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And now returns him from his prison scap'd,
Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise
Or not, who ask what boldness brought him hither
Unlicenc'd from his bounds in Hell prescrib'd;
So wise he judges it to fly from pain 910
However, and to scape his punishment.
So judge thou still, presumptuous, till the wrath,
Which thou incurr'st by flying, meet thy flight
Sev'nfold, and scourge that wisdom back to Hell,
Which taught thee yet no better, that no pain 915
Can equal anger infinite provok’d.
But wherefore thou alone? wherefore with thee
Came not all Hell broke loose? is pain to them
Less pain, less to be filed? or thou than they
Less hardy to indure? courageous Chief,

920
The first in flight from pain, hadst thou alledg’d
To thy deserted host this cause of flight,
Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive.
To which the Fiend thus answer’d frowning ftern.

Not

gation, by joining it in construction The fiercest, that is pain: but Thy with what goes before ; but asking fiercest is right, and we may under. the question gives a spirit and stand it with Dr. Pearce Thy fierce! quickness to it.

attack, or with Mr. Richardson Thy 926. — well thou know'A I food fierceft enemy. Fiercest is used as a Thy, forceft,] Dr. Bentley reads substantive, as our author often uses

adjectiren

925

930

Not that I less indure, or shrink from pain,
Insulting Angel; well thou know'st I stood
Thy fiercest, when in battel to thy aid
The blasting volied thunder made all speed,
And seconded thy else not dreaded spear.
But still thy words at random, as before,
Argue thy inexperience what behoves
From hard assays and ill successes past
A faithful leader, not to hazard all
Through ways of danger by himself untry'd:
I therefore, I alone first undertook
To wing the desolate abyss, and spy
This new created world, whereof in Hell
Fame is not filent, here in hope to find
Better abode, and my afflicted Powers
To settle here on earth, or in mid air;
Though for possession put to try once more
What thou and thy gay legions dare against;
Whose easier business were to serve their Lord

935

940

High

adjectives. Dr. Pearce gives seve- but 'tis wrong no doubt. The word ral instances, II. 278. The sensible occurs very often thereabouts, and of pain. XI. 4. The ftony from their probably occasion'd the mistake. hearts. XI. 497. His best of man. The sense requires it to be The. 928. The blafling] Thus 'tis in the

Richardson. fub edition, the second has it Thy;

945. And

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High up in Heav’n, with songs to hymn his throne, And practic'd Jistances to cringe, not fight. 945

To whom the warrior Angel soon reply'd. To say and strait unsay, pretending first Wise to fly pain, professing next the spy, Argues no leader but a liar trac’d, Satan, and couldst thou faithful add? O name, 950 O sacred name of faithfulness profan'd! Faithful to whom? to thy rebellious crew? Army of Fiends, fit body to fit head. Was this your discipline and faith engag'd, Your military obedience, to diffolve Allegiance to th’acknowledg’d Pow'r supreme? And thou, fly hypocrite, who now wouldst seem Patron of liberty, who more than thou Once fawn’d, and cring’d, and servily ador’d

Heav'n's

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945. And practic'd distances to A Latinism, and very emphatical.

cringe, not fight.] With is Quæ prima pericula vito. Virg. Æn. understood. With songs to hymn his III. 367. Cui famula trådor > Quets throne, and with practic'd distances dominum voco? Senec, Troad. 473. to cringe, not fight. Dr. Bentley has

Richardsor. Itrangely mistaken it.

966. And seal thee fo,] This seems 962. - arreed) To decree, to to allude to the chaining of the dra. award.

gon, that old serpent, which is the 965. - I drag thee] The pre- Devil and Satan, mentiond in the sent tense used for the future, to Revelation: And be cast him into the fignify the immediate execution of bottomless pit, and fhut him up, and the menace. Hume, let a feal upon him. XX. 3. Hume.

971. Preu

leav’n’s awful monarch? wherefore but in hope 960 Co dispossess him, and thyself to reign? ut mark what I arreed thee now, Avant; ly thither whence thou fledft: if from this hour. Vithin these hallow'd limits thou appear, ack to th’ infernal pit I drag thee chain'd, 965 -nd seal thee so, as henceforth not to scorn Che facil gates of Hell too slightly barr’d.

So threaten’d he; but Satan to no threats Jave heed, but waxing more in rage reply'd.

Then when I am thy captive talk of chains, 970 'roud limitary Cherub, but ere then

ar heavier load thyself expect to feel from my prevailing arm, though Heaven's king Ride on thy wings, and thou with thy compeers, Us’d to the yoke, draw'st his triumphant wheels 975

In

_.971. Proud limitary Cherub, ] limitaneus. Digeft. And as Mr. Thou proud prescribing Angel that Thyer farther observes, the word pr«fumeft to limit me, and appoint is intended as a scornful sneer upon my prison, according to Mr. Hume. what Gabriel had just said, Or rather limitary, Tet to guard the -- if from this hour bounds; a taunt insulting the good Within these hallow'd limits thou Angel as one employ'd on a little mean office, according to Mr. Ri.

appear. . . chardson. For limitary as Dr. Hey. 974. Ride on thy wings, &c.] lin remarks) is from limitaneus. This seems to allude to Ezekiel's Milites limitanti are soldiers in gar. vision, where four Cherubims are tulon upon the frontiers. So Dux appointed to the four wheels : And

appe

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LOST. Book IV. In progress through the road of Heav'n star-pav'd.

While thus he spake, th’angelic squadron bright Turn'd fiery red, sharp’ning in mooned horns Their phalanx, and began to hem him round With ported spears, as thick as when a field 980 Of Ceres ripe for harvest waving bends

Her

the Cherubims did lift up their wings, tions of the army after Agamem. and the wheels besides them, and the non's speech to the waving of the glory of the God of Israel was over ears of corn. Iliad. II. 147. them above. See Chap. I. and X. and XI. 22.

'125 Dóte nevnde Zeouro Batu

anion and we 977. While thus he spake, &c.] sabe o erosy wv, ez! T'auve The conference between Gabriel

asexuEOGIN and Satan abounds with sentiments proper for the occasion, and suit- 225 Tay Wadi agopn xivn8n. able to the persons of the two And as on corn when western gusts Speakers. Satan clothing himself

descend, with terror, when he prepares for

Before the blast the lofty harvests the combat, is truly sublime, and

bend: at least equal to Homer's descrip

Thus o'er the field the moving hcft țion of Discord celebrated by Lon

appears, ginus, or to that of Fame in Vir

With nodding plumes and groves gil, wl.o are both represented with

of waving spears. Pope. their feet standing upon the earth, and their heads reaching above the 986. dilated food, &c.] Our clouds. Addisor.

author is indebted, I fancy, for

this nervous expression to the fol080. With ported Spears,] With lowing description of Taffo's Arc their spears born pointed towards gantes addresing himself to fight him. A military term. Hume.

with Tancred, Gier. Lib. Capt. 19.

Șt. 12. 080.-as thick as when a field &c.] . Ma disteso e eretto il fero AsIt is familiar with the poets to compare an army with their spears and swords to a field of standing corn. Diflejo in Italian is exactly the same Homer has a simile much of the with dilated in English, and exLanc na:ure, comparing the mopresses very strongly the attitude of

gante.

an

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