication tuted in its stead. was made by the Governor, through the It is alleged, that most of the people Burgher officers, to the planters and to that attended our chapel were engaged the slaves, requiring that the latter in it. That many of them were implimust obtain a written pass of their mas. cated is, I am sorry to say, too true. ters every time they came to chapel. From the nature of things it was hardly This was a rare boon to many of the possible it should have been otherwise. † planters, but a great mortification to It is further said, that the plot was

It was stated in the Missionary Chronicle for January, that Mrs. Smith was “ not detained as a prisoner." It appears, however, from subsequent information, as well as from her own language, that she regarded herself as detained in that character.-EDITOR.

+ It appears that the slave to whom the communication was made by the Gover. nor's servant, respecting the instructions received from England, (to which allusion is made in a former part of the above letter,) belonged to Plantation Success, an estate immediately contiguous to that on which Mr. Smith's chapel stands. The information thus communicated gradually became known to the Negroes on that and all the adjoining plantations ; who, learning generally, that the instructions in question contained, to use their own language, “ something good for them ;" and not receiving from the proper quarter any distinct explanation of the benefit intended, began to suspect that it was the design of their masters to withhold the boon from them. This suspicion acting, as was the fact, on the minds of a portion of the slave-population, smarting under peculiar hardships, and impatient for the re. moval of their grievances, caused them at length to resort to such means as to them appeared necessary for obtaining what they called “ their rights." But, that the intelligence respecting the instructions from England should have been, in the first instance, communicated to the Negroes on an estate contiguous to Mr. Smith's chapel, and that the minds of the Negroes in that neighbourhood should have been preformed by men that attended the chapel, it would be good for him to go to his and that one of our deacous was a ring- house, that they were not going to hurt leader.

any person, but they would have their From all we can learn from the evi- rights. We remained at quiet in our dence on Mr. Smith's trial, it appears house, until the afternoon of the third the plot was laid by two Negroes, named day after the revolt, when we were Jack and Paris. Jack was the son of forcibly taken from it, under a pretence, Quamina, (one of the deacons in ques. first, that Mr. Smith disobeyed the or. tion,) and he was the person to whom ders of a captain commanding in the disthe Governor's servant made the com- trict, by refusing to enrol himself in the munications concerning the instructions militia; and then directly afterwards from England. Jack was a dissolute, another was alleged, namely, that our gay young man, very irregular in his at remaining in our house could not be ac. tendance at the chapel. Religion, it is counted for on any other principle than to be feared, he had none.

Paris was that of our being a party to the revolt. boat-captain to the plantation to which Having us both in close confinement, he belonged, and, had he been disposed the legal authorities and the planters set to attend the chapel, it was out of his to work with all their might to take topower to do so, at least nineteen Sun- gether something in the shape of evi. days out of twenty. His work was to dence to condemn us. They examined take plantains to town, to sell on Sun.

scores, I believe I might say hundreds, day. I do not suppose he attended the of persons ; and after near seven weeks chapel more than once a-year.

labour, in this way, they preferred against As to Quimana being a ringleader, all Mr. Smith those serious charges which we know about it is from the evidence they supported by the evidence you see. on Mr. Smith's trial. Several contra.

How the Court Martial could justify dictory things are said concerning him a conviction on such evidence, must, I by some negroes, (Bristol and Seaton) think, be a wonder to every unprejudiced whose inconsistencies have been made person. But the verdict of a Court Marmanifest. But Mr. John Stewart, his tial is decided by the majority of its memmanager, says, on oath, “ I did not see

bers ; several of the members of this Quamina do any thing improper : he Court were much prejudiced against Mr. was keeping the rest of the people hack Smith, two of them at least, could not from hurting me. And Dr. M«Turk, refrain from showing their ill-will toa bitter enemy to Mr. Smith, says also wards him on the trial. Here, at preon oath, “ When Quamina was shot in sent, almost all are prejudiced against the bush he was not armed.” Hence it Mr. Smith, from the highest to the does not appear from the evidence that lowest. he was any thing more than a runaway, His journal seems to have caused a although he was shot and gibbeted. All great deal of enmity against him. It we know, however, of this matter is contains many reflections on the evils from the evidence produced on Mr. and iniquity of slavery; and some reSmith's trial ; which is already forwarde marks on the opposition made by the aued to the Society.

thorities here, to the instruction of the While the Negroes belonging to the slaves. Most, if not all, the passages of Resouvenir were in the act of rising, this nature were read by the Judge AdMr. Smith endeavoured to persuade them vocate, as evidence against Mr. Smith to desist from their purpose, and asked on his trial; but they were not satisfied them what they wanted. They behaved with this, the journal was accessible to to him with considerable rudeness(though many, probably to all the Judge Advonot with violence *) and they told him cate's friends. Many persons read it,

viously in a state of violent irritation from the hardships they endured, were both of them circumstances, so far as the present question is concerned, puicly of an accidental nature, and sufficiently account for the disturbances taking place in that particular part of the colony, without either involving the slightest imputation on the character of Mr. Smith, or subtracting, in the smallest degree, from the beneficial effects of his labours. This explanation, it is hoped, will enable our readers fully to understand the particular sentence in the letter of Mrs. Smith, to which the present note is appended.-EDITOR.

• It was stated in the Chronicle for January, that the Negroes on Le Resourenir treated Mr. Smith with violence. So we were then informed; but it now appears not to have been the case.--Ed.

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