Which we in our appointed work employ'd
Have finish’d, happy in our mutual help
And mutual love, the crown of all our bliss
Ordain’d by thee, and this delicious place
For us too large, where thy abundance wants 230
Partakers, and uncropt falls to the ground.
But thou hast promis’d from us two a race
To fill the earth, who shall with us extol
Thy goodness infinite, both when we wake,
And when we seek, as now, thy gift of leep. 735

This naturally without them. There is place, that is Thou mad f &c. as in a fine inftance of this kind out of ver. 724. Thou also mad f the night. Homer, in the 23d chapter of Lon- Dr. Pearce chooses rather to read ginus.

Addison. thus, Ỉ conceive Mr. Addison meant - the crown of all our bliss Se&. 27. and the instance there Ordain'd by thee in this delicious given is of Hector being first nam'd, and then of a sudden introduced as speaking, without any notice The construction no doubt is some. given that he does so. But the what obscure, but without any altransition here in Milton is of ano. teration we may understand the ther fort; it is first speaking of a passage with Dr. Pearce thus, and person, and then suddenly turning thou mad'st this delicious place: or the discourse, and speaking to him. with Mr. Richardson thus, happy in And we may observe the like tran- our mutual help and mutual love, the fition from the third to the second chief of all our bliss, thy gift, and person in the hymn to Hercules, happy in this delicious Paradise : or Virg. Æn. VIII. 291.

thus, happy in our mutual belp ar.d ut duros mille labores

mutual love, the crown of all our bliss, Pertulerit. Tu nubigenas, invicte, ana

and of this delicious place. bimembres & c.

735.thy gift of sleep.] Dr. Bent."

ley reads the gift, and observes that 729. — and this delicious place] it is word for word from Homer, Dr. Bentley reads' T hou this delicious who has the expresion frequently:

Ff 3


This said unanimous, and other rites Observing none, but adoration pure Which God likes best, into their inmoft bower Handed they went; and eas'd the putting off These troublesome disguises which we wear, 740 Strait fide by fide were laid; nor turn'd I ween Adam from his fair spouse, nor Eve the rites Mysterious of connubial love refus’d; Whatever hypocrites austerely talk Of purity and place and innocence, 743


Korjensev ap! ATHTL, Xou drivs 744. Whatever bypocrites &c ] twegv erorle.

Our author calls those, who mader But thy gift is right, for in ver. 612. a notion of greater purity and pe Milton says that God bath fet labor

fection decry and forbid marriage and rest to men fuccellive; therefore as they do in the Church of Rome, sleep is God's gift: and Virgil (whom

hypocrites; and says afterwards that Milton oftner imitates than Homer it is the doctrin of our Defirgo, a {ays of sleep,

allusion to that text of St. Paul - dono Divâm gratissima feroit. i Tim. IV. 1, 2, 3. New the St. Æn. II. 269. Pearce. rit speaketh expressly that is the latter

en times fome ball depart from the fath, 736. This said unanimous, and other giving heed to seducing Spirits rites

doctrins of Devils, speaking lies is het Observing none, but adoration pure pocrisy, having their consciente per

Which God likes beft,) Here Mil. ed with a bat iron, forbidang " ton expresses his own favorite no- 'marry, &c. tions of devotion, which, it is well known, were very much against 750. Hail wedded Love, &c.). any thing ceremonial ; and this con- ingenious friend has informa let? firms what was observed in his life, that this address to wedded loves that he was full of the interior of borrow'd from one of religion, tho' he little regarded the ters; o dolce congiuntione dei exterior. Thyer.

foare unione de gli animi noftri, o

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Defaming as impure what God declares
Pure, and commands to fome, leaves free to all.
Our Maker bids increase; who bids abstain
But our Destroyer, foe to God and Man?
Hail wedded Love, mysterious law, true source 750
Of human ofspring, sole propriety
In Paradise of all things common else.
By thee adult'rous luft was driv’n from men
Among the bestial herds to range; by thee
Founded in reason, loyal, just, and pure, 755


legitimo rodo, &c. The quotation for by mysterious he (Dr. Bentley) would swell this note to too great means, itself hidden or concealed; a length; but the reader, who un- and Milton means, containing fome derstands Italian, may, if he please, hidden meaning in it, besides the compare the original with our au- plain precept which appear'd.. thor, and he will easily perceive

Pearce. what an excellent copier Milton

752. -- of all things common else.] was, as judicious in omitting fome circumstances as in imitating others. The

Dr. Bentley reads 'mong all things ; It is in one of Taflo's letters to

S. but of signifies among in this place,

as it does in ver. 411. and in V. his relation Signor Hercole Tasso,

659. VI. 24. and elsewhere. Lib. 2. p. 150. Edit. In Venetia.

Pearce, 1592. - 750. — myfterious law,] That 753. By thee adult'rous luft &c.] is including a mystery in it, in the Mr. Lauder asserts that these lines same sense as mysterious rites are are copied from the panegyric on spoken of before. He plainly al- marriage in the Triumphus Pacis or Judes to St. Paul's calling matri- congratulatory poem on the peace mony a mystery, Eph. V. 32. No betwixt Holland and England in need then for Dr. Bentley's myfte. 1655 by Caspar Staphorstius : rious league: and his objection, that a law supposed to be mysterious is

Auspice te, fugiens alieni subcube no law at all, is casily answer'd;



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Relations dear, and all the charities
Of father, son, and brother first were known..
Far be' it, that I should write thee sin or blame,
Or think thee unbefitting holiest place,
Perpetual fountain of domestic sweets, 760
Whose bed is undefild and chaste pronounc'd,
Present, or past, as faints and patriarchs us’d.
Here love his golden shafts employs, here lights
His constant lamp, and waves his purple wings,
Reigns here and revels; not in the bought smile 765


Dira libido hominum tota de gente finity, as in Cicero De Officiis, 1. repulsa eft :

17. Cari sunt parentes, cari liberi, Ac tantum gregibus pecudum ra- propinqui, familiares ; fed omnes tione carentûm

omnium caritates patria una comImperat, et fine lege tori furibun- plexa eft. It is used likewise in da vagatur.

this manner in the Italian, and by Auspice te, quam jura probant, Talso in the place which our author rectumque piumque,

is here imitating, Ma la cbarita de Filius atque pater, fraterque in- fglivolo, e del padre.

notuit ; et quot Vincula vicini sociârunt sanguiniš, 761. Whofe bed is undefild and a te

chajte pronounc'd,] In allu. Nominibus didicere suam diftin. fion to Heb. XIII. 4. Marriage is guere gentem.

honorable in all, and the bed undefled.

And Milton must have had a good And it is possible that Milton might

opinion of marriage, or he would have seen Staphorstius as well as

never have had three wives. And

tho' this panegyric upon wedded 366. and all the charities ) love may be condemn'd as a diCharities is used in the Latin signi- gression, yet it can hardly be call'd fication, and like caritates compre- a digreslion, when it grows so nahends all the relations, all the in- turally out of the subject, and is dearments of consanguinity and af. introduced so properly, while the

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Of harlots, loveless, joyless, unindear’d,
Casual fruition; nor in court amours,
Mix'd dance, or wanton malk, or midnight ball,
Or serenate, which the starv'd lover fings
To his proud fair, best quitted with disdain. 270
These lull’d by nightingales embracing slept,
And on their naked limbs the flow’ry roof
Show'rd roses, which the morn repair’d. Sleep on,
Blest pair; and O yet happiest, if ye seek
No happier state, and know to know no more. 975


aâion of the poem is in a manner 769. Or serenate, which the flaru'd suspended, and while Adam and lover fings] We commonly Eve are lying down to sleep; and say serenade with the French, but if morality be one great end of Milton keeps, as usual, the Italian poetry, that end cannot be better word serenate, which the stary'd promoted than by such digressions lover fings, farv'd as this compli. as this and that upon hypocrisy at ment was commonly pay'd in rethe latter part of the third book. reno, in clear cold nights. Horace

mentions this circumstance, Od. III. 765. Reigns here and revels;] X. 1. What our author here says of mar. Extremum Tanain fi biberes, riage Marino applies in the same

Lyce, terms to Venus in his description

Sævo nupta viro, me tamen afof her, Adon. Cant. 2. St. 114.

peras and 'tis probable that Milton al.

Projectum ante fores objicere in. luded to this and other such extra

colis vagances of the poets, and meant

Plorares aquilonibus : : to say, that what they had extravagantiy and fally applied to loose and in another of his odes he has wanton love, was really true of that preserved a fragment of one of passion in its state of innocence. These songs, Od. I. XXV.7. Quiui Amor fi traftulla, e quindi Me tuo longas pereunte noctes, impera. Thyer.

Lydia, dormis.

776. Nocu

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