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witH AN INTRODUCTory Essay,

BY HE M A N H U M PHREY, D. D.
President of Amherst College.

of H I R D E D IT I O n.

A M H E R S T :
J. S. & C. A D A M S.

Entered, according to the act of Congress, in the year
1835, by J. S. & C. Adams, in the
Clerk's Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.

J. S. & C. Adams, Printers.

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Introduction to the American Edition, . . .
Preface, • . . . . . - -

ES S A. Y. I.
THE AUTHORITY OF OUR LORD’S TEACHING,

“He spake as one having authority.”

A Divine Teacher needed—Desired—Might have been expected—Was predicted—His advent in the person of Christ—His lowly condition—Herald—Installation to office—Subject proposed—A very small portion of his discourses recorded–Scope of his teaching–First characteristic, authority. I. Authority of goodness—Invitations—Beatitudes. H. Authority of greatness— Claims universal audience—Superiority to Jonah, Solomon, and all the great names of the Jewish Church— Supremacy--Central object of the judgment day—

Impress his name on every thing—Speaks of all things awful and sublime, calmly, like one familiar with them—Teaching, declarative and dogmatic. III. Authority of solemnity—His peculiar formula— His denunciations of woe. IV. Legislative authority —Revises the Mosaic code—Asserts his superiority to law —Repeals existing economy—Controls laws of nature himself, and confers the power on others—'I say unto you,'—this new commandment—Not only enacts laws, but ensures obedience—Forgives sin–Reposed on his own personal authority—Conclusion–His teaching exempt from all supposable circumstances unfavorable to authoritative teaching—Taught with the perfect conviction of the truth of his doctrineHis example enforced it—Cordial sympathy with it— Knew the ultimate principles on which his doctrines rested—And the supreme value of the truth he taught — And the purity of his own motives—And the ultimate triumph of his doctrine—All this must have clothed his teaching, especially when contrasted with the prevailing mode of Jewish instruction, with commanding power—His disciples should be distinguished by reverence and docility—These dispositions to be sought and found at the throne of grace. . .

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SECTION I.-Of God the Father.

| THE ORIGINALITY OF OUR LORD'S TEACHING. |

“Never man spake like this man.” |

“No man knoweth the Father save the Son, and he to whomsoever the
Son will reveal him.”

Originality not valuable for its own sake—His praise consists, partly, in not being more original–Deigned to adopt familiar illustrations and sayings in order to engage attention and affection—His highest claim to originality consists in new disclosures of truth—To have merely interpreted the book of nature, unavail- ing—Is itself brought under the curse--The great truth it attests is the existence of its Maker. I. Christ taught his character—Prevailing ignorance on the subject—Even in Judea--Among the heathens, the Epicurean system general. II. Christ taught the universal providence and paternal character of God... III. His love to man, exemplified in the mission of Christ. IV. This, only the means of merey. V. The end— Free gift of eternal life. WI. Offered to all. VII. Character of Christ is the character of the Father. VIII. Taught us to call him our Father—Summary of our Lord's teaching on this subject—Life eternal to know God through Christ. . . . - 88–121

SECTION II.-Concerning himself.
“No man knoweth the Son but the Father.”

His person unique—Not understood by his disciples till
after his ascension. I. The complexity of his person. -
II. Object of his advent--Evinced the divine existence
—Embodied the Divine spirituality—But, chiefly, rep-
resented the Divine character. III. Mode of manifes-
tation—By sensible representation—Affirming that all
he did was only in fulfillment of the Father's commis-
sion—Ascending the cross—Saving the outcast—Iden-
tifying his interest with ours—Sending salvation to
Jerusalem--Giving his own Spirit to his disciples-
Interceding—Personally—Allowing us to plead his
name—Engaging himself to answer prayer–Object of
the whole to demonstrate that “God is love;’ and to
make us the heirs of that love. . . . . 122–173

Section III—of the Holy Spirit.
‘This spake he of the Spirit.”

Difficult to discriminate between originality and mere novelty—New theological opinions sprung up between the times of Malachi and of Christ—Though much is taught of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament, the doctrine of his agency is one of the most original that came from the lips of Christ. I. Mission of the Spirit dependent on his own return to heaven—The reasons why. II. Object of the Spirit's advent—To convince of sin. III. Means of his operation. IV. Necessity of regeneration. V. Effects of it. VI. Glorifies Christ. VII. To enhance our views and desires of the Spirit, our Lord taught that to reject him is unpardonable— That his presence would compensate for his own departure--Be a remedy for all the miseries of earth—God's all-comprehending gift—Free for all. 173–-211

SECTION IV.—Of the Doctrine of the Trinity; and of a Spiritual Church.

The doctrine of the Trinity imperfectly known under the Jewish economy—Taught by our Lord practically— In the formula of christian baptism, I. The existence of a spiritual church. II. Had been pre-figured— The world contains nothing like it. III. Its simplicity, IV. Its purpose. V. Its spirituality—Preached repentance as a requisite for membership—Armed his church with power to expel offenders--Denounced the Pharisees for ‘teaching as doctrine the commandments of men.’--The church his earthly kingdom. . . 211--226

SECTION W.—On Satanic Agency.
“The devil and his angels.”

Satan the prince of devils—Number of his agents—His apostacy, and ruin of man--His power on earth, a kingdom—Organized—Long , almost undisputed— Christ came to dispute his authority—Took an affecting view of human vassalage—Satan, aware of his advent—Undertook to conduct his temptation—Made his life an incessant conflict—Compassed his death—

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