Punishment and Power in the Making of Modern Japan

Voorkant
Princeton University Press, 2005 - 319 pagina's
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The kinds of punishment used in a society have long been considered an important criterion in judging whether a society is civilized or barbaric, advanced or backward, modern or premodern. Focusing on Japan, and the dramatic revolution in punishments that occurred after the Meiji Restoration, Daniel Botsman asks how such distinctions have affected our understanding of the past and contributed, in turn, to the proliferation of new kinds of barbarity in the modern world.


While there is no denying the ferocity of many of the penal practices in use during the Tokugawa period (1600-1868), this book begins by showing that these formed part of a sophisticated system of order that did have its limits. Botsman then demonstrates that although significant innovations occurred later in the period, they did not fit smoothly into the "modernization" process. Instead, he argues, the Western powers forced a break with the past by using the specter of Oriental barbarism to justify their own aggressive expansion into East Asia. The ensuing changes were not simply imposed from outside, however. The Meiji regime soon realized that the modern prison could serve not only as a symbol of Japan's international progress but also as a powerful domestic tool. The first English-language study of the history of punishment in Japan, the book concludes by examining how modern ideas about progress and civilization shaped penal practices in Japan's own colonial empire.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
Signs of Order Punishment and Power in the Shoguns Capital
14
Bloody Benevolence Punishment Ideology and Outcasts
41
The Power of Status Kodenmacho Jailhouse and the Structures of Tokugawa Society
59
Discourse Dynamism and Disorder The Historical Significance of the Edo Stockade for Laborers
85
Punishment and the Politics of Civilization in Bakumatsu Japan
115
Restoration and Reform The Birth of the Prison in Japan
141
Punishment and Prisons in the Era of Enlightenment
165
Punishment Empire and History in the Making of Modern Japan
201
Notes
231
Bibliography
281
Index
303
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Over de auteur (2005)

Daniel V. Botsman is Associate Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has lived in Japan for several years and also taught in the Faculty of Law at Hokkaido University.

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