Full orb'd the moon, and with more pleasing light
Shadowy sets off the face of things; in vain,
If none regard; Heav'n wakes with all his eyes,
Whom to behold but thee, Nature's desire ? 45
In whose fight all things joy, with ravithment
Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze.
I rose as at thy call, but found thee not;
To find thee I directed then my walk;
And on, methought, alone I pass’d through ways 59
That brought me on a sudden to the tree
Of interdicted knowledge: fair it seem’d,
Much fairer to my fancy than by day:
And as I wond’ring look’d, beside it stood
One shap'd and wing'd like one of those from Heaven

By Disburden'd Heav'n rejoiced and - Heav'n wakes with all bis eyes, foon repair'd

tho' commonly he uses Heaven it. Her mural breach, returning

feturns self in the feminine gender, as in whence it rollid.

VII. 205. The nightingale, tho' it is the cock

Heav'n open'd wide that sings, he makes usually of the Her ever during gates feminine gender as in IV. 602.

. and again, VII. 574. - the wakeful nightingale;

- He through Heaven She all night long ber amorous That open'd wide her blazing por. descant lung.

tals &c. See likewise III. 40. VII. 436. But The reason of this alteration of the here he lays his love-labor'd song, as genders the judicious reader, when the speech is address'd to Eve. he examines each passage, will und for the same reason he fay's casily perceive.

44. – Heati's

By us oft feen; his dewy locks distilld 56
Ambrofia; on that tree he also gaz’d;
And O fair plant, said he, with fruit surcharg'd,
Deigns none to ease thy load and taste thy sweet,
Nor God, nor Man? is knowledge so despis’d? 60
Or envy', or what reserve forbids to taste ?
Forbid who will, none shall from me withhold
Longer thy offer'd good, why else set here?
This faid, he paus’d not, but with ventrous arm
He pluck’d, he tasted; me damp horror chillid 65
At such bold words vouch'd with a deed fo bold:
But he thus overjoy’d, O fruit divine,
Sweet of thyself, but much more sweet thus cropt,
Forbidden here, it seems, as only fit


44. - Heav'n wakes with all his Corde capessere: semita nulla pe

eyes,] Here again he has his dem ftabilibat. master Spenser full in view, B. 3. 53. Much fairer to my fancy than Cant. 11. St. 45.

by day :] As the sensations -- with how many eyes are often more pleasing, and the High Heav'n beholds &c. images more lively, when we are

alleep than when we are awake. 49. To find thee I direfted then my And what can be the cause of this?

walk;] So Ennius apud Ci- Our author plainly thinks it may ceronem, De Divinat. I. 20. be effected by the agency of some

ita fola

spiritual being upon the sensory Poft illa, germana soror, errare

while we are alleep. videbar,

56. — his dewy locks distilld Tardaque vestigare, et quærere Ambrofia ;] Só Virgil of Venus, te, neque posse

Æn. I. 403.


For Gods, yet able to make Gods of Men: 70
And why not Gods of Men, since good, the more
Communicated, more abundant grows,
The author not impair’d, but honor'd more?
Here, happy creature, fair angelic Eve,
Partake thou also; happy though thou art, 75
Happier thou may'st be, worthier canst not be:
Taste this, and be henceforth among the Gods
Thyself a Goddess, not to earth confin'd,
But sometimes in the air, as we, sometimes
Ascend to Heav'n, by merit thine, and fee 80
What life the Gods live there, and such live thou,
So saying, he drew nigh, and to me held,
Ev'n to my mouth of that same fruit held part
Which he had pluck’d; the pleasant favory smell
So quicken'd appetite, that I, methought, 85
Could not but taste. Forthwith up to the clouds
With him I flew, and underneath beheld
The earth outstretch'd immense, a prospect wide


Ambrosiæque comæ divinum ver- as we are so plac'd between the two tice odorem

sentences, as equally to relate to Spiravere. Hume. both, and in the firit sentence the

verb be is understood. Pearce. 79. But sometimes in the air, as 93. ---- Thus Eve her night we, fometimes &c.] The words Rela!ed,] Thus Evę repeated her


And various: wond'ring at my flight and change
To this high exaltation; suddenly

My guide was gone, and I, méthought, sunk down,
And fell asleep; but O how glad I wak'd
To find this but a dream! Thus Eve her night
Related, and thus Adam answer'd fad.
Best image of myself and dearer half,

95 The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep Affects me equally; nor can I like This uncouth dream, of evil sprung I fear; Yet evil whence? in thee can harbour none, Created pure. But know that in the soul

Ioa Are many lesser faculties, that serve Reason as chief; among these fancy next Her office holds; of all external things, Which the five watchful senses represent, She forms imaginations, aery shapes,

IOS Which reason joining or disjoining, frames All what we'affirm or what deny, and call


dream. Night for the visions and 94. and thus Adam] Adam dreams frequent in it. So Sil. Ital. conformable to his superior chaIII. 216.

racter for wisdom initructs and

comforts Eve upon this occafion. Promissa evolvit somni, noctemque

Addison. retractat. Hume.

117. Evil

Our knowledge or opinion; then retires
Into her private cell when nature rests.
Oft in her absence mimic fancy wakes
To imitate her; but misjoining shapes,
Wild work produces oft, and most in dreams,
Ill matching words and deeds long past or late.
Some such resemblances methinks I find
Of our last evening's talk, in this thy dream, 115
But with addition strange; yet be not sad,
Evil into the mind of God or Man
May come and go, fo unapprov'd, and leave
No spot or blame behind: Which gives me hope
That what in sleep thou didst abhor to dream, 120
Waking thou never wilt consent to do.
Be not dishearten’d then, nor cloud those looks,
That wont to be more chearful and serene,


117. Evil into the mind of God or Nor God nor Man:

Man] God here must signify Angel, as it frequently does in this again ver. 70. poem. For God cannot be tempted yet able to make Gods of MCL with evil, as St. James says (I. 13.) . of the Supreme Being. And Mil- 129. So chear'd be his fair profit ton had just before (as Mr. Thyer and she was chear'á,] A maalso observes) used the term God in ner of speaking that occurs fou the same meaning. ver. 59.

times in Scripture, as in der

XX. 7. thou bast deceived me, as Deigns none to ease thy load and was deceived.

taste thy sweet,

137. But

« VorigeDoorgaan »