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You will understand, sir, that I hint at this explanation with great deference, and as a mere conjecture only. Let it be judged by reason and candour, and whatever may be proposed as superiour by any of your learned correspondents, shall at least be accepted with all due respect, by sir,
Yours, &c. FIDELIS. Conjecture as to the time of the second edition has already fixed on the period of the publication of St. John's Gospel ; which was long after the other gospels were in circulation ; when, we may suppose, the apostle revised and edited his “ works," complete. As to the time of the first edi. tion, we have very little to help our guesses. It is certain, however, that the third epistle of John was written many years before the date assigned to his Gospel, since Gaius, who was host of St. Paul, and of the whole church, was most probably a man advanced in life ; and we cannot think it likely that he should live till towards the end of the first century. The first chapter of the first epistle, seems from its contents to have been the precursor of the introduction to the gospel.
DISCOVERY OF A NEW MEPHITICK GROTTO.
M. PULLY, a chymist of celebrity, in one of his excursions in the neighbourhood of Naples, has discovered a new grotto. It is situated on the banks of lake Agnano, not far from Jake Averno, and consequently, at no great distance from the Grotta del Cane, to which it is in many respects similar. This grotto, from the name of its discoverer, has been called Grotta-Pully. It is necessary to keep the face as near the ground as possi. ble, in penetrating into it, in order to avoid the deleterious vapours, which being kept in a state of great volatility by an intense heat, occupy the upper parts. After following many windings, M. Pully discovered at the extremity of the grotto a spring, so intensely hot, that eggs were boiled hard in fifty-seven seconds of time. Réaumur's thermometer, which at the outside was two degrees above 0, rose to sixty-one in the interiour, on being kept in an elevated situation ; on bringing it within a foot of the ground, it fell five degrees; but on being stuck into the earth it rose to seventy-five. A bar. rometer in the same situation fell some degrees. Whoever penetrates into this grotto must be completely undressed; and there, as in the baths of Nero, the body is in a short time covered with water, either from the violence of the perspiration, or from the prodigious quantity of water in a state of evaporation which is always floating in this cavity. This grotto seems to have been unknown to the ancients, who have left us no description of it. Perhaps it has been formed by some of those late volcanick eruptions which have so materially altered the face of the country. The sides of the cave are covered with a variety of saline crytallizations; others hang in the form of stalactites from the roof, which is about ten feet high ; its width is of above forty feet at the entrance, and fifty in the interiour. Its length is about 250 feet.
EXTRAORDINARY SAGACITY IN THE CANINE SPECIES.
A SHORT time since, a gentleman at Richmond, Surry, betted his friend a rump and dozen that his dog should go from Richmond bridge to Brentford, and return with half a crown, in two hours. The dog was accordingly taken to the entrance of Brentford, where his master placed half a crown under a stone, and then returned to Richmond. The dog was then despatched to perform his master's wager, and he went immediately to the
spot where the money was formerly placed, but the stone had been removed, and the half crown taken away.
Unable to find the money, the dog ran towards Kew-bridge, where he overtook a gentleman and followed him into his house near the Green. The gentleman endeavoured to drive the animal away, but Prince refused to quit him, and, struck by the singularity of the dog's attachment, the gentleman made no further efforts to part.
The time having elapsed for winning the bet, the owner of the dog expressed a belief that some accident had prevented the animal from returning, and requested his friend to go with him in search of the dog. They then walked to Kew Green, where they observed the gentleman before described coming out of his house, with Prince at his heels. The owner instantly accosted the gentleman, and requested to know how he came by the dog, observing, the dog was his. The gentleman described the manner in which the dog had followed him, and assured the party he had no wish to detain him. The owner then asked the gentleman if he had any thing about him that was not his own property ? In answer to this interrogatory he exclaimed : “ What do you mean, sir ; do you take me for a thief?" The master of the dog replied : “ 'Pon my honour I mean nothing person. al; but the dog has a wonderful sagacity in discovering any article that may have been in my possession. Pray, sir, have you found any thing ?”—The gentleman returned : “ Why, I have indeed found something of small value: returning from Brentford, I picked up half a crown by the road side." The dog's master, with a hearty laugh, exclaimed: “ That half crown, sir has been the cause of my dog's attachment to you. My friend and I placed the half crown on the spot you found it to decide a wager, and sent the dog for it; not finding it, he has traced it to you, and, as a proof of the truth of what I assert, put the half crown down among twenty others, and if my dog don't pick it out from the rest, I'll forfeit 1001.” The gentleman, with surprise, instantly laid down the half crown among five others. It had been previously marked, and the dog immediately selected it from the rest, and carried it to his master, to the great astonishment of all who witnessed the circumstance.
The dog has frequently done similar exploits, and is considered a most extraordinary animal by the surrounding neighbourhood.
Alas! for those who long havo born,
Like me, a heart by sorrow riven,
What tears will fall, but those of heaven?
BY CHARLOTTE SMITH.
Low in the western wave declines,
And bright the vesper planet shines; I love to hear the gale of even
Breathing along the new-leafed copse,
Fall silently in limpid drops.
That breeze of night to me appears ;
Descend those pure celestial tears.
RECENT AMERICAN PUBLICATIONS, By William. P. Farrand and Co. Philadelphia, published, THE whole Proceedings in the case of Olmsted and others, versus Rittenhouse's Executors->collected and arranged, by Richard Peters, jun.
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Die mutter starb, ich fand mich mit win selbst
Gothe in Sancred.
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The Lord God of Israel saith-Them that honour me, I-will honour; and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed. 1 Samuel, ii. 30.
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« Pleasant is thy voice, Oh! Carrel, and lovely are the words of former times. They are like the calm showers of Spring, when the sun looks on the field and the light cloud fies over the hill."
This is the first attempt to adapt the version of Ossian to musick, and Mr. Hopkinson has succeeded in a manner which reflects great credit upon his taste and judgment. He has displayed particular skill in the difficult task of making his tones expressive of the sentiment—an art which is rarely attained by the best composers.
} with the American Law incorporated.
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No common medicines are fit
By counter poison be expelled.
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RECENT BRITISH PUBLICATIONS.
A Grammar of the Sanskrita Language, by Charles Wilkins, L. L. D. F. R. S.
The Battle of Flodden Field: a poem of the sixteenth century; with the various readings of the different copies, historical notes, a glossary, and an appendix, con. taining ancient poems, and historical matter, relative to the event. By Henry Weber, Esq. With three engravings. Price 158. boards.
The ancient poem of Flodden Field having become extremely scarce, is the first time, published in an authentick form, the text being established by the col. lation of the different manuscripts and printed copies. Copious notes are subjoined, as also an appendix, containing numerous ancient poems relating to the battle and its consequences, together with the minute accounts of the most credible English historians. The engravings of the two standards carried by the earls of Huntly and Marshall, and the sword and dagger of king James IV. are added as appropriate embellishments.
Astronomy Explained, upon sir Isaac Newton's principles, and made easy to those who have not studied mathematicks. To which are added, a plain method of finding the distances of all the planets from the sun, by the transit of Venus over the Sun's disc, in the year 1761: an account of Mr. Horrox's observation of the transit of Ve. nus, in the year 1639; and the distances of all the planets from the sun, as deduced from observations of the transit, in the year 1761. By James Ferguson, F. R.S. The 12th edition, improved and corrected by Andrew Mackay, L. L.'D. F. R. S. Ed. &c. One large vol. 8vo. with numerous engravings, price 128. in boards.
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Woman; or, Ida of Athens. By Miss Owenson.
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