Advent.A coming. The coming of Christ. Christmas.-A Service for Christ. The birth

day or nativity of Jesus Christ. Circumcision.— The day when Jesus Christ,

being eight days old, was made a member of the ancient Church of God by

the Jewish sacrament of circumcision. Epiphany.The being shewn to. The time when the Holy Child Jesus was shewn to

the wise men. Ash Wednesday.— The first day of Lent, when people used to put ashes on their heads, like the Jews of old, as a sign of

sorrow for sin. Lent.-An old word meaning spring.time.

The forty days' fast in spring, ending at

Good Friday. Good Friday. The day when Jesus Christ

died for us, which was the greatest good

ever done for sinful man. Passion-week.-The week in which Christ



suffered. Passion in the Bible and Prayerbook means only suffering. I assover.—The sacred day in the Church

of God before Christ, when a lamb was killed, in remembrance that God had passed over and spared the Israelites in Egypt, for the sake of blood sprinkled by

them in faith. Easter.— The holy day of the East or of the

rising, when Jesus Christ arose from the dead. It is at the season of the Jewish Passover, and is always the Sunday of the full moon next after that day (21st March), on which day and night are exactly equal over all the world. Rogation (the week before Ascension-day)

means asking; of old it was a chosen time to meet and ask God's mercy and blessing, make up quarrels between neighbours, and go round boundaries to prevent

disputes between parishes. Ascension.—The day when Christ ascended

to heaven ; it is forty days after Easter. Whitsunday.—The day when the Holy

Ghost was sent down from heaven. Called Pentecost because it was the fiftieth day after Easter, and Whitsunday because many used to be baptized that day, and to be afterwards covered with white robes, as was usual of old at all baptisms.



Trinity.Three in One. God the Father,

God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost

three Persons and one God. Cherubim and Seraphim.—Two kinds of

holy angels. Alleluia or Hallelujah means, Praise ye the

Lord. Hosanna means, Save now, I beseech thee. Doxology means, saying or singing Glory to

God. Matins.- The old word for Morning Ser

vice. Evensong.— The old word for Evening Ser

vice. Commination. -A threatening together. That

service which warns all men of God's threatenings against sin. Vigil or Eve.—The watching-time or even

ing before a feast ; it was usual of old to spend part of such nights in fasting, wake

fulness, and prayer. Fast.–A solemn day (as Ash Wednesday)

set apart for self-denial, humbling ourselves, and prayer, to bring our souls more and more under the power of god

liness. Feast.-A day of gladness and thankfulness

(for spiritual blessings), such as Christmas, Easter, &c., or the days when the apostles laid down their lives for Christ,



and left us an example that we should walk in their steps. When Christianity came to Britain, each village kept as a feast the day when their missionary or saint had opened them a church. But the Roman Catholics, who came afterwards, often changed those old feasts to the feast-days of the apostles or the Virgin Mary; and the village feasts (or wakes) are now too often kept as mere

days of merriment, or even sin. Ember Weeks at the four seasons of the

year. The Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday next after the first Sunday in Lent, after Whitsunday, after 14th September, and after 13th December. Fixed quarterly fast-days, for all to join in praying God to pardon our past sins, and continue his merciful goodness to us ; and for bishops to choose proper persons and ordain them ministers. Ember is from an old word meaning ashes (signs of sorrow), or from another old word meaning the course of the seasons. The Church.—The whole company of such

as believe in God, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; among whom the pure Word of God is read, preached, and owned as the rule of right and wrong, and the Sacraments appointed by Christ

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