little danger of the prisoners esca And the following persons were ping, being in irons, and so weak and sentenced to the same punishment, emaciated as to just be able to walk. at the castle of Bocca Chica, in Car

They were then ordered to march thagena, except their terms of servi. forward, which they did, though tude were eight years instead of ten. slowly, as their ancles were still William Long, William Cartwright,

Samuel Touzier, in irons. In this situation they were Benjamin Davis, marched into a yard, walled round, Joseph L. Heckle, William Burnside,

Abraham Head, and ordered upon their knees; front- Robert Steavison, James Hyatt, ed by the soldiers at a little distance Benj. Nicholson, William Pride, with their muskets still aimed at them Samuel Price, Pompey Grant, and ready to fire. Every moment Elery King, George Ferguson,

Hugh Smith,

Robert Rains. the word fire was expected.

Daniel Newbury. Shortly appeared the interpreter,

Those persons who were sentenced accompanied by one or two officers, to Omoa, were principally officers and two or three Roman Catholick and noncommissioned officers, under priests. The following persons being Miranda. Those sentenced to Porto called :

Rico, were generally privates and Francis Farquarson,

Daniel Kemper,

mechanicks ; and those sentenced Charles Johnson, John Ferris, Miles L. Hall,

James Gardner,

to Bocca Chica, were generally seaThomas Billopp,

Thomas Donohue, Gustavas A. Bergud, Paul T. George. On the morning of the 21st of Ju

The interpreter then read to them, ly, about six o'clock, the prisoners from a paper which he held in his were alarmed by the noise of an as. hand, the following sentence : semblage of Spanish soldiers at the

“ In the morning of to morrow, at door of the prison ; when presently six o'clock, you and each of you are the door was thrown open, and dis-, sentenced to be hung by the neck un covered to their view about three huntil dead; after which your heads are dred soldiers, with muskets loaded, to be severed from your bodies and bayonets fixed, and arrayed in two placed upon poles, and distributed in lines on the right and left of the pripublick parts of the country.” son door, facing inwards, and in a

The following persons were then position of charged bayonets. called and sentenced to ten years im The prisoners, after being ordered prisonment, at hard labour, in the cas

to put on what clothes they had tle of Omoa, near the Bay of Hondu. (which were nothing more than a ras, and after that time, to await the piece of shirt, and a pair of ragged king's pleasure :

pantaloons; some had not even those John T. O'Sullivan, Henry Ingersoll, articles) they were lashed two togeJeremiah Powell, Thomas Gill,

ther by the elbows, and placed in a John H. Sherman, John Edsall,

line, between the soldiers, for marchDavid Heckle & Son, John Hays, John Moore, Daniel M'Kay,

ing. The ten prisoners to be exeJohn M. Elliott, Bennett B. Vegus, cuted were then brought out, and Robert Saunders, Peter Naulty. with their hands Jashed fast before,

The following persons were sen and with white robes on, that extendtenced to the same punishment, for ed from the lower part of their necks the same length of time, at the castle to their heels, and white caps upon of Porto Rico.

their heads, were placed in front. In Wm. W. Lippincott, Stephen Burtis, front of them, were placed the three Moses Smith, John Burk,

catholick prisoners, attended by Matthew Buchanan, Phineas Raymond, Alex. Buchanan,

three priests, carrying in their hands Joseph Bennett, John Parsells, Eaton Burlingham,

the holy cross, and accompanied with David Winton, James Grant,

attendants carrying the sacrament, Jolm Scott,

Frederick Riggus, wax candles, and other implements

of the church. In this situation the stationed a number of companies of prisoners, with their irons upon their cavalry. From this extensive milifeet, marched slowly along between tary force, brought to attend the exthe lines of soldiers, out of the walls ecution, some concluded that an opof the castle, to the gallows.

position was feared from persons Castle St. Philip is situated upon friendly disposed to Miranda ; but noa large, level space of ground, in the thing of that kind was manifested. harbour of Porto Cavello, and sepa Being ready to proceed to the ex- rated from the town by a narrow arm ecution, the prisoners waited their of water. The walls are nearly a fate with a composure of mind that quarter of a mile in circumference; seemed to evince a reconciled consci. about fourteen feet high, and about ence. Not the least intimidated, they thirteen feet thick, forming also the discovered a firmness and resolution outward walls of the prison ; mount. indicative of soldiers. ed with about fifty pieces of large Mr. Farquarson being first selected metal. Outside of the walls, and to meet his fate, was led to the steps fronting the town is a large area, for of the gallows, by a negro slave, who the purpose of exercising the soldiers, acted as the jack ketch of the day, &c. Upon this spot the gallows was and for which he was promised his erected, being about forty rods from liberty. His irons were then knocked the prison.

off. and he led up to the top of the The gallows was about twenty scaffold, where he was seated, frontfeet long and fifteen feet high, and ing his fellow prisoners. The ropes* separated in the middle by a post, being placed round his neck, he rose making two divisions and two pair of upon his feet and took a final faresteps, one for the Roman Catholick well of his companions, wishing them prisoners, as directed by the priests, a better fate. The negro then gave and the other for the presbyterians, him a push from the top of the scalor hereticks, as they were called. fold, and launched him into eternity. Whence it appeared that they could immediately the negro let himself separate their bodies, if they could down upon the ropes, and seating not their souls afterwards. About himself upon the shoulders, with his half way up the middle post were feet hanging upon the breasl, beat placed Miranda’s colours. Underneath the breath out of the body with his them lay the instruments of war, heels; then jumping down, caught taken from the schooners, together the body by the feet, and pulled it towith the military coats, hats, and fea- wards one end of the gallows to make thers of the officers.

room for another. After the procession reached the In the same manner they proceed. gallows, those to be executed were ed to execute Mr. Billopp, Kemper, taken to the front. The other prisoners Bergud, Hall, Johnson, and Ferris ; were drawn up in the rear, so as to after which they proceeded in a like be in front of each other as they manner to execute the three Roman ascended the steps. Immediately Catholick prisoners, Gardner, Donoround the prisoners were drawn up hue, and George, who were constanttwo or three companies of uniform ly attended by their priests. They soldiers, principally Old Spainers. In were taken to the other part of the the rear of those were several compa- gallows, where they again received nies of militia, the greater part of whom were natives of the country.

* The Spaniards use two ropes in their At a little distance, in the rear of manner of hanging : one something small.

er than the other, and a few inches these, were drawn up several compa- shorter, which serves to break the neck, nies of artillery ; and along the shore while the other sustains the weight of the of the town of Porto Cavello, were body.

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the sacrament, each one was accom- neck, and he swung off without say-
panied to the top of the steps by his ing a word.

After they were all hung, the exe-
All of them, except one, had a few cutioner began at the first one, cut
words to address to their companions, the ropes and let him drop to the
by the way of taking leave of them. ground, and passed on in the same
Bergud, a native of Poland, and a manner through the whole. The
brave fellow, evinced a great con fall, being some distance from the
tempt of death. After the ropes ground, broke many of their limbs,
were round his neck, he observed : which piercing through the flesh,
" Fellow prisoners, we have all suf- presented a shocking sight to their
fered much, but my sufferings will surviving countrymen. Each body
soon end. I die innocent, and relief was then taken, and laid upon a bench,
will come from that source (pointing with the head upon a block. The ne-
to Miranda's colours.] Miranda's gro, with a chopping knife, cut the
arms will rid you of your chains, and heads from their shoulders, and ta-
triumph over your oppressors. When king them by the hair, held them up,
that shall happen, remember to bleeding, to the view of the specta,
avenge my death.” Then, without tors. The rest were served in the
waiting for the executioner, he jump same manner.
ed from the scaffold, and ended his After this scene of blood was finish,
existence at once.

ed, Miranda's colours were cut down Mr. Donohue, after his priest had and triumphantly carried to a little left him, observed : “ Fellow prison. distance from the gallows, where were ers, I wish you a final adieu ; [then placed in one pile, the uniform coats pointing towards the Spaniards) these and hats of the officers, their commisbloodhounds will pay ten-fold for this sions, arms, and implements of war, ere long."

together with Miranda's proclamaEvery one evinced a similar firm- tions. Upon this pile the colours were ness of mind, and met their fate with placed, and then set fire to and burnt an unchanged countenance, except to ashes. Mr. George,* a young man, and the Their heads afterwards were taken, last one executed; who, instead of agreeable to the sentence, and distriacquiring resolution, by the examples buted to the different adjacent publick of intrepidity, which had been set places. Three were put up at Lahim by his companions, was disheart- guira, two at Caraccas, two at Occoened by the shocking sight which manus, two at Valentia, and one at was left after life was extinguished. Porto Cavello. They were put into He sunk under the weighty thought iron cages, prepared for that purpose, of encountering an unknown eternity. placed upon poles, which were erectHe fainted just as he was about to ed in conspicuous places, so as to ascend the steps. After some exertion strike the attention of the people. he was brought to his recollection, This horrid scene of death and and taken immediately to the top of butchery being over, after having the scaffold, the ropes put round his lasted from six o'clock in the morn

ing, till about one o'clock in the af. This young man was by birth a Por. ternoon, the remainder of the prison. tuguese. He left a wealthy and miserly ers, with heavy hearts, were returned parent, in consequence of being too se to their respective prisons, there to Yerely restricted in pecuniary indulgence, remain until the Spaniards were ready and came to New York. After spending to transport them to their respective some time in a state of idleness, and being short of money, he embarked in Miranda's places of servitude. expedition, flushed with the idea of ma.

After witnessing the execution of king a fortune at one stroke.

their ten companions, the prisoners VOL. 11.

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remained in confinement without any means were necessary to be attempt alteration of their condition, except, ed. Just before the appointed time from the heat of the weather, and the arrived, they were surprised to see weight of their irons, their sufferings the number of the guards about their were more insupportable than they persons increased, themselves ex• had been. They anxiously wished amined, and their irons thoroughly for the day when they were to be inspected. This excited a suspicion, taken out for the purpose of being re- that some one of their number, whose moved to their respective places of heart failed him, had betrayed them. servitude ; inasmuch as they cherished Two or three at a time had been à hope, that some auspicious circum- permitted to go upon deck, during stance might favour an escape. The the day time, and remain an hour or expected period arrived on the 7th two in the fresh air. These indul. of August, when they were all ex gences were attributed to the fear of amined, their irons inspected, and the commander, of being captured by more firmly rivetted upon them; and some English vessel with whom they about four o'clock, P. M. taken out might fall in during their voyage; and carried on board of an armed when their severe treatment might merchant ship (the Prince of Peace) be retaliated. of ten guns, for the purpose of being The prisoners, finding they had conveyed to Carthagena, an exten- failed in one scheme, had recourse to sive Spanish seaport town, situated another. It was proposed and agreed on the Main, and about three hun to, that in case they should not hapdred leagues froin Porto Cavello. At pen to fall into the hands of the En. the mouth of the harbour of ihis place, glish, before they should reach Care is situated Bocca Chica, whither a thagena, one of them, at a time to be portion of the prisoners had been sen- agreed upon, should descend into the tenced. At this place the remainder magazine room, and by means of a were to remain, until they could be lighted cigar, set fire to the powder, conveniently transported to their des- and put an end, at once, to their suftined places.

ferings, by blowing themselves and The prisoners were all placed be. the vessel out of existence. This tween the decks, and guarded by scheme met with the same ill success about fifty soldiers, placed on board, as the former. exclusive of the ship's crew, for that They were now arrived in sight of purpose. In consequence of this Carthagena, and all hopes of being guard, it was extremely difficult to captured or of escape were gone. put in execution any effectual plan Just as they were making the port, an for the purpose of regaining their li. English frigate hove in sight, and in berty, notwithstanding the extreme in- full chase after them—but she was dolence of the soldiers, who spent the too late. An uncommon fatality seem. greater part of their time either sleep- ed to attend all their prospects of reing or smoking. Several schemes lief. They arrived in Carthagena OM were concerted, and all frustrated. the 17th of August 1806, after a vos• Preparations were made at one time age of ten days. for ridding themselves of their irons, On the next day they were all taken which was to be effected during the out and marched up through the night; when they were to rise upon gate of the walls of the town, and the guard, take command of the ves- through the town to the prison, ready sel, and carry her into some port to receive them. The sorrowful ap. where they might escape. Had this pearance the prisoners made in bold attempt been undertaken with marching along in their irons out success, several lives, no doubt, through the town (about 47 in num. would have been lost. Their situa- ber) not having any thing upon their tion was desperate ; and desperate heads, but exposed to the hot sun

ted up.

without any thing upon their feet, find, afforded them more room, more and in rags, drew forth a multitude air, and more light. of Spaniards to behold them. Sur They were now reduced to the rounded with men, women, and chil- number of twenty-eight, who were dren, it was with difficulty they could all confined in one apartment. Their make headway through them. The irons were examined and more shabby appearance of a majority of strongly riveted upon them. Those the inhabitants showed, that the pri. irons consisted of two heary clevises soners were not entirely out of fash- which were placed round the ancles, ion in their tattered dress.

at the ends of which were holes, and After arriving at the place of con- through these ran an iron bolt, fas finement, they were separated and tening them upon the ancles and put into three different rooms or joining one ancle with the other, at holes, almost destitute of the light about six inches apart, just enabling of the sun ; cut off from the circula- them to limp along, by hitching one tion of the air; hot, filthy, and with- foot before the other. These irons out any thing to rest their heads upon weighed about 20 or 25 pounds but the bare ground. Whilst reflect weight. At first their ancles became ing upon these sorrowful regions of so galled by them, which continually despair, they were comforted by the fretted the flesh whenever they at. information from their keeper, that tempted to exercise, that it was with these were only temporary places of difficulty they could walk about the confinement until another one was fit- floor of the prison. At length having

grown lank and thin by the loss of The prison which was fitted up to Hesh, they were enabled to raise the receive the prisoners was adjacent to, irons almost up to their knees, and and formed a part of the walls of the by means of strings tied to the bolts town, or the walls of the town form- and round their necks, kept them in ed the back walls of the prison—the that situation, by which they were front facing in upon the town. The much relieved in walking. walls were made of stone and lime, Their keeper was an Old-Spainer, about 12 or 13 feet thick. The rooms and a sergeant of the guards. He or cells, in which the prisoners were was intrusted with the superintento be confined, were about 90 feet dence of all the prisoners in confine. long and about 30 wide. There were ment. He kept a kind of provision no windows or holes to let in light, shop, near the prison, and was the except through the gratings of the purveyor of the prisoners, and supdoor, where the guard was placed— plied them, in behalf of the governa few small air holes led through the ment, with food. The prisoners were back of the prison; and sentinels served twice a day, with a sort of fare, were placed upon the top of the prison consisting of boiled plantains, rice, walls. The floor of the prison was and water, and sometimes a small made of bricks, which formed the piece of fish. About one pint of this only pillows the prisoners had to lay pottage was served out to each, in their heads upon. To this prison all the fore part of the day; and towards were removed after remaining seve, evening the same repeated. In some ral days in their temporary places of seasons of the year, when vegetables confinement, except those who were and food were not so pleniy, they sentenced to labour at Bocca Chica. were scanted to a little rice and water, They were taken out and commenced or a boiled plantain or two, scarcely their term of servitude, of which sufficient to support nature. Their mention will be made afterwards. allowance was eighteen pence per This prison, although of a similar day. This was paid to the old sergeant, make to the first, they were happy to who for one shilling a piece, supplied

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