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Of god-like amity; which appears most strongly Like a fine bragging youth: and tell quaint lies,
I could not do with all ;—then I'll repent,
them : I know, you would be prouder of the work, And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell, Than customary bounty can enforce you. That men shall swear, I have discontinued Por. I never did repent for doing good,
school Nor shall not now: for in companions
Above a twelvemonth:-I have within my mind That do converse and waste the time together, A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, Which I will practise. There must be needs a like proportion
Ner. Why, shall we turn to men? Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit; Por. Fie! what a question's that, Which makes me think, that this Antonio, Ifthou wert near a lewd interpreter? Being the bosom lover of my lord,
But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device Must needs be like my lord: If it be so, When I am in my coach, which stays for us How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
At the park gate; and therefore haste away, In purchasing the semblance of my soul For we must measure twenty miles to-day. From out the state of hellish cruelty?
[Excunt. This comes too near the praising of myself;
SCENEV.-The same. - A Garden.
Enter LAUNCELOT and JESSICA.
Laun. Yes, truly :-for, look you, the sins of Until my lord's return: for mine own part, the father are to be laid upon the children ; I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow,
therefore, I promise you, I fear you. I was To live in prayer and contemplation,
always plain with you, and so now I speak my Only attended by Nerissa here,
agitation of the matter: Therefore, be of good Until her husband and my lord's return:
cheer; for, truly, I think, you are damn'd. There is a monastery two miles off,
There is but one hope in it that can do you any And there we will abide. I do desire you,
good; and that is but a kind of bastard hope Not to deny this imposition :
neither. The which my love, and some necessity,
Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee? Now lays upon you.
Laun. Marry, you may partly hope that Lor. Madam, with all my heart;
your father got you not, that you are not the I shall obey you in all fair commands.
Jew's daughter. Por. My people do already know my mind,
Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, inAnd will acknowledge you and Jessica
deed ; so the sins of my mother should be visited In place of lord Bassanio and myself.
upon me. So fare you well, till we shall meet again.
Laun. Truly then I fear you are damn'd both Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours attend by father and mother : thus when I shun Scylla,
on you. Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. your father, I fall into Charybdis, your mo
ther : well, you are gone both ways. Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well
Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he pleas'd
hath made me a Christian. To wish it back on you: fare you well, Jes
Laun. Truly the more to blame he: we were sica.—[Exeunt Jessica and LORENZO. Christians enough before ; e'en as many as Now, Balthazar,
could well live, one by another,: This making As I have ever found thee honest, true,
of Christians will raise the price of hogs; if we So let me find thee still: Take this same letter, grow all to be pork-eaters, we shall not shortly And use thou all the endeavour of a man,
have a rasher on the coals for money. In speed to Padua; see thou render this Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario;
Enter LORENZO. And, look, what notes and garments he doth Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what give thee,
you say; here he comes. Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin’d speed Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Unto the tranect, to the common ferry Launcelot, if you thus get my wife into corners. Which trades to Venice :-waste no time in Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; words,
Launcelot and I are out; he tells me flatly, But get thee gone: 'I shall be there before thee. there is no mercy for me in heaven, because I Balth. Madam, I go with all convenient am a Jew's daughter: and he says you are no speed.
[Exit. good member of the commonwealth ; for, in Por. Come on, Nerissa ; I have work in converting Jews to Christians, you raise the hand,
(bands, price of pork. That you yet know not of: we'll see our hus Lor. I shall answer that better to the comBefore they think of us.
monwealth, than you can the getting up of the Ner. Shall they see us?
negro's belly: the Moor is with child by you, Por. They shali, Nerissa ; but in such a habit, Launcelot. That they shall think we are accomplished Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager, more than reason : but if she be less than an When we are both acconter'd like young men, honest woman, she is, indeed, more than I took I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two, her for. And wear my dagger with the braver grace; Lor. How every fool can play, upon the And speak between the change of man and word ! I think, the best grace of wit will shortly boy,
turn into silence; and discourse grow comWith reed voice; and turn two mincing steps mendable in none only but parrots.-Go ir
Laun. That is done, Sir; they have all sto Salan. He's ready at the door : he comes, my machs.
lord. Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are
Enter SHYLOCK. you! then bid them prepare dinner.
Duke. Make room, and let him stand before Laun. That is done too, Sir; only, cover is
our face. + the word.
Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, Lor. Will you cover then, Sir?
That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice Laun. Not so, Sir, neither; I know my duty: To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought,
Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse,* more Wilt thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in Than is thy strange apparent cruelty: [strange an instant? I pray thee, understand a plain And where thou now exact'st the penalty, man in his plain meaning: go to thy fellows;
(Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) bid them cover the table, serve in the meat, Thou wilt not only loose the forfeiture, and we will come in to dinner.
But touch'd with human gentleness and love, Laun. For the table, Sir, it shall be served Forgive a moiety of the principal; in ; for the meat, Sir, it shall be covered; for Glancing an eye of pity on his losses, your coming in to dinner, Sir, why, let it be as That have of late so huddled on his back; humours and conceits shall govern.
Enough to press a royal merchant down,
(Exit LAUNCELOT. And pluck commiseration of his state Lor. O, dear discretion, how his words are from brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint, The fool bath planted in his memory (suited! From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never An army of good words ; And I do know
To offices of tender courtesy.
[train'd A many fools, that stand in better place,
We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word
Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica ?
purpose; And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, How dost thou like the Lord Bassanio's wife? To have the due and forfeit of my bond:
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn, Jes. Past all expressing : it is very meet,
If you deny it, let the danger light The lord Bassanio live an upright life;
Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. For, having such a blessing in his lady,
You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have He finds the joys of heaven here on earth; And if on earth he do not mean it, it
A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive
Three thousand ducats : I'll not answer that: Is reason he should never come to heaven.
But, say, it is my humour ;£ Is it answer'd? Why, if two gods should play some heavenly What if my house be troubled with a rat, match,
And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats And on the wager lay two earthly women, And Portia one, there must be something else Some men there are, love not a gaping pig;
To have it baned? What, are you answer'd yet? Pawn'd with the other; for the poor rude world Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat ; Hath not her fellow.
And others, when the bagpipe sings i'the nose, Lor. Even such a husband
Cannot contain their urine; For affection, Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife.
Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that.
Of what it likes, or loaths : Now, for your anLor. I will anon; first, let us go to dinner. Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a As there is no firm reason to be render'd,
stomach. Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table- Why he, a harmless necessary cat;
Why he cannot abide a gapings pig ;
[things why he, a swollen bagpipe ; but of force Then, howsoe'er thou speak’st, ’mong other Must yield to such inevitable shame, I shall digest it.
As to offend, himself being offended; Jes. Well, I'll set you forth. [Exeunt. So can I give no reason, nor I will not ACT IV.
More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loath
I bear Antonio, that I follow thus (ing, SCENE I.–Venice.-A Court of Justice.
A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd? Enter the Duke, the Magnificoes ; ANTONIO, Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,
BASSANIO, GRATIANO, ŠALARINO, SALANIO, To excuse the current of thy cruelty. and others.
Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my Duke. What, is Antonio here? Ant. Ready, so please your grace.
Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not
love? Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to
Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not
kill? A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch Uncapable of pity, void and empty
Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first. From any dram of mercy.
Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent Ant. I have heard,
sting thee twice? Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify
Ant. I pray you, think you question** with
the Jew : His rigorous course ; but since he stands ob- You may as well go stand upon the beach,
durate, And that no lawful means can carry me
And bid the main flood bate his usual height; Out of his envy's* reach, I do oppose.
You may as well use question with the wolf, My patience to his fury; and am arm'd
Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,
You may as well forbid the mountain pines The very tyranny and rage of his.
To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, Duke. Go one and call the Jew into the You may as well do any thing most hard,
When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven; court.
* Pity. Seeming. Whereas. Particular faney. * Ilarredamalice.
i Prejudice. I Crying.
As seek to soften that (than which what's Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, harder ?)
And, while thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, His Jewish heart:-Therefore, I do beseech Infus’d itself in thee; for thy desires you,
Are wolfish, bloody, starv'd, and ravenous. Make no more offers, use no further means, Shy. Till thou can’st rail the seal from off But, with all brief and plain conveniency,
my bond, Let me have judgement, and the Jew his will. Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall six.
To cureless ruin.- stand here for law. Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats, Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, A young and learned doctor to our court:I would not draw them, I would have my bond. Where is he? Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, ren- Ner. He attendeth here hard by, [him. d'ring none ?
To know your answer, whether you'll admit Shy. What judgement shall I dread, doing no Duke. With all my heart :-some three or wrong?
four of you, You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Go give him courteous conduct to this place.. Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. You use in abjeet and in slavish parts, (mules, [Clerk reads.] Your grace shall understand, Because you bought them :-Shall I say to you, that, at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? but in the instant that your messenger came, in Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds loving visitation was with me a young doctor of Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Rome, his name is Balthasar : I acquainted him Be season'd with such viands? You will an- with the cause in controversy between the Jew and swer,
Antonio the merchant : we turned o'er many The slaves are ours :-So do I answer you: books together : he is furnish'd with my opinion ; The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, which, better'd with his own learning, (the greatIs dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it: ness whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes If you deny me, fie upon your law !
with him, at my importunity, to fill up your There is no force in the decrees of Venice: grace's request in my stead. I beseech you, let I stand for judgement: answer; shall I have it? This lack of years be no impediment to let him lack
Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this a reverend estimation ; for I never knew so young Unless Bellario, a learned doctor, [court, a body with so old a head. I leave him to your Whom I have sent for to determine this, gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better pubCome here to-day.
lish his commendation. Salar. My lord, here stays without
Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what A messenger with letters from the doctor,
he writes : New come from Padua.
And here, I take it, is the doctor come.Duke. Bring us the letters; Call the mes
Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws. senger. Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? Give me your hand : Came you from old Bel
lario? courage yet! The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and
Por. I did, my lord. Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.
Duke. You are welcome : take your place. Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock,
Are you acquainted with the difference Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit That holds this present question in the court? Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me:
Por. I am informed throughly of the cause. You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio,
Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew? Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand
Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you folyour grace. [Presents a letter. Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law [low; Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so ear- Cannot impugn* you, as you do proceed. nestly?
You stand within his dangeret do you not? Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bank
[TO ANTONIO rupt there,
Ant. Ay, so he says.
Ant. I do.
that. Of thy sharp envy.* Can po prayers pierce thee! Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven make.
Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless'd; Gra. 0, be thou damnd, inexorable dog! It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : And for thy life let justice be accus'd. 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith,
The throned monarch better than his crown: To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
His sceptre show's the force of temporal power, That souls of animals infuse themselves
The attribute to awe and majesty, Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit,
Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings : Govern'd a wolf; who, hang'd for human But mercy is above this sceptred sway, slaughter,
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
+ Reach or control
And earthly power doth then show likest God's, Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing When mercy seasons justice. Therefore Jew,
to say? Though justice be thy plea, consider this, Ant. But little; I am arm'd, and well pre. That, in the course of justice, none of us
par'd. Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy ; Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well! And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you ; The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much, For herein fortune shows herself more kind To mitigate the justice of thy plea;
Than is her custom : it is still her use, Which is thou follow, this strict court of Venice To let the wretched man out-live his wealth, Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, there.
An age of poverty; from which lingering peShy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the Of such a misery doth she cut me off. (nance The penalty and forfeit of my bond. [law, Commend me to your honourable wife:
Por. Is he not able to discharge the money : Tell her the process of Antonio's end, Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death ; Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice, And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, Whether Bassanio had not once a love. On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart: Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, If this will not suffice, it must appear
And he repents not that he pays your debt; That malice bears down truth. And I beseech For, if the Jew do but cut deep enough, Wrest once the law to your authority: (you, I'll pay it instantly with all my heart. To do a great right, do a little wrong;
Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife, And curb this cruel devil of his will.
Which is as dear to me as life itself; Por. It must not be; there is no power in But life itself, my wife, and all the world, Can alter a decree established: [Venice Are not with me esteem'd above thy life: 'Twill be recorded for a precedent;
I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all And many an error, by the same example, Here to this devil, to deliver you. Will rush into the state: it cannot be.
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks Shy. A Daniel come to judgement ! yea, a
for that, Daniel !
If she were by, to hear you make the offer.
Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. I would she were in heaven, so she could
The wish would make else an unquiet house. Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in Shy. These be the Christian husbands : I heaven:
havé a daughter ; Shall I lay perjury upon my soul?
'Would, any of the stock of Barrabas No, not for Venice.
Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;
[Aside. And lawfully by this the Jew may claim We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. A pound of flesh, to be by hin cut off
Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh Nearest the merchant's heart:- Be merciful;
is thine; Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond. The court awards it, and the law doth give it.
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor.-- Shy. Most rightful judge! It doth appear, you are a worthy judge; Por. And you must cut this flesh from off You know the law, your exposition
his breast; Hath been most sound : I charge you by the The law allows it, and the court awards it. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, (law, Shy. Most learned judge !-A sentence ; Proceed to judgement: by my soul I swear,
come, prepare. There is no power in the tongue of man Por. Tarry a little :-- there is something else.To alter me : I stay here on my bond. This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood;
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court The words expressly are, a pound of flesh: To give the judgement.
Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of Por. Why then, thus it is.
But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed (flesh, You must prepare your bosom for his knife : One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and
Shy. O noble judge ! O excellent young man! Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate (goods Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Unto the state of Venice. Hath full relation to the penalty,
Gra. O upright judge !-Mark, Jew;-0 Which here appeareth due upon the bond.
learned judge! Shy. 'Tis very true: O wise and upright Shy. Is that the law ? judge!
Por. Thyself shalt see the act :
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir'st.
Gra. O learned judge !—Mark, Jew ;-a So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge:
learned judge! Nearest his heart, those are the very words. Shy. I take this offer then ;-pay the bond Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to
thrice, The flesh,
[weigh And let the Christian go. Shy. I have them ready.
Bass. Here is the money. Por. Have by sonce surgeon, Shylock, on Por. Soft!
(haste ; your charge,
The Jew shall have all justice;- soft !no To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. He shall have nothing but the penalty. Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ?
Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned Por. It is not so express'd; But what of judge: "Twere good you do so much for charity. that? Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the
Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant more,
The pardon that I late pronounced here. But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost Or less, than a just pound,-be it but so much thou say? As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance, Shy. I am content. Or the division of the twentieth part
Por. Clerk, draw a deed of gift. Of one poor scruple; nay, if the scale do turn Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from But in the estimation of a hair,
Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew! And I will sign it.
Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take the for Gra. In christening, thou shalt have two god-
(more, Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten
Por. He hath refus á it in the open court; To bring thee to the gallows, not the font. He shall have merely justice, and his bond.
[Exit SAYLOCK. Gra. A Daniel, still say I ; a second Daniel! - Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.
dinner, Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal? Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon;
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the for- I must away this night towards Padua, To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. [feiture, And it is meet I presently set forth. [you not.
Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Duke. I am sorry, that your leisure serves I'll stay no longer question.
Antonio, gratify this gentleman; Por. Tarry, Jew;
For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. The law hath yet another hold on you.
[Eceunt DUKE, Magnificoes, and Train. It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my If it be prov'd against an alien,
friend, That by direct, or indirect attempts,
Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted He seek the life of any citizen,
Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof, The party, 'gainst the which he doth contrive, Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew, Shall seize one half his goods; the other half We freely cope your courteous pains withal. Comes to the privy coffer of the state;
Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, And the offender's life lies in the mercy In love and service to you evermore. Of the Duke only, 'gainst all other voice. Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied; In which predicament, I say, thou stand'st : And I, delivering you, am satisfied, For it appears by manifest proceeding, And therein do account myself well paid; That indirectly, and directly too,
My mind was never yet more mercenary. Thou hast contriv'd against the very life I pray you, know me, when we meet again : Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd I wish you well, and so I take my leave. The danger formerly by me rehears'd.
Bass. Dear Sir, of force I must attempt you Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.
further; Gra. Beg, that thou may’st have leave to Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute, hang thyself:
Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you, And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Not to deny me, and to pardon me. Thou hast not left the value of a cord;
Por. You press me far, and therefore I will Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's yield.
Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your Duke That thou shalt see the difference of And, for your love, I'll take this ring from our spirit,
[more; I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it: Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no For half thy Wealth, it is Antonio's;
And you in love shall not deny me this. The other half comes to the general state, Bass. This ring, good Sir,-alas, it is a trifle; Which humbleness may drive unto a fine. I will not shame myself to give you this.
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio. Por. I will have nothing else but only this; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not And now, methinks, I have a mind to it. that:
Bass. There's more depends on this, than on You take my house, when you do take the prop the value. That doth sustain my house ; you take my life, The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, When you do take the means whereby I live. And sind it out by proclamation ; Por. What mercy can you render him, An- Only for this, I pray you, pardon me. tonio?
Por. I see, Sir, you re liberal in offers : Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else; for God's You taught me first to beg; and now, methinks. sake.
You teach me how a beggar should be answer’d. Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the Bass. Good Sir, this ring was given me by court,
my wife; To quit the fine for one half of his goods; And, when she put it on, she made me vow. I am content, so he will let me have
That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it. The other half in use,—to render it,
Por. That 'scuse serves many men to sare Upon his death, unto the gentleman
their gifts. That lately stole his daughter :
And if your wife be not a mad woman, Two things provided more,—That, for this fa- And know how well I have deservd this ring, vour,
She would not hold out enemy for ever, He presently become a Christian ;
For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you! The other, that he do record a gift,
[Ereunt Portia and NERISSA. Here in the court, of all he dies possessid, Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have the Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter.