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N Ô W morn her rosy steps in th'eastern clime
IV Advancing, sow'd the earth with orient pearl,
When Adam wak’d, so custom’d, for his sleep
Was aery light from pure digestion bred,
And temp?rate vapors bland, which th' only sound 5

Of

i. Nou morn her rosy steps] This And he observes that Lucretius's is the morning of the day after metaphor lumine conferit arva wants Satan's coming to the earth; and much of the propriety of Milton's as Homer makes the morning with rowd the earth with orient pearl, rosy fingers, poded axluno Hws, since the dew-drops have something Iliad. I. 477. the rosy-finger'd morn, of the shape and appearance of so Milton gives her rosy steps, and scatter'd seeds. VI. 3. a rosy hand. The morn is first gray, then rosy upon the nearer . which th' only found &c.] approach of the sun. And she is Which refers to seep, and not to said to fow the earth &c. by the vapors the substantive immediately same sort of metaphor as Lucretius preceding. I mention this because fays of the sun, II. 211.

it has been mistaken. It is cer

tainly more proper to say that the - et lumine conferit arva.

found of leaves and song of birds Mr. Thyer adds that the same al. dispersed feep than vapors. The legorical description he remembers expreflion only sound (as Dr. Pearce to have seen somewhere in Shake. rightly observes) seems the same speat, and more poetically ex.

ex. with that in VII. 123. Only omnipress'd :

fcient ; in both which places only

fignifies alone; the only round, for - The morn in saffron robe there was none other; and it is to Walks o'er the dew of yon high be understood as meant of the macastern hill,

tin Song of the birds, as well as of H h 2

the

Of leaves and fuming rills, Aurora's fan,
Lightly dispers’d, and the Thrill matin song
Of birds on every bough; so much the more
His wonder was to find unwaken'd Eve
With tresses discompos’d, and glowing cheek, 10
As through unquiet rest: he on his side
Leaning half rais’d, with looks of cordial love
Hung over her enamour'd, and beheld
Beauty, which whether waking or asleep,
Shot forth peculiar graces ; then with voice is

Mild,

the found of leaves and fuming rills.

kou jen oxedese Fuming rills, for fumes or steams TF (xe xegro BAYooney rise from the water in the morning

surroy. according to ver. 186.

And the forill matin fong of birds or Ye Mists and Exhalations that now

every bough. So Evander is wak'd rise

in Virgil, Æn. VIII. 456. From hill or steaming lake &c. but they do not make a noise as Evandrum ex humili teeto lux fuming, but only as rills. Aurora's

suscitat alma, fan. the fanning winds among the Et matutini volucrum lub culmine leaves may be properly callid the cantus. fan of the morning, and it is not The chearful morn salutes Eyanunusual to refer a thing which fol

der's eyes, lows two substantives to the first of the two only.

And songs of chirping birds invite Lightly dispersd, to rile. Dryden. Dr. Bentley says that dispel sleep is better than disperse it: but tho’ to And Erminia likewise in Taslo by dispel sleep may be the more usual the sweet noise of birds, winds, expression, yet to disperse sleep may and waters. Cant. 7. St. 5. be justify'd by very great authority, for Sophocles makes use of Non fi destò fin che garrir gli authe very fame. Soph. Trachin. 998.

Non sentì lieti, e salutar gli albori,

gelli

Mild, as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes,
Her hand soft touching, whisper'd thus. Awake
My fairest, my espous’d, my latest found,
Heav'n's last best gift, my ever new delight,
Awake; the morning shines, and the fresh field 20
Calls us; we lose the prime, to mark how spring
Our tended plants, how blows the citron grove,
What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed,
How nature paints her colors, how the bee
Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet. 25

Such

E mormorare il fiume, e gli ar- soft western gales breathe on the boscelli,

flowers. Exceeding poetical and E con l'onda scherzar l'aura, e co' beautiful.

Richardson. fiori.

For this delightful fimile Milton The birds awak'd her with their

.. was probably oblig'd to his admir'd

Ben Johnson in his Mask of Love • morning song, Their warbling music pierc'd her reconcild to Virtue. tender ear,

The fair will think you do 'em The murm'ring brooks, and whift. wrong, ling winds among

Go choose among - but with a The rattling boughs and leaves, mind their part did bear. Fairfax. As gentle as the stroaking wind

- Runs o'er the gentler flow'rs. 5.-th' only found] This Dr. Bent

Song 3d. Thyer. ley calls strange diction, and he will have it to be carly found: but the 21. — we lose the prime,] The prefent reading is countenanc'd by prime of the day; as he calls it The following line in Spenser, Fairy elsewhere Queen, B. 5. Cant. 11. St. 30.

that sweet hour of prime, As if the only found thereof the

ver. 170. fear'd. Thyer.

and IX. 200. 16. Mild, as when Zephyrus on The season prime for sweetest sents Flora breathes,] As when the and airs.

Hh 3

The

Such whisp’ring wak'd her, but with startled eye On Adam, whom embracing, thus she fpake.

O sole in whom my thoughts find all repose, My glory, my perfection, glad I see Thy face, and morn return’d; for I this night 30 (Such night till this I never pass’d) have dream'd, If dream'd, not as I oft am wont, of thee, Works of day past, or morrow's next design,

But

The word is used by Chaucer and between Adam and Eve, had his Spenser, as in Fairy Queen, B. 1. eye very frequently upon the book Cant. 6. St. 13.

of Canticles, in which there is a They all, as glad as birds of joy- very often not unlike what we

noble spirit of eastern poetry, and ous prime.

meet with in Homer, who is ge. 26. Such whisp'ring wak'd her,] neraHy plac'd near the age of So. We were told in the foregoing lomon. I think there is no que. book how the evil Spirit practiced stion but the poet in the preceding upon Eve as she lay asleep, in or- speech remember'd those two pala der to inspire her with thoughts of sages which are spoken on the like vanity, pride, and ambition. The occasion, and fili'd with the same author, who shows a wonderful art pleasing images of nature, Cant. throughout his whole poem, in pre- II. 10, &c. My beloved spake and paring the reader for the several said unto me, Rise up, my love, my occurrences that arise in it, founds fair one, and come away; for lo tbe upon the above-mention'd circum- winter is paft, the rain is over and Itance the first part of the fifth gone, the flowers appear on the earth, book. Adam upon his awaking the time of the finging of birds is finds Eve still asleep, with an unu- come, and the voice of the turtle is sual discomposure in her looks. beard in our land. The fig-tree pate The posture in which he regards teth forth her green figs, and the her, is described with a tenderness vines with the tender grapes give a not to be express’d, as the whisper good smell. Arise my love, my fair with which he awakens her, is the one, and come away. Cant. VII. softest that ever was convey'd to a , 12. Come, my beloved, let us go lover's ear. I cannot but take no forth into the field, let us get up early tice that Milton, in the conferences to the vineyards, let us fee if the vine

flerib,

But of offense and trouble, which my mind
Knew never till this irksome night: methought 35
Close at mine ear one call’d me forth to walk
With gentle voice, I thought it thine; it said,
Why deep'st thou Eve? now is the pleasant time,
The cool, the filent, save where silence yields
To the night-warbling bird, that now awake 40
Tunes sweetest his love-labor'd song; now reigns .

Full

florish, whether the tender grapes ap- only in a dream produced on pur. pear, and the pomegranate bud forth. pose to taint her imagination. Other - His preferring the garden of vain sentiments of the same kind Eden to that,

in this relation of her dream will where the sapient king

be obvious to every reader. Tho' Held dalliance with his fair Egyp.

the catastrophe of the poem is

finely presaged on this occasion, tian spouse, IX. 443.

the particulars of it are so artfully shows that the poet had this de- shadowed, that they do not antilightful scene in view. Addison. cipate the story which follows in 35. — methought

the ninth book. I shall only add, Clore at mine ear &c.] Eve's dream that tho' the vision itself is founded is full of those high conceits in- upon truth, the circumstances of it qendring pride, which we are told are full of that wildness and inconthe Devil endevor'd to instil into fistency, which are natural to a her. Of this kind is that part of dream. Addison. it where she fancies herself awak- 41. Tunes fweetefi his love-labor'd en’d by Adam in the following fong;] Spenser in his Epibeautiful lines,

thalamion, a poem which Milton Why sleep'it thou Eve? &c. :

seems often to imitate, has it “ the

bird's love-learned song. We must An injudicious poet would have farther obferve that our author made Adam talk thro' the whole takes great liberties in his use of the work in such sentiments as these: genders, sometimes making him and but Aattery and falfhood are not her and it of the same thing or the courtthip of Milton's Adam, creature. We have a very rema:kand could not be heard by Eve in able inftance in VI. 878. her state of innocence, excepting

Hh 4

Dilburden'd

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