printing types, the printers generally substitute in lieu of there is a mark somewhat like that stamped at the Mint the many beauties and incomparable grandeur of a it the inverted comma, wbich approaches the form of the upon our silver plate. A friend has promised to decipher hibition more than magnificent that is sublime. superior c, and in this respect, being in the place of that this mark if it can be traced with sufficient distinctness. else, with good sense and propriety, if not with the

Mrs. Glover personated Tullia, as she does every letter, I conceive it to be more proper than the apostrophe, The characters appear to be Chinese, and the probability cellence which has characterized her previous et which is entirely a mark of elision. How these names is, that the pot was manufactured in China.

and we really wonder (she must excuse us for saya came to be contracted at all, I know not; and 'I believe

that the same good sense does not dictate to this ladi no other reason can be assigned for it than that it is cus

March 6, 1780. impolicy of assigning parts to her daughter for tomary. However, contract them as you may, they must D.D., belonged, formerly, to Catharine, Queen of King difficult character, is, certainly, above Miss M. Gm

This teapot, now the property of William Robertson, she is, obviously, inadequate Tarquinia, though be pronounced mac: I therefore think it is the more Charles the Second. She brought it with her from Por- power.-Further acquaintance with Miss Eyre does .natural and rational way always to write names as they tugal in 1602, when she came to be married to that induce us to alter our opinion of her : she is unarm are pronounced.

Monarch, and it was said to be the first teapot ever seen interesting, and diffident, lacking the pleasing river

in England. When the Earl of Clarendon was appointed delicate archness of Miss Holdaway, but possessings Liverpool.

Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland in 1685, his lady went to of the respectful modesty and winning grace of the

take her respectful leave of Catharine, then Queen- to whom we have before likened her. We fou SUBJUGATION OF TURKEY BY RUSSIA Dowager. Her Majesty then made her a present of this therefore, emphatically, of Miss Eyres's Lucretia,

teapot, desiring that it might be a memorandum, at her was a very pretty performance.
breakfast, every morning, of the regard she had for her. Coriolanus was repeated on Wednesday. Perhaps
When Lord Clarendon was in Ireland, the Duke of Or- cannot question the acting of Mr. Vandenhoff

, were SIR, -At the present time, when a Russian army is in mond invited him and his lady to spend some time with permitted to doubt the strict propriety of his costume motion towards the frontiers of the Turkish dominions, him at the Castle of Kilkenny. There this teapot was allude to the scarlet tunic used by him in the last and the greater part of Europe is anxiously looking for the used, and shown as a royal curiosity; but by some un Our notion is, (whether well or ill founded, or bear result of the threatened war, it may not be unsuitable

to lucky
accident it had a fall, and the handle was broken quired, we scarcely know,

that the Romans eitere insert in the Kaleidoscope the following reflections of the Duke's estate, and his wife was desired by the Duke to themselves of the knowledge of it. Mr. Kemble,

off. Captain Joho Baxter was at that time steward to the unacquainted with this colour, or that they did not inimitable Cowper, upon the probability of the subjuga. attend on Lady Clarendon, and perform every office of true, is high authority, and if we had the pleasure all tion of Turkey, so long ago as 1787. They are all con- respect to her while she stayed at Kilkenny. When my Vandenhoff's personal acquaintance, he would prone tained in a letter to his fair relation. Lady Hesketh, dated Lady was taking leave of that delightful place, she made tell us, that in following Mr. Kemble in this parkas Sept. 29, 1787.

Yours, &c.

E. B.

several presents to Mrs. Baxter, and this teapot amongst conceives himself sufficiently justified. So far well the rest. Mrs. Baxter afterwards gave it as a great curio- think, notwithstanding, -and it is rather presumpa

sity to her son, Major William Baxter, who presented it certainly,--that both of them are in error; but is "I have received," says he. " such an impression of the to his daughter Elizabeth, to whom I was married and correct or not, the subject is interesting, and the im Turks, from the · Memoirs of Baron de Tott,' which I thus it became my property, and all this I testify under worthy pursuit. We shall consult authorities, there read lately, that I can hardly help presaging the conquest my hand, the above-written W. Robertson, D.D. of that empire by the Russians. The disciples of Maho wrote the famous letter to Bishop Burnett, which is inserted

N. B. This Major Wm. Baxter was the person who that has suggested our seepticism.

and if wrong avow our mistake with the same can met are such babies in modern tactics, and so enervated in the Bishop's life.

A Miss Taylor appears, for the first time, the

(Monday)-as do Miss Mayhew and Mr. Westerne by the use of their favourite drug; so fatally secure in their This present handle and silver mounting were put to morrow. The ladies are both strangers to us, bet predestinarian dream, and so prove to a spirit of muting the pot at my expense.-W. R.

happen to know that the gentleman has had the stream against their leaders, that nothing less can be expected. In fact, they had not been their own masters at this the aforesaid Wm. Robertson, D.D., who departed this consequently, be expected from him, and we are

I became married to Elizabeth Robertson, daughter of professional rumour speaks favourably of him. Mun

of a most accomplished instructor in his art-01 day had the Russians but known the weakness of their life the 20th of May, 1783, in the 77th year of bis age; enough to hope for more than we expect. enemies half so well as they undoubtedly know it and whose remains are deposited in the new churchyard May 26, 1828. now. Add to this, that there is a popular prophecy, at Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, by which it became my current in both countries, that Turkey is one day property.

WM. KINNILY. to fall under the Russian sceptre; & prophecy which,

To Correspondents. from whatever source it is derived, as it will natu.

The Drama. rally encourage the Russians, and dispirit the Turks, in

ERRATUM.- In the piece entitled “Old Times," te az (FROM A CORRESPONDENT.)

fourth stanza, first line, for "Miastrel of exact proportion to the degree of credit it bas obtained on

"Minstrel of Brin." both sides, has a direct tendency to effect its own accom


W. K's request has been attended to. The contatti plishment. In the meantime, if I wish them conquered,

the Elder Poets has been received, and shall be appropria it is only because I think it will be a blessing to them to

“What players are they?" be governed by any other band than their own; for, under heaven has there never been a throne so execrably tyran. day last, Mr. Vandenhoff playing the hero; Mrs. Glover, Mr. Paype's tragedy of Brutus was produced on Mon. An Epicure is Informed, that, although we have had or

practice in guessing at hieroglypbies, we have beet ek nical as theirs. The beads of the innocent that bave been Tullia; Miss Glover, Tarquinia; and Miss Eyre, Lucre.

to give up all hopes of deelphering bis; borte cut off, to gratify the humour or caprice of their tyrants, ua. Great and numerous are the alleged defects and

have made out surudeat for our purpose, rblet ! could they be all collected, and discharged against the incongruities of this piece; yet is it, nevertheless, one of

to show that, singular w the taste of the individni bude

to may appear to be to our correspondent, moet mens walls of their city, would not leave one stone on another." the most effective, as well as popular, of the numerous modern compositions for the stage. At the period of its

traordinary deviations from our ordinary babits assure first introduction bere, ve recollect witnessing it three or

the history of all nationsWe shall resume the radio e

the Mercury four times a week, when an abuodance of Stara, as they Antiquities.

are termed, making a virtue of gecessity," were content LIVERPOOL ANTIQUITIN-We shall, next week, pable

to shine in Parco only; and we were wont to soo it then, Kaleidoscope an original dissertation, entitled agree AN ANCIENT TEAPOT. as we continue to do now, with increased delight, plea

to Wustrate the Inselption on the Corporate Sec Lakes sure is not a wufticiendy expressive phrase, on each suc

pool, and to explain the meaning of the words Literat

and Litherpool." By John Clark. Mr. C. appears A singular teapot has been left at our office for the in- ceeding occasion. It may be said, with somewhat of truth spection of the curious. A manuscript, somewhat faded, traction being in the actor of the author. The same perhaps, that this is but a negative kind of merit, the at

somewhat from Mr. Field, whose paper on tbe wines

originally appeared in our publication of the 29th AT was deposited within it; a copy of which we subjoin. remark, however, is in some degree applicable even to ALL BOND PREROMANON.

The letter of J. P. ahal appear Whether it be the genuine antique described in this mapu. Shakespeare, who must have a Richard, or his pley would script, we can, of course, have no means of ascertaining; pot be tolerated.. Mr. Paype, therefore, may surely claim publlcation, as two engravings are necessary to Danza

the writer's reasoning. but as it appears to us to be a curiosity in its way, we shall come credit for his materiel, at least, whatever elsс of fame is denied him.

7.2. J. Will And by reference to the Fakeidoscope of the bere briefly describe it

Brutus is a part eminently adapted to Mr. Vandenhoff's It is formed of a chocolate or light mabogaby coloured |diversified and great abilities, and for the efficient represen. complains) have appeared smooth clay, resembling that of the red Etruscan vase,- tation of which he is in all respects peculiarly suited. W. H. J. is Informed that a letter, addressed to him as a kid ailver mounted, with a lower sprig, like that of tea-tree, on Alternately idiot, patriot, soldier, magistrate, father-but a chester correspondent of the Kaleidoscope, skaits Lits the sides. It is of a square form, with the angles rounded off each the man he impersonates ; evincing, in his conception SOLITARY WALKI.—We have to store for the nest Keleten -the spout very short, and the handle of dark hard smooth of them, judgment not less correct than vigorous, and de- another interesting narrative from this pleasing wi. aquare is four and a half inches, and the pot is four inches serviency to circumstances, with all the force and and the be we have further to acknowledge the communleations of in height, and it will hold about a gill.

genius and of nature. It is a performance that causes the It appears by the accompanying paper that the present through ever gavelne. Score hope see it again and again handle and silver mounting were supplied by one of the in the course of the season, when we may have more space, persons into whose poression it devolved. At the bottom (united with greater convenience, to notice, at some length,

and Co., at their General Printing Office, Lordure Liverpool, and to be bad of all Bookseller


Instant, that his verses (the non-insertion of which

Reader P. N.-D. B.


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114.-Vol. VIII.


Price 3d

The Liver.

tural and too modern a word for corporation, and an unna-, ton le Dale," (for there are two Waltons,) but it would tural and too classical a place for it to occur between the not have pointed out its local position ; it would not have words common and seal in law Latin.” That “ societas” stated its proximity to any well-known place with that was an uncommon or unprecedented word for corporation, certainty, with that clearness, which the words “ Walton at the period to which he alludes, may be true ; but I can juxta Liverpoll” do. In directing people to any place see no reason why it should be called “unnatural.” with which they are unacquainted, we generally say that Surely, Mr. Field does not mean to say that it was un. the unknown place is in the vicinity of some place that is natural at that time, any more than it is at the present, notorious, to which they can readily find their way, or to for a lawyer to write, or the law to be written, in classical which almost every person they meet is capable of directe Latin.

ing them. It is not the magnitude of a place which ought To the latter reading he very properly objects. It is to form the ground of direction, but the notoriety. altogether unsupported either by analogy or example. For any one to write “ Sheerness juxta Queenborough,”

By rejecting a societatis,” we have three readings of would be of little, or no use, the former being much more (ORIGINAL.)

the inscription, to which I take the liberty of suggesting extensively known than the latter, though it is a royal bo TEMPT TO ILLUSTRATE THE INSCRIPTION ON a fourth, by inserting signum instead of “ societatis ;” and rough, and sends members to Parliament.

CORPORATE SEAL OF THIS BOROUGH, AND TO then the whole will run thus,—"Sigillum signum com- We now come to the explanations which have been I AIN THE MEANING OF THE WORDS“ LITHER. mure borgensium de Leverpl, or Leverpool ;" that is, given of the word Liverpool.

The seal, the common, or corporate sign, signature, or This word has been variously spelled; but it-is geneYAND “LITHERPOOL."

sanction of the burgesses of Liverpool; or, The common rally supposed that “ Litherpool” is the most ancient spel

seal, the sign, signature, or sanction of the burgesses of ling, and that all the other modes are merely corruptions. L'e is no field over which the imagination has roamed Liverpool.

In this opinion Mr. Field concurs. ore unlimited control than that of poetry; and

Of course, I give this, in the absence of all conclusive “At first,” says he, “I conceive, that whenever the 5. Dot, perhaps, any subject which is more indebted reasoning or documentary proof, merely as a conjecture, town was called by the common people Lyverpool, it was eture than that of antiquarian research.

which any one is at liberty to adopt, or reject, as his judg. not from any respect to the lever, but in corruption of pus attempts have been made to decipher the in- ment inclines.

Lytherpool, as it is named by Camden, that is, the pool non the Corporate Seal of this borough, but in The correct interpretation of the word Jodis," on the of Litherland.” is the result been completely successful.

scroll, is, no doubt, Johis, a contraction of Johannis. Mr. Why “ Lytherpool" should be called “the pool of Lidefect has, l'observe, induced Mr. Field to publish Greyson's interpretation is whimsical enough ; and if the therland,” I am at a loss to conceive. It has no immey on the subject. It contains many judicious ob. bird on the seal be the " aquila Jovis,” I shall only say, diate connexion with Litherland; and if it had been inODS ; it accounts, in a very simple and natural man- in the language of the poet, heu quantum mutata ab illis.” tended to name it from any manor or township, it is very the appearance of a D, instead of a B, in “ Bor. The eagle, if represented by this simple, meek-looking probable that it would have received its appellation from and of a D, instead of an H, in the word “Jodis,” bird, has fully as much reason to complain of the artist as some of those which are in its vicinity, as Kirkdale, Walton, scroll; but there are some remarks in which I the Irish gentleman had to complain of his nurse, and Bootle, or Toxteth, and not from a place so remote as

might, with equal propriety, say, “I was once considered Litherland. he first place, Mr. Field thinks that “Sigillum" a very noble, majestic looking bird, but you have changed Litherland is a compound word as well as Litherpool,

that is, “ Lither-land,” and “ Lither-pool ;” and the ginally written in full, and not as it now appears seal. I am not of that opinion. There does not the word Liverpool has been spelled, adds" it is remark- of the adjective " Lither," which is common to both.

Mr. Field, after enumerating a variety of ways in which only thing which remains to be explained, is the meaning ter to have been space sufficient for inserting the able that, in one of the records of Edward III. we read Wal

Camden, the “father of British topography," says, it full length; and I consider it as being almost ton juxta Liverpoll, which, considering that Walton then that Lytherpool, in Saxon, is Liferpole,” and “ lifer," ndering, could have mistaken the final letters in was, and very long afterwards, the parish—and Liverpool adds Mr. Field, “ means, in Saxon, the entrail called the Ilum” for the contraction, which we now see, and then, and very long afterwards, a very insignificant place, liver,” and that he knows “ of no authority except that is to me unaccountable."

of Troughton's History of Liverpool, for explaining LiIndeed, the S is so similar in its formation to the i, as well as regular in its position, that I am induced

The reason why the record has “ Walton juxta Liver. verpool to mean the lower pool, as it was lately called by a aclude that no interpretation can be correct from poll,” may be explained in the following manner : Records writer in the Lirerpool Courier."

are documents of great public importance, and whatever 1 it is exeluded.

Whatever truth there may be in the explanation which they describe, ought to be done with the utmost clearness Troughton's History, or the writer in the Liverpool Courier the arguments which Mr. Field draws from the simi. and precision. It is not sufficient that the description may has given, upon whatever authority it may rest, it has, at 1 of one to another be valid in his case, the simi- be understood ; it ought to be done so as to render it im- least, one thing in its favour, of which the “ father of 7 of one S to another must be equally valid in this possible for any one to misunderstand it.

British topography" has not availed himself in the present my own part, I am inclined to attach considerable

Now, seaport towns, however small, however subordi- instance, and that is common sense. ht to both.

nate in point of ecclesiastical jurisdiction, are, in general, If Litherpool was written in Saxon Liferpole, (which I Troughton's History there are two readings of this more publicly known than inland villages or townships, do not believe,) and if lifer there means liver (the entrail ription; the one, “ Sigillum societatis commune bor- upon whatever ground they may rest their claim to su- so called,) then are lifer in Saxon, and liver in English rium de Liverpool ;” and the other, “ Sigillum socie- periority in other respects. A sea port is always a certain translations of Lilher,—and, by consequence, we get Lia commune donum regis in villa de Liverpool.Mr.mark of situation, as well as of distinction; and, in the verland and Liverpool; that is, Entrail-land and Entrail. avlopts the former of these two, with the exception present instance, the record might have said "Walton on pool. Can any one believe this? Or was common sense 100 ietatis," which he considers as being “ an unda- the Hill,” which would have distinguished it from “Wal- ever more cruelly crucified ?





For the meaning of Lither, there is no necessity to dig

The Bouquet.

the removal of the danger, now so imminently free either into the bowels of the earth or the bowels of man ;

should permit of his body being conveyed to a distince it lies much nearer the surface; and there is just as much

I have here only made a nosegay of culled flowers, and have convent in the north, where he was destined ultia

brought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them." repose with all his ancestry. reason in such an interpretation as there was in his trans

" A number of boats pushed off from rarious mea lating certain British words inscribed upon some stones or

FUNERAL OF CONACHAR'S FATHER, THE HIGHLAND the near and more distant shore, many display pillars on Salisbury Plain, (called Stone-henge.) “ Chorea

banners, and others having their several pipers in . gigantum,” which the author of the “ Ler Parliamen.

who, from time to time, poured forth a few taria" says ought to be translated “ Conventus magna. (From Sir Walter Scott's Second Series of the Chronicles of the the Glover that the ceremony was about to ubi

shrill, plaintive, and wailing character, and in me tum.” Certainly there is not much sense in either Lifer.


These sounds of lamentation were but the turned pole, or Chorea gigantum ; but of the two, it was far more

were, of the instruments, compared with the genera natural for the giants to be fond of a jig, than for the

which was speedily to be raised.

(Continued from our lasl.) people of Liverpool to dame their village, or town, after

" A distant sound was heard from far upp one of the entrails of a carcase.

even, as it scemed, from the remote and

“ Simon Glover being thus left to his own painful re- of which the Dochart and the Lochy pour their Indeed, the giants evinced great judgment in selecting flections, nothing better remained, after having attended to into Loch Tay. It was in a wild and inacces: a so roomy a place for their pastime; and as the devil was, the comforts of the dumb companion of his journey, than where the Campbells, at a subsequent period, tout no doubt, their dancing-master, he, perhaps, finding his the top of an eminence called 'Tom-an-Lonach, or the der of the Clan Quhele drew his last breath ; ar

to follow the herdsman's advice; and, ascending towards strong fortress of Finlayrigg, that the redoubled pupils rather clumsy and awkward, set up the stones in Knoll of Yew Trees, after a walk of half an hour, he due pomp to bis funeral, his corpse was now toks question to direct their movements.

reached the summit, and could look down on the broad down the Loch to the island assigned for his was Mr. Field, in his essay, inclines to the opinion that expanse of the lake, of which the height commanded a place of rest. The funeral fleet, led by the e “ Litherland and Litherpool were sometimes called Liver- noble view: A few aged and scattered yew trees, of great barge, from which a huge black' banner was till

size, still vindicated for the beautiful green hill the name had made more than two-thirds of its vorage til land and Liverpool." think it is more likely that they attached to it. But a far greater number had fallen a sa- visible from the eminence on which Simon GI 2 = were called Literland and Literpool; and, in confirma-crifice to the general demand for bow.staves in that warlike overlook the ceremony. The instant the distante tion of this, Troughton, in bis history, quotes the words age, the bow being a weapon much used by the moun- coronach was heard proceeding from the attendere od of a grant made by Roger of Poictiers, to one of bis fol- taineers, though those which they employed, as well as funeral barge, all the subordinate sounds of local lowers, of “ Literland,” that is, I presume, what we

their arrows, were, in shape and form, and especially in were hushed at once, as the raven ceases to eto 1

efficacy, far inferior to the archery of merry England.-hawk to whistle whenever the scream of the eage ca would now write Loiterland.

The dark and shattered individual yews which remained, The boats, which had floated hither and thinkers Almost every body knows what is understood by the were, like the veterans of a broken host, occupying, in lake, like a flock of water fowl dispersing the very common and familiar expression,

“ the lither-man's disorder, some post of advantage, with the stern purpose its surface, now drew together, with an appe:3

of resisting to the last. Behind this eminence, but de order, that the funeral fouilla might pass 5load," namely, the lazy man's load.

tached from it, arose a higher hill, partly covered with that they themselves might fall into their prope: “ Lither," then, means lazy, sluggish, loitering, in. copse-wocd, partly opening into glades of pasture, where In the meanwhile, the piercing din of the #24 active, inert, stagnant, still, slow, soft, light, heartless, the cattle strayed, finding a scanty sustenance among the came louder and louder, and the cry from the unproductive, unfruitful, unprofitable, barren, &c.

spring heads and marshy places, where the fresh grass boats which followed that from which the black coco began first to arise.

the Chief was displayed, rose in wild unisoo Lith, Litha, Lilho, A.S. Tener, mollis, lenis, milis ; * The opposite, or northern, shore of the lake presented Tom-an-Lonach, from which the Glover viceado Lithra, mollior," and the verbs, " Lithian, Gelithian, a far more Alpine prospect than that upon which the Glover tacle. Toe galley which headed the processes or Lithegian, lenire, miligare, mollire, quietem dare."

was stationed. Woods and thickets ran up the sides of the its poop a species of scaffold, upon which, ara, a Lye's A. S. Dict.

mountains, and disappeared among the sir uosities formed linen, and with the tace bare, was displayed !!

by the winding ravines whicis separated them from each the deceased Chieftain. His son, and the neati" Lither, placidus, tranquillus."-Skinner's Etymology. other ; but, far above these specimens of a tolerable, na- filled the vessel, while a great number of how to Lither, iners, ignavus, desidiosus.”—T. Tomasius' tural soil, arose the swart and bare mountains themselves, description that could be assembled, either on

in the dark gray desolation proper to the season. itself, or brought by land-carriage from Labiri Dict.

"Some were peaked, some broad-crested, some rocky otherwise, followed in the rear, some of them a In Virgil we have “mile stagnum," a standing pool, and precipitous, others of a tamer outline; and the clan of materials. There were even

curraghs, cooper water quiet, and without surges. “Ignavum pecus,” | Titans seemed to be commanded by their appropriate chief- hides stretched over hoops of willow, in the nearesto Virgil : an unproductive, or unprofitable flock. In

tains,--the frowning mountain of Ben Lawers, and the ancient British ; and some committed themselit Dutch, "lither” is rendered by “ Lui, Trang,convey the rest, whose peaks retain a dazzling helmet of snow far occurred, and united in such a precarious and

still more lofty eminence of Ben Mohr, arising high above formed for the occasion, from the readiest :: ing the same meaning, though in different words. into the summer season, and sometimes during the whole render it probable, that, before the accompiere:

There is, also, a secondary sense in which this word year. Yet the borders of this wild and sylvan region, voyage, some of the clansmen of the deceased te has been used.

where the mountains descended upon the lake, intimated, sent to attend their Chieftain in the world of spirit

even at that carly period, many traces of human habita- “When the principal flotilla came in sight o t 24 “Litha," in Gothic, signifies a joint, a bent part, that tion. Hamlets were seen, especially on the northern mar- group of boats collecied towards the foot of the less which is inclined, bowed down, or lowered, and, by taking gin of the lake, half hid among the little glens that poured bearing off from the little island, they ha led to away the participial termination, ed, lower.

iheir tributary streams into Loch Tay, which, like many with a shout so loud and general, and termia “ Litha neaso."-Goth. “ The nose joint;" the junc. earthly things, made a fair show at a distance, but, when cadence so wildly prolonged, that not only the

more closely approached, were disgustful and repulsive, from their caves for miles around, and sought tion at which the descent or bend of the nose commences. from their ualid want of the conveniences which attend recesses of the mountains; but even the de

It is said of Macbeth, that he was perfect of “lith and even Indian wigwams. They were inhabited by a race accustomed to the voice of man, felt the full per limb;" and in the productions of our poets we frequently who neither cultivated the earth nor cared for the enjoy the human shout strikes into the wilder tribes : meet with the expression “ lith and listen,” that is, in the ments which industry procures. The women, although them, fled from their pasture into morasses a.Scripture phraseology, “bow down thine ear and attend.” | discharged all the absolutely necessary domestic labour the monks, who inhabited the little islet, bet

“ Summoned forth from their contents by “Lentus in umbra."-Virg. " Reclined in the shade." The men (excepting some reluctant use of an ill-formed from its lowly portal, with cross and banner, at Lath, and lather, are from the same source.

Lath is plough, or, more frequently, a spade, grudgingly gone of ecclesiastical state as they had the means of * that which is made thin or pliant. Lather is that which through, and as a task infinitely beneath them) took no their bells, at the same time, of which the edif p

other employment than the charye of the herds of black three, pealing the death toll over the long like." makes soft, pliant, or bending.

cattle, in which their wealth consisted. At all other times came to the ears of the now silent multitude, .;** It is said that “a beard well lathered is half shaved." they hunted, fished, or marauded, during the brief inter- the solemn chant of the Catholic Church, false

The vulgar expression, "lether him," does not merely als of peace, by way of pastime, plundering with bolder monks in their procession. Various ceremonies * man beat him, but, beat him until he becomes soft, pliant, war, which, public or private

, upon a broader or more re- body ashore, and, placing it on a bank honetes

license, and fighting with embittered animosity, in time of through, while the kindred of the deceased cute or yielding, or, in other words, until you make a clay and stricted scale, formed the proper business of their lives, the purpose, made the Deasil around the depar mortar of him;" that is, make him as clay is made into and the only one which they esteemed worthy of them. the corpse was uplifted to be borne into the chur mortar.

The magnificent bosom of the lake itself was a scene united yell burst from the assembled molunde To conclude, I am decidedly of opinion that the epithet to gaze on with delight. Its noble breadth, with its ter. the deep shout of warriors, and the shrill 52+] of Lither was prefixed to land, and pool, on account of its mination in a full and beautiful run, was rendered yet joined their potes with the tremulous voice of A*

more picturesque by one of those islets which are often Habbling cry of childhood. The coronachi wa being descriptive of their sluggish, inert, stagnant, marshy, happily situated in Scottish lakes. The ruins upon that for the last time, shrieked, as the body was ch"

. or unprofitable nature, at the time when it was bestowed. isle, now almost shapeless, being overgrown with wood, the interior of the church, where only the near It has nothing whatever to do with "liver," either in rose, at the time we speak of, into the towers and pinnacles of the deceased, and the most distinguished of i English or Saxon : it is an error of Camden,---he has sub- of a priory, where slumbered the remains of Sibilla, of the clan, were permitted to enter. The last de stituted sound for sense, and in giving the word a deriva- daughter of Henry J. of England, and consort of Alexan_ was so terribly loud, and answered by so ru! tion which is not only uncommon, but inapplicable, he deemed of dignity sufficient to be the deposit of the remains lands to his ears, to shut out, or deaden, as ka, en has rendered it ridiculouse

JOHN CLARKE of the captain of the Clan Quhele, at least till times when so piercing."-Vol. iii. pp. 77-56.



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it; it was, at all events, impossible that this could hap-

pen before nightfall.

In this dreadful and perilous situation evening passed
(From Conway's Solitary Walks.)
away. No one appeared, and the river still continued to

DIORAMA, BOLD-STREET. rise. The sky lowered and looked threatening; the torrent THIS EXHIBITION is NOW OPEN, with a "hose of my readers who have walked on the banks of rushed by, darker and more impetuous, every few moAdige, below Rovigo, in Italy, will know, that about a ments reminding me, by the wrecks which it bore along all the works of Messrs. BOUTON and DAGUERRE, the

This Picture joins to the optical illusion so wonderful in me and a half from that town, there are one or two with it, of the frailty of the tenure by which I held my most beautiful effect of Possing Sunshine an effect so adds in the midst of the channel, between which and existence. The shores, on both sides, were changed into mirably executed that it has excited the wonder and ad. hore the water is not more than a foot deep; and wide lakes; and the red sun went angrily down, over a

miration not only of an extraordinarily large portion of who have never stirred from home have probably waste of red waters. Night at length closed in, and a

the Public in Paris and London, but of the principal Artists 1, that the Adige is extremely subject to violent dreadful night it was. Sometimes I fancied the tree was

of both Capitals, who have unanimously pronounced it the

most astonishing production of the Pencil ever witnessed. lations, equally remarkable for the suddenness of loosening from its roots, and sloped more over the water ;

( Open from Ten till Dusk. rise and fall, owing to its mountainous origin and sometimes I imagined the whole island was swept away, Admission: Front Seats, 28.; Gallery, 15.;. Children under and that I was sailing down the torrent. I found that my

Twelve Years of Age, Half Price. the evening of one of the last days of May, I arrived mind occasionally wandered, and I had the precaution to Perpetual Tickets for the Season, 5$. each. ite to one of these islands. The water was as pure as take out of my pocket a silk handkerchief, which I tore l, gently flowing over a fine pebbly channel; the in several strips, and, tying them together, bound myself IMPORTANT TO PERSONS GOING TO SEA,

which might be about forty yards from the shore round the middle to a pretty thick branch which supported PASSENGERS IN STEAM-BOATS, &c., AND TO PERwhich I stood, though more than double that dis my back: this, I thought, might prevent me from falling,

SONS LEARNING TO SWIM. on the other side, was inviting from its extreme if giddiness seized me, or momentary sleep should overtake jess, and from a profusion of hyacinths upon one me. During the night many strange fancies came over a flower to which I am extremely partial. Three me, besides that very frequent one of supposing the island e trees also grew upon its edge, the trunks inclining sailing down the torrent. Sometimes I fancied I was IMPROVED

MARINE le water, and with but few branches. After a day's whirling round and round; at other times I thought the D thing is more agreeable than wading in a stream; torrent was flowing backward; now and then I fancied I I had sufficient time to spare, I resolved upon saw huge black bodies carried towards me upon the sur.


PRESERVERS, ig the island. This was soon accomplished ; I face, and I shrunk back to avoid contact with them ; at the depth nowhere exceed two feet, and the island, other times I imagined something rose out of the water reached it, as agreeable as I had fancied it to be ; beneath, and attempted to drag me down; often I felt ving culled a large bouquet, I lay down upon the convinced I heard screams mingle with the rushing tor: Warranted to support the wearer in the water, either naked th bank, and gave myself up to those pleasant re- rent, and once all sound seemed entirely to cease, and I ons of home, and past scenes, which the fragrance could have almost ventured to descend, so certain I felt

or with his clothes on, and with a considerable weight flower brought along with it. that the channel was dry : once or twice I dropped asleep

of money, or other articles in his pockets. Alain, I think, about a quarter of an hour, entirely for a moment, but almost instantly awoke with so violent

EGERTON SMITH & Co. al of time and place, (a busy actor in scenes far re- a start that if I had not been fastened I must have fallen Have on Sale, at their GENERAL PRINTING OFFICE, Lordby both.) when my attention was slightly roused from my seat.

street, Liverpool, sant sound, which I supposed at first to be thunder, The night gradually wore away-it was warm and dry,

IMPROVED MARINE deal having been heard to the northward in the so that I suffered no inconvenience from cold. I became of the day; and when it continued, and grew nearly satisfied of the stability of the trunk, which was my

LIFE PRESERVERS. I still supposed it was one of those prolonged only refuge; and, although deliverance was uncertain, at

These Preservers may be put on as readily as an ordinary hich are so frequent to the south of the Alps. all events distant, I made up my mind to endure as long waistcoat, and they will sustain the wearer in the water, with owever, the sound changed, and seemed like the as I could: and thus I passed the night, under a starless the head and shoulders above the surface, without the slightd. as it became still louder, I started up in some sky, and the dark flood roaring beneath ine. Before morn

est exertion on his part. They will defend the body from and, what a sight met my eye! At the distance of ing broke I felt assured that the waters had begun to sub-external bruises, and keep the

wearer much warmer than undred yards I saw a mountain of dark waters side; the noise, I thought, was less; I fancied I saw

he would be without them. They form no impediment to towards me with inconceivable velocity, like a shrubs appear above water on the island, and the trees

the swimmer; and any person may readily learn to swim by

their means. licular wall, and now roaring louder than the upon shore assumed their usual appearance; and, with the thunder. Not a moment was to be lost; the level | first dawn of day, I joyfully perceived that I had not been

To persons wrecked at sea, they will be of the utmost imdland would be instantly covered, and to gain the mistaken ; the waters had fallen at least three feet; and be- portance, as it is not necessary to take off any part of the as impossible: for we cannot run through water fore sunrise the greater part of the island was left dry. Never wearing apparel; and the wearer may thus not only preserve swifiness with which we pass over dry ground. did criminal, reprieved upon the scaffold, shake off his Itly made for the largest of the trees, and had bonds with more joy than I did mine that bound me to Marine Preservers would be most invaluable, as they serve

To Boats' Crews, and especially those of Life Boats, there an elevation of about ten feet above the island the tree. I crept down the trunk, which still hung over to keep the body warm and dry; nor do they, in the slightle flood reached it. As it came nearer, its power the torrent, and stepped about knee-deep on the island ; Iest degree, prevent the wearer from using the oars ; whilst, i resistless; it seemed as if it would sweep the then waded to the part which was dry, and lay down, ex- by inspiring confidence, they may be the means of inducing torn its foundations; and ! entertained not a ray hausted with the night's watching, and aching with the seamen to venture where it would be unsafe, or fatal, to go that the trunk upon which I was seated would position in which I had been obliged to remain. he force of the torrent. It came, and the tree

The water now continued to fall perceptibly every mo. d firm ;-it covered the island and all its vegeta- ment; soon the island was entirely dry, and the inunda- cessity of taking off any part of the apparel. They would

They are equally adapted for females, and supersede the neto un instant; and I saw it rush beneath me, bearing tion on shore had subsided into the natural channel; but also be found most agreeable to Ladies, to be used over their

ith it the insignia of its power and fury-huge still the torrent was too strong and deep to attempt a pas ordinary bathing dresses. sand roots, fragments of bridges, implements of sage, especially weakened as I was by the occurrences of They may be had either lined or padded, and so made as to ld use, and dead animals.

the last iwelve hours, and by the want of food. I had no adjust themselves to persons of all sizes. garded myself, the first

and immediate danger of certainty as to the hour, for I had not, of course, remem- Persons in the country, who are desirous of becoming pur. lon was over ; but a moment's reflection-one bered to wind up my watch the evening before: judging chasers, are requested to state about their weight, and their

tound me, showed that I had but small cause for from the height of the sun, however, the water had so stature and bulk. tlation. Betwixt the island and the shore, a tor- much diminished before noon, that in two or three hours The prices of the Preservers vary from One Pound to it po human strength could withstand rolled im, more I might attempt to gain the shore. About three in Twenty-five Shillings, or upwards, according to their finish; ly on; and, although not fifty yards over, it would the afternoon / accordingly entered the stream; I found and any person remitting the money (post-paid) may have en as impracticable an attempt to pass it as if its it nowhere deeper than four feet, and, with a little strug: one of the most complete description forwarded to his adhad been as many leagues. The first rush had gling and buffeting, succeeded in gaining the bank which dress. tree unloosened, yet a second might carry it away; I once thought I should pever have trodden more. The An allowance made for a wholesale order, or for exportafood was still rising. Almost every minute 1 bunch of hyacinths, which I had not forgotten to bring tion. erceive the distance betwixt me and the water from the island, I still held in my hand. I have dried a E. Smith and Co. pledge themselves to return the purchaseh, and, indeed, I was not inore than four feet above few of them, and kept them ever since: never do I smell money, if these Marine Preservers do not answer the descripace. I had only two grounds of hope,--the most this flower, as I walk through the woods or the fields, that tion they have here given of them.

however, that ever was called by the name, -it I do not experience, in part, the sensations I felt when I It is presumed that these Marine Preservers would sell very sible that some person might see my situation from lifted my head and saw the impetuous flood rushing to well abroad. re, before nightfall, and bring others to my assist. wards me; and, however dreadful the reality may be, the and it was possible, also, that the river might rise recollection of it is not unmixed with pleasure. I often er, and speedily subside. The first of these chances open the leaves where lie these withered hyacinths, and !

Tide Table. 2 of very improbable occurrence, for this part of cannot say, that, when I look upon them, I ever think antry is but thinly inhabited, -the high road did they have been dearly purchased.

Days. Dorn. Even. Height. Festivals, &c. along the river side, and the shore, for three or four

yards from the channel of the river, was overto the depth of probably three or four feet; no Physicians.-A physician recommended a patient to Wednesday 4 3 29 3 52 15 6 Moon's Last Quarter. uld reach the island ; and if a rope or cord could take coffee in preference to tea. A person who heard him, Thursday

6 Boniface. D. Cum. b. 1771 wn so far, it was extremely improbable that I said, it he had prescribed the coffee for himself, instead of Friday .... 6 5 33 6 1113 10 Trinity Term begins. catch it, as it was impossible for me to stir from tea, he should not have been surprised; for "physicians Saturday.. ? 6 49 7 26 13 8

Sunday 8 7 59 8 31 13 11 First Sunday after Trinity upon which I was seated; and as to any likeli- like to have a fee attached to every thing they have to do

Monday the water subsiding, there was no appearance of with."

without them.

h. m. h. m.ft. in. 3 2 29 2 55 16 10

5 4 25 4 59 14

Tuesday ..10 9 48 10 11l15 2

98 58 9 2414 7

The following is a Latin version of the lines sacred 100

memory of the Rev. E. W. Barnard, inserted in the la Kaleidoscope :





Twine no more the cypress wreath,
Pace no more the “blasted heath;"
Weep no more, nor seek to brood
O'er hidden griefs, in solitude:
What avails it? Weal or woe
Rule alternate here below:
Happiness, ideal maid !
Wooed in throngs, or sought in shade,
Never, yet, to mortal sight,
Stood revealed in cloudless light;
Worshipped, but denied to earth,
Owning, still, celestial birth.

Mirth, to mirth address the vow,
Twine the rose around thy brow;
Quaff the fragrance of the spring,
Wake the lyre's ecstatic string,
And bid the descant, blythe and free,
Celebrate Euphrosyne.

Twine no more the cypress wreath,
This, though this the realm of death,
Boots not tears, or rending sigh,
Or anguish, e'en to agony;
Man must do his bidding here,
Be it marked of joy or care;
Dare the storm, and breast the wave,
and refuge find but in the grave;
Such the fiat spoke of fate,
Such the doom on all that wait

Twine no more the cypress wreath,
Humid with the dews of death;
Seek no more the gloomy shade,
Hie thee to the sunny glade;
And should fest'ring wound within,
Fire the brain and bleach the skin,
Steal the roses from thy cheek,
And, oh, of dissolution speak!
Screen it from the prying eye,
Greatly suffer, greatly die !
Silent wait the curtain's fall,

Eternity thy hope, thy all!

With what then, dost thou swell,

O youth of new-born day !
Wherein doth thy pride dwell,

O beauty made of clay!

Not with so swift a way

The headlong current flies,
As do the sparkling rays of two fair eyes

Do not thyself betray

With wantonizing years;
O beauty, traitor gay!

Thy melting life that wears-


And with thy flying days
Ends all thy good of price, thy fair of praise.

Trust not, vain creditor,

Thy apt deceived view
In thy false counsellor

That never tells thee true.

Thy form and flatter'd hue,

Which shall so soon transpass,
Is far more fair than is thy looking-glass.

Enjoy thy April now,

Whilst it doth freely shine ;-
This lightning flash and show,

With that clear spirit of thine,

Will suddenly decline;

And yon fair murth'ring eyes Shall be Love's tombs, where now his cradle lies.

Old trembling age will come,

With wrinkl'd cheeks and stains,
With motion troublesome;

With skin and bloodless veins,

That lively visage reaven,

And made deform'd and old,
Hates sight of glass it lov'd so to behold.

Thy gold and scarlet shall

Pale silver-colour be;
Thy row of pearls shall fall

Like wither'd leaves from tree;

And thou shalt shortly see

Thy face and hair to grow All plough'd with furrows, overswold with snow.

That which on Flora's breast,

All fresh and flourishing,
Aurora, newly drest,

Saw in her dawning spring;

Quite dry and languishing,

Depriv'd of honour quite,
Day-closing Hesperus beholds at night.

Fair is the lily, fair

The rose, of Powers the eye!
Both wither in the air,

Their beauteous colours die;

And so at length shall lie,

Depriv'd of former grace,
The lilies of thy breasts, the roses of thy face.

What, then, will it avail,

O youth advised ill!
In lap of beauty frail,

To nurse a wayward will,

Like snake in sun-warm hill?

Pluck, pluck betime thy flow'r,
That springs, and parcheth in one short hour.

Cara, vale, haud nostris revocanda heu! detibus umba

Vale! at relicto corpore,

Tu ne credideris,
Barbitos ut taceat lacrymis manatibus uda,

Abesse luctus, et sequi

Quò monstrâris iter (Haud dubiè felix) animos non velle tuorum!

Nam verba suppetunt levi

Ah! talis fuerit
Noster !--quæ ingenti desunt superata dolore:

Nec triste sed gratum tui

Me desiderium
Antiqui memorem, dum vivam, linquet amoris.

Mihi si adesset carmine

Calliope, quo tu
Pollice si pepulisse lyram fas esset eodem,

Quando potenti spiritu

Tempus mæstitiam
Lenîerit, largoque minus (leviore reposta

Priscâque mente) laverint

Imbre genas lacrymæ,
Haud digno ingenium caruisset munere; Domen

Circumdedissent debitæ

Laudes atque decus Morte carens; dum sancta agerem præconia, nostia

In versibus-dotes Deus

Has tibi nam dederatQuodcunque est clarum atque bonum nituisset enkla

Quàm fertile, et cultum fuit

Heu ! fuit-ingenium,
Quæ tibi vis fandi, quæ mens divinior, orbi

Vulgâssem: ut olim cum tibi

Favit Apollo pia
Carmina Flaminii* reddenti, sic duce eodem

Et casta scripsissem et sacra,

Versus nunc lyricas
Nunc tristes elegos fundendo; meque pöeti,

Cunctis fuisset luctui

Mors tua perpetuo.
Heu! non fata sinunt! meritis mea musa, dolor

Devicta permagno, tuis

Respondere nequit.
Vellem te radiis septum vidisse Camænæ;

Contaminari gloriam

Carmine nolo meo,
Corruptâ lacrymis citharâ; sed Tempus honorat

Mox æquius libramine

Jamdudum meritos
Pensabit sano, nomenque vigebit in omne

Perenne sæclum. Aures tua

Dumn sic fama ferit
Cunctorum, nos virtutum meminisse juvabit

Datos honores cernere

Perplacet hic infrà;
At magis in cælis sacrâ sublime corona

(Merenti enim datur) caput

Cinctum nôsse placet. Cestriæ, Apr. MDCCCXXVIIL.

• Some intention, it is said, exists of printingite elegant translations made by the late Rev. Mr. the Latin poetry of Marc-Antonio Flaminio, sp ornament of the latter ages of Italy.


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The floral and horticultural shows which are takin in various parts of the kingdom, at this delicious red the year, are a rational, useful, and delightful a enjoyment, of a character very different from tacle mania which was one of the most extraordinary spa infatuation to be found on record. In Buckman's Hi of Inventions there is a very amusing chapter du er which we shall give in the Kaleidoscope, and from we shall here cite a few instances of the kind of a which we have adverted.

“The species of tulip Semper Augustos has cher sold for 2000 florins ;* and it once happened that were only two roots of the kind to be had, the sterdam, and the other at Haerlem. For a mort species one agreed to give 4600 florios, together wit carriage, two gray horses, and a complete set of hure

• The Dutch florin is two shillings of English mal

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