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CYCLOPEDIA

OF

Wustrations of Moral and Religious Truths.

AARON-& Type of Christ.

so strong in the life that is hid with Christ 1. Aaron, a teacher, or the mountain of of our fleshly appetites we do not breathe

in God; for in the exercise and indulgence fortitude; so is Christ the true teacher of deeply enough to inspire the holy element God's Word. II. Aaron was Moses's month to the and holy spirit-breathing was suspended

of our risen Prince. Finding that deep people ; so is Christ His Father's mouth to during bodily enjoyments, godly souls have men, declaring His will and mind to them. often interdicted the gratifications of the

III. Aaron was the blesser of the people flesh, in order to help their spirits in the (lev. ix, 22); so is Christ the true blesser God-ward direction. J. Pulsford. of His people (Acts iv, 27).

IV. Aaron was the high priest of the ACT-Influence of a Right. lord; Jesus Christ is the only true High

A right act strikes a chord that extends Priest of the Church.

V. Aaron died upon the mount ; Christ through the whole universe, touches all was crucified on Mount Calvary. B. Keach. brates along its whole extent, and conveys

moral intelligence, visits every world, vi. ABILITIES OF MAN—not Perfect. its vibrations to the very bosom of God!

Pray learn to understand how all work The abilities of man must fall short on

has in it a spiritual element; how the one side or other, like too scanty a blanket when you are abed: if you pull it upon side; how all temporary forms include

meanest thing on earth has divine your shoulders you leave your feet bare; if you thrust it down npon your feet your be the meanness of a man's occupation, he

essences that are to be eternal. Whatever shoulders are uncovered. Sir W. Temple.

may discharge and prosecute it on prin. ABILITIES–Use of Common.

ciples coinmon to him with Michael or The ambition of a man of parts is very heaven.

Gabriel, or any of the highest spirits of

T. Binney. often disappointed for the want of some common quality, by the assistance of which ACTION—Fame in. men with very moderate abilities are capa- Act! for in action are wisdom and glory : ble of making a great figure.

Fame, immortality,--these are its crown;

Dr. Armstrong. Wouldst thou illumine the tablets of ABSTINENCE-Bodily.

story?

Build on achievements thy doom of reDeep, earnest thoughts have often stirred

Anon. in me on bodily abstinence, as the condition of helping the spirit through the strait ACTION—Happiness in. gate of opposing animalism, into the sweet Happiness is in action, and every power and holy Paradise element. There is an is intended for action ; human happiness, element of which Jesus is the Prince, and therefore, can only be complete as all the there is an element of which Satan is powers have their full and legitimate play. prince. While we appropriate the elements | As all the chords of a well-tuned instrument of the nethermost prince, we may be strong contribute to the music it is designed to in the powers of nature, but perhaps not produce, so all the powers of the soul are

nown.

1

intended to contribute to the sum of felicity the watchman of Israel, neither slumbereth man is fitted to enjoy. No chord must be nor sleepeth, you will not wonder that, by untouched; each must send forth some a law as benign as it is authoritative, God vibration to make the harmony complete. bas impressed activity upon his favorite

Dr. Thomas. creature, man, and has provided that his

shall not be a zoophite existence, clinging ACTION-Man made for.

in blind helplessness as a parasite to its Action is at once the destiny and the lot guardian rock, but a life beautiful and of man. All the conditions of his existence holy, a life of quickened pulses, and an are framed upon the supposition of his ac- activity and an energy of which insensate tivity. It is so in man's physical frame. matter knows not; and finding, in the The elastic foot is for speed; the firm lithe rapturous doing of everyday life, its very limb for endurance; the arm, at once sup- soul and essence of joy. There is a necesple and sinewy, for toil; the eye and the sity in man, then, for activity. Act he ear are for their respective revelries in must and will, and it is the province of sight and sound. It is so in our mental religion to direct and control this tendency, constitution. By the active exercise of the so that his doing may be according to that powers which God has given us we classify which is right.

W. M. Punshon. objects and understand truths: we discri. minate, we invent, we analyse, we compare, ACTION—Patience in. we combine. We have a memory that can Let us then be up and doing, inherit the past; we have a regal imagina- With a heart for every fate ; tion which can colonise, and almost enact, Still achieving, still pursuing, the future. It is so in our moral nature. Learn to labour and to wait. Longfellow. The power by which we distinguish between right and wrong; an instinct of wor. | ACTIONS—Continuance of. ship, which, however we may brutalise, we

The only things in which we can be said cannot wholly stifle; yearnings after a

to have any property are our actions. Our nobler life, which no debauchery can ex

thoughts may be bad, yet produce no poison; tinguish nor murder absolutely kill.. these they may be good, yet produce no fruit. are all implanted within us by the Giver of Our riches may be taken away by misfor. every good and perfect gift. Alike, then, tune, our reputation by malice, our spirits in the realm

of hand, and brain, and heart, by calamity, our health by disease, our God has made the health and vigour of the

friends by death. But our actions must faculties contingent upon their exercise, follow us beyond the grave; with respect stamping activity as an irreversible law on

to them alone, we cannot say that we shall man. The muscle will shrink if it be not carry nothing with us when we die, neither strung; the moveless arm will stiffen into that we shall go naked out of the world. hopeless catalepsy; the athlete worsted in Our actions must clothe us with an im. the Olympian games, at least gets strength mortality loatlısome or glorious ; these are for life. Every faculty will attenuate if it the only tille-deeds of which we cannot be be not exerted. The moral nature will disinherited; they will have their full weight grow weak if it be not roused to resistance; in the balance of eternity, when everything feeble in its faith unless it be constantly else is as nothing; and their value will be exercised; languid and hopeless in its confirmed and established by those two sure struggle against evil if the conscience do and sateless destroyers of all other earthly only indolently strive against the incur.

things—Time and Death. C. Colton, sions and aggressions of sin. Man was not made to live merely for the possible recep. ACTIONS OF INTELLECT— based on Feel. tion of external impressions, a barp upon

ings. which every fitful wind might blow; he was made to act, to will, to influence, to

Every action of the intellect, save that become a power, and the living centre of which is purely scientific, is based upon ever radiating impressions. It were strange, some feeling. Ambition says to Intellect, indeed, if in a laborious universe man should

“Look out for me;" Fear cries, "Look out be the only idler among the works of the for me;" Greed also, Arouse, sharpen Creator's hands. While all around are yourself; pierce the darkness, teach me working, from the wavelet's tiniest ripple how to gain ;' aud Love cries passionately, and from the rosebud's heart, ever glow. pleadingly, "Awake, be my advocate, think, ing into deeper crimson, to the tireless think for me.”

H. W. Beecher. ocean and the menial and monarch sun; whilst unwearied labour was the condition ACTIONS— Formation of. of Paradise, and angels cease not in their All our actions take ministry, and there is no faltering in the Their lines from the complexion of the heart. march of the heavens, and the Son vent As landscapes their variety from light. about doing good, and the Eternal Father,

W. T. Bacon.

ACTIONS—Good and Evil.

ACTIVITY-Achievements of. To do an evil action is base; to do a good Francis Asbnry was the pioneer bishop action, without incurring danger, is com of the Methodist Church in America. Al. mon enough ; but it is the part of a good ways and everywhere, with harness on man to do great and noble deeds, though ready for spiritual warfare, he may be be risks everything.

Plutarch. said almost to have created the Church in

its present form, and during his long and ACTIONS (Trifling)— Importance of. active life kept all its departments in

The most trifling actions that affect a motion. He ordained upward of three man's credit are to be regarded. The sound thousand preachers, and preached seven. of your hammer at five in the morning, teen thousand sermons, besides attending or nine at night, heard by a creditor, makes to the varied and multitudinous duties him easy six months longer ; but if he sees connected with his peculiar relation to the you at a billiard-table, or hears your voice Church and his episcopal office. at a tavern, wlien you should be at work,

Dr. Strickland. he sends for his money the next day; de

ACTIVITY_Benefit of. mands it before he can receive it in a lump.

B. Franklin. As animal power is exhausted exactly in

proportion to the time during which it is ACTIONS-Interpreted.

acting, as well as in proportion to the in. There is no word or action but may be tensity of force exerted, there may often be taken with two hands; either with the a great saving of it by doing work quickly, right hand of charitable construction, or although with a little more exertion during the sinister interpretation of malice and the time. Suppose two men of equal suspicion: and all things do succeed as weight to ascend the same stair, one of they are taken. To construe an evil action whom takes only a minute to reach the well, is but a pleasing and profitable deceit top, and the other takes four minutes, it to myself; but to misconstrue a good will cost the first little more than a fourth thing is a treble wrong—to myself, the part of the fatigue which it costs the action, and the author. Bp. Hall. second, because the exhaustion is in pro

portion to the time during which the ACTIVITIES—in Life's Calling.

inuscles are acting. The quick mover may The Jews compared a man with a fixed have exerted perhaps one twentieth more employment to "a vineyard fenced.” A force in the first instant to give his body good comparison. A man's activities, with the greater velocity, which was afterwards in his proper calling, are not like trees continued, but the slow supported his load scattered up and down the wayside, or four times as long.

Dr. Arnott. over the wilderness, when much of the

ACTIVITY-Christian, fruit is lost; but like well-planted and well-trained vines in a garden, where the The more excellent anything is, the most is made of them, and they are all more active. The sun is a glorious creahusbanded and preserved. J. Stoughton. tion, it is ever in motion, going its circuit:

fire is the purest element, and the most ACTIVITY-Achievements of.

active, it is ever sparkling and flaming: Dr. Adam Clarke said that “the old the angels are the most noble creatures, proverb about having too many irons in they are represented by the cherubims, the fire, was an abominable old lie. Have with wings displayed. The more active for all in it-shovel, tongs, and poker.” Wes- heaven, the more illustrious, and the more ley said, “I am always in haste, but never

do we resemble the angels. T. Watson. in a hurry; leisure and I have long taken leave of each other.” He travelled about ACTIVITY—Comfort in Christian. five thousand miles in a year; preached Wouldst thou from sorrow find a sweet about three times a day, commencing at relief ? five o'clock in the morning ; and his pub- Or is thy heart oppress'd with woes lished works amounted to about two

untold? hundred volumes. Asbury travelled six Balm wouldst thou gather for corroding thousand miles a year, and preached in. grief? cessantly. Coke crossed the Atlantic Pour blessings round thee like a shower eighteen times, preached, wrote, travelled, of gold :established missions, begged from door to "Tis when the rose is wrapped in many door for them, and laboured in all respects as if, like the apostles, he would “turn Close to its heart, the worm is wasting the world upside down." At nearly seventy there years of age he stadion to Christianise Its life and beauty! not when, lodia.

Dr. Stevens.

anroll’d,

a fold

On it goes,

Leaf after leaf, its bosom, rich and fair, are to act in an imperfect and corrupt Breatbes freely its perfumes throughout the world; and we must only contemplate per. ambient air.

W. Wilcox. fection enough to ennoble our natures, but

not to make us dissatisfied and disgusted ACTIVITY-Importance of.

with these faint approaches to that per: It is good policy to strike while the iron fection, which it would be the nature of a is hot: it is still better to adopt Cromwell's brute or a demon to despise. It is for this procedure, and make the iron hot by strik- reason that I exhort you to literary ac. ing. The master-spirit who can rule the tivity. It is not as the road of ambition, storm is great, but he is much greater who but of duty, and as the means of useful. can both raise and rule it. To attain that ness and the resource against disease. It grand power, one must possess the brave is an exercise necessary to your own health, and indomitable soul of activity which and by which you directly serve others. prompted Edmund Burke to exclaim to

Sir J. Mackintosh. his constituents in his famous speech at ACTIVITY-Soul. Bristol, “ Applaud us when we run; con

There is a fire-fly in the southern clime sole us when we fall ; cheer us when we recover; but let us pass on-for God's So is it with the mind : when once we rest,

Which shineth only when upon the wing; sake let us pass on.” E. L. Magoon. We darken. On! said God unto the soul, ACTIVITY—Incitement to.

As to the earth, for ever. Wake thou that sleepest in enchanted A rejoicing native of the infinitebowers,

As a bird of air-an orb of heaven. Anon. Lest these lost years should haunt thee ACTS --Influence of. on the night

Think how our acts will influence others. When death is waiting for thy numbered Augustine of Canterbury remained seated

hours
To take their swift and everlasting That archiepiscopal etiquette caused them

when the clergy of Britain approached.
flight;
Wake, ere the earth-born charm up-

to resist him as proud, and thus a matter

80 small as keeping a seat kept two nerve thee quite, And be thy thoughts to work Divine ad. feud. The right or wrong of an immortal

churches apart, and perpetuated disastrous dress d. Do something-do it soon—with all spirit often depends upon impressions made

by our conduct; and that at times when thy might, An angel's wing would droop if long at matters we are about seem to us of the

we least expect observance, and when the rest,

most trivial import.

S. Coley. And God Himself, inactive, were no longer blest.

ACTS-Unselfish. 'Tis infamy to die and not be miss'd, Unselfish and noble acts are the most Or let all soon forget that thou didst radiant epochs in the biography of souls. e'er exist!

When wrought in earliest youth, they lie Rouse to some work of high and holy love, in the memory of age like the coral islands, And thou an angel's happiness shalt green and sunny, amidst the melancholy know,

waste of ocean.

Dr. Thomas. Shalt bless the earth while in the world above;

ADAM-a Type of Christ. The good begun by thee shall onward I. Adam had no father but God; 80 flow

Christ likewise had no father but God. In many a branching stream, and They were both in an especial manner

called the sons of God; the one by creation, The seed that, in these few and fleeting the other by an eternal generation. hours,

II. Adam was made heir of the world ; Thy hands unsparing and unwearied Christ is heir of all things, not only of this

world, but of that which is to coine. Shall deck thy grave with amaranthine

III. Adam was

or public Rowers,

person, representing all his seed or na. And yield thee fruits Divine in heaven's tural offspring; hence his sin is charged immortal bowers ! W. Wilcox. upon all his posterity (Rom. v, 12, 14).

Christ, the second Adam, is a common ACTIVITY-Literary.

public person, representing all His true You must act: inactive contemplation is seed or spiritual offspring; so that as a' dangerous condition for minds of pro. Adam's sin was imputed to all his children, found moral sensibility. We are not to so is Christ's righteousness imputed to all dreain away our lives in the contemplation His childreu through faith (Rom. v, 19). of distaut or imaginary perfection. We The first Adam merited death for his

wider grow;

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common

seed; the second Adam merited life for His in the knowledge that he is included in the seed.

B. Keach. will of the father. Even so, he who was ADAPTATION—in Nature.

once alienated from God, but now adopted,

has the assurance of his adoption, in the The bodies of animals hold in their con- Spirit sent into his heart; in the smiles of stitution and properties a great and impor God resting upon lim; in the righteoustant relation to the elements by which ness of Christ which clothes him; in the they are surrounded. The wings of birds provision of grace which he enjoys, in the bear a relation to air, and the fins of fishes protection of grace, in the love of the to water.

brethren, in the knowledge of his Father's Throughout the universe there is a will.

John Bate. wondertul proportioning of one thing to another. The size of animals, of man es. ADOPTION—Civil and Sacred. pecially, when considered with respect to other animals, or to the plants which grow is a twofold agreement and disagreement.

Betwixt civil and sacred adoption there around him, is such as a regard to his conveniency would have pointed out. A giant pleasure and good will of the adoptant;

They agree in this, that both flow from the or a pigmy could not have milked goats, and in this, that both confer a right to reaped corn, or mowed grass ; a giant could privileges which we have not by nature; not have rode a horse, trained a vine, or

but in this they differ : one is an act imi. shorn a sheep, with the same bodily ease as we do, if at all. A pigmy would have the one was found out for the comfort of

tating nature, the other transcends nature: been lost amongst rushes, or carried off by them that had no children, the other for birds of prey.

the comfort of them that had no Father. It may be observed, likewise, that the Divine adoption is in Scripture either model and the materials of the human taken properly for that act or sentence of body being what they are, a much greater God by which we are made sons, or for the bulk would have broken down by its own weight. The personis of men who much privileges with which the adopted are inexceed the ordinary stature betray this of Adam; we receive it by the death of

vested. We lost our inheritance by the fall tendency. How close is the suitableness of the Christ, which restores it again to us by a

new and better title.

J. Flavel. earth and sea to their several inhabitants, and of these inhabitants to the places of ADOPTION—Definitions of. their appointed residence !

Take the earth as it is; and consider the Adoption is that act of God by which we correspondency of the powers of its inhabi- who were alienated, and enemies, and distants with the properties and condition of inherited, are made the sons of God, and

R. Watson. the soil which they tread. Take the inheirs of His eternal glory. habitants as they are; and consider the substances which the earth yields for their

Adoption is an artion whereby a man ase. They can open its surface; and its takes a person into his family, in order to surface supplies all which they want. make him part of it, acknowledges him for Such is the length of their faculties, and his son, and receives him into the number, such the constitution of the globe, that and gives him a right to the privileges of this is sufficient for all their occasions.

his children. Pharaoh's daughter adopted When we pass from the earth to the sea,

young Moses, and Mordecai Esther, Ex. ii, from land to water, we pass through a

10; Esther ii, 7, 15.

4. Cruden. great change; but an adequate change

ADOPTION-Gain of. accompanies us of animal forms and func. tions, of animal capacities and wants. The By adoption God gives us-1, a new earth in its nature is very different from nature (2 Pet. i, 3); 2, a new name (Rev. the sea, and the sea from the earth; but iii, 12); 3, a new inheritance (Rom. viii, one accords with its inhabitants as exactly 17); 4, new relations (Rom. viii, 15, 16); as the other; and the correspondency in 5, a new hope (1 Pet. 1, 3). John Bate. stituted by Divine Wisdom pervades and

ADOPTION-Honour of. harmonises the whole. Archdeacon Paley. ADOPTION-Assurance of.

How high is this dignity! To be called

the sons of God! this is our prerogative A person who was an alien, when taken royal. We tell you not of a kindred iminto the family of a citizen and recognised perial, adopted into some of the Cæsar's as a child, receives the assurance of his son families ; nor of David matching into the ship in the smiles, favours, protection, and house of Saul, which seemed to him no name of the father; in the apparel given small preferment; we blazon not your arms him to wear; in the affection, kindness, with the mixture of noble ingressions, nor and union of the members of the family; fetch your lineal descents from heroes and

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