-By place or choice the worthieft; they,anon yn T.
With hundreds and with thousands trooping came. I
Attended: all access was throng’d, the gates 761
And porches wide, but chief the spacious hally
(Though like a cover d field, where ehampions bold
Wont ride in arm'd, and at the Soldan's chaira
Defy’d the best of Panim chivalry . 765
To mortal combat, or carreer with lance),
Thick swarm’d, both on the ground and in the air (
Brush'd with the hiss of rulling wings. As þees., 7


Huta gredHOL pealoo dwy adro Dulky they spread, a close im- paws,

'body'd croud, Πετρης εκ γλαφυρης αια νεον ερ- And o'er the vale defcends the koulu awy, a

- living cloud. Βοτρυδος δε αιτούμαι επ' ανθεσιν There are fuch fimiles likewife is Hallvoo IV,

Virgil, Æn. I. 430. 'Ao Merz ere eres TETOTHATÓ, . So de te, . Qualis apes æftate novâ per florca

. rura , 10 ,Ana i Brijanj Milton has very well express'd the Exercet sub sole labor; cum genforce of Borgusov by in clusters, as

tis adultos grine Lif Pope has done by cluf'ring, tho' in

Educunt fætus, 8C nus' atin the rest of his tranflation he has by no means equald the beauties of

Such is their toil; and such their the original.'.'.

que busy pains, '15m

As exercise the bees in Aowrý As from some rocky clift the shep plains ; +38 herd fees

When winter paft, and summer Clústring in heaps on heaps the scarce begun driving bees,

Invites them forth to labor in the Rolling, and black’ning, swarms fun: mars

suceeding swarms, ini's Some lead their youth abroad, &c. With deeper murmurs and more niin, Dryden, hoarse alarms;


idl w 3 And

In spring time, when the fun with Taurus rides, w
Pour forth their populous youth about the hive 770
In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers 1.
Fly to and fro, or on the smoothed plank, : vie
The suburb of their straw-built citadel, - ..

· New And again, Æn. VI. 707. : Cum prima novi ducent ext

mina reges "Ac veluti in pratis, ubi apes æstate Vere fua, Judetque favis emifta serena

juventus. Floribus infidunt variis &c.

777. Behold a wonder &6.] The But our poet carries the fimilitude passage in the catalogue, 'explainfarther than either of his great ing the manner how Spirits tranfmafters, and mentions the bees con- form themselves by contractions or ferring their flate affairs, as he is inlargement of their dimensions, is going to give an account of the introduced with great judgment, to consultations of the Devils. . make way for several surprifing &

cidents in the sequel of the poem. 769. In Spring time, when the fun There follows one, at the very end with Taurus rides,]

of the first book, which is what

the French critics call maroclaw Candidus auratis aperit cum core but at the same time probable by h nibus annum

reason of the passage laft menTaurus. Georg. I. 217. In April.

tion'd. As soon as the infernal pa.

Hume. lace is finish'd, we are told the mal. Dr. Bentley reads in Taurus rides, titude and rabble of Spirits impeand says, Does Taurus ride too, a diately fhrunk themselves into a constellation fix’d? Yes, or else small compass, that there might Ovid is wrong throughout his whole be room for such a numberless af. Fasti, where he describes the rising sembly in this capacious hall. But and setting of the signs of the zo. it is the poet's refinement upon this diac: See what he says of the rising thought which I most admire, and of Taurus, V.603. and our author which is indeed very noble in itin X. 663, speaking of the fix'd self. For he tells us, that notwithfars, says, Which of them rising standing the yulgar, among the with the fun or falling, &c. Pearce. fallen Spirits, contracted their

forms, those of the first rank and 770. Pour forth their populous dignity still preserved their natural

youth about the hive] dimensions. Virg. Georg. IV. 21.

Monsieur Voltaire is of a different


New rubb'd with balm, expatiate and confer igen?
Their state affairs. So thick the aery croud : 775
Swarm’d and were straiten’d; till the signal given, . !
Behold a wonder ! they but now who seem'd .
In bigness to surpass earth’s giant sons,


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opinion with regard to the contri- thing would not fit exactly the vance of Pandemonium and the mock-heroic. Then I dare fay transformation of the Devils into that nothing is so adapted to that dwarfs; and pollibly more may ludicrous way of writing, as the concur with him than with Mr. Ad. metamorphons is of the Devils in dison. I dare affirm, says he, that to dwarfs. See his Esfay on epic the contrivance of the Pandemo- poetry, p. 113, 114, I have been nium would have been entirely dif- favored with a letter from William approved of by critics like Boi. Duncombe Elg: justifying Milton leau, Racine, &c. That seat built against Monsieur Voltaire's objecfor the parlament of the Devils tions. As to the contrivance of feems very preposterous ; fince Sa. Pandemonium, he thinks it agreetan hath fummond them altoge- able to the rules of decency and ther, and harangu'd them juft be. decorum to provide a saloon for fore in an ainple field. The coun: his Satanic majesty and his mighty cil was necessary ; but where it was compeers (the progeny of Heaven) to be held, 'twas very indifferent. in some measure adapted to the

But when afterwards the De- dignity of their characters; and vils turn dwarfs to fill their places the description is not inferior to in the house, as if it was impracti- any thing in Homer or Virgil of cable to build a room large enough the like kind. We may farther to contain them in their natural add, that as Satan had his palace fize; it is an idle story, which in Heaven, it was more likely that would match the most extravagant he should have one in Hell liketales. And to crown all, Satan wise; and as he had before haand the cbief Lords preserving their rangued the fallen Angels in the own monitrous forms, while the open field, it was proper for the rabble of the Devils shrink into fake of variety as well as for other pygmies, hightens the ridicule of reasons that the council should be the whole contrivance to an unex. held in Pandemonium. As to the pressible degree. Methinks the fallen Angels contracting their true criterion for discerning what shapes while their chiefs preserved is really ridiculous in an epic their natural dimensions, Mr. Dunpoem, is to examin if the same combe observes with Mr. Addison,


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Now less than smallest dwarfs, in narrow room
Throng numberless, like that pygmean race 780
Beyond the Indian mount, or faery elves,
Whose midnight revels by a forest fide
Or fountain some belated peasant fees,

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that Milton had artfully prepared the hint till he has raised out of it the reader for this incident by fome glorious image or sentiment, marking their power to contract or proper to inflame the mind of the inlarge their substance ; and Milton reader, and to give it that sublime seems to have intended hereby to kind of entertainment, which is diftinguish and aggrandize the idea suitable to the nature of an heroic of the chieftains, and to describe poem. Those, who are acquainted in a more probable manner the with Homer's and Virgil's way of numberless myriads of fallen An- writing, cannot but be pleased with gels contain'd ink oneni capacious this kind of structure in Milton's Hall. * If Miltoni had represented fimilitudes. I am the more parti. the whole host in their enormous cular on this head, because igno. fizes, crouded in one room, (the rant readers, who have formed fiction would have been more fhock- their taste upon the quaint fimiles ing and more unnatural than as it and little turns of wit, which are ftands at present. These argu- fo much in vogue among modern ments seem to carry some weight poets, cannot relish these beauties with them, and upon these we which are of a much higher na. muft reft Milton's defense, and ture, and are therefore apt to cenleave the determination to the fure Milton's comparisons in which Teader. .

they do not see any surprising 780.-like that pyg mean race &c.] points of likeness. Monsieur PerThere are also several noble fimiles rault was a man of this vitiated and allusions in the first book of relish, and for that very reason has Paradise Lost. And here I must endevor'd to turn into ridicule se, observe, that when Milton alludes veral of Homer's similitudes, which either to things or perfans, he ne. he calls comparaisons a longue queue, ver quits his fimile till it rises to long-tail'd comparisons. I lhall con. some very great idea, which is of- clude this paper on the first book ten foreign to the occasion that of Milton with the answer, which gave birth to it. The resemblance Monsieur Boileau makes to Pordoes not, perhaps, last above a line rault on this occasion. “ Compac or two, but the poet runs on with Crisons, says he, in odes and epic

* poems,

Or dreams he sees, while over-head the moon 07 Sits arbitress, and nearer to the earth !!!" pung85 Wheels her pale course, they on their mirth and dance Intent, with jocond music charm his ear zhort in At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds

. Thus

" poems, are not introduced only variery, their episodes are fo many “ to illustrate and embellish the short fables, and their fimiles fa « discourse, but to amuse and re- many short epifodes; to which you “ lax the mind of the reader, by may add, if you please, that their « frequently disengaging him from metaphors" are fo many short fi« too painful an attention to the miles. If the reader considers the “i principal subject, and by leading comparisons in the first book of “ him into other agreeable images. Milton, of the fun in an eclipfe, * Homer, says he, excelled in this of the sleeping leviathan, of the * particular, whose comparisons bees fwarming about their hive, of te abound with such images of na- the faery dance, in the view where" ture as are proper to relieve in I have here placed them, he w and diverfify his subjects. He will easily difcover the great beay* continually instructs the reader, ties that are in each of those pal

and makes him take notice, sages. Addifor. .. . in e & even in objects which are every 782.1.? fee's, Diel * day before our eyes, of such cir- Or dreams he fees, Virg: Æn. Vh * cumstances as we thould not

otherwise have observed." To 454• ' this he adds as a maxim univer- Aut videt, aut vidisse putati Fally acknowledged, " That it is

785. Sits arbitress, ) Arbkrefs " not necessary in poetry for the " points of the comparison to cor

here signifies witness, fpectatress. a respond with one another ex

So Hor. Epod. V.49. « actly, but that a general refem

O rebus meis i « blance is sufficient, and that too Non infideles arbitra , «much nicety in this particular Nox et Diana. Do Heylin. . « favors of the rhetorician and - epigrammatist.” In short, if we 785. and nearer to the eartb] look into the conduct of Homer, This is said in allusion to the fuper Virgil, and Milton, as the great ftitious notion of witches and faefable is the foul of each poem, fo ries having great power over the to give their works an agreeable moon. "E" .. .love

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