Regions of forrow, doleful shades, where peace 65
And rest can never dwell, hope never comes..
That comes to all; but torture without end 15
Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed ; ; ::
With ever-burning sulphur unconsum’d:
Such place eternal Justice had prepard
For those rebellious, here their pris’on ordain'

In utter darkness, and their portion fet
As far remov'd from God and light of Heaven,
As from the center thrice to th’ utmost pole. nisa



72. In utter darkness,] Dr. Bent- Till to the bridge's utter gate I ley reads outer here and in many came. Thyer. . other places of this poem, because it is in Scripture, Ti CXOTG Tack 74. As from the center thrice to WT¢¢CK: But my dictionaries tell thoutmost pole.] Thrice as far me that utter and outer are both as it is from the center of the the same word, differently spellid earth (which is the center of the and pronounc'd. Milton, in the world according to Milton's system, argument of this book, says in a IX. 103. and X. 671.) to the pole place of uiter darkness, and no where of the world; for it is the pole of throughout the poem does the poet the universe, far beyond the pole use outer. . ; Pearce. of the earth, which is here calld

the utmost pole. It is observable Spenser justifies the present read

that Homer makes the seat of ing by frequently using the word

Hell as far beneath the deepeft utter for outer, as in Fairy Queen, pit of earth, as the Heaven is B. 2. Cant. 2. St. 34.

above the earth, And inly grieve, as doth an hidden Torlov evgp6' aäden, orov regro

moth The inner garment fret, not ib'ut. S'ano youns. Iliad. VIII. 16. ter touch,

Virgil makes it twice as far, . And again, B. 4. Cant. 10. St. 11. . - Tum Tartarus-ipse

O how unlike the place from whence they fell ! 75
There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelm'd
With floods and whirlwinds of tempestuous fire, :, ;
He soon discerns, and welt'ring by his side

ide - 4 One next himself in pow'r, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd 80 Beëlzebub. To whom th’ Arch-Enemy, And thence in Heay'n callid Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid filence thus began. ...... · If thou beest he; but O how fall’n! how chang’d.


Bis patet in præceps tantum ten, ferrea turris, and borrifono Aridentes ditque sub umbras,

cardine portæ of Virgil, in compaQuantus ad æthereum cæli fufpe- rison with this description by Mila* aus Olympum. Æn. VI. 577. ton, concluding with that artful

contrast, And Milton thrice as far,

O how unlike the place from As far remov'd from God and

whence they fell ! light of Heaven, As from the center thrice to th' ut. 81. Beëlzebub.] The lord of flies, most pole:

an idol worshipped at Ecron, á

city of the Philistines, 2 Kings I. 2. As if these three great poets had. He is called prince of the Devils, ftretched their utmost genius, and Mat. XII. 24. therefore deservedly vied with each other, who should here made fecond to Satan himself. extend his idea of the depth of

; Hume. Hell fartheft. But Milton's whole 82. And thence in Heav'n calld description of Hell as much ex- Satan,) For the word Satan ceeds theirs, as in this fingle cir- in Hebrew fignifies an enemy: he cumstance of the depth of it. And is the enemy by way of eminence, how cool and unaffecting is the the chief enemy of God and Man. Tapteegy neegerla, the old necesa 07$ suha xj xa a xeon KAO of 84. If thou beeft be; &c.] The Homer, and the lugentes campi, the thoughts in the first speech and


From him, who in the happy realms of light 85
Cloth’d with transcendent brightness didst outshine
Myriads though bright! If he whom mutual league,
United thoughts and counsels, equal hope
And hazard in the glorious enterprise, .. .
Join’d with me once, now misery bath join'd 30
In equal ru’in : into what pit thou feest


od Virgi's Pais erat quantum

description of Satan, who is one whom he fpeaks, and goes on to of the principal actors in this declare his proud unrelenting mind. poem, are wonderfully proper to

Richardjon. give us a full idea of him. His pride envy and revenge, obstinacy

84. but o bow fall n! bow despair and impenitence, are all of

Chang'd them very artfully interwoven. In

From him] He imitates Ifaiah fhort, his firft speech is a compli- and Virgil at the same time. Ila. cation of all those passions, which mi

which XIV. 12. How art thou fallen, &c. discover themselves separately in and Virgil's Æn. 11. 274. . several other of his speeches in Hei mihi qualis erat! quantum the poem.


mutatus ab illo ! The change and confusion of these

86. Cloth'd with transcendent enemies of God is most artfully ex

brightness didst outshine press'd in the abruptness of the be

: Myriads though bright!] Imitated

Moy ginning of this speech : If thou art

art from Homer, Odyff. VI, uo. where

fro he, that Beelzebub - He ftops, Diss and falls into a bitter reflection on beauty, though all of them he tops, Diana excels all her nymphs in

be their present condition, compared he with that in which they lately

beautiful. were. He attempts again to open 'Pesce di aeryw71 Tieto, xexu his mind; cannot proceed on what

Se 78 carai Bentley. he intends to say, but returns to those sad thoughts; still doubting 91. In equal rain:] So it is in all the whether 'tis really his associate in editions. And equal ruin is Dr. Bentthe revolt, as now in misery and ley's emendation, which Dr. Pearce ruin; by that time he had expa- allows (and I believe every body tiated on this (his heart was op- must allow) to be juft and proper ; press’d with it) he is assured to it being very eafy to mistake one of


From what highth fall’n, so much the stronger prov'd
He with his thunder : and till then who knew
The force of those dire arms ? yet not for those,
Nor what the potent victor in his rage 95
Can else inflią, do I repent or change, ...'
Though chang'd in outward lustre, that fix'd mind,
And high disdain from senfe of injur'd merit,


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these words for the other; and other Nor what the potent viflor in his inftances perhaps may occur in the

rage course of this work. Equal ruin hath Can elle infliat, do 1 repent or join'd now, as equal bope join'd be change, &c.] Milton in this fore; fomewhat like that in Ovid's and other passages, where he is deMetamorphosis, I. 351. . scribing the fierce and unrelenting

spirit of Satan, seems very plainly O soror, O conjux, O fæmina sola to have copied after the pi&ture superftes,

that Æschylus gives of Prometheus. Quam commune mihi genus, et pa- Thus Prometheus speaking of Jutruelis origo,

piter. Prom. Vinct. 99r. * * Deinde torus junxit, nunc ipsa pericula jungunt.

-erleg w jev od Oda 85 d ,

| AU2012 de viet, BevIn equal ruin cannot answer to in the glorious enterprise, because Milton places a comma after enterprise, and X90PLOIS XUXATW wavle, xa Tebe in construction it follows after ha eu.siTW, zard, and not after join'd.

Traufer yap xder twy de se's ass

Xal peg.reho iko T. 2. Thyer. 93: He with bis thunder: ] There is an uncommon beauty in this ex- favorite expression of Spenser's.

98. And high disdain] This is a pression. Satan disdains to utter the

Thus in the Fairy Queen, B. 1. name of God, tho' he cannot but acknowledge his superiority. So

Cant. 1. St. 19. again ver. 257

His gall did grate for grief and

high disdain. ---- all but less than he Whom thunder hath made greater. ?

This is the alto sdegno of the Ita

lians, from whom no doubt he 94. yet not for those, had it. Tbyer.

105. ---what

ime of Heaven'

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That with the Mightiest rais'd me to contend,
And to the fierce contention brought along 100
Innumerable force of Spirits arm’d,
That durst dislike his reign, and me preferring,
His utmost pow'r with adverse pow'r oppos'd .
In dubious battel on the plains of Heaven,
And shook his throne. What though the field be lost?
All is not loft; th' unconquerable will, 106
And study of revenge, immortal hate,
And courage never to submit or yield, . ,
And what is else not to be overcome; ...
That glory never shall his wrath or might ...110
Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace
With suppliant knee, and deify his power,


105,- What though the field be and if there be any thing else (be. .. lof?

sides the particulars mention'd) All is not loft; &c.] This passage which is not to be overcome. is an excellent improvement upon

Pearce. Satan's speech to the infernal Spi- 110. That glory &c.] That rerits in Tallo, Cant. 4. St., 15. but fers to what went before ; his une seems to be express'd from Fairfax conquerable will and study of revenge, his translation rather than from the his immortal hate and courage never original.

to submit or yield, and what besides We lost the field, yet loft we not

ot is not to be overcome ; these Satan our heart.

" esteem's his glory, and that glory

he says God never should extort 109. And what is elfe not to be from him. And then begins a new

overcome ;] Here should be sentence according to all the beft no note of interrogation, but only editions, To bow and fue for grate, a semi-colon. The words And what &cthat were low indeed, &c shat else not to be overcome fignify Et fi ftill referring to what went before; quid fit aliud quod fuperari nequeat, and by observing this punctuation,


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