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make amends for all his Offences; and partly the Abloluition of the Prieft.
2dly, The Form, which is in the Priest's Words of Absolution, which he uttereth over the Sinner. In the Perfon penitent, it is kneeling down at the Priest's Feet, bis making the Sign of the Cross upon his Breaft, and his saying Benedicite to his ghostly Father, the Priest; who (lay they) beareth the Person of God, and is the lawful Judge over the Penitent, and may both absolve from the Guit of Sin, and infli&t a Punishment according to the Offence.
3dly, The Minister, who is ordinarily the Curate of every Parish; but extraordinarily, or in the time of great Neceffity, or by Licence, is any Prieft. And yet fome Sins are so grievous as none may abfolve, but either the Bishop, or his Penitentiary; as the Crime of Incest, breaking of Vows, Church Robbery, and Heresy. And some again, none remitor pardon, but the Pope only, or his Legate; as burning of Churches, violent striking a Priest, counterfeiting of the Pope's Bull, ori. 4thly, And last of all
, the Effect : Hereby, they say the penitent Sinner is purged, absolved, and made as clean from all Sin, as when he was newly baptized, and besides enrich'd with 1piritual Gifts and Graces.
The Consideration hereof hath moved all the reformed Churches to thew their Deteltation of this new Sacrament, as having no Warrant from God's Word.
The Blasphemies are outragious, and the Errors many, and monstrous, which are comprised in this Doctrine of Popith Penance, for neither can the Matter of this their Sacrament, nor the Form, nor the Minister, nor the Eftect, be drawn from the Word of God.
ist, First they say, Penance is a Sacrament, and yet they can fhew no Element it bath, to make it a Sacrament,
2dly, Their Contrition.is against the Truth: For, no Man is, or can be sufficiently contrite for his Sins.
3dly, To confess all Sins, and that one after another, with all Circumstances, unto a Priest; as it is impossible, so it is never enjoin'd by God, nor hath been practised by the Men of God..
4thly, That any Man, in any measure, can fatisfy for his Sins, it is (a) Blasphemy to say, and against the Merits of Christ. And yet do the Papists. teachit, as also, that one may latisfy for another.
5thly, It is most notoriously untrue, that any Priest, Bishop, or Pope, hath Power, at his Will, to forgive Sins; Or can enjoin any Punishment, that can make amends to God for the least Offence..
6thly, It Penance purge Men, and make them clear from all Sin, then is there a Time, and that very often in this Life, when Men in this Life are perfect; which tends greatly to the Errors of the Catharans, Donatifts, and Pelagians.
7thly, (b) The Doctrine of the Papists, that such Persons as willingly depart out of this world without their Shrift (c) are damned; is damnable Doctrine, and to be eschewed: And yet it is taught every where in their Books.
(a) Teft. Rhem. in Colofl. 1. 16. (b) Vaux. Catech. Cap. 4. (c) Catech, Žident, de penit. Teft. Rhem. Annati in Matt. 12. 31.
Orders is no Sacrament.
The reformed Churches do acknowledge an Order of making Ministers in the Church of God, where all Things are to be done decently and by Order, but that Orders is a Sacrament they utterly deny.
The Papists make seven Orders, (a) whereot some they call interior, and some superior : The Inferior, are the Orders, first, ot Oftiaries, or Persons whose Office is to keep the Door, to expel the Wicked, and to let in the Faithful. Next Exorcists, or Conjurers, which have Power to expel the Devil. The third, Lectors, or Resders, who are to read Lessons, and Books in the Church. The tourth, Acolothies, or Candle-Bearers, whore Office is to bear Cruets to the Altar with Wine and Water, and to carry about Candies and Tapers.
The Superior, is the Orders of Sub-Deacons, Deacons, and Priests. The sub-Deacons are to read the Epistle at Service-cime, to prepare Necessaries for Ministration. The Deacons aflilt the Priest in Ministration ; and the Priests Part and Office is to minister Sacraments; that is to say, Baptism, Penance, and Eucharist; to sacrifice for the Quick and Dead, anointing the Sick, and Matrimony.
But where in Scripture can it be seen, that Orders is a Sacrament? What Element bath it? what Form ? what Promise ? what Institution from Chirst?
Where can any of those hideous Titles of Porter, donc. be tound, ascrib'd to any Minister of the New Testament? or the Manner of their Creation, or Offices eftablished?
Where is it appointed to the Ministers of the New Teltament only to minister Sacraments, or to minister more than two, (viz.) Baptism, and the Lord's Supper ?
(a) Canis. Carecha
By what one Place of Scripture hath the Priest Authority to offer Sacrifice, and that for che,
Quick and the Dead also ?
Matrimony is no Sacrament,
(a) Matrimony is a State of Life, Holy and Honourable among all Men : However, to say (b) that it is a Sacrament instituted, and that by Chrift, as the Papifts do, we cannot be induced to believe, and that for divers Reasons. For,
Marriage, or the wedded State, was never commanded by God to be taken for a Sacrament.
Again, it hach neither outward Element, nor prefcribed Form, gor Promise of Salvation, as a Sacrament fhou'd, and Baptism and the Lord's Supper have.
Besides, Matrimony may be entred into, or not, at our Discretion. But it is not in our Choice, to be Para takers, or not Parrakers of the Sacraments, if we may come by them.
Moreover, Matrimony was ordained by God him felt, in the Time of Man's Innocency, but the Sacraments of the New Testament were inftitued by Christ.
Lastly, It was no Sacrament to the Fathers afore, and in the Time of the Law, and therefore is no Sacramenti
Extreme Vnction is no Sacrament. .
The Papists do take anointing of the Sick (which they call Extreme Unction) for a Sacrament, whereof, (as they write.)
(a) Heb. 13. 4. (b) Concil. Trident. Sef. 7. Can. 1. Teji. Rhem. Annot. Ephef. 5. 32.
The Matter is Oyl, hallowed by a Bifhop, wherewith - the sick Person is anointed, upon the Eyes, Ears, Mouth, Nose, Hands, and Feet.
The Form is the words which the Priest speaks, when he anoints the fick Person as aforetaid, saying, “ By this “ Oyl God forgive thee thy Sins which thou hast com"mitted, by thine Eyes, Nose, Ears, and Mouth, by
thy Hands, and by thy Feet: All the Angels, Arch
angels, Patriarchs, Prophets, Apostles, Evangelifts, " Martyrs, Conteffors, Virgins, Widows, Infants, a heal thee, etc.
The Effect of Anointing, is to purge and put away penial Sins, committed by misapplying of our Senses, as also Sins forgotten.
In this Antichristian Doctrine. many Errors are contained. For,
In respect of the Matter, the Papists make of greafy Stuff, a spiritual Oyntment; whereas there is no Oyntmeat fpiritual, but the Holy Ghost.
In respect of the Form, the only Propitiator and Mediator between God and Man, Christ Jesus, is blasphemed, and the Merit and Power of his Death afcribed unto greafy Oyl. Besides, Christ is not acknowledged for the only Saviour of Mankind, and Phyfician of our Souls, but other Physicians are called upon besides him.
In respect to the Minister, they hold, that any Priest hath Power to forgive Sins, which belongs unto God alone.
In relpect to the Effect, they teach us, (which is at-
Now, to palliate all these Abfurdities, the Schoolmen