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L IGH on a throne of royal state, which far IT Outthone the wealth of Ormus and of Ind, Or where the gorgeous east with richest hand

Show'rs 1. High on a throne &c.] I have submission even to omnipotence. before observed in general, that The same boldness and intrepedity the persons, whom Milton intro- of behaviour discovers itself in the duces into his poem, always dis- several adventures which he meets cover such sentiments and beha- with during his passage through the viour, as are in a peculiar manner regions of unformed matter, and conformable to their respective cha. particularly in his address to those racters. Every circumstance in their tremendous Powers who are despeeches and a&ions is with great scribed as presiding over it. juftness and delicacy adapted to the

Addison. persons who speak and ad. As the 2. — the wealth of Ormus and of poet very much excels in this con- Ind,] That is diamonds, a fiftency of his characters, I shall principal part of the wealth of Inbeg leave to consider several pas- dia where they are found, and of sages of the second book in this the iland Ormus (in the Persian light. That luperior greatness and gulf) which is the mart for them. mock-majefty, which is ascribed to

Pearce. the prince of the fallen Angels, is 3. Or where the gorgeous eaft &c.] admirably preserved in the begin- Not that Ormus and Ind were in the ning of this book. His opening west, but the sense is that the and clofing the debate; his taking throne of Satan outlhone diamonds, on himself that great enterprise at or pearl and gold, the choicest the thought of which the whole in- whereof are produced in the east. fernal affembly trembled; his 'en- Spenser expresses the same thought countering the hideous phantom, thus, Fairy Queen, B. 3. C. 4. who guarded the gates of Hell and St. 23. appeared to him in all his terrors, -- that it did pass are inftances of that proud and The wealth of th' eaft, and pomp daring mind, which could not brook of Persian kings. VOL. I.

And

Show'rs on her kings barbaric pearl and gold,
Satan exalted fat, by merit rais’d

5
To that bad eminence; and from despair
Thus high uplifted beyond hope, aspires
Beyond thus high, infatiate to pursue
Vain war with Heav'n, and by success untaught
His proud imaginations thus display'd. 10

Pow'rs and Dominions, Deities of Heaven,
For since no deep within her gulf can hold
Immortal vigor, though oppress’d and fall'n,
I give not Heav'n for loft. From this descent
Celestial virtues rising, will appear

15 More glorious and more dread than from no fall, And trust themselves to fear no fecond fate.

Me And the east is said to foow'r them Rich pearls upon thee. with richeft hand by an excellent metaphor to express the great And this pearl and gold is called plenty and abundance of them, barbaric pearl and gold, after the and to show's them on her kings, manner of the Greeks and Roo because there the kings have the mans, who accounted all other na. principal share of property; or this tions barbarous; as Virgil faid, Æn. might be said, as Dr. Pearce con- II. 504. . ceives, in allusion to the custom Barbarico postes auro fpoliisque su. us'd at the coronation of some kings in the east, of show'ring gold and precious stones upon their and Æn. VIII. 685. heads. And the same sort of me. Hinc ope barbarica varüfque Antoi taphor is used in Shakespear, Ant. nius armis and Cleop. AA II.

Victor ab auroræ populis I'll set thee in a fhow'r of gold, and hail

Tasso also (as Mr. Thyer farther

adds)

Me though just right, and the fix'd laws of Heaven
Did first create your leader, next free choice,
With what besides, in counfel or in fight, 20
Hath been achiev'd of merit, yet this loss
Thus far at least recover'd, hath much more
Establish'd in a fafe unenvied throne
Yielded with full consent. The happier state
In Heav’n, which follows dignity, might draw 25
Envy from each inferior; but who here
Will envy whom the higheft place exposes
Foremost to stand against the Thund'rer's aim
Your bulwark, and condemns to greateft share
Of endless pain? where there is then no good 30
For which to strive, no strife can grow up there

From adds) adopts this word into the Ita- leader, yet this loss hath much

lian language in a description fimi- more establish'a în a safe unenvied ilar to this, Cant. 17. St. 1o. thrope,

E ricco di barbarico ornamento. 21. — achiev'd] We spell it as -; In habito regal splender fi vede. Glender si vede. we pronounce it atchiev'd; but Mil.

On writes it achieci'd, like the 11. Pow'rs and Dominions,] As French achever, from whence it is - St. Paul calls the Angels, Thrones deriv'd.

or Dominions or Principalities or 24. - The happier fate. Powers, Col. I. 16.

'In Heav'n, which follows dignity, 18. Me though just right, &c.] &c.] He means that the higher in Me is rightly placed first in thc fen- dignity any being was in Heaven, tence, being the emphatical word the happier his state was; and that and the accusative case governd therefore inferiors might there envy

by the two verbs which follow, superiors, because they were hap= create and establish'd. Me though pier too. Pearce. juft righe, 6c did firft crcate your

33 — none,

re

P 2

From faction; for none sure will clame in Hell ..
Precedence, nơne, whose portion is so small
Of present pain, that with ambitious mind
Will covet more. With this advantage then :: 35

To union, and firm faith, and firm accord,
More than can be in Heav'n, we now return .no

To clame our juft inheritance of old, .
Surer to prosper than prosperity
Could have affur'd us; and by what best way, 40
Whether of open war or covert guile, in
We now debaté ; who can advise, may speak. 17
He ceas’d; and next him Moloch, scepter'd king,

Stood 33. -- none, whose portion, &c.] fury which distinguish this Spirit Here seems to be some obfcurity from the rest of the fallen Angels: and difficulty in the fyntax. Dr. He is defcrib'd in the first book, as Bentley and Dr. Heylin would read besmeared with the blood of huand point the passage thus : . . man facrifices, and delighted with

for none fure will clame in Hell the tears of parents and the cries Precedence, none. Whose portion

of children. In the fecond book is so small

he is marked out as the fierceft Spiof present pain, that with ambi- rit that fought in Heaven : and if . tious mind

we consider the figure he makes 'He'll covet more?

.“ in the fixth book, where the battel

sive of Angels is described, we find it 40. and by what best way, ] every way answerable to the same Smoother and more emphatical furious enraged character. It may

be worth while to observe, that w and by what way beft. Milton has represented this violent

v. impetuous Spirit, who is hurried on

by such precipitate passions, as the 43. next bim Moloch,] The first that rises in that affembly, to part of Moloch is likewise in all its give his opinion upon their present circumstances full of that fire and posture of affairs. Accordingly he

declares

thus,

Bentley

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Stood op, the strongest and the fiercest Spirit 1.1
That fought in Heav'n, now fiercer by despair: 45
His trust was with th’Eternal to be deem'd
Equal in ftrength, and rather than be lefs !!
Car'd not to be at all, with that care loft i
Went all his fear: of God, or Hell, or worse .
He reck'd not, and these words thereafter fpake. 50

My sentence is for open war: of wiles, . .?
More unexpert, I boast not: them let those
Contrive who need, or when they need, not now. "
For while they fit contriving, shall the rest,
Millions that stand in arms, and longing wait 55

The declares himself abruptly for war, 47 and rather than be less and appears incensed at his com- . Car'd not to be at all;] Dr. Bentpanions, for loging fo much time as ley reads He rather than &c. beeven to deliberate upon it. All his cause at present the construction is sentiments are rafh, audacious and and his truft car'd not &c. But such desperate. Such is that of arming small faults are not only to be parthemselves with their tortures, and don'd but overlook'd in great geturning their punishments upon him niuses. Fabius VIII. 3. says of Ci. who inflicted them. His preferring cero, In vitium sæpe incidit fecurus annihilation to shame or misery is tam parvæ observationis : and in also highly suitable to his character; X. 1. Neque id ftatim legenti per. as the comfort be draws from their suasum sit omnia, quæ magni auc-. disturbing the peace of Heaven, tores dixerint, effe perfecta ; nam that if it be not victory it is re- et labuntur aliquando, et oneri cevenge, is a sentiment truly diabo- dunt &c. Pearce. lical, and becoming the bitterness 50. He reck'd not,] He made no of this implacable Spirit. Addifon. account of. To reck much the

fame as to reckon. And spake there. a 436 scepter d king,) As Ho- after, that is accordingly, as one mer says Ernalux Berinsus. who niade no account of God or diad, 1, 2796

i

Hell or any thing...
Heli or any thing.
P 3

56 - fut

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