dict it, except they were resolv'd to detend an Opinion, clit right or wrong, meerly because it is their Interest fo to

do, or because they have once maintain'd it.

Secondly, We do truly and indeed eat the Body of Chrift, and drink his Blood; for our blessed Saviour faith, (a) “ I " am the Bread which is come down from Heaven." And “ Except ye eat the Flel of the Son of Man, and drink “ his Blood, ye have no Life in you: My Flesh is Meas " indeed, and my Blood is Drink indeed: He that eateth “ of this Bread shall live forever.”

All Churches agree in this particular, that Christ'scrucify'd Body is Meat in this heavenly Banquet, only the Difference is, how the Bread is Christ's Body, and how Christ's Body is present in the Sacrament. We say it is there fpiritually, as the Bread is a Symbol, a Figure, a Sign, a Representation, and a Memorial of Christ's Body, which was offered for the Sins of the World: And therefore, the Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, after a heavenly and spiritual Sort, with our believing Minds, remembring Christ's Body crucified, and the Salvation of Men procur'd by him, and assur'd by his Promises, and not with the Mouth of the Body, after a carnal Manner. So did Christ teach his Apošties to understand him; for when he had spoke these words in St. John, we are told in the same Chapter, That the Capernaites were astonished at the hearing of them, and said, (b) “ How can this Man give us his Flesh to eat this is an hard saying, who can hear it? »

Then said Jesus, (c) “ It is the Spirit that quicknesh, the Fleh profitech

nothing: The Words that I speak unto you, they are

Spirit, and they are Life.” And, in the lame Chapter, he faith, (d). “ He that believeth on me hath everlasting “ Life." And, (e) “ He that eateth of this Bread Nail

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(a) John 6.51, &c.

(b) Ver. 60. (d) Ver. 47. (e) Ver. 18.

(c) Ver. 63,

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“ not die." Here we see, that to believe the Incarnation of the Son of God, and the Redemption procur'd by his Death, and to eat of the heavenly Bread, is all one ; because they are attended with the íame happy effect, that is, everlasting Life: So that Chritt's Body being the heavenly Bread that giveth everlasting Life, his Body is only eaten by Faith, and consequently, it is not carnally, corporally, and substantially in the Sacrament.

Again, The Regenerate have in them a double Life, one Carnal, the other Spiritual.

The Life carnal and temporary, they brought with them into the World: The (a) Spiritual was given them afterward in their second Birth, thro’the Word.

The (b; Life carpal and corporal is common to all Men, good and bad, and is maintained, anu preserved by earthly and corruptible Bread, common also, to all, and every Man : The Life Spiritualis peculiar only to the Faithful, and is cherished by the Bread of Lite, which came down from Heaven, (c) Which is Jesus Christ, who nourisheth and sustaincth the 1piritual Life of Christians, being received of them by Faith: Which fpiritual Bread, that he might the better represent, he hath instituted earthly and visible Bread and Wine, for a Sacrament of his Body and Blood; whereby he doth testify, that as verily, as we receive the Bread with the Hands, and chew the same with Teeth and Tongue, to the Nourishing of this Life temporal, even so by Faith (which is in the Place of Hands and Mouth to the Soul, as Minds, or Spirits can eat or receive) we verily receive the true Body, and the true Blood of Christ, our only Saviour, to the nourishing and cherishing of the spiritual Life in our Souls; of Holiness and Virtue taught by the Doctrine of Christ, and Hope, and Comfort in his precious Promises of Remission of Sins, Heaven, and eternal Life. To this Purpose several of the most learned Fathers fpake.

(a) Pet. 1. 19.

(b) John 6. 51.

(c) John

6. 35.


Origen faith, (a) “ There is also in the New Tella“ ment a Letter, which killeth him, that doth not fpiri

tually understand thole Things which are spoken; for " if he follow this after the Letter, where it is said, ex

cept ye eat my Flesh and drink my Blood, this Letter « killeth."

St. Chryfoftom (b) faith, " What is it that he faith, the " Flesh profiteth nothing? he spake it not of Flesh in“ deed, God forbid, but of such who take the Things " carnally that are spoken : And what is it to understand

carnally ? even to take Things simply as they are spoken, " and to leek no farther Meaning; for the Things which

are seen are not so to be judged of, but all Mysteries {« shou'd be considered with inward Eyes, that is, spiri.“ tually. Our Saviour faith, it any Man eat of this

“ Bread, he shall live for ever: He calleth Bread in this -- Place the Doctrine, Salvation, and Faith in him, in

carnate and crucified; whereby our Souls by the Signs “ of Bread and Wine, are made Partakers of the Merits of * his Body offered, and his Blood Thed, and so the

believing Mind is made stronger, and nourished to * “ eternal Life.”

St. Auftin, (c) upon these Words of our Saviour, writes thus, “ Understand ye spiritually that I have fpo" ken unto you, ye Mall not eat this Body that ye lee, “ neither shall ye drink that Blood that they shall shed, a who shall facrifice me. I have recommended unto you

a certain Sacrament, being spiritually understood it “ will give you Life.” Again he faith, (d)" Why pre

parest thou thy Teeth and thy Belly, believe and thou .“ haft eaten.” And again, (e) “ Prepare not your Jaws, “ but your Heart.”

St. Cyprian (1) faith, “ The Body of Christ is Meat “ for the Mind, not for the Belly.”

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(a) Hom. 7. in I evit. (b) In 6. John, Hom. 46. (c) in Psalm 98. (a) Tract. 2. in Johan. (e) Serm. 23. in Lucam. (f) De Cena Domini.

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There are a great Number of Testimonies among the Fathers, to the same Purpose; but these are sufficient to prove, that in their opinion, Christ's Body is received, not to the filling of the Appetite of the Body; not with Mouth, or Teeth, but with Spirit and Faith, unto the Holiness and Sanctification of the Mind, and Comfort in Hope of eternal Life.

Atter this Sort, the Patriarchs, and Prophets, and People of God, who lived before the Birth of Jesus Christ, did by Faith eat his Flesh and drink his Blood.

St. Paul saith, (a) “ Brethren, I would not that ye « should be ignorant, how that all our Fathers were un« der the Cloud, and all passed through the Sea; and did “ all eat the same spiritual Meat, and did all drink the fame “ fpiritual drink, (for they drank of that spiritual Rock “ that followed them, and that Rock was Chrift.)

(b) “ By Faith Noah became Heir of the Righteous. * nels which is by Faith.

By Faith, (c) Moses, when he was cometo, Years, refused to be called the Son of Pharaoh's Daughter, and chose rather to suffer Affliction with the People of God, than :o enjoy the Pleasures of Sin, for a Season; esteeming, “ The Reproach of Christ greater Riches, than the o Treasures in Egypt: For he had Respect unto the Rese compence of the Reward. (d) “ All these through “ Faith obtained good Report, and received not the Pro« mise; God having provided fome better Thing for us, s that they without us, should not be made perfect.

(e) “ Abraham rejoiced to see my Day, and he faw it, and was glad.

(t) « Abraham, whoagainst Hope believed in Hope, " that he might become the Father of many Na

« tions.

(a) i Cor. 10. 1, 3, e 4.

(b) Heb. 11. 7. (c) Ibid. 24, 25, 26.

(d) Ibid. 39. 40. (e) John 8. 56. (f) Rom. 4. 16, e 18.


(a) of which Salvation the Prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the Grace that should come unto you.

Even to, wc eat Christ by Faith, and not by the Mouth of the Body. And so, to all true Believers that take Comfort in Christ's Death, and are released from Sin and the Snares of the Devil, by his Flesh that was nailed to the Cross, he may be truly said to be Meat indeed, and Drink indeed, because their Souls are comforted by the Remembrance of it, and the Benefits assurid by it, which is eternal Life.

Thirdly, We are now to disprove the Conceit of TranJubstantiation, and lay before you the horrid Consequences of this falfe Doctrine: In doing of which, we think it neceffary to observe this Method.

First, we shall endeavour to disprove this conceit, by folid Arguments.

Secondly, To answer the Allegations of the Papists in its Support.

Thirdly, To manifeft the horrid Consequences of this false Doctrine.

For, Arguments against Tranfubftantiation, such as these offer themfelves to every thinking confiderate Man.

if, In the first Supper, or when our Lord instituted this Sacrament of his Body and Blood, there was no Iranfubftantiation, therefore, there is none now. The Antecedent we prove thus ; that the Apostles eat and drank, which Christ commanded; but Christ com,

(a). 1 Pet, 1. 10.

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