« VorigeDoorgaan »
verses in celebration of Addison's House of Commons, 375; not the
restoration to health, 456.
author of the Letters of Junius, iii.
Boyle, Charles, his nominal editor 101 ; his charges against Hastings,
ship of the Letters of Phalaris, ii. 161-190; his kindness to Miss
369; his book on Greek history and Burney, 325; her incivility to him
at Hastings' trial, 325; his early
Boyle, Rt. Hon. Henry, iii. 384.
political career, 510-513; his first
Boys" (the) in opposition to Sir R. speech in the House of Commons,
Walpole, i. 286.
517; his opposition to Chatham's
Bracegirdle, Mrs., her celebrity as an measures relating to India, 529;
actress, iii. 52 ; her intimacy with his defence of his party against
Grenville's attacks, 534 ; his feeling
Brahmins, ii. 544.
towards Chatham, 534.
Breda, treaty of, ii. 301.
Burleigh and his Times, review of
Bribery, foreign, in the time of Rev. Dr. Nares's, i. 465; his early
Charles I., i. 189.
life and character, 467-472; his
Brihuega, siege of, i. 544.
death, 473; importance of the times
“Broad Bottom Administration"(the), in which he lived, 473; the great
stain on his character, 492, 493
Brothers, his prophecies as a test of character of the class of statesmen
faith, ii. 544.
he belonged to, ii. 134; his conduct
Brown, Launcelot, ii. 524.
towards Bacon, 145. 154; his apo.
Browu's Estimate, ii. 36.
logy for having resorted to torture,
Bruce, his appearance at Dr. Bur 179; Bacon's letter to him upon the
ney's concerts, iii, 296.
department of knowledge he had
Brunswick, the House of, iii. 456. chosen, 259.
Brussels, its importance as the seat of Burnet, Bishop, ii. 372.
a vice-regal Court, ii. 300.
Burney, Dr., his social position, iji,
Brydges, Sir Egerton, iii. 343.
291-295 ; his conduct relative to
Buchanan, character of his writings, his daughter's first publication, 306;
his daughter's engagement at Court,
Buckhurst, iii. 4.
Buckingham, Duke of, the “Steenie” | Burney, Frances. See D'Arblay,
of James I., i. 415; Bacon's early Madame.
discernment of his influence, ii. 182, Bussey, his eminent merit and con.
183; his expedition to Spain, 183 ; duct in India, ii, 469.
his return for Bacon's patronage. | Bute, Earl of, his character and edu-
184; his corruption, 187; his cha cation, iii. 460; appointed Secretary
racter and position, 187–192; his of State, 465; opposes the proposal
marriage, 195 ; his visit to Bacon, of war with Spain on account of the
and report of bis condition, 198. family compact, 469 ; his unpopu-
Buckingham, Duke of, one of the Cabal larity on Chatham's resignation,
ministry, iii. 22; his fondness for 472 ; becomes Prime Minister, 473;
Wycherley, 22;' anecdote of his his first speech in the House of
Lords, 473; induces the retirement
Budgell, Eustace, one of Addison's of the Duke of Newcastle, 475; be-
friends, iii. 396. 399.
comes First Lord of the Treasury,
Bunyan, John, his history and cha 475; his foreign and domestic po-
racter, i. 281-291 ; his style, 293; licy, 477–489; his resignation, 490;
his religious enthusiasm and ima continues to advise the King pri-
gery, ii. 568.
vately, 494. 505. 514.
Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, review Butler, Addison not inferior to him
of Southey's edition of, i. 279. 281. in wit, iii, 402.
290 ; peculiarity of the work, 293 ; Byng, Admiral, his
failure at Minorca,
not a perfect allegory, 285. 287.
ii. 35; his trial, 39; opinion of his
Buonaparte, i. 170., ii. 39., iii. 386. conduct, 39; Chatham's defence of
See also Napoleon
Burgoyne, Gen., chairman of the Byron, Lord, his epistolary style, 'i.
committee of inquiry on Lord 311; his character, 312, 313; his early
Clive, ii. 531.
life, 313; his quarrel with and
Burke, Edmund, his characteristics, separation from his wife, 314317;
i. 207 ; his opinion of the war with his expatriation, 317; decline of his
Spain on the question of maritime intellectual powers, 319; his at-
right, ii. 21; resembles Bacon, tachment to Italy and Greece, 320;
266; effect of his speeches on the his sickness and death, 320 ; general
grief for his fate, 321; remarks on 23; his character as a statesman,
his poetry, 322 ; his admiration of 24, 25; created Earl Granville, 24.
the Pope school of poetry, 335; his Carthagena, surrender of the arsenal
opinion of Wordsworth and Cole and ships of, to the Allies, i. 536.
ridge, 335; of Peter Bell, 335; his Casina (the), of Plautus, i. 86.
estimate of the poetry of the 18th Castile, Admiral of, i. 527.
and 19th centuries, 336; his sen Castile and Arragon, their old institu-
sitiveness to criticism, 337; the tions favourable to public liberty, i.
interpreter between Wordsworth
and the multitude, 338; the founder Castilians, their character in the 16th
of an exoteric Lake school, 338; re century, i. 502; their conduct in the
marks on his dramatic works, 339— War of the Succession, 538; their
344; his egotism, 317; cause of his attachment to the faith of their an-
influence, 347, 348.
cestors, ii, 553.
Castracani, Castruccio, Life of, by
Machiavelli, i. 103.
Catholic Church. See Church of
Caba! (the), their proceedings and Catholicism, causes of its success, ii.
designs, ii. 312. 315. 321.
Cabinets, in modern times, ii. 329. Catholics and Jews, the same reason-
Cadiz, exploit of Essex at the siege of, ing employed against both, i. 299.
i. 527, ii. 354; its pillage by the Catholics and Protestants, their rela-
English expedition in 1702, i. 527. tive numbers in the 16th century, i.
Calcutta, its position on the Hoogley, 487.
ii. 476 ; scene of the Black Hole of, Catholic Queen (a), precautions
478, 479; resentment of the English against, i. 155.
at its falí, 480; again threatened by “Cato,” Addison's play of, its merits,
Surajah Dowlah, 484; revival of its and the contest it occasioned, ii.
prosperity, 495; its sufferings during 125 ; its first representation, jii. 415;
the famine, 525; its capture, iii. 75; its performance at Oxford, 415.
its suburbs infested by robbers, 104 ; | Cavaliers, their successors in the reign
its festivities on Hastings' marriage, of George I. turned demagogues, iii.
Calvinism, moderation of Bunyan's, Cavendish, Lord, his conduct in the
i. 291 ; held by the Church of Eng. new council of Temple, ii. 356; bis
land at the end of the 16th century, merits, iii. 508.
ii. 426; many of its doctrines con. Cecil. See Burleigh.
tained in the Paulician theology, Cecil, Robert, his rivalry with Francis
Bacon, ii. 145. 154 ; his fear and
Cambridge, University of, favoured by envy of Essex, 151 ; increase of his
George I. and George II., 739; its dislike for Bacon, 154; his conver-
superiority to Oxford in intellectual sation with Essex, 154; his inter.
activity, ii. 135 ; disturbances pro ference to obtain knighthood for
duced in by the Civil War, 284. Bacon, 170.
Cambyses, story of his punishment of Cecilia, Madame D'Arblay's, iii. 345;
the corrupt judge, ii. 206.
specimen of its style, 348, 349.
Camilla, Madame D'Arblay's, mi. 346. Censorship, existed in some form from
Campaign, The, by Addison, iii. 384. Henry VIII. to the Revolution, ii.
Canada, subjugation of, by the British 121.
in 1760, ii. 46.
Cervantes, i. 503.
Canning, Mr., iii. 340.
Chalmers, Dr., Mr. Gladstone's opin-
Cape Breton, reduction of, ii. 46. ion of his defence of the Church, ii.
Caraffa, Gian Pietro, afterwards Pope 379.
Paul IV., his zeal and devotion, ii. Champion, Colonel, commander of the
Bengal army, iii. 96.
Carlisle, Lady, i. 448.
Chandernagore, French settlement on
Carnatic (the), its resources, ii. 459— the Hoogley, ii. 476; captured by
472; its invasion by Hyder Ali, iii. the English, 484.
Charlemagne, imbecility of his succes-
Carteret, Lord, his ascendency after sors, ii. 454.
the fall of Walpole, i. 593; Sir Ho- Charles, Archduke, his claim to the
race Walpole's stories about him, Spanish crown, i. 510; takes the
596; his defection from Sir Robert field in support of it, 527; accompa-
Walpole, ii. 9; succeeds Walpole, nies Peterborough in his expedition,
531 ; his success in the north-east of
Spain, 534; is proclaimed king at
Madrid, 537; his reverses and re-
treat, 540; his re-entry into Madrid,
542; his unpopularity, 543 ; con-
:cludes a peace, 547; forms an alli-
ance with Philip of Spain, 553.
Charles I., lawfulness of the resistance
to, i. 31. 38; Milton's defence of his
execution, 41. 43; his treatment of
the Parliament of 1640, 198; his
treatment of Strafford, 138; esti-
mate of his character, 159. 165, 166,
167. 416 ; his fall, 164; his condem.
nation and its consequences, 166-
170 ; Hampden's opposition to him,
and its consequences, 416–430; re-
sistance of the Scots to him, 431,
432; his increasing difficulties, 433;
his conduct towards the House of
Commons, 446—451; his flight, 451 ;
review of his conduct and treatment,
453-457; reaction in his favour
during the Long Parliament, ii. 96;
cause of his political blunders, 194;
effect of the victory over him on
the national character, 277.
Charles I. and Cromwell, choice be-
tween, i. 162.
Charles II., character of his reign,
i. 45; his foreign subsidies, 187; his
situation in 1660 contrasted with
that of Lewis XVIII., ii. 80, 81; his
character, 87. 298. 304. 312. 314, 315.
342 ; his position towards the king
of France, 92 ; consequences of his
levity and apathy, 95, 96; his court
compared with that of his father,
297; his extravagance, 301 ; his
subserviency to France, 303–324;
his renunciation of the dispensing
power, 320 ; his relations with Tem-
ple, 323. 327. 356 ; his system of
bribery of the Commons 334 ; his
dislike of Halifax, 351; his dismissal
of Temple, 353.
Charles II. of Spain, his unhappy con-
dition, i. 508, 513-519; his diffi-
culties in respect to the succession,
Charles III. of Spain, his hatred of
Charles V., ii. 553.
Charies VIII., ii 260.
Charles XII., compared with Clive,
Charlotte, Queen, obtains the atten-
dance of Miss Burney, 665; her
partizanship for Hastings, 669 ; her
treatment of Miss Burney, 670–
Chatham, Earl of, character of his
public life, ii. 3, 4 ; his early life, 5;
his travels, 6; enters the army, 6;
obtains a seat in Parliament, 6; at-
taches himself to the Whigs in op
position, 13; his qualities as an
orator, 17, 18; dismissed from the
army, 20; is made Groom of the
Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales,
20; declaims against the ministers,
22 ; his opposition to Carteret, 23;
legacy left him by the Duchess of
Marlborough, 24; supports the Pel.
ham ministry, 24 ; appointed Vice.
Treasurer of Ireland, 26–28; over.
tures made to him by Newcastle, 34 ;
made Secretary of State, 34 ; defends
Admiral Byng, 40; coalesces with
the Duke of Newcastle, 34 ; success
of his administration, 34-51; his
appreciation of Clive, 503. 528 ;
breach between him and the great
Whig connection, 528 ; review of
his Correspondence, iii. 445; in the
zenith of prosperity and glory, 445 ;
his coalition with Newcastle, 450;
his strength in Parliament, 456;
jealousies in his cabinet, 466 ; his
defects, 467; proposes to declare war
against Spain on account of the
family compact, 470; rejection of his
counsel, 470; his resignation, 470;
the king's gracious behaviour to
him, 470; public enthusiasm to.
wards him, 471; his conduct in
opposition, 473–485; _his speech
against peace with France and
Spain, 487; his unsuccessful audi-
ences with George III. to form an
administration, 495; Sir William
Pynsent bequeaths his whoie pro.
perty to him, 500; bad state of his
health, 500; is twice visited by the
Duke of Cumberland with propo-
sitions from the king, 505, 506, his
condemnation of the American
Stamp Act, 513; is induced by the
king to assist in ousting Rocking-
ham, 520; morbid state of his mind,
521, 522.528 ; undertakes to form
an administration, 523; is created
Earl of Chatham, 524; failure of his
ministerial arrangements, 524531;
loss of his popularity, and of his
foreign influence, 521-531 ; his des.
potic manners, 523. 527 ; lays an
embargo on the exportation of corn,
528 ; his first speech in the House
of Lords, 528; his supercilious con.
duct towards the Peers, 528; his
retirement from office, 529; his
policy violated, 532; resigns the
privy seal, 532; state of parties and
of public affairs on his recovery, 532,
533; his political relations, 536 ;
his eloquence not suited to the
House of Lords, 536 ; opposed the
recognition of the independence of
the United States, 538 ; his last ap-
pearance in the House of Lords, 538 ; 150; his opinion of the study of
his death, 540 ; reflections on his rhetoric, 250.
fall, 540 ; his funeral in Westminster Cider, proposal of a tax on, by the
Bute administration, iii. 488.
Cherbourg, guns taken from, ii. 45. Civilisation, England's progress in,
Chesterfield, Lord, his dismissal by due to the people, i. 255.
Walpole, ii. 10.
Civil privileges and political power
Cheyte Sing, a vassal of the govern identical, i. 298.
ment of Bengal, iii. 135; his large civil war, its evils the price of our
revenue and suspected treasure, liberty, i. 38; conduct of the Long
138, Hastings' policy in desiring to Parliament in reference to it, 140
punish him, 139–143 ; his treat 163.
ment made the successful charge Clarendon, Lord, his character, i. 185
against Hastings, 173.
-187 ; his testimony in favour of
Chillingworth, his opinion on apos. Hampden, 420. 438. 442. 458. 462 ;
tolical succession, ii, 424; became a his literary merit, ii. 129; his posi-
Catholic from conviction, ii. 545. tion at the head of affairs, 297. 999
Chinsurah, Dutch settlement on the -304 ; his faulty style, 316; his
Hoogley, ii. 476 ; its siege by the opposition to the growing power of
English and capitulation, 502. the Commons, 336; his temper, S37.
Chivalry, its form in Languedoc in Clarke, Dr. Samuel, ii. 542.
the 12th century, ii. 546, 547. Clarkson, Thomas, iii. 343.
Cholmondeley, Mrs, iii. 310.
Classical learning, love of, in Italy in
Christchurch College, Oxford, its re the 14th century, i. 68.
pute after the Revolution, ii. 367; Clavering, General, iii. 99; his op-
issues a new edition of the Letters position to Hastings, 103-109; his
of Phalaris, 367.
appointment as Governor-General,
Christianity, its alliance with the 116; his defeat, 118; his death, 118.
ancient philosophy, ii. 224; light in Cleveland, Ddchess of, her favour to
which it was regarded by the Italians Wycherley and Churchill, iii. 20,21.
at the Reformation, 553.
Clifford, Lord, his character, ii. 312;
Church (the), in the time of James II. his retirement, 320 ; his talent for
Church (the), Southey's Book of, i. Clive, Lord, review of Sir John Mal-
colm's Life of, ii. 444—537; his
Church, the English, persecutions in family and boyhood, 446, 447 ; his
her name, i, 116, High and Low shipment to India, 447 ; his arrival
Church parties, iii. 390.
at Madras, and position there, 449;
Church of England, its origin, and obtains an ensign's commission in
connection with the state, i. 125. the Company's service, 452 ; his at-
ii. 440 ; its condition in the time of tack, capture, and defence of Arcot,
Charles I., i. 236 ; endeavour of the 462-466 ; his subsequent proceed-
leading Whigs at the Revolution to ings, 469, 470 ; his
marriage and re-
alter its Liturgy and Articles, ii. 114, turn to England, 470; his reception,
429; its contest with the Scotch 471; enters Parliament, 473; re-
nation, 116; Mr. Gladstone's work turns to India, 474 ; his subsequent
in defence of it, 457 ; his arguments proceedings, 475 et seq. ; his conduct
for its being the pure Catholic towards Omichund, 491 ; his pecu-
Church of Christ, 414--418; its niary acquisitions, 495, 496; his
claims to apostolical succession dis transactions with Meer Jaffier, 495.
cussed, 419–431 ; views respecting 498 ; appointed Governor of the
its alliance with the state, 433–442; Company's possessions in Bengal,
contrast of its operations during the 498 ; his dispersion of Shah Alum's
two generations succeeding the Re army, 500 ; responsibility of his posi-
formation, with those of the Church tion, 502 ; his return to England,
of Rome, 566, 567.
502 ; his reception, 503, 504 ; his
Church of Rome, its alliance with proceedings at the India House, 505.
ancient philosophy, li. 224 ; causes 511 ; nominated Governor of the
of its success and vitality, 539, 540 ; British possessions in Bengal, 511;
sketch of its history, 544583.
his arrival at Calcutta, 512; sup-
Churchill, Charles, i. 184.
presses a conspiracy, 512_516; suc-
Cicero, partiality of Dr. Middleton cess of his foreign policy, 517 ; his
towards, ii. 131, 132; the most return to England, 520 ; his unpopu-
eloquent and skilful of advocates, larity, and its causes, 520-529 ; in-
132 ; his epistles in his banishment, vested with the Grand Cross of the
Bath, 531 ; his speech in his defence, Conflans, Admiral,his defeat by Hawke,
and its consequence, 531 ; his life in
retirement, 533; reflections on his Congreve, sketch of his career at the
career, 535; failing of his mind, and Temple, iii. 35; success of his “Love
death by his own hand, 536.
for Love," 38 ; his “ Mourning
Clizia, Machiavelli's, i. 86.
Bride,” 39; his controversy with
Clodius, extensive bribery at the trial Collier, 46. 49; his “ Way of the
of, ii. 204.
World, 49; "his position among
Club-room, Johnson's, i. 400.
men of letters, 51; his attachment
Coalition of Chatham and Newcastle, to Mrs. Bracegirdle, 52 ; his friend-
ship with the Duchess of Marlbo-
Cobham, Lord, his malignity towards rough, 53 ; his death and capricious
Essex, ii. 167.
will, 53; his funeral in Westminster
Cæsar Borgia, i. 90.
Abbey, 54 ; cenotaph to his memory
Cæsar, Claudius, resemblance of James at Stowe, 54 ; analogy between him
I. to, i. 413.
and Wycherley, 54, 55.
Cæsar compared with Cromwell, i. 170. Congreve and Sheridan, effect of their
Cæsars (the), parallel between them works upon the comedy of England,
and the Tudors, not applicable, i.483. i. 84; contrasted with Shakspeare,
Coke, Sir E., his conduct towards Ba. 84.
con, ii. 147. 190; his opposition to Conquests of the British arms in 1758
Bacon in Peacham's case, 175, 176; -60, ii. 46, 47.
his experience in conducting state Constance, council of, put an end to
prosecutions, 176; his removal from the Wickliffe schism, ii. 550.
the Bench, 190 ; his reconciliation Constitution (the) of England, in the
with Buckingham, and agreement 15th and 18th centuries, compared
to marry his daughter to Bucking with those of other European states,
ham's brother, 191; bis reconcilia i. 146; the argument that it would
tion with Bacon, 191; his behaviour be destroyed by admitting the Jews
to Bacon at his trial, 210.
to power, 296; its theory in respect
Coleridge, relative “correctness of to the three branches of the legisla-
his poetry, i. 323 ; Byron's opinion ture, iii. 439.
of him, 335.
Constitutional government, decline of,
Coligni, Gaspar de reference to, iii. 503. on the Continent early in the 17th
Collier, Jeremy, sketch of his life, iii. century, i. 150.
39–46; his publication on the pro- Constitutional History of England, re.
faneness of the English stage, 43. 49; view of Hallam's, i. 107–206.
his controversy with Congreve, 46. Constitutional Royalists in the reign
of Charles I., i. 444. 451.
Colloquies on Society, Southey's, i. 206; Conway, Henry, iii.
498; Secretary of
plan of the work, 214, 215.
State under Lord Rockingham, 510;
Colonies, i. 504; question of the com returns to his position under Chat-
petency of Parliament to tax them, ham, 524-528; sank into insignifi-
iii. 512, 513.
Comedy (the) of England, effect of the Conway, Marshal, his character, ii.503.
writings of Congreve and Sheridan Cooke, Sir Anthony, his learning, ii.
upon, i. 84.
Comic Dramatists of the Restoration, Co-operation, advantages of, ii. 390.
iii. 1-55 ; have exercised a great Coote, Sir Eyre, iii. 122; his character
influence on the human mind, 3. and conduct in council, 122, 123;
Comines, his testimony to the good his great victory of Porto Novo, 133.
government of England, i. 408. Corah, ceded to the Mogul, iii. 92.
Commerce and manufactures, their “ Correctness » in the fine arts and in
extent in Italy in the 14th century, the sciences, i. 323–327 ; in paint-
i. 67–69; condition of, during the ing, 327; what is meant by it in
war at the latter part of the reign of poetry, 823—327.
George II. ii. 49.
Corruption, parliamentary, not neces-
Commons, House of, increase of its sary to the Tudors, i. 579; its extent
power, i. 195-197 ; increase of its in the reigns of George I. and II.
power by and since the Revolution, iii. 463, 464.
Corsica given up to France, iii. 533.
Commonwealth, iii. 14.
Cossimbazar, its situation and import-
Comus, Milton's, i. 13. 16.
ance, iii. 74.
Marshal, compared with Clive, Council of York, its abolition, i. 439.
Country Wife of Wycherley, its cha-