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The Philanthropist. year 1793, in presence of thousands of spectators | east of Williamsburgh.
This discovery was commun from our piers. It is supposed that nearly seventy of cated to the public by the venerable President of Willia
and Mary College, the Rev. Bishop James Madison. SAFETY SHIPS, STEAM-BOATS, &c.
those on board perished. The Royal George, if we (Matchill.)
recollect aright, foundered from a similar cause.(Continued from our last.)
yet, we have no authentic accounts of there hari The loss of the Alert packet, and of the Comet steam- been any discoveries of a similar nature in either of There never was any suggestion for the improve boat, might also be adduced as cases wherein the remaining states, except Florida. Fossil remains of ment of science or morals which had not, at first, to buoyant apparatus would have prevented the cala- distinguished as the state of Louisiana. These bones : encounter opposition or ridicule. We remember that mity; as none of those vessels were much injured found at the Opelousas, on the farm of M. Nerat; ad the notion of gas-lights, for any extensive utility, in the hulls, but were sunk in consequence of be-load, or more, were disinterred.
Bones of this animal have been found in many differ was once deemed a most wild speculation ; and we coming filled with water.
parts of the island of Great Britain ; as in the alluvial recollect, that when the Liverpool Floating Bath was
Leaving sailing vessels, however, entirely out of around London, in the county of Northampton, at Gh building, many persons, and amongst them some who the question, it will hardly be denied that the appli- cester, at Trenton, near Stafford, Harwich, Norwich ought to have known better, predicted that she would cation of the buoyant principle would be most useful Plain, and in Flintshire in Wales, and in the north di sink, as they contended that it was absolutely absurd in steam-boats, which are now almost innumerable, land. - Jameson.)-Bones of this animal have been
up in Sweden ; and Cuvier conjectures that the bea to suppose that a vessel, into which three hundred and are daily increasing in number. tuns of water was to be admitted, could do otherwise We would not excite any unnecessary panic, but it supposed giants, mentioned by the celebrated Bishop than go plump to the bottom. Gas-lights, however, cannot be concealed, and must be known to almost of the fossil elephant.
Torfæus mentions a head and and the Floating Batlı, have both been proved to be every person, that if a steam-boat spring a leak which of this animal dug up in the island of Iceland. excellent things in their respective way. Aware, as cannot be overcome by the pumps, it must founder, Holland, and Hungary, teeth and bones of this specás we are, that all innovations must be thus subject to owing to the immense weight of the machinery; nor elephant have been found in abundance. Humbe cavil or discouragement, we are not at all surprised will it be easy to persuade us that it would not be found teeth of this animal in North and South Amed that the plan lately suggested for preventing ships most desirable to provide against such a catastrophe, abundance." Pallas-says, that from the Don or Tani from foundering at sea, should have shared the com- even if attended with the sacrifice of some conve. Tchutskoinoss, there is scarcely a river, the bank of mon fate of all useful projects.
nience of accommodations for passengers, and stowage does not afford remains of the mammoth, and these One objection raised to Mr. Watson's copper tubes, for goods.
frequently imbedded in, or covered with, alluvial soil
taining marine productions; the bones are generally independent of the expense, is, that when a vessel is
persed, seldom occurring in complete skeletons ; and lost upon a lee shore, she generally goes to pieces,
more rarely do we find the fleshy part of the animal
served. One of the most interesting instances on recom and that the copper vessels would be destroyed, or Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve the preservation of the entire carcass of this animal, is sent adrift. Without making pretensions to any know- ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- by Cuvier, as taken from a report in the supplement to ledge of seamanship, we shall venture to assert, that
gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi: Journal du Nord, No. XXX, by Mr Adams, .vessels constructed upon the plan recommended, would
losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical member of the academy at St. Petersburgh; for an sca
Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History; of which, the reader is politely referred to Mitchill's e not be so subject to this fate as ordinary ships, and Vegetation, &c. ; Antiquities, &c.
of Jameson's Cuvier, p. 253. we think we can assign a very sufficient reason for
(To be continued.) the assertion.
SKETCHES OF THE ELEMENTS OF NATURAL When a ship is driven on shore, in a leaky state,
filiscellanies. in a storm, the first thing the crew do is to provide Accompanied with Skelches of a Nero Thenty of the Earth. for their own safety, by leaving the ship to her fate, By J. L. E. W. SHECUT. Charleston, 1826.
THE CLUBS OF LONDON. aware, as they are, that the longer they remain on board, the greater risk they must run of being lost.
(Continued from our last.)
It is invariably our custom, when a work of Ships are, therefore, abandoned long before their
teresting and valuable character makes its appeara timbers separate, as a hole in the bottom is a sufficient Proofs of the Universality of the Remains of Extinct the literary world, to treat our readers with a porta hint to the crews to take to the boats.
it, through the medium of the Kaleidoscope. The But if a vessel were fitted up with such buoyant first in North America in which the bones of the great we, therefore, present our readers with the follow
The soil of South Carolina appears to have been the of London appears to be a work of this description apparatus as has been recommended, the crew would mastodon have been discovered. Mr. Catesby gives an remain on board while there was any chance of account of some relics of an animal supposed to be of the
ORIGIN OF THE BEEF-STEAK CLUB. recovering her, as they would know they were safe elephant species, dug up at Stono Swamp as early as the
year 1722. And in digging the Santee Canal in the year Whilst Rich was employed in planning a pante as long as she held together.
1795, Colonel Senf, the engineer, found several bones of his atelier (a small room in the theatre) was alm It is not violating probability to suppose, that not this animal between eight and nine feet below the surface much frequented as Canova's or Thorwaldsen's half the ships lost at sea are actually dashed to pieces, of the earth. Again, in 1797, others of a similar kind were days. Every one seemed anxious to be admitted as one of our contemporaries imagines. Accidents ton, Ramsay.) discovered, about four miles distant from the first..( Dray- him at bis interesting labours.
several men of rank and wit; for Rich's colloquial from leaking, running foul of each other, and upset- In Kentucky, at the Licks, which, from the circumstance were much relished. The celebrated Lord Peterbo ting, are sufficiently numerous to entitle any plan for depths, froni one foot to twenty feet below the surface, has Thornhill, &c. &c. were of the number. At the
of the extraordinary number of bones found at different then somewhat advanced in years, Hogarth, Sir their prevention to our serious consideration. received the name of the Big-bone Licks. Governor he never intermitted his labours, nor his strain of fa
We have had very little personal experience Clarke, at the especial request of the venerable Mr. Jeffer remark. Upon one occasion, accident having de storms; but we have witnessed their effects upon son: in 1807, caused the soil to be extensively explored, in the Earl's coach later than usual, he found Rich's our own shores, where, after violent gales of wind, ed, and identified with those of the great American Mam was two in the afternoon; when he observed the winte we have seen the hulls of ships, which had been moth.-(Jefferson, Mitchill. )—In Indiana, bones of the pantomime spreading a cloth, then coaxing his fire abandoned, remaining entire. Such vessels might, same animal were found in July, 1817, in the east branch a clear culinary flame, and proceeding with great go probably, have ridden out the storm had the crew Pennsylvania, similar remains have been discovered near steak sent up a most inviting incense, and my Lords remained with the ship, which they were, however , Bedford. In New York, at Chenango, at Goshen, the re- not resist Rich's invitation to partake of it
. A fu not likely to do, when under the apprehension of her gion watered by the Walkill; in the
county of Rockland, supply was sent for; and a bottle or two of cliente foundering immediately. We think, if we could consult the requisite docu- have been found, some of the entire animal, of which the his entertainment, that, on going away, he proposal
trim, 11 miles west of the latter place, numerous bones to a late hour. But so delighted was the old Peer ments, we should find, that half the shipwrecks one in Peale's splendid Museum at Philadelphia is an ex- nowing it, at the same place and hour, on the Satu which have taken place might have been avoided, ample of the species of this extinct quadruped. On the following. He was punctual to his engagement; by the adoption of the means we have been recom- dug up, which, according to Dr. Hayden, differs from the pleasure about town," as Mr. Bayes would call rubu mending. We shall just, from recollection, advert grinders both of the African and Asiatic elephants. In and so truly festive was the meeting, that it was prop to two or three instances, which appear to us to bear the district of Columbia, the rib of a very large animal of that a Saturday's
club should be held there, whilst upon the subject.-The Pelican, with a great number mace in Virginia, in 1811, the remains of a mammoth period of the society, restricted the bill of fare, to of persons on board, was upset in our river, in the were found on the bank of York River, about six miles Steaks, and the beverage to port wine and punch. T
the corner stone of the Sublime Society was lạid. But Venus, Captain Thompsonor, I think it was the Eliza, All the demons of frost, and the spirits of the storm, were he original gridiron, upon which Rich' had broiled his Captain -" “ It does not matter, Mr. Linley, what the laid by the potent spell. A charm this in these northern elitary steak, being insufficient in a short time for the ship was, or who commanded her. Pray let's have the climes which needed not the aid of superstition to enforce upernumerary worshippers in the temple of Beef abd epigram." "You shall have it presently, Mr. Moore; it. Then comes the feast, and dance, and song and then Liberty, the relic was enshrined as one of the tutelary and but I have not yet come to it. Well, Sir, this Captain the grave reflect of the glorious occasion; and then rejoice busehold dirinities of the club. Fortunately, it escaped Brown, of the Minerva, or Capt. Thompson, of the Ve- with mirth and gladness, and gifts, on the solemn festival he fire which consumed Covent-garden a few years since, nus, was a surly, ill-behaved fellow; and used Mr. She which commemorates the day that gave to man a Saviour ind now presents itself, encircled with its motto, and ridan, and my sister, very shamefully. They were detained freedom to the slave'' muspended from the ceiling, to every eye, which can spare by contrary winds, and there was not a morsel to eat or I wondering glance from the beef-steak smoking before it. drink on board. So, Sir, Sheridan was determined that
Turkish Cannon.-It is singular that in our confiicts A person of the name of Bradshaw was, at one time, a the fellow should suffer for it ;-so he wrote an epigram with barbarians, or with half disciplined troops, we genemember of the Beef-steak Club. He was vain of being upon him, which is the severest
thing I ever saw; it did rally sustain a heavier loss than in our battles
with veteran ascended from the regicide of that name.
He was one for him completely.” “Ay,” said Moore, who was be- and well organized armies. Whether this arises from our on his favourite topic, boasting of his ancestor's ginning to be impatient.--" now for the epigram.". To contempt of the enemy inducing us to attack them at triotism, when Churchill 'exclaimed, " Ah, Bradshaw, be sure,” continued Linley, “it was the happiest hit that greater odds, or at closer quarters, or that such foes are o't crow! The Stuarts have been 'amply avenged for ever was—it did not spare the fellow, I assure you.”- stimulated by the fiercer passions of untamed nature, we loss of Charles's
head, for you have not had a head Here a pause ensued, during which the reciter of the epi. cannot determine, but the fact is well worthy of conpour family ever since."
gram was biting his lips in an apparent agony to recover sideration. In our battles with the Americans last war, Once, when the Fescennine license of the Beef Steak G-, I have forgot the epigram!”
“ The epigram, the epigram, Mr. Moore-why-by our loss was always heavy in the extreme. Our attack on b was running high against poor Cobb, his dramatic
Algiers was attended with a loss of life nearly equal to ductions did not escape. “Cobb!” said Arnold,“ what
any thing we had ever sustained on board of a fleet; and nianamer it was to call your opera the Haunted Tower.
if we include the numbers killed on board the Russian by, there was no spirit in it from beginning to end !”
ships at Navarino, we shall find the total number of killed Yes," ezelaimed some other desperate punster, (I cannot
and wounded to be nearly as great as in any of our battles real who it was,) "but Cobb gave one of his pieces
(From an American paper.)
last war. With respect to the Turks, this may arise from e most appropriate title possible, by calling it Ramah
the extremely heavy cannon which they generally use. In for it was literally ramming a drug down the
“ England was merry England, when
our ships, and, we believe, in our batteries, we seldom Die throat"_" True," rejoined Cobb; but it was a
Old Christmas brought her sports again.
use a heavier gun than a 32-pounder. No man-of-war g that evinced considerable power, for it operated on
'Twas Christmas broach'd the mightiest ale ;
carries any cannon of a larger calibre, but the Turks publie twenty pights in succession."-"My good
'Twas Christmas told the merriest tale:
make use of even 800-pounders. When Sir John Duckad," said Arnold, triumphantly, “ that was a proof of
A Christmas gambol oft would cheer
worth passed the Dardanelles to attack Constantinople, rekuess, if it took so long in working."-"Arnold,
A poor man's
in 1807, his fleet was dreadfully shattered by these imare right,” retorted Cobb; "in that respect, your
mense shot. The Royal George (of 110 guns) was nearly (Arnold had brought out a play which did not sur
sunk by only one shot, which carried away her cut
At the present season, it may not be uninteresting to the water ; another cut the maiamast of the Windsor Castle the first night) " had the advantage of mine; that reader to trace the origin of customs, where the primary nearly in two ; a shot
knocked two ports of the Thunderer so powerful a drug, that it was thrown up as soon as motive has ceased to operate. The practice of decorating into one; the Repulse (94) had her wheel shot away, and as taken !"
churches and apartments with evergreens at Christmas, is for you would laugh to see the junior member of the supposed by many to allude to the people's strewing ship saved but by the most wonderful exertions. One of
24 men killed and wounded by a single shot, nor was the in Steak Club emerging from the cellar, with half a branches in the way of the Saviour when he entered Jeru.
bottles in a basket! I have seen Brougham em- salem: by others, to the taste of the monastics, in the those guns was cast in brass, in the reign of Amurat ; it in this honourable diplomacy, and executing it early periods of the church, who hung their altars with was composed of two parts, joined by a screw at the a the correctness of a butler. The Duke of Leinster, in ivy and laurel, emblems of devotion and triumph, to en. the difficulty of charging it would not allow
its being mura, took the same duty. With regard to Brougham, hance the grandeur and solemnity of their rites. t sight, you would not set him down as having a
But the practice of ornamenting
places of worship with fired more than once; but, as a Pacha once said, that ml and prompt alacrity for the style of humour that evergreens, springs from an earlier date. The Bruids single discharge would destroy almost
the whole fleet of an ails amongst us. But Brougham is an excellent decked their houses and places of worship with evergreens Turks, resolved to fire this gun. The shot weighed
enemy. The Baron de Tott, to the great terror of the Liber, and it is a remarkable instance of the peculiar in December, that the Sylvan spirits might repair to them, fuences of this peculiar society on the human character. and
remain unhurt by the frosts and storms of the chil: | 1,100lb., and he loaded it with 330lb. of powder. He senate, had made him. Literary, forensic, and par: the churclı forbade Christians to decorate their houses with into three pieces, and these fragments of a rock crossed the
took him just as the schools of philosophy, the bar, ling season. On the accession of Christianity, councils of says. I felt a shock like an earthquake, at the diszentary habits are most intractable materials, you will bay or holly, but afterwards permitted it, in order to ac: Strait, and rebounded on the mountain." -The heaviest imbibed more of its spirit, and he enters into its occa- things
as were not fundamental. . An ancient
writer says, soolb.,
and was two feet ewo inches in diameter. One of al gladiatorship with the greatest glee. I believe him that *** trimming of the temples with hangynges of flowers those huge shot
, to the astonishment of our tars, stove in he is sometines betrayed into acrimony; but it is whiche decked their idoles and houses with suche arraye.” crushed this immense mass of solid timber, the shot
rolled sa he is thwarted by mean impediments, or teazed with grovelling exceptions. But who would fetter, by for such uses over every other plant
or tree. The Druids ponderously aft, and brought up abreast the main hatchs males, the generous impulses of our nature, or bind venerated it for its mystical origin. Growing, as it does, way, the crew standing aghast at the singular spectacle. nanoble enthusiasm to its good behaviour ?-Brougham upon oak, without resembling it, they deemed it a miracumuestionably a great man. How sublime was his lous production, and believed it to be possessed of charms hade the other night, how lofty and commanding his and defences against evil. It was cut by them from the
Tide Table. ation, when he rebuked Hume for putting his pounds, tree with great ceremony. The Prince of the Druids aslings, and pence, into the scale against the honour and cended the oak, cut the misletoe, with a golden sickle, in Days. Morn. Even.Height. Festivais, &c. of a nation, whose honour and faith have ever been the presence of all the people, and then presented it to the
[First Quarter Balwarks of her greatness! and well did that rebuke other Druids, who received it with great reverence, and Tuesday ..25 4
2 Christmas Day. trate the immeasurable distance between the moral distributed it as a sacred talisman and blessing for the new Wednesday26 5 pations of an enlarged policy, and the paltry calcula- year.
It was, however, at length banished from the Thursday..27 6 11 6 49'13 ? St. John. churches, because it was held sacred by the heathen, and Saturday..29 8 30 57 13 2
Friday ....28 7 24 7 58'12 11 Innocents. of vulgar arithmetic. Son Moore once applied to Linley for some particulars might, therefore, mislead Christian worshippers to a pro- Sunday....30 9 23 9 46 13 10 1st Sund. after Christmas pecting Mr. Sheridan, whose life he was then writing. fane respect for it, or to believe, as the Druidical rights Monday 31 20
5 Circumcision. Ah! Mhe. Moore," said he, as soon as the purpose of had taught them, " that it had power of proclaiming par- Tuesday .. 1110 48 11 visit was opened, “I am exceedingly bappy to find don and freedom to all wickede people towardes the four you have undertaken the task of writing the life of quarteres of heavene.".
METEOROLOGICAL DIARY. brother-in-law, Mr. Sheridan. I say my brother-in. The mince pie and the Christmas pie, those " favourite "(Will is minutely circumstantial in narration,) * for peculiars” of the Christmas festival,'had also their appro
[From the Liverpooi Courier.]
Eiell you an admirable epigram written by Sheridan, made by the wise men, who came from afar to worship,
so poignant, and so witty, that I would not have you Christmas pie, “in imitation of the manger" where the Et it on any account.” “Now, then, let me have it," infant Jesus was laid. “This pastry is a learned compoLaimed the biographer, taking out his note-book. "I sition, being a mixture of meats, tongue, chickens, eggs,
to give it you presently, Mr. Moore ;-but I must first sugar, raisins, lemon and orange-peel, with wines, and nation the cireumstance in which it originated, that you various kinds of spiceries.”
enter completely into its spirit. Why, you must The mention of the "Christmas log" will kindle the 3. Mr. Moore, that Mr. Sheridan, just after his mar- feelings of every New Englander, as another well known
13th,-Eight, p.m. rain; ten, a.m. rain. was determined to take a trip to the Continent with feature of this joyous festival. It was in Old England the 14th,-Very stormy during night. wife, my sister. For this purpose, they took a small great indispensible, to have a "huge heaped-up, over
15th,-Eight, a.m. heavy rain.
16th, -Rain during night; nine, a.m. rain. sel at Harwich, which was bound to Rotterdam. It heaped-up, all-attacting fire,” and the larger the log, the
17th,- Very stormy during night. the Minerva, Captain Brown--stop, stop, it was the merrier the defiance which was given to the cold without.
18th, Severe gale during night.
h.m.h.m. ft. in.
11 4 3115
810 28 14 7 Silvester.
(From the Register of Arts and Sciences.) The Beauties of Chess.
ON THE AREAS OF CIRCLES. “ Ludimus effigiem belli."-VIDA.
We have much pleasure in publishing the subjoined
TO THE EDITOR.
SIR,-Perhaps the following remarks on the Are
Circles may not be unworthy the notice of some of BLACK
the subject. 1 Castle ......G-7X
numerous readers. The area of a circle, of one-eight 1 King ......H_8
an inch in diameter, is about ‘012271846303085. 2 Castle ......
...H-7X 2 King ......G_8 3 Bishop ...D_A & Castle ......F-6X
This Area, or any other, call A 4 Bishop......F-6 4 Knight ...E-5X
To which add A 5 Bishop...... E-5 5 King F-8
And A X2 6 King ....F-6
inch diameter. 7 Castle ......G-7X 7 King ......H–80r (0) 8 King ...G-6 8 Pawn.....,D-1
A ....... A XO 9 Castle H-7X becomes a Queen.
A X3 10 Castle ......H_8X MATE. 9 King ......G_8
АХ (a) If the black should move his King to E 8, white must move his King to E 6, and black cannot avoid being check
8...x 1 mated the next move.
A X5 (b) If the black move King to F 8, white must check with
A X2 Bishop at D 6, and then move the King to E 6.
3 3 , AXO STUDY CLXIII.
A X1 White to win with the Pawn in eleven moves; the black
АХ to have at least one piece when checkmated.
A X 9 Black. 10
* ....A 'Xd
A X 11
A X 2 f ....A XD
A X 13
A X 15
...... A XOdf9
TO THE EDITOR
TO THE EDITOR
and so on contitially he area of a circle, one inch in diameter,
being •78539816389744 deciminal of an 1
divide it by 144, or
what is the same, by 12).065449846949786 A B C D E F G H
and by 12)-005454153919482 will be decimal of a foot. This
call A, and proceed as abore WHITE.
the area of a circle of one foot in diameter, and other
creasing by one inch each. By these notations it may Correspondence.
you the following brief description of some observed that the primitive circle is preserved in the Celts found at Roseberry Topping, in the North Riding cessity of coining names for the fluently
and constant of Yorkshire. About two years ago, a man, in preparing creasing quantities. I am your most obedient Serrei to quarry freestone, at Roseberry Topping, found some ancient relics, (of which drawings are annexed,) in a chink
of the rock, into which they had probably fallen by acci. To Correspondents. SIR,-In reply to a correspondent, on a question on dent. No. 1 to 9 are composed of copper, with a mixture chess, in your last Tuesday's (Dec. 18) Kaleidoscope, you of white metal, and are very hard. When found, there A Clown will not, we trust, suppose we mean to take quote the following posage from Philidor :-“ Any pawn were remains of decayed wood in the sockets of some of
him. His verses shall, most assuredly, appear in has the privilege of advancing two squares at its first them. No. 8 is a fragment, and No. 9 a case or mould,
They were mislaid; but we have found them, and can
lose sight of them again. move; but, in this case, it may, in passing, be taken by in which No. 1 appears to have been cast. No. 10 is a We cannot find the manuscript of C. A., but we shall any pawn, which might have taken it, if it had been piece of carved stone, (a species of iron sandstone, which
relax our efforts during the week; and if we do not med pushed but one square.” Permit me, Sir, to ask you, gives sparks when struck with a steel.) I have not suffi. it in time for our next publication, we will readily for my information :-Supposing a white pawn to have cient antiquarian knowledge to enable me even to guess the postage from Hereford, if our correspondent will
us with a second copy. made its first move (two squares,) but previously to having at the uses to which they were intended-whether as mili. moved, was liable to be taken by a black pawn, in what tary weapons, instruments of sacrifice, or masons' tools ;
MELROBE ABBEY.—The trip of Eupolis shall appear in our te
publication. wag (supposing the white to have MADE its move) is the but I shall be glad to hear the opinion of some of your The Sallor's Funeral, by J. G. R. Is reserved for next week black pawn to take it? for, supposing the white to have more learned readers. Young, in his History of Whitby, BAGATELLES-If our correspondent Adolescens has actes completed the move (two squares,) it would necessarily be supposes an ancient British town to have existed at the
our third volume, and will turn to pages 208 and 913 one square beyond the black pawn, by which, previously to foot of Roseberry Topping. The articles are now in the will find a little engraving, which explains the manner its move, it was liable to be taken.-If, Sir, you understand possession of Mr. George Nicholson, at Eaglescliff, near which five shillings or sixpences may be so placed that me, I shall feel obliged by your answer.-I am, your very
shall all be in contact. It is an excellent little problem. obedient servant, H.
Inconnu's communication is of too poltical a csst fær
Tom Moore, Lord Strangford, and Lady Caroline Lamb. Kaleidoscope. The following answer to our correspondent's query will, ago, it was very currently reported that Lady Caroline Sophia is respectfully informed that we have received
- Most of our readers may remember that, a few years The letter of T. R of Alnwick shall be introduced in our we trust, be intelligible:Suppose the black to have ad. Lamb'had, in a moment of passion, struck down one of answer to her query, which we shall publish next week vanced his pawn to E 4, and the white moves his pawn her pages with a stool. When Tom Moore was told of It is from Theon, whose prescription is very rational
, from F2 to F 4; the black may permit it to remain on this natural for a literary lady than to double doron a page.
this by Lord Strangford, he said, “Oh, nothing is more likely to prove successful. square, of take it in its passage, by placing his pawn upon I would rather,” replied his Lordship, advise Lady Printed, published, and sold, every Tuesday, by B. Satti Caroline to turn over a new leaf.”
and Co., Clarendon-buildings, Lord-street.
his familiar Miscellany, from which all religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles; comprehending LITERATURE, CRITICISM, Men and MANSERS, AMUSEMENT, elegant EXTRACTS, POETRY, ANECDOTES, BIOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY, the DRAMA, ARTs and Sciences, Wit and Satire, FASHIONS, NATURAL HISTORY, &c. forming
a handsome ANNUAL VOLUME, with an Index and TITLE-PAGE. Persons in any part of the Kingdom may obtain this work from London through their respective Booksellers. LONDON-Sherwood and Blackburn-T. Rogerson; Clithero-H. Whalley; Glasgow-Robertson and Co.; Macclesfield-P.Hall;
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lo, 392,-Vol. VIII.
TUESDAY, JANUARY 1, 1828.
the impenetrable darkness of the more retiring parts ;, of the tracery. It does, indeed, amply verify Sir but there was a flood of golden radiance, which Walter Scott's description:
emanated from the setting sun, and shone through “Spreading herbs and flowerets bright, ELROSE ABBEY AND THE EILDON HII.Ls. the Gothic windows, or illuminated the higher parts
Glistened with the dew of night;
Nor herb, nor floweret glistened there, of the building with an effulgence which amply * If thou wouldst view fair Melrose right,
But was carved in the cloister arches as fair." Go visit it by the pale moonlight, compensated for the absence of the “ Queen of the
After spending a considerable time in this fasciFor the gay beams of lightsome day
starry night.” It had, moreover, the advantage that nating spot, we adjourned to the house of the guide, Gild, but to fout, the ruins gray-""-Scott.
we were able to observe and examine the most mi- who was a very intelligent man, and seemed well ac
nute beauties, which, in the other case, would have quainted with all the local traditions. He had drawn TO THE EDITOR
been concealed from us. To see Melrose Abbey in and etched many different views of the Abbey, and ŠIR, Who has perused the works of the celebrated its most picturesque point of view, visit it was busily engaged in fitting up a room with casts of thor of my motto, and not eagerly desired to behold
" When the broken arches are black in night, the most remarkable pieces of sculpture. We asked reality of that magnificent scene which he has so And each sbafted oriel glimmers white;
him if he had been brought up to the arts—but althfully, so beautifully described? Who has not When the cold light's uncertain shower
Streams on the ruined central tower ;
though the question was more than once repeated, he ged to behold the shafted oriels, and the ivy
When buttress and buttress alternately
always contrived to evade it. This led us, afterwards, utled towers of the once fair abbey of Melrose, Seem framed of ebon and ivory;"
to make some inquiry concerning him, and then the ich the pens of a hundred authors, the pencils of but to see it as a traveller ought to see it; to be able mystery of his reserve was unravelled — he had been kundred artists, have combined to depict as the to examine its minor beauties; to view it with an brought up a tailor. He foolishly considered that as a nd central point of British architectural beauty, antiquarian eye, and, at the same time, to admire disgrace which should have been his proudest boast,the noblest remnant of monastic splendour, and the solemn loveliness of the scene,-visit it when it that he had raised himself, by his industry and genius,
finest specimen of modern ruins? What a field is enlightened by the last rays of a cloudless sum- to a more intellectual employment than the one he there presented for the antiquarian to pursue his mer's sun, and when the brilliance of day has, in had originally followed. Sarches amongst the mouldering arches and dila
some measure, yielded to the more sober tints of The next morning I resolved to attempt the ascent dated colurns, beneath whose bases repose the evening.
of the Eildon Hills; and, accordingly, set out alone bes of the great and noble,—the haughty abbots,
The first object which attracted our attention on before breakfast, and passing over a small burn, by anciently exercised almost unlimited sway entering was an uncouth figure of stone kneeling at means of a piece of slender lattice-work, serving for thin these very walls, and some of Scotland's the head of a tomb, which, by a reference to our a bridge, I entered into a thick wood, and soon aroptered kings!
cicerone, we learned, marked the burial-place of the rived at a small green patch of open ground, but I was with feelings similar to these that I ap- far-famed warlock, Michael Scott. We then passed surrounded by trees. Crossing this hastily, and mehed the village of Melrose, at the close of a on to the high altar, which now has little to attract plunging again into the wood, I soon found myself the day, just as the breeze of evening was begin notice, since, stripped of all its magnificent embellish on some arable land on the side of the mountain, over og to dispel the unpleasant, oppressive heat, to ments, it presents nothing to the spectator but damp which there was a footpath leading upwards. After lich I had been exposed as I sauntered slowly along mouldering walls. All along this side of the build. leaving the fields I came to where one loses sight of unshaded path, under the scorching beams of a ing runs a series of aisles, separated by walls, in which all tracks up the mountain-and here I paused awhile ridian sun. On my left, the river Tweed wound are one or two small apertures, sufficiently large, how to survey the beautiful scene behind me, for it was, ently through the rich and fertile plain, whilst my ever, for the body of a man to pass through. These indeed, one of the most lovely I ever beheld. In the Er, on the right, was bounded by the three peaks of are, or rather were, distinguished by different names, distance I had a view of Dryburgh, with its ruined e Eildon Hills. Before me lay Melrose, in all its and the last is called the Silverless Aisle. The object Abbey and its enchanting variety of wood and water; auty, with its venerable abbey just appearing above of this arrangement was, that penitents had to pass nearer to me, and at the foot of the hill, lay Melrose,
trees, and behind lay numerous gentlemen's through the apertures in succession, giving a contri- with its gray ruins illuminated by the beams of the its, and amongst the rest
, Abbotsford, the princely bution at each; so that the last one, either from the rising sun; and on the other side of the Tweed was nsion of Sir Walter Scott.
individual giving up all he had remaining, or else the village of Gattonside, which appeared like a vast Thad one companion, and on our arrival at the from his having generally little or nothing to give, orchard, laden with fruit-and, occasionally, a little lage our party was augmented by another indi- received its appropriate title. But I shall not at- whitewashed cottage, just peeping from amongst the iual. After taking some refreshment, our trio settempt to enter on a description of this magnificent trees. t for the abbey, and were admitted by the person ruin, though I cannot forbear alluding to the beau- My path had hitherto been comparatively easy, but ho usually shows it to strangers. We entered at a tiful sculpture in the cloisters. There is a narrow now it became much more difficult: my progress was ity gateway, and high as our expectations had border, running all round, divided into square com- continually interrupted by bushes of furze, and I freen raised, they were not disappointed, but greatly partments, and in each of these are carved a trefoil, a quently encountered extensive beds of loose stones, rpassed. Though we did not see it by moonlight, quatrefoil, scallop shells, or some similar ornament; which, sliding from under me as I advanced, caused t we saw it at a time which I should imagine to and though there are hundreds, I may almost say me much inconvenience. Often was I carried several spass the most lovely night view. There were not, thousands, of these divisions, yet there are no two feet downwards by this treacherous footing, and as is true, the strong contrast of light and shade, the patterns alike, and so exquisite is the workmanship, often I re-ascended, till, at length, having surmounted hvery refulgence of the projecting buttresses, and that straws may be easily interlaced with the figures every obstacle which opposed my course, I triumphi.
antly stood on the summit of the highest of the , rated the vessels. Hardly could the damaged galleys though at the expense of his love. By his efforts Eildon Hills. Tradition says, that these three cones
sustain the fury of the tempest. The pirate, in the mean- was the unfortunate victim protected against the arbiy
time, had disappeared, and the distressed state of the proceedings of the rest of the family. But his endease were anciently united in one, and that they were rent other vessels obliged them to land at Malta. The af- were not finally successful. Every victory he gainedo asunder at the command of Michael Scott, by a demon fliction of the family was beyond all bounds. The dis. his passion, rendered him more worthy of Antonia; whom he was obliged to keep constantly employed. tracted old Marquis tore off his gray hairs in the utmost the disinterestedness with which he refused her, leis 'That they have been separated by some convulsion despaired of. Five years were consumed, after this event, violence of grief; and the life of the young Countess was without an apology for resistance.
“ Thus were affairs situated when the Chevalier of nature, is, I think, extremely probable; the more in fruitless inquiries. Diligent search was made along gaged me to visit him at his father's villa. The ean $0, since there are evident traces of volcanic origin. all the coast
of Barbary; immense sums were offered for recommendation of my patron procured me a recep There is, on one of the hills, a small lake, which has it. The only probable conjecture which remained for the forget to mention, that
, by some remarkable operation
. hitherto never been fathomed, and is, possibly, an old family
to form, was, that the same storm which had sepa- had previously rendered my name famous in differ crater. This circumstance, together with the abun- rated the galleys from the pirate, had destroyed the latter, lodges of free-masons. This circunstance, perhaps, e . dance of volcanic products, leave, I think, no doubt and that ihe whole ship's company had perished in the have contributed to strengthen the old Marquis a
fidence in me, and to heighten his expectations. 11 of its being an extinguished volcano_though I do “But this supposition, however probable, as it did not you will excuse me from describing, particularly not remember that any of our national annals record by any means amount to a certainty, could not authorize lengths I went with him, or the means which I espre its operation.
the family to renounce the hope that the absent Jeronymo You may form some judgment of them from whalen After remaining on the summit for some time, 1 either the family's name must be suffered to perish, or the which I found in his very extensive library, I was
might again appear. In case, however, that he did not, before confessed to you. Profiting by the mystic bed commenced my descent, which I performed without youngest son must relinquish the church, and enter into able to speak to him in his own language, and to difficulty, and very soon arrived again at the village the rights of the eldest. Justice seemed to oppose the my systein of the invisible world with the most extra
EUPOLIS. of Melrose.
latter measure; and, on the other hand, the necessity of dinary inventions. The Marquis was very devout, preserving the family from annihilation, required that the bad acquired, in the school of religion, a facility of bed scruple should not be carried too far. In the meantime, He was, therefore, with so little difficulty induced
grief, and the infirmities of age, were bringing the Mar. credit the fables I taught him, that, in a short time, The Bouquet. quis quickly to the grave. Every unsuccessful attempt di would have believed the secret commerce of philosop
and sylphs, as implicitly as any article of tbe can “ I have here only made a nosegay of culled powers, and have minished the hope of finding his lost son.
" He saw that his name might be perpetuated by acting At length 1 entangled him so completely in mystery, drought nothing of my own but the thread that ties them."
with a little injustice, in consenting to favour his younger he would no longer believe any thing that was nets
son, at the expense of the elder. The fulfilment of his In short, I became the adored apostle of the house. THE GHOST SEER.
agreement with Count C required only the change of usual subject of my lectures was the exaltation
a name; for the object of the iwo families was equally man nature, and the intercourse of men with supa Translated and abridged from the German of the cele. accomplished, whether Antonia became the wife of Lo- beings : the infallible Count Gabalis* was my and brated Schiller.
renzo or of Jeronymo. The faint probability of the lat- Antonia, whose mind, since the loss of her lover, had ter's appearing again weighed but little against the certain more occupied in the world of spirits than in that of tas
and pressing danger of the total extinction of the family, and who had a strong tincture of melancholy in here (Continued from our last.)
and the old Marquis, who felt the approach of death every position, caught every hint I gave her with a fearlals
day more and more, ardently wished to die free, at least, faction. Even the servants contrived to have some “ The affair was as follows: from this inquietude.
ness in the room when I was speaking, and seizing “Lorenzo, being the youngest son of the Marquis, had “ Lorenzo alone, who was to be principally benefited and then one of my expressions, joined the fragects been destined for the church. The family estates were to by this measure, opposed it with the greatest obstinacy. gether in their own way. devolve to the eldest. Jeronymo, which was the name of He resisted, with equal firmness, the allurements of an im. “Two months were passed in this manner at the Nes the latter, had spent many years on his travels, and had mense fortune, and the attractions of a beautiful and quis's villa, when the Chevalier one morning andet returned to his country about seven years prior to the accomplished object, ready to be delivered into his arms. apartment. His features were altered, and a deptati event which I am about to relate, in order to celebrate his He refused, on principles the inost generous and con- was painted on his countenance.
He threw lodia marriage with the only daughter of a neighbouring Count. scientious, to invade the rights of a brother, who, for any a chair, with every symptom of despair. This marriage had been determined on by the parents thing he knew, might himself be in a capacity to resume “ • It is all over with me," said he, • I must begons ;! during the infancy of the children, in order to unite the them. •Is not the lot of my dear Jeronymo,' said he, cannot support it any longer.' very large fortunes of the two houses. But, though this made sufficiently miserable hy the horrors of a long cap. “: What is the matter with you, Chevalier? Weita agreement was made by the two families, without con- tivity, without the aggravation of being deprived, for ever, befallen you ?' sulting the hearts of the parties concerned, the latter had of all that he holds most dear? With what conscience “Oh! this terrible passion!' said he, starting from mutually engaged their faith in secret. Jeronymo del could I supplicate Heaven for his return when his wife was chair, I have combatted it like a man; I can resist M-- and Antonia C-- had always been brought up in my arms ? With what countenance could I meet him, longer.'
together, and the little constraint imposed on two children, if, at last, he should be restored to us by a miracle? And "And whose fault is it but yours, my dear Cherler whom their parents were already accustomed to regard as even supposing that he is torn from us for ever, can we are they not all in your favour? Your father? united, soon produced between them a connexion of the better honour his memory than by keeping constantly relations? tenderest kind. The congeniality of their tempers ce open the chasm which his death has caused in our circle ? "• My father, my relations! What are they to me mented this intimacy; and, in riper
years, it matured in Can we better show our respect to him than by sacrificing want not a union of force, but of inclination. Har sensibly into love. An absence of four years, far from our dearest hopes upon his tomb, and keeping untouched, I a rival? Alas! what'a rival! Perhaps a deale cooling this passion, had only served to inflame it; and as a sacred deposit, what was peculiarly his own ? Oh! let me go. Let me go to the end of the world Jeronymo returned to the arms of his intended bride, as “ But these arguments of fraternal delicacy could not must find my brother.' faithful and as ardent as if they had never been separated. reconcile the old Marquis tɔ the idea of being obliged to “What! after so many unsuccessful attempts,
* The raptures of this reunion had not yet subsided, witness the decay of a tree, which nine centuries had be you still any hope ?' and the preparations for the happy day were advancing held flourishing. All that Lorenzo could obtain was a ". Hope! Alas, no! It has long since ranishder with the utmost zeal and activity, when Jeronymo dis- delay of two years. During this period they continued heart, but it has not in hers. of what consequer appeared. He used frequently to pass the afternoon in their inquiries with the utmost diligence. Lorenzo him- my sentiments ? Can I be happy while there near a summer-house, which commanded a prospect of the sea; self made several voyages, and exposed his person to many gleam of hope in Antonia's heart? Two words, og water. One day, when he was at his favourite retire- the lost Jeronymo. i'hese two years, however, like those must
continue to be miserable, till eternity shall brede ment, it was observed that he remained a much longer which preceded them, were consumed in vain."
long silence, and the grave shall speak in my bekali." time than usual without returning, and his friends began And Antonia ?" said the Prince. “ You tell us no
**** Is it then a state of certainty that would ser day to be very uneasy on his account. Boats were despatched thing of her. Could she so calmly submit to her fate? happy?' after him. Vessels were sent to sea in quest of him; no I cannot suppose it."
Happy! Alas! I doubt whether I shall erer se person had seen him. None of his servants could have ** Antonia," answered the Sicilian, “ experienced the be happy. But uncertainty is, of all others, the attended him, for none of them were absent. Night most violent struggle between duty and inclination, be- dreadful pain.'
“After a short interval of silence, he continued, with dawned ;' the day passed, -the evening succeeded ;-Jerosity of a brother affected her. She felt herself forced to emotion less violent,– If he could but see my torment themselves up to the most melancholy conjectures, when torn by contrary sentiments, felt the birterest distress
: cannot add
. Can it be just, that the line preceding day on that coast, and carried off several of the the same degree as his claims upon her esteem augmented. Should fruitlessly pine for an object which Jeronymus diately ordered to sea. The old Marquis himself em that consumed her youth. "A tender compassion insensibly concealing his face, while the tears Streamed from bisera barked in one of them, to attempt the deliverance of his assumed the place of that indifference, with which, ti "yes, perhaps, he himself would conduct her to me army son, at the peril of his own life. On the third day they then, he had been accustomed to consider her; but this " . But is there no possibility of gratifying your Fista perceived the corsair. The wind was favourable; they treacherous sentiment quickly deceived him, and an un. were just about to overtake bim, and had even approached governable passion began, by degrees, to shake the steadi. “• Less important occasions than the present,' said him so near that Lorenzo, who was in one of the galleys, ness of his virtue: a virtue which, till then, had been fancied he saw, upon the deck of the adversary's ship, a unequalled. signal made by his brother; when a sudden storm sepa
A mystical work of that title, written in French in