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And gingling down the back-stairs, told the ctew,
VER. 42. -- fetch or carry Kings ;] In our author's time, many Princes had been fent about the world, and great changes of Kings projected in Europe. The partition-treaty had dirposed of Spain ; France had set up a King for England, who was sent to Scotland, and back again ; King Stanislaus was sent to Poland, and back again ; the Duke of Anjou was sent to Spain, and Don Carlos to Italy.
VER. 44. Or ship off Senates to some diftant Shore;] Alludes' to several Ministers, Counsellors, and Patriots banished in our times to Siberia, and to that MORE GLORIOUS FATE of the PARLIAMENT of Paris, banished to Pontoise in the year 1720.
VER. 47. Pregnant with thousands fits the Scrap unseen,] The imagery is very sublime, and alludes to the course of a destroying pestilence. The Psalmist, in his expression of the Peffilence that walketh in darknefs, supplied him with the grandeur of his idea,
Oh! that such bulky Bribes as all might see, Still, as of old, incumber'd Villainy!
50 Could France or Rome divert our brave designs, With all their brandies or with all their wines ? What could they more than Knights and Squires
confound, Or water all the Quorum ten miles round? A statesman's Numbers how this speech would spoil ! “Sir, Spain has sent a thousand jars of oil;
Huge bales of British cloth blockade the door ; 66 A hundred oxen at your
levee roar.” Poor Avarice one torment more would find; Nor could Profufion squander all in kind. 60 Aftride his cheese Sir Morgan might we meet; And Worldly crying coals from street to street, Whom with a wig so wild, and mien so maz’d, Pity mistakes for some poor tradesman craz’d.
VER, 63. Some Misers of great wealth, proprietors of the coal-mines, had entered at this time into an Association to keep up coals to an extravagant price, whereby the poor were reduced almost to starve, 'till one of them taking the advantage of underfelling the rest, defeated the design. One of these Misers was worth ten thousand, another seven thousand a year.
To break a trust were Peter brib'd with wine,
Had Colepepper's whole wealth been hops and hogs,
75 To spoil the nation's last great trade, Quadrille! Since then, my Lord, on such a World we fall, What say you? B. Say? Why take it, Gold and all.
P. What Riches give us let us then enquire : Meat, Fire, and Cloaths. B. What more? P. Meat, Cloaths, and Fire.
Ver. 65. Colepepper] Sir WILLIAM COLEPEPPER, Bart. a Person of an ancient family, and ample fortune, without one other quality of a Gentleman, who, after ruining himself at the Gaming-table, past the rest of his days in fitting there to fee the ruin of others; preferring to sublift upon borrowing and begging, rather than to enter into any reputable method life, and refusing a Post in the army which was offered him.
Well then, since with the world we stand or fall,
Come take it as we find it, Gold and all.
Is this too little ? would you more than live?
VER. 82. Turner] One, who, being poffeffed of three hundred thousand pounds, laid down his Coach, because Interest was reduced from five to four per cent. and then put seventy thoufand into the Charitable Corporation for better interest; which sum having lost, he took it fo much to heart; that he kept his chamber ever after. It is thought he would not have outlived it, but that he was heir to another considerable estate, which he daily expected, and that by this course of life he saved both cloaths and all other expences.
Ver. 84. Unhappy Wharton,] A Nobleman of great qualities, but as unfortunate in the application of them, as if they had been vices and follies. See his Character in the firft Epistle.
Ver. 85. Hopkins,] A Citizen, whose rapacity obtained him the name of Vulture Hopkins. He lived worthless, but died worth three hundred thousand pounds, which he would give to do person living, but left it so as not to be inherited 'till after the second generation. His counsel representing to him how many years it must be, before this could take effect, and that his money could only lie at interest all that time, he expressed great joy thereat, and said, “They would then be as long in spending,
as he had been in getting it.” But the Chancery afterwards set aside the will, and gave it to the heir at law.
VER. 86. Japhet, Nose and Ears ?] JAPHET Croor, alias Sir Peter Stranger, was punished with the loss of those parts, for having forged a conveyance of an Eftate to himself, upore
Can they, in gems bid pallid Hippia glow,
Perhaps you think the Poor might have their part.
which he took up several thousand pounds. He was at the same time sued in Chancery for having fraudulently obtained a Will, by which he possessed another considerable Estate, in wrong of the brother of the deceased. By these means he was worth a great sum, which (in reward for the small loss of his ears) he enjoyed in prison 'till his death, and quietly left to his
VER. 96. Die, and endow. a College, or a Cat.] A famous Dutchess of R. in her last Will left considerable legacies and annuities to her Cats.
VER. 100. Bond damns the Poor, etc.] This epiftle was written in the year 1730, when a corporation was established to lend money to the poor upon pledges, by the name of the Charitabie Corporation, but the whole was turned only to an iniquitous method of enriching particular people, to the ruin of such numbers, that it became a parliamentary concern to