The more it seems excess, that led thee hither
From thy empyreal mansion thus alone,
To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps 700
Contented with report hear only' in Heaven:
For wonderful indeed are all his works,
Pleasant to know, and worthiest to be all
Had in remembrance always with delight;
But what created mind can comprehend 705
Their number, or the wisdom infinite
That brought them forth, but hid their causes deep?
I saw when at his word the formless mass,
This world's material mold, came to a heap:
Confusion heard his voice, and wild uproar 710
Stood rul'd, stood vast infinitude confin'd;
Till at his second bidding darkness fled,
Light Ihone, and order from disorder sprung:

Swift poetically express’d, in the whole ation, is very noble in itself, and poem. What great art has the not only proper where it is intro, poet shown in taking off the dry- duced, but requifite to prepare the nefs of a mere moral fentence by reader for what follows in the sce throwing it into the form of a fort venth book. In the following part and beautiful allegory! Thyer of the speech he points out the

694. Fair Angel, &c.] In the an- earth with such circumstances, that swer which this Angel returns to the reader can scarce forbear fanthe disguis'd evil Spirit, there is cying himself employ'd on the same such a becoming majesty as is alto- diftant view of it. Addison. gether suitable to a luperior being. 713. — and order from diforder The part of it, in which he repre- . sprung :) So Plato in Timep Cents himself as present at the cre. Ess Ta[LY AUTO nyay ky ex 786 &•


Swift to their several quarters hasted then
The cumbrous elements, earth, flood, air, fire; 715
And this ethereal quintessence of Heaven
Flew upward, spirited with various forms,
That rolld orbicular, and turn'd to stars
Numberless, as thou seest, and how they move;
Each had his place appointed, each his course; 720
The rest in circuit walls this universe. "
Look downward on that globe, whose hither side.
With light from hence, though but reflected, shines;
That place is Earth the seat of Man, that light
His day, which else as th’ other hemisphere 725
Night would invade; but there the neighb'ring

1 (so Tables, which Tully renders in air and fire are so in comparison of Latin thus, Id ex inordinato in or- the ethereal quintessence, celeftial dinem adduxit. Cicero de Univ. fire, or pure spirit. Richardson. So also Philo the Jew after his 716. And this ethereal quintel. master Plato, Eneda gap tny 8010 fence of Heaven] The four ar atanlov xols ou xe xupileny ovo elements halted to their quarters, gav HS TREIVE ataEids, nall ex but this fifth essence flew upward. Ouszurews HS draneigin agar ó It should be this, as it is in Mila 200 Mondasns, xoguev ne Eato. It ton's own editions: and not the would be no small pleasure to the ethereal quintessence, as it is in Bentcurious reader to compare Uriel's ley's, Fenton's,' and some other account of the creation with that editions. For the Angel who speaks in Plato's Timæus. This instance is in the sun, and therefore says plainly shows that Milton had that this, as the sun was a part of in his eye. Thyer.

this ethereal quintessence. And 715. The cumbrous elements,] Even this notion our author borrow'd


(So call that oppofit fair star) her aid
Timely' interposes, and her monthly round
Still ending, still renewing, through mid Heaven,
With borrow'd light her countenance triform 730
Hence fills and empties to inlighten th’ Earth,
And in her pale dominion checks the night.
That spot to which I point is Paradise,
Adam's abode, those lofty shades his bower.
Thy way thou canst not miss, me mine requires. 735

Thus faid, he turn'd; and Satan bowing low,
As to superior Spirits is wont in Heaven,
Where honor due and reverence none neglects,
Took leave, and tow’ard the coast of earth beneath,
Down from th' ecliptic, sped with hop'd success, 740


from Aristotle and others of the thority sufficient to justify our auancient philosophers, who supposed thor. These stars are numberlefs, that besides the four elements there as thou feeft, (says the Angel) and was likewise an ethereal quintes. seeft how they move; and the rest sence or fifth effence, out of which of this fifth essence that is not the stars and Heavens were formed, formed into stars surrounds and like and its motion was orbicular: ewa a wall incloses the universe. Lucret. de toeg. Ta T800 pe Sorx Hd, rau V. 470. anno Telalov, š to dideerch Et latè diffusus in omnes undique συνες αναι: αλλοίαν δ' αυτα την partes 21VI1S IV Erl!, Omnia fic ayido complexu cætera which are the very words of Dio. sepsit. genes Laertius in his life of Ari- 730. — her countenance triform) totle; and it would be easy to Increasing with horns towards the make a parade of learning and · east, decreasing with horns towards multiply quotations, but this is all the west, and at the full. Vol. I,


741. -- ing

Throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel,
Nor stay’d, till on Niphates top he lights.

741. in many an aery wheel, ] Accelerando il volator le penne This sportive motion is attributed Con larghe mote in terra à por fi to, Satan for joy, that he was now venne. so near his journey's end : and it Orl. Fur. Cant. 4. St. 24. is very properly taken notice of

742. -- on Niphates top be lights.] here, as it is said to have been ob

A mountain in the borders of Ar

a served by the Angel Uriel after

menia, not far from the spring of wards in IV. 567.

Tigris, as Xenophon affirms upon - I describ'd his way, his own knowledge. The poet Bent on all speed, and mark'd his lands Satan on this mo

lands Satan on this mountain, beaery gate.

cause it borders on Mesopotamia, So beautifully do not only the grea

in which the most judicious deter, but even the minuter parts of icrib

of scribers of Paradise place it. this poem hang together. But

Hurt. Mr. Thyer says — " I differ from I must not conclude my reflections “ you in your sense of these words. upon this third book of Paradise I do not think that Milton in- Lost, without taking notice of that “ tended to describe any sportive celebrated complaint of Milton “ motion of Satan's, but only the with which it opens, and which “ speediness of his flight. It is a certainly deserves all the praises s manner of expression familiar to that have been given it; tho' as I “ the Italians, and no doubt he have before hinted, it may rather “ borrowed it from them. To be looked upon as excrescence, “ give one instance out of many. than as an essential part of the “ Ariosto describing the magician poem. The same observation might “ Atlante upon his Hippogrif de. be apply'd to that beautiful digrei“ scending in great haste to seise fion upon hypocrisy, in the same “ Bradamante, who was fall'n on book.

Addifar. “ the ground, uses these terms,

The end of the Third Book,

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