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Glad was the Spirit impure, as now in hope 630
634. But first he casts &c.] He here by the pen of Milton. 10 confiders. The metaphor feems to Spenser there is a similar descripbe taken from casting the eye a. tion of a young Angel. Fairy round every way. Spenser has the Queen, B. 2. Cant. 8. St. 5. fame expression, Fairy Queen, B. 1. Cant. 11. St. 40.
Beside his head there fat a fair He cast at once him to avenge for
Of wondrous beauty, and of fresh· all.
eft years, And Milton himself again, XII. 43. Whose tender bud to bloffom new
And forish fair above his equal 636. afripling Cherub] The peers : evil Spirit, the better to disguise His înowy front curled with gol. his purpose, assumes the appear- den hairs, ance of a stripling Cherub, not of Like Phæbus' face adorn'd with one of those of the prime order funny rays, and dignity, for such could not so Divinely thone; and two fharp well be supposed to be ignorant of winged shears, what Satan wanted now to be in- Decked with diverse plumes, like formd. And a finer picture of a painted jays, young Angel could not be drawn Were fixed at his back, to cut his by the pencil of Raphael than is aery ways.
Under a coronet his flowing hair
In Tasso likewise, when the Angel representing the Angels; but I ra. Gabriel is sent to rouse the Chri- ther understand it that the wings be ftian army, he appears as a strip- wore were his babit, and they were ling, Cant. 1. St. 13.
certainly a habit fit for speed fuccină,
but fuccinet I understand with Dr. Tra giovane, e fanciullo età con- Pearce, not in its first and litteral fine
sense girded or tuck'd up; but in the Prefe, et ornò di raggi il biondo metaphorical sense, ready and precrine.
pard; as Fabius in Inst. Orat. II. 2. A tripling seem'd he thrice five lays Proni luccinctique &c.
winters old, And radiant beams adorn'd his
644. His decent feps] The word
decent in its common acceptation in locks of gold.. Fairfax.
* our language will, I think, scarcely But there doth not seem to be any come up to what our poet is here particular reason for it in that describing, and therefore we ought place, as there is in the passage be- in justice to him to recur to its fore us.
Latin original. Hor. Od. III.
XXVII. 53. 643. His habit fit for speed succinel,] If the author meant that Satan had Antequam turpis macies decentes clothes on as well as wings, it is Occupet malas. Thger. contrary to his usual manner of
650. -- and
Stand ready at command, and are his eyes 650
Uriel, for thou of those sev’n Spi'rits that stand
1 660 l To visit oft this new creation round; Unspeakable desire to see, and know All these his wondrous works, but chiefly Man, His chief delight and favor, him for whom All these his works so wondrous he ordain'd, 663
· 650. and are his eyes &c. ) which fignify God is my tight. He An expression borrow'd from Zech. is mention'd as a good Angel in IV. 10. Those feven, they are she the second book of Esdras, chap. eyes of the Lord, which run to and ters 4 and 5; and the Jews and fro through the whole earth The fome Chriftians conceive him to be Jews therefore believed there were an Angel of light according to be joven principal Angels, who were name, and therefore he has preo the captains and leaders as it were perly his ftation in the fun. of the heavenly host. See Tobit XII. 15. Rev. 1.4. V.6. VIII. 2. 663. - but cbiefly Mat,
654: Uriel, ] His name is de- His chief delight and faver, bin rived from two Hebrew words for whom &c.] Dr. Bentley
Hath brought me from the quires of Cherubim
reads and favorite whom, and says quem hic laudat. And Virgil, Æn. that Man his chief favor is not Eng- V. 541. lih. But, as Dr. Pearce replies, Nec bonus Eurytio prælato inviby favor surely may be meant the. dit honori : object of his favor; as by delight honori is the honorable person, preis plainly meant not his delight it- lato which was preferr'd before self, but the object of his delight. him. And as Mr. Upton observes, it is 678. _ that loss] This is Milonly using the abstract for the con- ton's own reading in both his edi. crete. So Terence uses fcelus fortions. Dr. Bentley and Mr. Fensceleftus, Andria, Ac. V. Scelus ton read not so well their loss.
For neither Man nor Angel can difcern
Fair Angel, thy desire which tends to know
683. Hypocrisy, &c.] What is said fible to all but God, &c: But yet here of hypocrisy is cenfur'd as a the evil Spirit did not pafs wholly digression, but it seems no more undiscover'd, for though Uriel was than is absolutely necessary ; for not aware of him now, yet he otherwise it might be thought very found reason to suspect him after. strange, that the evil Spirit Tould wards from his furious geftures in pass undiscover'd by the Arch- the mount. Angel Uriel, the regent of the fun, 686. And oft though wisdom wake, and the sharpest-lighted Spirit in &c.] He must be very critically Heaven, and therefore the poet splenetic indeed, who will not par. endevors to account for it by fay. don this little digreffonal observa. ing, that hypocrisy cannot be dif- tion. There is not in my opinion cesn'd by Man or Angel, it is invi- . nobler sentiment, or one more