monument of Chatham, and from above, his effigy, graven by a cunning hand, seems still, with eagle face and outstretched arm, to bid England be of good cheer, and to hurl defiance at her foes. The generation which reared that memorial of him has disappeared. The time has come when the rash and indiscriminate judgments which his contemporaries passed on his character may be calmly revised by history. And history, while, for the warning of vehement, high, and daring natures, she notes his many errors, will yet deliberately pronounce, that, among the eminent men whose bones lie near his, scarcely one has left a more stainless, and none a more splendid name.



Abbé and abbot, difference between,

i. 498.
Academy, character of its doctrines,

ii. 222.
Adam, Robert, court architect to

George III., iii. 480.
Addison, Joseph, review of Miss Ai.

kin's life of, iii. 354_414; his cha-
racter, 355, 356; sketch of his fa-
ther's life, 357 ; his birth and early
life, 358, 359; appointed to a scholar.
ship in Magdalene College, Oxford,
359; his classical attainments, 359,
360 ; his Essay on the Evidences of
Christianity, 362; contributes a pre-
face to Dryden's Georgics, 366 ; his
intention to take orders frustrated,
367; sent by the government to the
Continent, 369; his introduction to
Boileau, 371 ; leaves Paris and pro-
ceeds to Venice, 375, 376; his resi.
dence in Italy, 375–379; composes
his Epistle to Montague (then Lord
Halifax), 379; his prospects clouded
by the death of William III., 380;
becomes tutor to a young English
traveller, 381; writes his Treatise
on Medals, 381; repairs to Holland,
381; returns to England, 381 ; his
cordial reception and introduction
into the Kit Cat Club, 381 ; his pe-
cuniary difficulties, 381; engaged
by Godolphin to write a poem in
honour of Marlborough's exploits,
384 ; is appointed to a Commission
ership. 384; merits of his “ Cam-
paign,” 384, criticism of his Travels
in Italy, 361. 388 ; his opera of Ro.
samond, 389; is made Undersecre-
tary of State, and accompanies the
Earl of Halifax to Hanover, 390 ;
his election to the House of Com.
mons, 391 ; his failure as a speaker,
391 ; his popularity and talents for
conversation, 393, 394 ; his timidity
and constraint among strangers, 395;
his favourite associates, 396-399;

becomes Chief Secretary for Ireland
under Wharton, 399; origination of
the Tatler, 400, 401 ; his character-
istics as a writer, 401–405; com-
pared with Swift and Voltaire as a
master of the art of ridicule, 404, 405;
his pecuniary losses, 409; loss of his
Secretaryship, 409; resignation of
his Fellowship, 409; encouragement
and disappointment of his advances
towards a great lady, 409; returned
to Parliament without a contest,
409 ; his Whig Examiner, 410; in-
tercedes with the Tories on behalf
of Ambrose Phillipps and Steele,
410; his discontinuance of the Tatler
and commencement of the Spectator,
410; his part 'in the Spectator, 411 ;
his commencement and discontinua
ance of the Guardian, 415; his Cato,
376. 415; his intercourse with Pope,
419, 420; his concern for Steele,
421 ; begins a new series of the
Spectator, 421; appointed secretary
to the Lords Justices of the Council
on the death of Queen Anne, 422;
again appointed Chief Secretary for
Ireland, 423; his relations with Swift
and Tickell, 423, 424; removed to
the Board of Trade, 425; production
of his Drummer, 426; his Free-
holder, 426; his estrangement from
Pope, 427, 428 ; his long courtship
of the Countess Dowager of War.
wick and union with her, 434, 435;
takes up his abode at Holland House,
435, appointed Secretary of State by
Sunderland, 436; failure of his health,
436. 441; resigns his post, 436; re-
ceives a pension, 436; his estrange-
ment from Steele and other friends,
437; advocates the bill for limiting
the number of Peers, 438; refutation
of a calumny upon him, 439; en-
trusts his works to Tickell, and de-
dicates them to Craggs, 441; sends
for Gay on his death-bed to ask his
forgiveness, 441; his death and fu-
neral, 443; Tickell's elegy on his


death, 443; superb edition of his Whigs, 408 ; change in the condact
works, 44%; his monument in Poet's of public affairs consequent on her

Corner, Westminster Abbey, 444. death, 422.
Addison, Dr. Lancelot, sketch of his Antioch, Grecian eloquence at, ii, 510.
life, iii. 357.

Anytus, ii. 203.
Adiaphorists, a sect of German Pro- Apostolical succession, Mr. Gladstone
testants, i. 470. 492.

claims it for the Church of England,
Adultery, how represented by the dra ii. 419–439.

matists of the Restoration, iii. 7. Aquinas, Thomas, ii. 255.
Advancement of Learning, by Bacon, Arab fable of the Great Pyramid, ii.

its publication, ii. 174.
Æschylus and the Greek drama, i. 14 Arbuthnot's Satirical Works, iii. 404.

Archimedes, his slight estimate of his
Afghanistan, the monarchy of, analo inventions, ii. 230.

gous to that of England in the 16th Archytas, rebuked by Plato, ii. 229.
century, i. 482 ; bravery of its in Arcot, Nabob of, his relations with
habitants, iii. 95, 96; the English England, ii. 461-466; his claims re-
the only army in India which could cognised by the English, 461.
compete with them, 95.

Areopagitica, Milton's allusion to, i.57.
Agricultural and manufacturing la- | Argyle, Duke of, secedes from Wal-
bourers, comparison of their con pole's administration, ii. 10.
dition, i. 218. 220.

Ariosto, compared with Tasso, ii. 561.
Agujari, the singer, iii. 296.

Aristodemus, ii. 541.
Aikin, Miss, review of her Life of Aristophanes, iii. 2.
Addison, iii. 354–444.

Aristotle, his authority impaired by
Aix, its capture, ii. 45.

the Reformation, ii. 226.
Akenside, his Epistle to Curio, i. 592. Arithmetic, comparative estimate of
Albigenses, ii. 518.

by Plato and by Bacon, ii. 229.
Alexander the Great, compared with Arlington, Lord, his character, ii. 297;
Clive, ii. 535.

his coldness for the Triple Alliance,
Alfieri and Cowper, comparison be. 304 ; his impeachment, 321.
tween them, i. 333.

Armies in the middle ages, how con-
Allahabad, iii. 92.

stituted, i. 72. 147 ; a powerful re.
Allegories of Johnson and Addison, straint on the regal power, 148; sub-
i. 281.

sequent change in this respect, 149.
Allegory, difficulty of making it inter- Arms, British, successes of, against
esting, i. 281.

the French in 1758, ii. 45–48.
Allegro and Penseroso, i. 13.

Army (the), control of by Charles I.
Alphabetical writing, the greatest of or by the Parliament, i. 157 ; its

human inventions, ii. 233; compa triumph over both, 161; danger of a
rative views of its value by Plato standing army becoming an instru-
and Bacon, 233, 234.

ment of despotism, 456.
America, acquisitions of the Catholic Arne, Dr., set to music Addison's

Church in, ii. 539; its capabilities, opera of Rosamond, iii. 389.

Arragon and Castile, their old insti.
American colonies, British, war with tutions favourable to public liberty,

them, iii. 119; act for imposing i. 507.
stamp duties upon them, 501 ; their Art of War, Machiavelli's, i. 94.
disaffection, 511 ; revival of the dis- Arundel, Earl of, ii. 216.
pute with them, 537; progress of Asia, Central, its people, iii. 93.
their resistance, 537.

Asiatic Society, commencement of its
Anabaptists, their origin, i. 474.

career under Warren Hastings, iii.
Anacharsis, reputed contriver of the 155.
potter's wheel, ii. 219.

Assemblies, deliberative, ii. 43.
Anaverdy Khan, governor of the Car Astronomy, comparative estimate of
natic, ii. 459.

by Socrates and by Bacon, ii. 232.
Angria, his fortress of Gheriah re Athenian comedies, their impurity,
duced by Clive, ii. 474.

iii. 2; reprinted at the two Univer-
Anne, Queen, her political and re sities, 2

ligious inclinations, i. 546; changes Athenians (the), Johnson's opinion of
in her government in 1710, 546 ; them, i. 394.
relative estimation by the Whigs | Attainder an act of,warrantable, i. 441.
and the Tories of her reign, 549– Atterbury, Bishop, his reply to Bentley
552. 556; state of parties at her ac to prove the genuineness of the Let.
cession, iii. 381, 382; dismisses the ters of Phalaris, ii. 369; reads the

funeral service over the body of Ad. of the charges, 197, 198; overwhelm-
dison, iii. 443.

ing evidence to them, 198. 200; his
Attila, ii. 539.

admission of his guilt, 200; his sen-
Attributes of God, subtle speculations tence, 201; examination of Mr.Mon-

touching them imply no high degree tagu's arguments in his defence, 201

of intellectual culture, ii. 541, 542. -213; mode in which he spent the
Aubrey, his charge of corruption last years of his life, 214, 215; chief

against Bacon, ii. 197; Bacon's de peculiarity of his philosophy, 217–
cision against him after his present, 227; his views compared with those

of Plato, 228-238; to what his wide
Augsburg, Confession of, its adoption and durable fame is chiefly owing,
in Sweden, ii. 565.

242; his frequent treatment of moral
Augustin, St., ii. 539.

subjects, 244 ; his views as a theolo-
Aurungzebe, his policy, ii. 454.

gian, 247 ; vulgar notion of him as
Austen, Jane, notice of, iii. 342.

inventor of the inductive method,
Austin, Sarah, her character as a trans 249; estimate of his analysis of that
lator, ii. 538. 583.

method, 249-256 ; union of audacity
Austria, success of her armies in the and sobriety in his temper, 257 ; his
Catholic cause, ii. 572.

amplitude of comprehension, 257,
Authors, their present position, i. 257 258 ; his freedom from the spirit


controversy,260 ; bis eloquence, wit,
Avignon, the Papal Court transferred and similitudes, 261, bis disciplined
from Rome to, ii. 550.

imagination, 263; his boldness and
originality, 265 ; unusual develop-

ment in the order of his faculties,

266; his resemblance to the mind of

Burke, 266 ; specimens of his two
Baber, founder of the Mogul empire, styles, 266, 267; value of his Essays,
ii, 453.

267 ; his greatest performance the
Bacon, Lady, mother of Lord Bacon, first book of the Novum Organum,
ii. 139.

268 ; contemplation of his life, 268
Bacon, Lord, review of Basil Mon-

tagu's new edition of the works of, Bacon, Sir Nicholas, his character, ii.
ii. 128–271; his mother distinguished 133 138.
as a linguist, 139; his early years, Baconian philosophy, its chief pecu-
143—145 ; his services refused by liarity, ii. 217 ; its essential spirit,
government, 145, 146; his admission 218 ; its method and object differed
at Gray's Inn, 147 ; his legal attain from the ancient, 227; comparative
ments, 147; sat in Parliament in views of Bacon and Plato, 227-238;
1593, 148 ; part he took in politics, its beneficent spirit, 235. 237. 242;
149; his friendship with the Earl of its value compared with ancient phi-
Essex, 154–161 ; examination of his losophy, 238249.
conduct to Essex, 161–171; influence Baillie, Gen., destruction of his detach-
of King James on his fortunes, 170; ment by Hyder Ali, iii

. 132.
his servility to Lord Southampton, Balance of power, interest of the Popes
171; influence his talents had with in preserving it, ii. 573.
the public, 173; his distinction in Banim, Mr., his defence of James II.
Parliament and in the courts of law, as a supporter of toleration, ii. 100.
174; his literary and philosophical Banking operations of Italy in the 14th
works, 174; his “ Novum Orga. century, i. 67.

and the admiration it ex. Bar (the), its degraded condition in the
cited, 174; his work of reducing and time of James 11., i. 184.
recompiling the laws of England, Barbary, work on, by Rev. Dr. Addi-
175; his tampering with the judges son, iii. 357.
on the trial of Peacham, 175-180; Barcelona,capture of,by Peterborough,
attaches himself to Buckingham, i. 533.
182; his appointment as Lord Keeper, Baretti, his admiration for Miss Bur-
184 ; his share in the vices of the ney, iii. 310.
administration, 185; his animosity Barillon, M., his pithy words on the
towards Sir Edward Coke, 190, 191; new council proposed by Temple,
his town and country residences, ii. 331. 339.
192, 193; his titles of Baron Veru- Barlow, Bishop, iii. 19.
lam and Viscount St. Albans, 193 ; Barrington, Lord, iii. 455.
report against him of the Committee Barwell, Mr., iii. 99; his support of
on the Courts of Justice, 195; nature Hastings, 103. 116, 117. 123.


Bastile, Burke's declamations on its | Berar, occupied by the Bonslas, iii.
capture, iii. 169.

Battle of the Cranes and Pygmies, Ad Berwick, Duke of, held the Allies in
dison's, iii. 363.

check, i. 527; his retreat before
Bavaria, its contest between Protest Galway, 536.

antism and Catholicism, ii. 562. Bickerstaff, Isaac, astrologer, iii. 401.
Baxter's Testimony to 'Hampden's Biographia Britannica, refutation of a
excellence, i. 405.

calumny on Addison in, iji. 439.
Bayle, Peter, ii. 545.

Biography, tenure by which a writer
Beaumarchais, his suit before the par of is bound to his subject, ii. 363.
liament of Paris, ii, 213.

Bishops, claims of those of the Church
Beckford, Alderman, iii. 529.

of England to apostolical succession,
Bedford, Duke of, iii. 454; his views ii. 419_425.

of the policy of Chatham, 467, 480 ; Black Hole of Calcutta described, ii.
presents remonstrance to George III. 478, 479; retribution of the English

for its horrors, 480-488.
Bedford, Earl of, invited by Charles I. Blackmore, Sir Richard, his attain-

to form an administration, i. 442. ments in the ancient languages, iii.
Bedfords (the) iii. 454; parallel be 362.

tween them and the Rockinghams, Blackstone, ii. 126.
509; their opposition to the Rock- Blasphemous publications, policy of
ingham ministry on the Stamp Act, Government in respect to, i. 241.
514; their willingness to break with Blenheim, battle of, iii. 384; Addison
Grenville on Chatham's accession to employed to write a poem in its
office, 523; deserted Grenville and honour 384.
admitted to office, 535.

Blois, Addison's retirement to, iij. 570.
Bedford House assailed by a rabble, “Bloomsbury Gang," the denomi-
iii. 506.

nation of the Bedfords, iii. 454.
Begums of Oude, their domains and Bodley, Sir Thomas, founder of the

treasures, iii. 145; disturbances in Bodleian Library, ii. 174. 215.
Oude imputed to them, 146; their Bohemia, influence of the doctrines of
protestations, 147; their spoliation Wickliffe in, ii. 550, 551.

charged against Hastings, 176. Boileau, Addison's intercourse with,
Belgium, its contest between Protest iii. 371 ; his opinion of modern

antisin and Catholicism, ii. 562. Latin, 372; his literary qualities,
Belial, iii. 5.

Bell, Peter, Byron's spleen against, i. Bolingbroke, Lord, the liberal patron

of literature, i. 378; proposed to
Bellasys, the English general, i. 526. streugthen the royal prerogative,
Bellingham, his malevolence, iii. 343. 581 ; his jest on occasion of the first
Belphegor (the), of Machiavelli, i. 88. representation of Cato, iii. 417;
Benares, its grandeur, iii. 134 ; its Pope's perfidy towards him, 451

annexation to the British dominions, his remedy for the diseases of the

state, 464, 465.
“Benefits of the Death of Christ," ii. Bombay, its affairs thrown into con-

fusion by the new council at Cal-
Benevolences, Oliver St. John's op cutta, iii. 165.

position to, and Bacon's support of, Book of the Church, Southey's, i. 210.
ii. 175.

Books, puffing of, i. 259-265.
Bengal, its resources, ii. 475. et seq. Booth, played the hero in Addison's
Bentham, his language on the French Cato on its first representation, iji.
revolution, ii, 64.

Bentham and Dumont, i. 566.

Borgia, Cæsar, i. 90.
Bentinck, Lord William, his memory Boroughs, rotten, the abolition of, a

cherished by the Hindoos, ii. 537. necessary reform in the time of
Bentivoglio, Cardinal, on the state of George 1., i. 590.

religion in England in the 16th cen- Boswell, James, his character, i. 370
tury, i. 487.

Bentley, Richard, his quarrel with Boswell's Life of Johnson, by Croker,

Boyle, and remarks on Temple's review of, i. 319-401; character of
Essay on the Letters of Phalaris, ii. the work, 367.
368 ; his edition of Milton, 370 ; his Boswellism, i. 58.
notes on Horace, 370; his recon Bourbon, the House of, their vicissi-
ciliation with Boyle and Atterbury, tudes in Spain, i. 424_545.

Bourne, Vincent, iii. 373; his Latin

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