and cleared of every incumbrance that might retard the circulation of the bottle.

Our friends, who had been so silent during the presence of the ladies, now began to take their revenge, and enlarge their share of the conversation in proportion to the number of bumpers they swal. lowed: they vied with each other in the number of their stories and their jokes ; all of which seemed to be equally relished ; and not the less so, that they now became somewhat loose and licentious.

Mr. Melville had at first endeavoured, though in a very easy and polite manner, to give somewhat of a more refined turn to the conversation ; but his endeavours, though supported by a good deal of wit and vivacity, could not long withstand the general disposition of the company. He now found himself as little able to relish their merriment as Mr. Um. phraville, next whom he was seated; and they had begun to enter into conversation of a very different kind, when Umphraville received a slap on the shoulder from one of the company, who at the same time reminded him that he was hunted.

My friend was at first startled with a familiarity to which he was little accustomed; having recovered his composure, however, he thanked the gentleman, though with an air rather formal and reserved, for his attention, and drank off his bumper. But having, it seems, left a little more than was proper in the bottom of his glass, he was saluted with a call of • No heeltops !' from another corner of the table. This enigmatical advice being explained to him, he complied with it also, saying, however, with his natural firmness of tone and manner, “That it was his rule

to fill and drink his glass when and how he pleased; 6 and that, as he had already gone greater lengths “than usual, Mr. Melfort must excuse him if he did pot now depart from it.'

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I saw that Mr. Umphraville was now heartily tired of the company, and was not sorry when, a little after this incident, both he and Mr. Melville with. drew. Having remained long enough to witness some jocular remarks to which this gave occasion, I followed them to the drawing-room, where I found they were much more agreeably employed in drinking coffee with Mrs. Melfort, while one of her daughters obliged my old friend by playing some Scots airs upon the harpsichord, which the other accompanied with a voice equally sweet and expressive.

The conversation which succeeded was supported in an easy agreeable manner, by Mr. Melville and the ladies, with that mixture of serious remark which made it not unpleasing to Mr. Umphraville; nor did he suffer in their opinion by the part he occasionally took in it. The silent approbation of his countenance, during the performance of the young ladies, and the observations which it

gave opportunity of making on the character of our native music, had already made the old gentleman a favourite ; nor were the rest of the company displeased with the turn of his sentiments, when he complained, that the drawing-rooms, where, in his younger days, the ladies and gentlemen were accustomed to the company of each other, were now almost totally deserted; and that, as far as he could observe, amidst the boasted refinement of modern manners, the gentlemen paid less attention to the ladies, both in public places and in private society, than they had done fifty years ago.

After some time passed in this manner, the noise of laughter and of vociferation on the stairs announced the approach of Mr. Melfort and his company: The physician, and one of the lawyers, were indeed the only members of it who had chosen to attend him to the drawing-room; both of whom were pro

him an

digiously flustered ; and yet, to my astonishment, they contrived to put a decent face upon it, and fell into fewer improprieties than could have been expected. A drawing-room, however, was not their element; and, after swallowing a little coffee, they withdrew, leaving honest Melfort fast asleep in a cor. ner of the settee.

Mr. Umphraville and I took our leave. We were scarce out of the house when he exclaimed,

Orus ! quando ero te aspiciam?"


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And, after a little pause, Good Good !' said he Charles, can such scenes be common at poor Mela fort's ? To what a degree must he have lost all respect for himself and all taste for true happiness, who, for such society as we have this day witnessed, can forego the agreeable conversation of his own family, or who can allow the elegance of their amusements to be disturbed by the intrusion of his o loose and riotous companions?'

I represented to my friend that he saw the matter in too strong a light. I observed that the excess on this occasion had probably been greater than usual ; Mr. Melfort was nowise singular in the manner of entertaining his friends ; that, in this country, the general opinion justified the observation of the poet, * Fecundi calices quem non fecere disertum;' that wine was supposed necessary to remove the natural reserve of our manner, and give a proper degree of ease and spirit to our conversation. As to the appearance of Melfort and his friends in the drawing-room, I observed, that a little habit made the occasional intrusion of a drunken company be considered as a sort of interlude, which ladies could bear without uneasiness ; and, at any rate, as it was an equal chance that their future husbands would give such

you are

dinners, and receive such guests, as their father did, it might not be improper to accustom them, in their earlier days, to a species of conversation and beha. viour which they must afterwards be obliged to endure.

• Ay,' says he, Charles, this is your way ; the * follies of mankind are familiar to


and • always ready to find an apology for them; but I, ' who, for many years, have only heard of them, can• not be supposed to bear their defects with as much • patience. I am sick of this town of yours; and, though I could have as much pleasure as any man in witnessing such elegant manners, andpartaking in such agreeable conversation, as we saw and en• joyed during a part of this evening; if I must pur

chase it by sharing in the intemperance, the noise, 6 and the folly which succeeded it, should

you • der if I long to return to my books and my • solitude ?

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77. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1780.

All impediments in fancy's course
Are motives of more fancy.


Amidst the variety of objects around us, philosophers have frequently been employed in pointing out and distinguishing those which are the sources of pleasure, and those which are productive of pain ; ihey have endeavoured also to investigate the causes and the qualities in the different objects by which their effects are produced. I suspect that, in many cases, we must be obliged to have recourse to the original constitution of our frame, and that the most penetrating philosophical inquiries can often go no farther than to say, Thus Nature has made us.

But whatever may be the original sources of our pleasure and pain, it is certain that there are various circumstances which may be pointed out, as adding to, or diminishing, both the one and the other; circumstances by which the warmth of expectation may be heightened or allayed, and the pangs

of disappointment increased or mitigated.

It is a common observation, the justice of which, I believe, will not be disputed, that every passion increases according to the difficulty there is in its gra. tification. When once a desire for a certain object is raised, every opposition which occurs to the attainment of it, provided it be not such as cuts off all hopes of succeeding, and every perplexity and embarrassment thrown in the way, when the mind is engaged in the pursuit, inflames the desire ; the object becomes heightened and exaggerated in our ideas, the mind grows more attached to it, and the expectation of enjoyment from the possession is increased.

To account for this appearance in our nature, it may be observed, that nothing is so apt to make an object figure in the imagination, as to have our attention long and earnestly fixed upon it. This makes it appear in stronger and more lively colours. If it be an object of desire, it appears more and more calculated to give pleasure ; if an object of aversion, it appears more and more calculated to produce pain. Every time we view it, there is an addition made to the impression we have received. The sensations it has already given us still continue, and the passion it

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