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Glad was the Spirit impure, as now in hope 630
To find who might direct his wand'ring flight
To Paradise the happy seat of Man,
His journey's end and our beginning woe.
But first he casts to change his proper shape,
Which elfe might work him danger or delay: 635
And now a stripling Cherub he appears,
Not of the prime, yet such as in his face
Youth smil'd celestial, and to every limb
Suitable grace diffus’d, so well he feign'd:

Under

634. But first he casts &c.] He here by the pen of Milton. 10 confiders. The metaphor feems to Spenser there is a similar descripbe taken from casting the eye a. tion of a young Angel. Fairy round every way. Spenser has the Queen, B. 2. Cant. 8. St. 5. fame expression, Fairy Queen, B. 1. Cant. 11. St. 40.

Beside his head there fat a fair He cast at once him to avenge for

young man,

Of wondrous beauty, and of fresh· all.

eft years, And Milton himself again, XII. 43. Whose tender bud to bloffom new

Richardson. began,

And forish fair above his equal 636. afripling Cherub] The peers : evil Spirit, the better to disguise His înowy front curled with gol. his purpose, assumes the appear- den hairs, ance of a stripling Cherub, not of Like Phæbus' face adorn'd with one of those of the prime order funny rays, and dignity, for such could not so Divinely thone; and two fharp well be supposed to be ignorant of winged shears, what Satan wanted now to be in- Decked with diverse plumes, like formd. And a finer picture of a painted jays, young Angel could not be drawn Were fixed at his back, to cut his by the pencil of Raphael than is aery ways.

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640

Under a coronet his flowing hair
In curls on either cheek play'd; wings he wore
Of many a color'd plume sprinkled with gold,
His habit fit for speed succinct, and held
Before his decent steps a silver wand.
He drew not nigh unheard; the Angel bright, 645
Ere he drew nigh, his radiant visage turn’d,
Admonish'd by his ear, and strait was known
Th’Arch-Angel Uriël, one of the seven
Who in God's presence, nearest to his throne,

Stand

In Tasso likewise, when the Angel representing the Angels; but I ra. Gabriel is sent to rouse the Chri- ther understand it that the wings be ftian army, he appears as a strip- wore were his babit, and they were ling, Cant. 1. St. 13.

certainly a habit fit for speed fuccină,

but fuccinet I understand with Dr. Tra giovane, e fanciullo età con- Pearce, not in its first and litteral fine

sense girded or tuck'd up; but in the Prefe, et ornò di raggi il biondo metaphorical sense, ready and precrine.

pard; as Fabius in Inst. Orat. II. 2. A tripling seem'd he thrice five lays Proni luccinctique &c.

winters old, And radiant beams adorn'd his

644. His decent feps] The word

decent in its common acceptation in locks of gold.. Fairfax.

* our language will, I think, scarcely But there doth not seem to be any come up to what our poet is here particular reason for it in that describing, and therefore we ought place, as there is in the passage be- in justice to him to recur to its fore us.

Latin original. Hor. Od. III.

XXVII. 53. 643. His habit fit for speed succinel,] If the author meant that Satan had Antequam turpis macies decentes clothes on as well as wings, it is Occupet malas. Thger. contrary to his usual manner of

650. -- and

Stand ready at command, and are his eyes 650
That'run through all the Heav'ns, or down to th’Earth
Bear his swift errands over moist and dry,
O'er sea and land: him Satan thus accosts.

Uriel, for thou of those sev’n Spi'rits that stand
In sight of God's high throne, gloriously bright, 635
The first art wont his great authentic will
Interpreter through highest Heav'n to bring,
Where all his sons thy embassy attend;
And here art likeliest by supreme decree
Like honor to obtain, and as his eye

1 660 l To visit oft this new creation round; Unspeakable desire to see, and know All these his wondrous works, but chiefly Man, His chief delight and favor, him for whom All these his works so wondrous he ordain'd, 663

Hath

· 650. and are his eyes &c. ) which fignify God is my tight. He An expression borrow'd from Zech. is mention'd as a good Angel in IV. 10. Those feven, they are she the second book of Esdras, chap. eyes of the Lord, which run to and ters 4 and 5; and the Jews and fro through the whole earth The fome Chriftians conceive him to be Jews therefore believed there were an Angel of light according to be joven principal Angels, who were name, and therefore he has preo the captains and leaders as it were perly his ftation in the fun. of the heavenly host. See Tobit XII. 15. Rev. 1.4. V.6. VIII. 2. 663. - but cbiefly Mat,

654: Uriel, ] His name is de- His chief delight and faver, bin rived from two Hebrew words for whom &c.] Dr. Bentley

reads

Hath brought me from the quires of Cherubim
Alone thus wand'ring. Brightest Seraph, tell
In which of all these Ahining orbs hath Man :
His fixed seat, or fixed seat hath none, ..
But all these shining orbs his choice to dwell; 670
That I may find him, and with secret gaze
Or open admiration him bchold,
On whom the great Creator hath bestow'd
Worlds, and on whom hath all these graces pour’d;
That both in him and all things, as is meet, 675
The universal Maker we may praise;
Who justly hath driv'n out his rebel foes .
To deepest Hell, and to repair that loss
Created this new happy race of Men
To serve him better: wise are all his ways.
So spake the false dissembler unperceiv'd;

For

reads and favorite whom, and says quem hic laudat. And Virgil, Æn. that Man his chief favor is not Eng- V. 541. lih. But, as Dr. Pearce replies, Nec bonus Eurytio prælato inviby favor surely may be meant the. dit honori : object of his favor; as by delight honori is the honorable person, preis plainly meant not his delight it- lato which was preferr'd before self, but the object of his delight. him. And as Mr. Upton observes, it is 678. _ that loss] This is Milonly using the abstract for the con- ton's own reading in both his edi. crete. So Terence uses fcelus fortions. Dr. Bentley and Mr. Fensceleftus, Andria, Ac. V. Scelus ton read not so well their loss.

683. Hy

684

For neither Man nor Angel can difcern
Hypocrify, the only' evil that walks
Invisible, except to God alone,
By his permissive will, through Heav'n and Earth:
And oft though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps
At wisdom's gate, and to fimplicity
Resigns her charge, while goodness thinks no ill
Where no ill seems: Which now for once beguil'd
Uriel, though regent of the sun, and held 690
The Tharpest fighted Spirit of all in Heaven;
Who to the fraudulent impostor foul
In his uprightness answer thus return'd.

Fair Angel, thy desire which tends to know
The works of God, thereby to glorify 695
The great Work-Master, leads to no excess
That reaches blame, but rather merits praise

The

683. Hypocrisy, &c.] What is said fible to all but God, &c: But yet here of hypocrisy is cenfur'd as a the evil Spirit did not pafs wholly digression, but it seems no more undiscover'd, for though Uriel was than is absolutely necessary ; for not aware of him now, yet he otherwise it might be thought very found reason to suspect him after. strange, that the evil Spirit Tould wards from his furious geftures in pass undiscover'd by the Arch- the mount. Angel Uriel, the regent of the fun, 686. And oft though wisdom wake, and the sharpest-lighted Spirit in &c.] He must be very critically Heaven, and therefore the poet splenetic indeed, who will not par. endevors to account for it by fay. don this little digreffonal observa. ing, that hypocrisy cannot be dif- tion. There is not in my opinion cesn'd by Man or Angel, it is invi- . nobler sentiment, or one more

poetically

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