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ment of Mr. Pearce, continues to act as a very powerful auxiliary in the dissemination of gospel truth. Since the last Report on this subject, nearly 70,000 tracts and school books have been published, besides the Sungskrit grammar, by Mr. Yates, and a variety of other works. The effects of this method of propagating divine knowledge, have at length become so apparent as to induce some respectable natives to unite in adopting the same expedient on behalf of the Brahmunical system. These persons have established a periodical work, entitled, the Brahmunical Magazine, or the Missionary and Brahmun; discovering, indeed, much ignorance of the gospel, and abounding in misrepresentations of the motives of those whom they attack: but the appearance of which is hailed by our brethren, as it will probably help to cherish that spirit of inquiry and investigation, which has been hitherto so foreign to the Hindoo character.
It was mentioned in the last Report, that Messrs. Yates and Pearce had undertaken a Missionary tour, of considerable extent, up the country. By a journal of this excursion, which has since been received, we learn that, among other places, they visited the city of Nuddea, the great seat of native literature in Bengal. With a view to communicate their message to the learned men residing there in the most agreeable form, they had prepared tracts in the Sungskrit language, and the result was highly gratifying. A number of these publications, which, in any other shape, would probably have been rejected with contempt, were received with great readiness, and thus, as our brethren express it," the gospel was introduced into the only university of Bengal, by means of publications in the Latin of the East."
nently consistent. He is regularly employed in preaching, and bids fair to become a very useful minister of the gospel to his countrymen. Another Brahmun was under instruction, as an inquirer, at the date of the last accounts, of whom they had pleasing hopes.
If, on the one hand, our brethren at this station have been deprived of that aid on the continuance of which they might have calculated, they have been encouraged by accessions to their number equally unexpected. A Mr. Statham, of whose previous history an account, furnished by himself, was inserted in the Missionary Herald for September last, after having preached, under their sauction, for some time, with considerable acceptance, was invited to become a member of their Missionary Union; and this step has been fully sanctioned by the Commitee, to whom it was referred for ratification. A native too, called Anunda, has been baptized in the course of the past year, in whom they greatly rejoice. He is a Brahmun of respectable family, and has had to encounter violent opposition from his relatives; but his constancy has remained unshaken, and his whole demeanour emi
A communication, just received, enables us to give an encouraging account of the progress of native female education. Three schools have been established, under the care of as many native women, containing in all, seventy-six pupils, embracing all the different castes, and varying in age from five to thirty; and it was expected that a fourth school would soon be added. It is mentioned, further, that a learned native was about to publish a pamphlet on the subject, designed to prove that it was formerly customary among the Hindoos to educate their females, and that the practice is neither disgraceful nor injurious; from the circulation of which much benefit was anticipated. On the whole, our missionary friends at the station, consider that the obstacles, which have hitherto impeded this great object, are now so much lessened, as to admit of their proposing to establish a female school, at the expense of any individual, congregation, or society, who may be desirous of supporting it, and which might be distinguished by any name specified by the contributors. The expense of each is estimated at L.20 per annum; and a regular account of the monies received for this purpose, and of the state of the schools, will be given to the public, through the medium of our annual reports.
PAISLEY FEMALE BIBLE ASSOCIA
(Extracts from the Second Report.)
The first Report contains a view of the general plan on which all the Associations are conducted. Repetition here is unnecessary as to the peculiar mode by which this plan is carried into effect. All which it may be proper to state, before entering into the details of each Association, is, that the first Report included the progress of the Associations from the time of their institution down till September, 1821, embracing, particularly with regard to the Town Parish Associations, a period of fif teen months; and with regard to the Abbey Parish Association, a period of thirteen months. This Report therefore includes only twelve months; and this circumstance should be kept in view in comparing the free proceeds of this year with the free pro ceeds of the former period, as it will ac
count in part for the great difference which To Gaelic Schools' Society, for
£164 0 O
The free proceeds of the former year amounted to £223, leaving a decrease this year of £59. The united and comparative view here given thus shows, that even deducting a fourth, in consideration of the fifteen months as before stated, there has upon the whole been a diminution of inThis diminution is, however, to a certain extent more nominal than real; for two of the associations, by leaving accounts for Bibles unpaid the preceding year, and one by advancing money at the close of this year for Bibles not yet subscribed for, have necessarily diminished their disposeable funds at the present date. One thing is certain, and a ground of encouragement in prosecuting the object of the associations, that the number of subscribers in both de. partments has not been diminished. There is an increase of two free subscribers, and of twenty-six Bible subscribers.
Messrs. Boyd and Mitchell of Kennington-Lane, have invented an Antiseptic Mineral Black Paint. It is an effectual preservative of wood, iron, canvas, and cord age; and is particularly adapted to ships' bottoms, bows, and bends; barges, boats, weather boarding, gates and posts, fences, hop poles, and all kinds of timber; and for iron work, brick walls, and every other surface in exposed or damp situations,its properties remaining uninjured from the effects of salt or fresh water. One of its important qualities is the preservation of timber against dry-rot; and it is also applicable in the preparation of cordage to form the trellis-work of inclosures for poultry, pheasantries, &c. which will be then found as durable as iron wire, at onefifth part of the expense.
£7 0 0
5 0 0
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
To distinguish oxalic acid (which is a poison,) from Epsom salt, it is recommended to taste one drop of it, or else a particle of the suspected crystals; and, if it be oxalic acid, it will be found extremely sour, like most other acids, whilst the taste of Epsom salt is rather bitter.
An advertiser in Dublin announces the discovery of a permanent composition for fruit-walls, by which he asserts he can so ripen grapes, as to make any quantity or fine wines in the united kingdom. He proposes also to extend its application to other fruits, and to early vegetables. We lately saw a better plan in the garden of Mr. Frend of Canterbury. He trains his vines near the ground, and in some cases under low cucumber-frames; and, in consequence, obtains abundance of fine grapes. The success of the vintage in the northern provinces of France seems entirely to result from the plants being very low, and the fruit receiving the reflections of the ground.
Captain Franklin, and the persons composing the north-west land expedition, have returned to England. The toils and the sufferings of the expedition have been of the most trying description. It was fitted out in the summer of 1819, and in 1820 was enabled, by the liberal aid and reinforcement of the N. W. Company, to advance to the shores of the Great Bear Lake, where it encamped and wintered. In the
ensuing spring it approached the Copper Mine River, which it descended until it fell into the ocean. The expedition proceeded in two canoes to explore the coast eastward from the mouth of the Copper Mine River towards Hudson's Bay; but in consequence of the approach of winter so early as the latter end of August, heavy falls of snow, dense as mist, and an extremely ill-provided wardrobe, the expedition was prevented from accomplishing its design, farther than exploring about 500 miles of the coast which lies to the northeast of the Copper Mine River, and ascertaining, that, so far as the eye could penetrate, the sea which lay before them was quite open, and perfectly free from ice. In forcing their way through the untravelled wilds between the Copper Mine River and the Great Bear Lake, they fell completely short of provisions, and were for many days under the necessity of subsisting upon sea-weeds, and a powder produced from pounding the withered bones of the food which they had already con. sumed. In this struggle, Mr. Hood, nine Canadians, and an Esquimaux, fell un timely and regretted victims; and had not the survivors, who for several days were driven to the necessity of prolonging a miserable existence by feeding upon the tat tered remnants of their shoes, exerted themselves by a super-human effort to reach the Great Bear Lake, it is probable that they would have all suffered the most appalling martyrdom. Here they found the heads and the bleached bones of the animals that had served them for last winter's provisions, which afforded them the melancholy ingredients for preserving life till their arrival at a post belonging to the Hudson Bay Company.
There exists at present in the British Isles, 103 canals, the course of which amounts to 2682 miles. One, 61 miles long, belongs to Ireland; five, which form together 150 miles in length, are in Scotland; the others, to the number of 97, intersect England as with a net-work. France, on the contrary, possesses only six canals, the united lengths of which are only 280 miles.
scribed by the latest enactments, which are of the most arbitrary and degrading character, tending to destroy discussion, and the benefits which might result from a free press.
Public Libraries in Paris.
1. The royal library has above 700,000 printed volumes, and 70,000 manuscripts. 2. The library of Monsieur, 150,000 printed volumes, and 5000 manuscripts.
3. Library of St. Genevieve, 110,000 printed volumes, and 2000 manuscripts.
4. The magazine library, 92,000 printed volumes, and 3000 manuscripts.
5. Library of the city of Paris, 20,000 volumes.
All these are daily open to the public. Besides these there are, in Paris and the Departments, the following libraries to which access may be obtained; the principal of which are the private libraries of the king in the Tuilleries, Fontainebleau, St. Cloud, Trianon, and Rambouillet; library of the Legislative Body; of the Council of State (30,000 vols.); of the Institute; of the Invalids (20,000 vols.); of the Court of Cassation, formerly the library of the Advocates and Polytechnic School.
The following very interesting details of the periodical press and public libraries of France afford a view of the state of literature in that country :
The legislation on the press is founded on the decree of the National Convention of July 19, 1793; on the decree of Napoleon of 1st Germinal 13; 5th Feb. and 14th Dec. 1810; 2d Feb. and 21st Oct. 1814; 27th March and 8th Oct. 1819; 17th May and 9th June, 1819; 21st March, 1820; and what has been pre
-Under the minister of the Royal Household are 10 libraries,-of the Interior, 22-of War, 12-of Justice, 5-of Foreign Affairs, 1-of the Marine, 6-of Finance, 2.
The Chambers of the Peers and the Deputies have each a library; that of the latter contains 30,000 vols.
Among the printing-offices, the Impri merie Royale claims the first place, on account of its extent and admirable arrangement. It prints the Memoirs of the Institute, and all other works which the king causes to be published, as a recompense or encouragement, gratis.
There are at Paris-79 printing-offices, 18 lithographic presses, 38 letter-founders, 616 booksellers, 84 dealers in second-hand books, 201 bookbinders, 16 book-stitchers, 2 book-repairers, 390 copper-plate engravers, 11 wood-cutters, 17 map-engravers, 17 form-cutters, 17 die engravers, 9 music engravers, 127 copper-plate presses, 140 print-sellers, 11 map-sellers, 50 music-sellers, 43 wholesale stationers, 9 pasteboard manufacturers, 6 stained-paper manufacturers, 4 parchment manufactu1ers, 6 manufacturers of printers' ink, 4 press-makers, 2 joiners for presses, 3 dealers in printing materials.
Daily and other Periodical Publications.
Political Journals, (11.)-Moniteur, Gazette de France, Journal de Paris, Constitutionnel, Journal des Débats, Courier Français, Quotidienne, Journal de Com
merce, Drapeau Blanc, L'Etoile du Soir, Régulateur. Advertisers, 4.
Half Periodical Works, (10.)-L'Ami de la Religion, le Défenseur, Lettres Champenoises, Lettres Normandes, l'Intrépide, l'Observateur, l'Organisateur, le Parachute Monarchique, le Pilote Européen, O Contemporaneo.
Religious Journals, (3.)—Chronique Relig. Archives de Christianisme au 19 Siecle; Annales Protestantes.
Scientific Journals, (9.)—Annales das Sciencias, das Artes, e das Letras; Annales de Chimie et de Physique; Annales des Mines; Annales Encyclopédiques; Annales Françaises des Sciences et des Arts; Bibliothèque Physico-Economique; Bulletin des Sciences; Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle, et des Arts; Journal des Savans.
Literary Journals, (15.)-Bibliographie de la France; Annales de la Littérature et des Arts; Árchives de la Littérature et des Arts; Conservateur Littéraire; Courier des Spectacles, de la Littérature, et des Modes; Galignani's Repertory of English Literature; Hermes Classique; Journal Général de la Littérature de la France; Ditto de la Littérature Etrangère; Journal des Théâtres, de la Littérature, et des Arts; le Lycée François; le Mercure Royal; la Minerve Littéraire; Revue Encyclopédique; Tablettes Universelles. Journals relative to Law and Jurisprudence, 22.
Medical Journals, 14. Journals for Arts and Professions, (12.)-mine among which are, Annales du Musée et de l'Ecole des Beaux Arts; Mémoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle.
40,000; Amiens, 40,000.-613 printing. offices; 26 lithographic printing-offices; 5 letter-foundries; 1025 booksellers; 192 paper manufactories.
The waters of the Polar Seas abound with a variety of tints, from a deep blue to an olive-green. This does not depend on the state of the atmosphere, but merely on the quantity of the waters; they appear to be subdivided into spaces or partitions of different shades, wherein the fishermen more frequently find whales than in any other part of the sea. It has long been conceived that the greenish waters derive their colour from the bottom of the sea; but Mr. W. Scoresby, captain of a whaler, and member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, has discovered in these waters, by aid of the microscope, a vast number of spherical globules, semitransparent, accompanied with small fine filaments, loose, not unlike little portions of very fine hair. These globules carry on their surface twelve nebulosities, consisting of brownish points, in alternate pairs of four or six. Mr. Scoresby considers these globules as animals of the Medusa kind. The filamentous or thready substance is composed of parts which, in their greatest dimensions, are about the 1710th part of an inch. When examined with the strongest lens, each filament appears to be a series of moniliform articulations, the number of which in the largest filament is about 300; the diameter is about 17300th part of an inch. These substances were found many times to vary their aspect; and Mr. S. is unable to deter
In the Departments, there are Public libraries 25, with above 1,700,000 vols.; of which Troyes has 50,000; Aix, 72,670; Marseilles, 31,500; Dijon, 36,000; Besançon, 53,000; Toulouse, 30,000, and 20,000; Bordeaux, 105,000; Tours, 30,000; Grenoble, 42,000; Arras, 34,000; Strasburg, 51,000; Colmar, 30,000; Lyon, 106,000; Le Mans, 41,000; Versailles
whether they are living animals, capable of self-motion; but he entertains no doubt of the different tints of the Polar Seas being produced by them. By his calculation, a cubic foot of this water may contain 110,592 globules of the Medusa kind, and a cubic mile about 23,888,000 hundreds of millions. He conceives that these animalcula are the constant food of the scuttle-fish, and other species of the Mollusca kind, which are abundant in the Polar Seas, and which in their turn become the prey of different species of whales.
A Report on the comparative nutritive
England,) ninety-four pounds in one hundred; greens and turnips (which are the most aqueous of all vegetables used for domestic purposes,) furnish only eight pounds of solid nutritious substance in one hundred; carrots, fourteen pounds; and, what is very remarkable, as being in opposition to the hitherto acknowledged theory, one hundred pounds of potatoes only yield twenty-five pounds of substance valuable as nutrition. One pound of good bread is equal to two pounds and a half, or three pounds of the best potatoes; and seventyfive pounds of bread, and thirty pounds of meat, are equal to three hundred pounds of potatoes; or, to go more into detail, three quarters of a pound of bread and five ounces of meat are equal to three pounds of potatoes; one pound of potatoes is equal to four pounds of cabbage and three of turnips; but one pound of rice, broad beans, or French beans (in grain,) is equal to three pounds of potatoes.
The following description of the cholera morbus, from a foreign journal, condenses what has been written on the subject in different papers, the author occasionally adding an observation or two of his own :-The cholera morbus, continues its dreadful ravages in India. This terrible malady appeared in the Delta of the Ganges, in the month of August, 1817; its first irruption took place at a town called Jessire, about thirty-three leagues north-east of Calcutta. The countries of Hindostan, between the extreme points visited by this pestilence, at the end of thirty-six months after its appearance,
would be found to contain an area of a thousand square leagues. Since that period the theatre of its disasters has been enlarged: the number of inhabitants in Madras has been diminished; the villages in the district of Sanpore have lost nearly the whole of their population. Not limited or confined to the Continent, this dangerous disease has appeared in the Island of Java, producing similar ef-` fects; and, by maritime communications, has penetrated into the southern provinces of China, and the Archipelago of the Philippines. In spreading to the west, it traversed the Peninsula of India; and, by the month of August, 1818, had reached Bombay. In the month of September, 1821, this contagion had invaded the Province of Guzerat; and, spreading along both banks of the Indus, advanced as far as the Persian Gulf, frequently with fatal effects in its coasts and harbours. At Mascat, the Kent, an English ship, reported the destruction of the crews of almost all the Arab vessels. The disease at times was so active, as to carry off a person in ten minutes. In India the natives have been attacked by it rather than the Europeans; but it has visited some of the English, and there is reason to think that they carried the infection to Port Louis, in the Isle of Mauritius. As that colony had suffered by some contagion of a very dangerous character in 1819, rigorous precautions were adopted to prevent any communication with the infected vessel.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
An Essay on the Resurrection of Christ. By the Rev. James Dove, Walworth, London. Second edition.
The Precious Gift; or, the Improvement of Time the Greatest Wisdom; to which is added, the Felicity of True Religion; or, the Warning Voice of Providence to Man; and Specimens of Sacred Poetry, from H. K. White, Robinson, Doddridge, Cowper, Logan, and Watts. Second edition, enlarged, with a neat frontispiece. Price 1s.
A Collection, for the Use of Schools. By the Rev. Andrew Thomson, is in the press, and will be ready for publication early in the month of January.
On the 1st of December will be published, the Loves of the Angels, a Poem. By Thomas Moore.
Mr. Allan Cunningham, author of Sir Marmaduke Maxwell, &c. is preparing for the press, the Adventures of Mark Macrabin, the Cameronian, a work intended to exhibit a faithful picture of the opinions, beliefs, superstitions, poeti. cal enthusiasm, and devotional and national character, of the people of the Scottish Lowlands.
Some Remarks on Southey's Life of Wesley will appear in the course of next
The literary world will be favoured in