fect; it dishonours God the Father, as if he exacted Payment twice, for one and the same Debt; and feems to be repugnant to that Article of our Faith, “ I believe of the Remission of Sios:" For, how are they remitted, it I my self must after this Life, make Satisfaction for them, by enduring molt grievous, and no less tedious Torments ?

9. All Persons when they die, are cither justified, or cot justified: It justified, (a) · Then they have Peace “ with God," and therefore, not to be cruciated with any Pains: If they are not justified, then they are damn'd erernally, and therefore, can have no Redemption.

Fujtin Martyr (b) pronounces, “ That immediately Por after Death, there is made a Separation betwixt good “ and bad 'Men, the Sheep and the Goats, and that the Good are carry's

'd into Paradise.” Ireneus (c) declares, “ The Wicked shall be cast into “ eternal Fire.” Cyprian, in his Sermon of Mortality, says, " The Just, when they die, are called to a Place of “ Shelter and Rest." So says Gregory Nazianzen, in Encomio Cæfaris, “. That the Souls of good Pcople, when " they are freed from the Shackles of the Body, do forth

with perceive or enjoy an incredible Pleasure, and joy-
fully fly unto their Lord.”

, (d) in his Comment on St. Fohn's Gospel, denies that the Souls of the Faithful are to pass any Place of Pain or Torment; and averrs, that they are perpetually with Chrift., But Chryfoftom speaks out yet more plainly, in his second Homily about Lazarus, “When we shall “ be departed out of this Life, there is then no Room es for Repentance; nor will it lye in our Power, to ". walh out any Spots we have contracted, or to purge a

way one of the Evils which we have committed."
So Ambrose, de Bono Mortis, (e) “. He.that before he
goes out of this World, hath not received Remission

(a) Rom. 5. 1. (b) Quest. 75. (c) Lib. 1. Cap. 2. (d) Lib. 22. (e) Cap. 2.

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6 of his 'Sins; Mall rever in the other World, be ad"mitted into the County of the Blessed.” And Jerom determines, that, “ In this Life we may be affifted “ with Prayers, and good Chriftian Counsels, but ato “ terwards, when we are summoned to appear before “ the Tribunal of Chrift, the Prayers of 706, or Daniel " will not be heard, nor can avail in any one's Behalf, but

every Man must bear his own Burghen All which considered, are abundantly fufficient to satisfy any Perfon, not obftinately partial, with how much Juttice, and on what folid Gròunds, the reformed Churches do: explode this imaginary Place of. Torment, which the Romanists call Purgatory,

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We are now to take a Review of

the State of the Roman Church, from their own Testimonies, for many hundred Years before the Reformation ; by which it will appear, that it was no very difficult Matter in those Days, to impose the most notorious Faishoods upon the credulous and undiscerning World


E shall begin with a Complaint of a Rev. Father

and Bithop of the Church, in the Year 9oo. His Words are these, (a) So great Folly now opprefseth " the niiserable World, that at this Day more absurd

Things are believed by Christians, than ever any cou'd impole upon the blind Pagans." Sabellius faith, (b) “ It is wonderful to observe, what

a strange Forgetfulness of all Arts did about this Time 5seize upon Men: Insomuch, that neither the Popes,

nor other Princes, seemed to have any Sense or Appre

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(a) Agoberdus. Epif. Lug. Lib. de Grandi, donc. Anno 900. (b) Enead. 9. Lib. i. Anno goo.

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"hension of any Thing, that might be useful to human ". Life. There were no wholesome Laws, no Repara

'tions of Churches; no pursuit of liberal Arts, but a " Kind of Stupidity and Madness, and Forgetfulaess of " Manners, had possessed the Minds of Men.” Arda little atter, “ I cannot, says he, but much wonder from * whence these tragical Examples of the Popes Thou'd "Spring; and how their minds should come to be fo de“ void of all Piety, as neither to regard the Person which

they luftain’d, nor the Place they were in."

Phil. Burgomanfis faith, (a) “ It happer.ed in that Age, “ thro’ the Slothfulness of Man, that there was a ge“ neral Decay of Virtue, both in the Head and in the 6. Members.

And again, (b) “ These Times, thro' the Ambition and cruel Tyranny of the Popes, were " extremely unhappy; for the Popes, setting aside the ".Fear of God, and his Worship, fell into fuch Enmities

among themselves, as cruel Tyrants exercise towards

one another.” And Platina, their own Writer, in his History of the Popes, giving an Account of their Barbarities to their Predeceffors, Tho' they had been many Years dead, faith, “ Thele Popes minded nor hing elle " but how they might extinguish both the Naine and

Dignity of their predecessors." Sigonius, speaking of these Times, about the Beginning of the tenth Century, calls them, (c) “ The foul" est and blackest, both in respect to the Wickedness of " the Princes, and Madness of the Peop'e, that are to be “ found in all Antiquity.” And, Genebrard, Speaking of the same Time, (d) “ This, says he, is called the

unhappy Age, being deftitute of Men, eminent for " Wit and Learning; as also, of famous Princes and “ Popes: In this time there was scarce any Thing done, worthy to be remembred by Pofterity.” He adds afterwards, " But chiefly unhappy in this one Thing, " that for almost a hundred and fifty Years together, a

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(c) Sig. de Rein.

(a) Ann. 906. (b) Ann. 908. Ital. Lib. 6. (d) Chron. Lib. 4.

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"bout fifty Popes, did utterly degenerate from the Virtus “ of their Anceitors." (a) gives this Character of these Times, in: these Words ; " Abour the Year of our Lord ene Thou“ fand, there began an effeminate Time, in which chę “ Chriftian Faith began to degenerate exceedingly, and to " deciine from its ancient Vigour; insomuch that in ma

ny Countries of Christendom, neither Sacraments, “ nor ecclesiastical Rires were observ’d; and People were

given to Soothíaying, and to Witchcratis ; and the « Prift was like the People.”

Gerbert, who lived in ibat Time, gives this sort Chasacter of the Roman Church, in an Epistle of his, to Stephen, Deacon of that Church. (b). “ The World “ stands amazed at the Manners of Rome."

But most full is the Compla ni at a great Prelate of the Church, concerning thole Times, in these Words, (c) “ In the West, and almost all the World over, (espea “ cially among those who were called the Faithlul) Faith a failed, and ihere was no fear of God among them ; « Justice was perished from among Men, and Violence

prevailing against Equity governd the Nations : Fraud, « Deceit, and the Acts of Cozenage were growo uni. “ versal; all Kind of Virtue gaye way, as an useless" Thing, and Wickedness lupply'd its Place: The «. World seem'd to be decliniog apace towards its Even

ing, and the second coming of the Son of Man to draw

near : For Love was g:own cold, and Faith was agt “ found upon Earth : All Things were in Confusion; « and the World look'd as if it wou'd return again to its 61 old Chaos: All Sorts of Fornication were committed “ with the same Freedom, as if they had been lawful “ A&tions; for Men neither blushd at them, nor were:

punished for them; nor did ihe Clergy live better " than the People, for the Bishops were grown negligent " of the Duty of their Place, ec. ln a Word, Men ran

(a) Fatie. Tempor. Zib. 1. cap. 18.

(b) Epis. 40.

(c) Bell. Sacr.

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