The Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho: Geological, Climatological, and Archaeological Background
The story of the destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho--three cities situated along a major fault line extending 1,100 kilometers from the Red Sea to Turkey--is the oldest such description in human history. In this book, noted geologists K.O. Emery and David Neev have revisited that story to shed light on what happened there some 4,350 years ago. With all the benefits of modern geological and forensic science techniques at their disposal, the authors explore an area where earthquakes, volcanic activity, variations in the Dead Sea's level, and oscillations between arid and wet climates have affected life there for over 10,000 years. In reviewing the geology, biblical paleogeography, and limnology of the region, the authors have produced fascinating insights into the tectonic and climatic changes that have occurred in the region over the last 6,000 years and how those changes have affected cultural life in the Middle East. The Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho is the first book to combine modern science and biblical archaeology to produce an authoritative account of the of these three great cities. It will fascinate students and researchers in geology, geophysics, and archaeology alike.
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Amazyahu fault archaeological areas Bab edh-Dhr'a Beth She'an basin Beth Yerah biblical brines Canaan carbon century A.D. Chalcolithic climatic changes Climatic Phase Climatic Wet Phase coreholes correlation Cretaceous cultural Dead Sea graben Dead Sea region Dead Sea south deposited destruction detrital diapir dry climate Early Bronze age earthquakes elevation end of Early Es-Safi fault escarpment Figures 1.2 flank flood gamma-ray log geological graben Holocene indicate Intermediate Bronze age Israel Jericho Jordan River Karak Kebaran Kenyon Kinneret Plain Late Bronze Late Pleistocene Lisan Formation Lisan Lake Lisan Peninsula Mazra'a Middle Bronze Moab Mount Sedom caves Natufian Neev and Emery Numeira occurred Pre-Pottery Neolithic radiocarbon age radiocarbon dates rocksalt rocksalt layer samples Samra sea level Sea of Galilee Sea south basin sediments sequence settlements sill Sodom and Gomorrah tectonic Terrace tion trough volcanic Wadi water body wet climatic Wet Subphase WŁrm Zoar