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And sometimes general to the whole Church militant, and ordinary, as in the Time of the Gospel: And then a Sacrament is defin'd to be, a Ceremony ordained imme. diately by Chrit himself, who by some earthly and outward Element, doth promise Remission of Sins, and everlasting Favour and Felicity, to such as with true Faith and Repentance do receive the same. And such Sacraments in the New Testament, we find only to be Baptism, and the Lord's Supper; wherein the right Use of these Sacraments, and the Ends of their Inftitution are evidently fet down. For,
14, Concerning Baptifm, Chrift faith, (a) “ Teach " all Nations, Baptizing them in the Name of the Fa" ther, er. (b) “ He that believeth, and is baptized, « Mall be saved." And St. Peter, “ Amend your Lives, " and be baptized, every one, &c. for the Remiffion of • Sins.” And St. Paul, (c) “ Husbands, love your “ Wives, even as Christ loved the Church, and gave “ himself for it, that he might sanctify it, and cleanse " it, with the washing of Water, by the Word, doc."
2dly, Touching the Lord's Supper, faith our Saviour, of the Bread, (d) “ Take, cat, ere." And of the Cup, “ Drink ye all of it; " And agaia, of the Bread, (e) “ This is my Body, wbich is given for you." And of the Cup, (t) “ This is my Blood of the New
Testament, that is fhed for many, for the Remiffion " of Sins." And St. Paul, (g) “ Thc Cup of Bleffing " which we bless, is it not the Communion of the Blood “ of Christ? The Bread which we break, is it not the " Communion of the Body of Christ ?" And these two only Sacraments do the ancient Fathers acknowledge, and none other.
(a) Mart. 28. 19. (6) Mark 16. 16. (c) Eph. s.
(d) Matt. 26, 26, 27. (e) Luke 22. 19, (t) Malt. 26. 28. Luke 22. 20. (g) 1 Cor. 10. 16.
St, Ambrose, (a) writing of the Sacraments, speaks but of two: “ I begin to speak of the Sacraments, which
you have received." "And in his whole Treatise, divided into fix Books, he speaks but of two.
St. Austin (b) reckons but two, “. These are the two “ Sacraments of the Church, c." And again, (c) “Our
Lord and bis Apostles have delived unto us a few Sacra.
ments, instead of many': And the same, in doing, “ most easy, in Signification, most excellent, in Obser“ vation, most reverend, as is the Sacrament of Baptism, " and the Celebration of the Body and Blood of our " Lord.” To these we might join many other antient Fathers, who acknowledge none other than these two only Sacraments; and therefore we ought to follow the Ordinance of Christ, and keep to the Example of the primitive Church. But,
To these two Sacraments, the present Church of Rome hath added five more, (d) and curses all those, who shall say there are either more or fewer than seven Sacraments; or that, any of them is not verily and properly a Sacrament, or that they are not all seven instituted by Christ bimself; that is to say, 1. Confirmation. 2. Penance. 3. Orders. 4. Matrimony. 5. Extreme Unction, (e) whereof two are voluntary, and at the Discretion of Men to be taken or not, as Matrimony, and Holy Orders: And these three, (viz.) Baptism, Confirmation, and Orders, are but once to be takep; because they imprint an indelible Character in the Soul of the Receivers. And four are reiterable, and may often be received; as the Sacrament Eucharistical, Matrimony, Penance, and Extreme Unction: Because at their first Ministration, they leave in the Soul no indelible Character. We shall contider these five, which the Romilh Church calls Sacraments
(a) Lib. 1. de Sac. Cap. 1. (b) De Symbol. Catechuman. Lib. 3. Cap. 9. (c) De Dott. Christ. (d) Tefl. Rhem. Ann. Jam. 4.24.Conc. Trident. vol. 7. Can. 1. (e) Stella Clericorum.
in their Order, and then proceed to the other two infti. tuted by Christ.
1. Confirmation is no Sacrament.
Touching Confirmation, the Sentence and Judgment of the crue Church is, that Hghtly uled, as it was in the primitive Church, it is not a Sacrament, but a Part of Christian Discipline, profitable for the whole Church of God. For the ancient Confirmation was nothing else than an Examination of such as in their lofancy had received the Sacrament of Baptism. And were then, being of good Discretion, able to give an Account of their Beliet; and to satisfy with their own Mouths, what their Sureties in their Names had promised at their Baptism; which Contession being made, and a Promise of Perse verance in the Faith by them given, the Bishop by found Doctrine gave Advice and godly Exhortations, confirmed them in that good Profession ; and laying his Hands upon them, prayed for the lacrease of God's Gitts and Graces in their Minds.
Now, the Church of Rome (a) teacheth, that Cônfirmation is a Sacrament, whereby the Grace that was given in Baptism is confirmed, and made strong, by the seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost.
of which their Confirmation they give us four Things. principally to be observed, riz,
it, (b) The Substance or Matter, which is holy Chrism, confect, (as they say) and made of Oyl Olive, and Bala., confecrated by a Bishop.
2dlw, The Form and Manner of ministring the same; confifting of the Words of the Bihop, which are as fola low, (viz.) I sign thee with the Siga at the Cross, and
(a) Conc. Trident. Seff. 7. Can. 1. (b) Canis. Catech. Cap. 4.
confirm thee with the Chrilm of Salvation, in the Name of the Father, or, and of the Actions both of a Godfa. ther or Godmother already confirm'd, holding up the Child to the Bishop; and of the Bishop crofling him (or her, who is to be confirmed, on the Forehead with Oyl, and next triking the Party confirmed on the Ear,
3dly, (a) The Minister, who must be a Bishop and ne inferior Minister.
4chly, The Effect, or Effects rather, for by Confirmation they say that,
it, Sios are pardoned and remitted.
2dly, The Grace of Baptism is made perfect.
3dly, Such become Mea in Christ, who afore were Children
4thly, Grace is given, boldly to confess the Name of Christ, and all Things belonging to a Christian Mag..
Sthly, The Holy Ghost is given to the full.
But in so teaching, dangerous and very damnable Doctrine do they deliver. For,
It is an Error that Confirmation is a Sacrament, because it hath no Institution from God, which is necessary to all, and every Sacrament; in as much as a Sacrament cannot be ordained but by God only, even as the Papifts themselves do contess.
To say that Popish Confirmation is grounded upon God's Word, is to speak a palpable Falfity: For, (b) in
(a) De Confecra. Dif. 5 Can.e fejuni. (b) Catech. Trident. Tit. de Confire
the Scripture there is mention neither of the Matter, that it must be Chrism, and that made of Oyl-Olive, and Balm, and the fame confecrated by a Bishop; nor of the Form, that either a Bishop mult sign the Party to be confirmed with the Sign of the Cross; or that a Godfather, doc. must be thereat: - Nor of the Minister, who of Ne. cessity must be a Bishop, that is to confirm; nor of the Effects, that thereby Sins are pardoned, and released, and Baptism consummated and made perfect.
It is an Error to say, (a) there is any other Ointment given to the Screngthning of the Church Militant, belides the Holy Ghost.
It is an Error to maintain, that any Bishop can give heavenly Graces to any Creature.
It is an Error to ascribe Salvation unto Chrism, and not only unto Chrif.
It favoureth of Madness, to measure the Dignity of the Sacraments by the Worthiness of the Minister.
It is an Error to say, that Men cannot be perfect Chriftians, without Popish Confirmation.
It is an Error, that by Confirmation the Holy Ghost is : given to the full.
Penance no Sacrament.
Touching Penance, the Papists do publish four Things to be obferved, whereof none of them is truly grounded: upon the Word of God.
ift, (b) The Matter, which they fay is partly the Aetions of the Person penitent, which are, (c) lufficient Contrition of his Heart, perfect Confeffion of all his Sins, and that in particular with ail the Circumstances, as of Time, Place, exc. And Satisfaction by Deeds, which
(a) 1 John 2. 27. (b) Canis. Catech. Cap. 4. (c) Catech. Trident. de pan.