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Bright temple, to Egyptian Thebes he flies.
At once on th'eastern cliff of Paradise 275
He lights, and to his proper shape returns
A Seraph wing’d; fix wings he wore, to shade
His lineaments divine; the pair that clad
Each shoulder broad, came mantling o'er his breast

With

jcêts to Raphael's taking the shape See Plin. Nat. Hift. L. 10. C. 2. of a Phænix, and the objection Ovid. Met. XV. and Claudian de would be very juft if Milton had Phænice. Armida in Taffo is in like said any such thing: but he only manner compared to a Phænix, says that to all the fowls be seems Cant. 17. St. 35. a Phænix; he was not really a Come all' hor, che'l rinato unico Phenix, the birds only fancied him augello, &c. one. This bird was famous among the Ancients, bat generally looked As when the new-born Phenix upon by the Moderns as fabulous. doth begin The naturalists speak of it as single, To fly to Ethiope-ward, at the fair or the only one of its kind, and bent therefore it is called here that fole Of her rich wings, ftrange plumes, bird, as it had been before by Tasso and feathers thin, unico augello. They describe it as Her crowns and chains, with na. of a most beautiful plumage. They tive gold besprent, hold that it lives five or fix hun. The world amazed stands; and dred years; that when thus ad- with her fly vanc'd in age, it builds itself a fu. An host of wond'ring birds that neral pile of wood and aromatic fing and cry: gums, which being kindled by the So paft Armida, look'd on, gaz'd fun it is there consumed by the fire, on so. Fairfax. and another Phænix arises out of

275. — on th' eastern cliff] For the aihes, anceitor and succesior to there was the only gate of Parahimself, who taking up the re- dife. IV. 178. The good Angel liques of his funeral pile flies with

enters by the gate, and not like

ent them to Egyptian Thebes to in

Satan. shrine them there in the temple of the sun, the other birds attending 276. and to his proper soape and gazing upon him in his flight. returns) The word soape here Eg yptian Thebes to distinguish it (I suppofe) occasion'd Dr. Bentley from the other Thebes in Bæotia. in his note on the former passage to

fay

With regal ornament; the middle pair 280
Girt like a starry zone his waste, and round
Skirted his loins and thighs with downy gold
And colors dipt in Heav'n; the third his feet
Shadow'd from either heel with feather'd mail,
Sky-tinctur'd grain. Like Maia's son he stood, 285

And

say that Milton makes Raphael tion of Angels : But I do not retake the foape of a Phænix. But by member to have met with any lo returning to bis proper shape Milton finely drawn, and so conformable means only that he stood on his to the notions which are given of feet, and gather'd up his fix wings them in Scripture, as this in Milinto their proper place and situation. ton. After having set him forth

Pearce. in all his heavenly plumage, and Or as another ingenious person ex- represented him as alighting upon presses it, He seem'd again what he the earth, the poet concludes his really was, a Seraph wing’d; where- description with a circumstance, as in his flight he appear'd what he which is altogether new, and imawas not, a Phænix.

gin'd with the greatest strength of 277. ~ fix wings he wore, &c.] fancy. The Seraphim seen by Isaiah, VI. 2. had the same number of wings, - Like Maia's son he food, Above it flood the Seraphims, each one And shook his plumes, that heav'n. bad fix wings: but there the wings ly fragrance fillid are disposed differently.

The circuit wide. Addison. 284. — with feather'd mail,

Sky-tin&tur'd grain.) Feathers lie The comparing of the Angel to one short of another resembling the Maia's son, to Mercury, Thows plates of metal of which coats of evidently that the poet had parti. mail are compos'd. Sky.color'd, cularly in view chose sublime pas. dy'd in grain, to express beauty sages of Homer and Virgil, which and durableness. Richardson. describe the flight and descent of · 285.— Like Maia's fon he stood,&c.) Mercury to the earth. That of Ho. Raphael's descent to the earth, with mer is in the Iliad. XXIV. 339. the figure of his person, is repre. sented in very lively colors. Se. 'ns epat' udarilnge dianlop veral of the French, Italian and Apgupovinsi English poets have given a loose to AUTIR TEI'UTO TOASIN ad noce their imaginations in the descrip. το καλα σιβιλα,

Aue

And shook his plumes, that heav'nly fragrance filled
The circuit wide. Strait knew him all the bands
Of Angels under watch; and to his state,
And to his meffage high in honor rise ; 289
For on some message high they guess’d him bound.
Their glittering tents he pass’d, and now is come

Into

Aubegrid, XpUond, Ta M.LY pe. Seu terram, rapido pariter cum ego nuev co' vypnu,

flamine portant. HM &T' a Triegvel galor, euch Tum virgam capit: hâc animas avoinç dve polo

ille evocat Orco Eleto dnec 6sov, tu n'avdown Pallentes, alias fub triftia Tartara ομματα θελγε,

mittit; sau cea ei, tas aute Xai Únrw. Dat fomnos adimitque et lumina orlas ezepet

morte resignat. The God obeys, his golden pi- Hermes obeys; with golden pinions binds,

nions binds And mounts incumbent on the His flying feet, and mounts the wings of winds,

western winds : That high thro' fields of air his And whether o'er the feas or earth Aight sustain,

he flies, O'er the wide earth, and o'er the With rapid force, they bear him boundlefs main :

· down the skies. Then grasps the wand that causes But first he grasps within his awseep to fly,

ful hand, Or in soft Numbers seals the wake. The mark of sov'reign pow'r, his ful eye. Pope.

magic wand :

With this, he draws the ghosts Virgil has translated it almost lit. from hollow graves, terally, but with some additions, With this, he drives them down Æn. IV.238.

the Stygian waves;

With this, he feals in sleep the Dixerat: ille patris magni parere wakeful fight ; parabat

And eyes, tho clos d in death, reImperio, et primum pedibus tala

ftores to light. Dryden. ria nectit Aurea: quæ sublimem alis, five If it is hard to determin (as Mr. æquora supra, Pope says) which is more excellens,

the

Into the blissful field, through groves of myrrh,
And flow'ring odors, cassia, nard, and balm;
A wilderness of sweets; for Nature here
Wanton'd as in het prime, and play'd at will. 295
Her virgin fancies, pouring forth more sweet,
Wild above rule or art; enormous bliss.

Him

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the copy or the original, yet I be. 288. and to his flate, lieve every reader will easily de- And to his message high in bonor termin that Milton's description is

rife;) With the same respect better than both. The reader may as the Muses pay to Gallus in Virlikewise, if he pleases, compare gil, Ecl. VI. 66. this descent of Raphael with that of Gabriel in Taffo, Cant. 1. Utque viro Phæbi chorus assurSt. 13, 14, 15. But (as Dr. Pearce rexerit omnis. observes) it is the graceful posture in ftanding after alighting - 296. — pouring forth more fweet, that is particularly compar'd to Wild above rule or art; enormous Mercury;

blifs.] So the two first edi. Hic paribus primum nitens Cylle- tions point this passage : Dr. Bentnius alis

ley puts no stop after art; for want

of which he has fallen into a conConftitit, Æn. IV. 253.

siderable mistake: instead of pourIt is probable that the idea was first

It ring forth more sweet, he would have taken from the graceful attitudes

us read pouring forth profufe. He of the antique statues of Mercury : Cavs mer

Mercury says more sweet than what? no. but our author might have it more thing: for?

1ore thing: for the comparison is dropt. immediately from Shakespear's But the sense is, pouring forth Hamlet, Aa III.

what was the more sweet for A station, like the herald Mercury being wild and above rule or art. New-lighted on a Heaven-kissing

Pearce. hill :

Or should there not be a comma as the image of the Angel sinaking only after art ? and is not enormous his fragrant plumes is borrow'd bliss the accusative cafe after pourparticularly from Fairfax's Talio, ing forth? which bliss was the more On Lebanon at first his foot he set, sweet, as it was wild above rule or And shook bis wings with roary art. May-dews wet.

298. Him

Him through the spicy forest onward come
Adam discern'd, as in the door he fat
Of his cool bow's, while now the mounted fun 300
Shot down direct his fervid rays to warm
Earth’s inmost womb, more warmth thanAdam needs:
And Eve within, due at her hour prepar'd
For dinner favory fruits, of taste to please
True appetite, and not disrelish thirst

305 Of necta’rous draughts between, from milky stream, Berry or grape : to whom thus Adam call’d.

Haste hither Eve, and worth thy fight behold Eastward among those trees, what glorious shape Comes this way moving; seems another morn 310 Ris’n on mid-noon; some great behest from Heaven

To

298. Him through the spicy foref] opinion of some that Noah was the Raphael's reception by the guar- first who made wine, because it is dian Angels; his passing thro' the said in Scripture, Gen. IX. 20. And wilderness of sweets; his distant Noah began to be an bufandman, and appearance to Adam, have all the he planted a vineyard: but it cannot graces that poetry is capable of be- be inferr'd from hence that he was ftowing. Addifon.

the first vine-dresser any more than

that he was the first husbandman; · 299. — as in the door he fat] So and our author, we see, gives an Abraham, Gen. XVIII. I. fat in earlier date to the making of wine, the tent-door in the heat of the day and a little afterwards more exwhen he was visited by three Angels. pressly, From that passage our poet form'd this incident. Bentley.

for drink the grape

. She crushes, inoffensive muft. 307. Berry or grape: ] It is the

Maja

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