protected our Protestant brethren, and de- | Galen or Hippocrates. It is the answer of fended our boly faith. He will not drop His God Himself to our prayers; not to mine faithful servant, nor disown His instrument. alone, but to those of others who have a more But His will be done, and not mine. If He | intimate interest in Him than I have. You has mercy on me, I will glorify His name, may have skill in your profession ; but Nature heal the wounds of this country, govern with can do more than all the physicians in the the most conscientious justice, and dedicate world, and God is far above Nature." the whole remainder of my life to His service, All the friends and adherents of the proand to the welfare of my people. I feel that tector shared this firm belief. Not only in my task is not yet ended, and that I am called Whitehall, but in all the churches of London, upon to achieve still greater things."

prayers for his recovery ascended to heaven; He remained for long hours on his knees, but even his adversaries were filled with terror praying fervently for the recovery of his and anxiety at the thought of his death, and daughter; but Heaven turned a deaf ear to the confusion that would succeed to it. Hithhis appeals. Lady Claypole finally succumbed erto, Cromwell had made no definite deposito her sufferings, and breathed her last in his tions as to his successor, and his friends, for arms. It afforded a melancholy enjoyment to this reason, were greatly embarrassed-even the protector to surround his daughter's coffin Thurloe, from various motives, hesitating to with regal pomp. Her adorned remains lay in ascertain the protector's wishes in this respect. state at Westminster Hall, and were interred Cromwell himself, as his conditich grew worse in a special vault amid the tombs of the and worse, no longer took any interest in worldly kings.

affairs. His soul turned exclusively to heaven; After her death, the protector was subject it retired into itself, and occupied itself with to fits of the most profound melancholy. His other questions and problems than those which health began to give way, and soon he was no engrossed the mourners surrounding his bed. longer able to leave his bed. His physicians | At the gates of eternity, which opened to him were sensible of the perilous condition to now, a sudden shudder seized him. Round which his disease had reduced him, but he his bed sat his chaplains, who henceforth did himself would not believe that his life was not leave bim any more; he alternately prayed drawing to a close.

or conversed with them on religious subjects. “Why do you look so sad?” he asked the " Tell me,” he asked, starting up from his doctor, who was standing by his bedside. meditations, “is it possible to fall from

“How can I look gay when I am respon- grace?sible for the life of your highness ? "

“It is not possible," replied Sterry, one of “You physicians think that I shall die,” re- the preachers. plied Cromwell, seizing the hand of bis wife, “Then I am safe,” said Cromwell ; " for I who was sitting at his side; “but I tell you I know that I was once in grace." shall not die of this distemper. I am well as He turned and commenced praying aloud : sured of my recovery.".

“Lord, though a miserable and wretched Perceiving that the physicians were won creature, I am in covenant with Thee through dering at these words, he added:

Thy grace, and may and will come to Thee “Think not that I have lost my reason; I for Thy people. Thou hast made me a mean tell you the truth. I know it from better au instrument to do them some good, and Thee thority than any which you can have from / service. Many of them set too high a value



upon me, though others would be glad of my death. Lord, however Thou disposest of me,

CHAPTER VIII. continue and go on to do good for them. Teach those who look too much upon Thy instruments to depend more upon Thyself, and IMPORTANT events occurred now in rapid pardon such as desire to trample upon the succession. The little son of a great father dust of a poor worm, for they are Thy people ruled but a short time over England. Richard

Cromwell was too weak for such a burden; he After uttering this fervent prayer, he sank succumbed to the parties which, after the into a stupor, which lasted until evening. death of the mighty protector, delivered from Toward nightfall he became greatly excited ; the pressure of his iron hand, raised their he spoke in an undertone, and very inco- heads again. The protector's generals, inherently, and hesitated in the middle of the cited by their ambition, aspired to his power. words and sentences :

They possessed, perhaps, his baser, but not his " In truth, God is good ; He will not-God nobler qualities. Only one of them had inheris good—I should like to live for the sake of ited his calculating penetration and calm pruGod and His people, but my task is ended. dence; but the ardent enthusiasm, by which God will be with His people.”

Cromwell had achieved such extraordinary They asked him to drink, and then to sleep. successes,

was wanting to him. General “I do not want to drink,” he said, "nor to Monk marched his troops, who were blindly sleep. I think only of making haste, for I devoted to him, to London, where he restored must depart very soon.”

tranquillity, and for the time being quietly Thurloe, who did not leave his bedside, and watched the course of events. As usual, a the members of his family, deemed it indis state of exhaustion had succeeded to the propensable to remind him of the necessity of ap tracted civil wars and the long-continued inpointing a successor. He uttered in a feeble tense political excitement. Tired of party voice the name of his son Richard. A terrific struggles, and deprived by Cromwell of the tempest raged at night, destroying vast amounts liberty for which the country had striven, a of property on land and sea. Morning dawned majority of the nation longed for tranquillity at last; it was the anniversary of his victories and enduring institutions. The youth hated at Dunbar and Worcester, but Cromwell had the moral austerity of the Puritans, and were already lost consciousness.

desirous of enjoying the forbidden pleasures Between three and four in the afternoon he of life. Thus the way was already fairly paved heaved a deep sigh; his friends and the mem for the restoration of the Stuarts. Even durbers of his family hastened to his bedside and ing the existence of the republic, the pulpits found that he was dead.

resounded with appeals in favor of a monProfound silence reigned in the death-room, archy, as they had formerly done against it. broke only by the sobs and low lamentations Large numbers of armed apprentices marched of the family, and of a few faithful servants. noisily through the streets, and cheered vocif

“Cease to weep,” said Sterry; "you have erously for · Charles II. His agents now promore reason to rejoice. He was your protec- ceeded openly and fearlessly, and enlisted for tor here; he will prove a still more powerful him every day new adherents. protector, now that he is with Christ, at the England's fate depended on one man, and right hand of the Father.”

he was the officer to whom we have already

He re

alluded, General Monk. Hitherto he had not was the more painful to him as she left three revealed his intentions ; he possessed the art half-grown daughters. His faithful friend was of silence in the bighest degree, and concealed to him a devoted support, and to bis children his thoughts even from his own brother. Cool- a mother. She took care of him and did not headed and sober, he knew how to appreciate leave him. Owing to his constant intercourse the state of public affairs and his own posi- with her, his mind assumed a milder tone; be tion ; destitute of ardor and enthusiasm, the learned from her involuntarily that gentleness republic was as indifferent to him as the mon and toleration with which the noble lady was archy, and he concluded to espouse the cause animated. Without being recreant to his own from which he expected to derive most benefit. convictions, he judged the views of others with This man was now master of the situation. greater forbearance than formerly. Cool calculation and prudent selfishness bad flected seriously on the reconciliation of the succeeded to ardent fanaticism. Everything various Protestant sccts, and in his conversabetokened the impending downfall of the re tions with her he frequently dwelt upon this public. The ex-royalists exulted openly, while subject. the friends of liberty mourned in secret.

“Such a reconciliation," he said to her one No one grieved more profoundly than Mil- day, “is feasible only after the Church has ton. Since his last interview with Cromwell, | gained its entire independence of the state.” he had taken heart again and hopefully looked “I doubt if it will ever succeed in so doforward to the future. Owing to his growing ing.” blindness, he was obliged to retire from public "And yet every argument supports my deaffairs; and, in accordance with his recom- | mand. It cannot be denied, being the main mendation, Marvell, the young Englishman, foundation of our Protestant religion, that we whose acquaintance he had made in Rome, of these ages (having no other divine rule or was appointed his assistant. The great poet authority from without us, warrantable to one was now again at liberty to pursue his private another as a common ground, but the Holy studies, and to realize the devout aspirations Scripture, and no other within us but the illuof his youth for an immortality of literary mination of the Holy Spirit so interpreting fame. In his lonely and sleepless nights he that Scripture as warrantable only to ourselves, was at work upon his “Paradise Lost.” Frag- and to such whose consciences we can so perments of this great epic he communicated to suade) can have no other ground in matters his friends, who received the first books with of religion but only from the Scriptures. rapturous admiration, and urged him to con- Hence it is obvious that neither traditions, tinue his work. Especially was Alice delighted councils, nor canons of any visible church, with the passages which she had heard. He much less edicts of any magistrate or civil listened willingly to her advice, and her refined session, but the Scripture only, can be the final judgment and excellent taste, but more than judge or rule in matters of religion, and that all her innate piety exercised the greatest in- only in the conscience of every Christian to fluence upon his immortal creation. No less himself. Our doctrine prefers the Scripture happy was the effect which she exerted upon before the Church, and acknowledges none but his spirits. His wife had died; in spite of the Scripture sole interpreter of itself to the their reconciliation, she had never been able to conscience. But if any man shall pretend appreciate his worth and genius. Neverthe- that the Scripture judges to his conscience for less, he mourned sincerely over his loss, which other men, he makes himself greater not only

than the Church, but also than the Scripture, “ The protector becomes only too easily a than the consciences of other men; a pre- tyrant. In pretending to protect religion sumption too high for any mortal, since every against its enemies, he will ere long lay his true Christian, able to give a reason of his hands upon the freedom of conscience and faith, bas the word of God before him, the thought. "He that seeks to compel an infidel promised Holy Spirit, and the mind of Christ to observe at least the outward forms of reliwithin him; a much better and safer guide of gion, or a conscientious man to act contrary conscience, which, as far as concerns himself, to his conviction, will bring about the same he may far more certainly know than any out- result in the two cases, and make only hypoward rule imposed upon him by others, whom crites. I can see the salvation of our faith he inwardly neither knows nor can know. only in the entire independence of the Church Chiefly for this cause do all true Protestants from the state. It is not until then that we account the pope Antichrist, for that he as shall have that toleration which you, my sumes to himself this infallibility over both friend, as well as I, desire for all men.” the conscience and the Scripture."

“God grant then that the day may soon “But if you deny all authority and church dawn upon us, when every one shall practise discipline, you throw open the door to heresy the charity and forbearance which have aniand infidelity," objected his orthodox friend.

mated us for many years past, notwithstand“These dread words do not terrify me, al- ing our opposite views !” though I know that they have been used for

“Amen!” said the poet. “And now let me ages past as scarecrows to keep free and lib- recite to you the first lines of the third book eral minds from the field of truth. He who to of my 'Paradise Lost.? ” his best apprehension follows the Scripture, The poet spoke, in a tremulous voice: though against any point of doctrine by the

“ Hail, holy Light! offspring of heaven first-born, whole Church received, is not a heretic, but he Or of the Eternal co-eternal beam, who follows the Church against his conscience May I express thee unblamed ? since God is light,

And never but in unapproached light and persuasion grounded on the Scripture.

Dwelt from eternity; dwelt then in thee, How many persecutions, imprisonments, ban Bright efluence of bright essence increate.

Or hear'st thou rather, pure ethereal stream, ishments, penalties, and stripes, how much

Whose fountain who shall tell? Before the sun, bloodshed, have the forcers of conscience to Before the beavens thou wert, and at the voice

Of God, as with a mantle, didst invest answer for! Christianity in its original form

The rising world of waters dark and deep, is of a purely spiritual nature, and founded on Won from the void and formless infinite.

Thee I revisit now with bolder wing, unlimited liberty; for its growth and develop

Escaped the Stygian pool, though long detained ment, it has ro need of the temporal power,

In that obscure sojourn; while in my flight

Through utter and through middle darkness borne, which is manifestly subordinate to it, and

With other notes than to the Orphean lyre, whose yoke it cannot tolerate. It is a deg I sung of chaos and eternal night; radation of religion to deem such a support

Taught by the heavenly muse to venture down

The dark descent, and up to reascend, necessary to it; it is a perversion of its whole Though bard and rare: thee I revisit safe, essence and character, and, what is worse still,

And feel thy sovereign vital lamp; but thou

Revisit'st not these eyes, that roll in vain an insult to divine truth.”

To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn;

So thick a drop serene bath quenched their orbs, “In my opinion, the state must have at

Or dim suffusion veiled. Yet not the more least the right to superintend religious mat Cease I to wander where the Muses haunt

Clear spring, or shady grove, or sunny hill, ters, so as to prevent blasphemy and immo

Smit with the love of sacred song; but chief rality. This is its bounden duty."

Thee, Sion, and the flowery brooks beneath,


That wash thy hallowed feet, and warbling flow,

God knows how dear he became to me. Nightly I visit; nor sometimes forget

It was not that intoxicating love that attached Those other two equalled with me in fate, So were I equalled with them in renown,

me to Carbury, but the highest admiration of Blind Thamyris and blind Mæonides.

his noble and manly nature. I grappled a long And Tiresias and Phineus, prophets old : Then feed on thoughts, that voluntary move time with my remembrance of the past, and Harmonious numbers; as the wakeful bird

of you, until the fulfilment of my duty afforded Sings darkling, and in shadiest covert hid Tunes her nocturnal note. Thus with the year me full satisfaction and tranquillity. I learned Seasons return, but not to me returns Day, or the sweet approach of even or morn,

not only to esteem, but really to love my husOr sight of vernal bloom, or summer's rose, band, and soon he was my most precious treasOr flocks, or herds, or human face divine;

ure on earth. For you, however, I preserved But cloud instead, and ever-during dark Surrounds me, from the cheerful ways of mon in my heart the most affectionate sympathy, Cut off, and for the book of knowledge fair

an affection which, like yours, has remained Presented with a universal blank Of Nature's works, to me expunged and razed,

free from illicit desires and impure thoughts." And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out.

" And thus was vouchsafed to me a happi. So much the rather thou, celestial Light, Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers ness for which I scarcely ventured to hope. Irradiate; there plant eyes, all mist from thence

You bave restored to me my faith in the betPurge and disperse, that I may see and tell Of things invisible to mortal sight.”

ter nature of woman; in you I learned to reAlice listened in profound emotion to the spect and revere that holy womanhood which touching complaint which the poet uttered in I once considered a mere chimera. Let me conregard to his own blindness. When he was fess to you that there was once in my life a through, she seized his hand and dropped a time when I really believed that woman was tear on it.

made of baser stuff, and was inferior to man.” “Is my Muse weeping ? " asked the poet. “How I deplore your error, and how you “Yes, you are my Muse, and stand as such be- must have suffered in consequence ! For a fore my dimmed eyes. In you I find again the man who bas lost faith in the exalted nature divine nature of woman, which restores to us of woman cannot be happy on this earth. It our paradise lost. Alas! I possessed it once, is true, the Creator has given us weakness as and forfeited it by my own fault. But Heaven our inheritance, but at the same time He has was merciful to me, and sent to me in your per- planted mildness in our hearts. If Eve deson one of His angels, who opened to me the prived mankind of paradise, through another gates of a new and more beautiful Eden. That woman was given to us the Redeemer and the earthly passion has vanished, and only that salvation of the world.” heavenly love, which is now my comfort in “In these words you have described my own gloom and adversity, has remained to me. Let fate. I also possessed once a wife resembling me confess to you at this hour bow fervently I Eve. She destroyed the paradise of my

wedded once loved you, dear Alice. Time has purified life, and I forgave her, as Adam of old forgave and transfigured my love; free from all earthly his wife, that great sinner. But now there has desires, I may openly avow to you to-day what appeared to me another woman, who, free from I formerly concealed with timid anxiety from all the weaknesses of her sex, soars high above the world.”

this miserable world, and carries me from earth “ And I return your avowal in the same to heaven. Already I feel her blessed influspirit,” whispered Alice, deeply moved. “I ence; already I feel that, despite my blindness, loved you, also, in those beautiful days. Fate she fills my soul with radiant light, purifies me separated us, and I became the wife of another by her gentleness and toleration, reconciles

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