DES. O, but I fear-How lost you company?
Cas. The great contention of the sea and skies
Parted our fellowship: But hark! a sail.

[Cry within, A sail! a sail! Then guns heard. 2 GENT. They give their greeting to the citadel ;

This likewise is a friend.
See for the news.

[Exit Gentleman.
Good ancient, you are welcome ;-Welcome, mistress : [To EMILIA.
Let it not gall your patience, good lago,
That I extend my manners; 't is my breeding
That gives me this bold show of courtesy.

[Kissing her. Iago. Sir, would she give you so much of her lips

As of her tongue she oft bestows on me,

You 'd have enough. DES.

Alas, she has no speech.
Iago. In faith, too much;

I find it still when I have lista to sleep:
Marry, before your ladyship, I grant
She puts her tongue a little in her heart,

And chides with thinking.

You have little cause to say so.
Lago. Come on, come on: you are pictures out of door ;

Bells in your parlours; wild cats in your kitchens ;
Saints in your injuries; devils being offended;

Players in your huswifery; and huswives in your beds b.
DES. O, fie upon thee, slanderer!
Iago. Nay, it is true, or else I am a Turk;

You rise to play, and go to bed to work.
Emil. You shall not write my praise.

No, let me not.
Des. What wouldst write of me if thou shouldst praise me?
Iago. O gentle lady, do not put me to 't;

For I am nothing if not critical.
Des. Come on, assay:—There 's one gone to the harbour?
Iago. Ay, madam.
Des. I am not merry; but I do beguile

The thing I am, by seeming otherwise.

Come, how wouldst thou praise me?
Iago. I am about it; but, indeed, my invention

Comes from my pate as birdlime does from frize,-
It.plucks out brains and all : But my muse labours,

a List, in the quarto; leave in the folio.

These lines are printed as prose in the folio, but are arranged as we give them in the quarto. The sentiments are an amplification of some proverbial slanders which were current in Shakspere's day

And thus she is deliver'da.
If she be fair and wise, fairness, and wit,

The one 's for use, the other useth it.
Des. Well prais'd! How if she be black and witty ?
Iago. If she be black, and thereto have a wit,

She 'll find a white that shall her blackness fit.
Des. Worse and worse.
EMIL. How, if fair and foolish ?
Iago. She never yet was foolish that was fair :

For even her folly help'd her to an heir.
Des. These are old fond paradoxes, to make fools laugh i' the alehouse. What

miserable praise hast thou for her that 's foul and foolish ? Iago. There's none so foul, and foolish thereunto,

But does foul pranks which fair and wise ones do. DES. O heavy ignorance !--thou praisest the worst best. But what praise

couldst thou bestow on a deserving woman indeed ? one, that, in the authority

of her merit, did justly put on the vouch of very malice itself? Iago. She that was ever fair, and never proud;

Had tongue at will, and yet was never loud;
Never lack'd gold, and yet went never gay;
Fled from her wish, and yet said,—now I may;
She that, being anger'd, her revenge being nigh,
Bade her wrong stay and her displeasure fly;
She that in wisdom never was so frail,
To change the cod's head for the salmon's tail b;
She that could think, and ne'er disclose her mind,
See suitors following, and not look behind;

She was a wight, if ever such wights were,
Des. To do what ?
Iago. To suckle fools, and chronicle small beer.
DES. O most lame and impotent conclusion !-Do not learn of him, Emilia,

though he be thy husband.-How say you, Cassio ? is he not a most profane

and liberald counsellor ? Cas. He speaks home, madam; you may relish him more in the soldier than in

the scholar. Iago. [Aside.] He takes her by the palm : Ay, well said, whisper: with as little

a web as this will I ensnare as great a fly as Cassio. Ay, smile upon her,

do; I will gyve thee in thine own courtship. You say true; 't is so, a These lines are also printed as prose in the folio.

b “ To change the cod's head for the salmon's tail" is to exchange the more delicate fare for the coarser. In the household book of Queen Elizabeth it is directed that “the master cooks shall have to fee all the salmons' tails.” • Wights. The quarto, wight.

Liberal—licentious. • The quarto reads, I will catch you in your own courtesies. Courtship is used for paying courtesies, as in Richard II.

“ Observ'd his courtship to the common people."

indeed: if such tricks as these strip you out of your lieutenantry, it had been better you had not kissed your three fingers so oft, which now again you are most apt to play the sir in. Very good! well kissed, and excellent courtesya! 't is so, indeed. Yet again your fingers to your lips ? would they were clyster-pipes for your sake!--[Trumpet.] The Moor, I know his

Cas. 'T is truly so.
Des. Let 's meet him, and receive him.
Cas. Lo, where he comes !

Enter OTHELLO and Attendants.
OTH. O my fair warrior!

My dear Othello!
OTH. It gives me wonder great as my content,

To see you here before me. O my soul's joy!
If after every tempest come such calms,
May the winds blow till they have waken'd death!
And let the labouring bark climb hills of seas,
Olympus-high; and duck again as low
As hell's from heaven! If it were now to die,
'T were now to be most happy; for, I fear
My soul hath her content so absolute,
That not another comfort like to this

Succeeds in unknown fate.

The heavens forbid But that our loves and comforts should increase,

Even as our days do grow !
Отн. .

Amen to that, sweet powers !
I cannot speak enough of this content,
It stops me here; it is too much of joy;
And this, and this, the greatest discords be

[Kissing her. That e'er our hearts shall make ! LAGO.

O, you are well tund now! a Courtesy. Johnson has a note upon this: "Spoken when Cassio kisses his hand, and Desdemona courtsies." A courtesy, courtsy, curtsy, was anciently used for any courteous mode of demeanour, and not, as Johnson receives it, as exclusively a female action. The reading of the quarto is__"Well kiss'd! an excellent courtesy."

The term warrior applied to a lady is somewhat startling. In the third Act Desdemona says of herself, “ Unhandsome warrior that I am." Steevens says that it was a term of endearment which we derive from the old French poets, and that Ronsard, in his sonnets, frequently calls the ladies guerrières. But we cannot avoid thinking that Othello playfully salutes his wife as a warrior, in compliment to her resolution not to

" be left behind,

A moth of peace, and he go to the war." When Desdemona repeats the word in the third Act, the name which her husband has given her may, in the same manner, be floating in her memory. We have no parallel use of the word in Shakspere.

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But I 'll set down the pegs a that make this music,
As honest as I am.

[Aside. Отн.

Come; let us to the castle.-
News, friends; our wars are done, the Turks are drown'd.
How does my old acquaintance of this isleb?
Honey, you shall be well desir'd in Cyprus,
I have found great love amongst them. O my sweet,
I prattle out of fashion, and I dote
In mine own comforts.- I prithee, good Iago,
Go to the bay, and disembark my coffers :
Bring thou the master to the citadel ;
He is a good one, and his worthiness
Does challenge much respect.—Come, Desdemona,
Once more well met at Cyprus.

[Exeunt OTH., Des., and Attend. Iago. Do thou meet me presently at the harbour. Come thither. If thou

be'st valiant, (as they say, base men being in love have then a nobility in their natures more than is native to them,) list me. The lieutenant to-night watches on the court of guard :—First, I must tell thee this-Desdemona

is direetly in love with him. Rod. With him! why, 't is not possible. Iago. Lay thy finger-thus, and let thy soul be instructed. Mark me with what

violence she first loved the Moor, but for bragging and telling her fantastical lies : And will she love him still for prating? Let not thy discreet heart think itd. Her eye must be fed; and what delight shall she have to look on the devil? When the blood is made dull with the act of sport, there should be, again to inflame it and to give satiety a fresh appetite, loveliness in favour ; sympathy in years, manners, and beauties; all which the Moor is defective in: Now, for want of these required conveniences, her delicate tenderness will find itself abused, begin to heave the gorge, disrelish and abhor the Moor; very nature will instruct her in it, and compel her to some second choice. Now, sir, this granted, as it is a most pregnant and unforced position,) who stands so eminent in the degree of this fortune as Cassio does ;-a knave very voluble ; no further conscionable than in putting on the mere form of civil and humane seeming, for the better compassing of his salt and most hidden loose affection? why, none ; why, none : A slipper and subtle knave e; a finder of occasions : that has an eye can stamp and counterfeit advantages, though true advantage never present itself: A devil

ish knave ! besides, the knave is handsome, young; and hath all those re• Set down. In some modern editions this is let down, which is certainly the meaning of set down. • The quarto of 1622 reads

“ How do, our old acquaintance of the isle?" In the folio acquaintance is used in the singular as a noun of multitude. Thither. The quarto reads hither.

The folio reads, To love him still for prating, let not, &c. • The quarto reads, " A subtle slippery knave."

quisites in him that folly and green minds look after: A pestilent complete

knave; and the woman hath found him already. Rod. I cannot believe that in her ; she is full of most bless'd condition. Iago. Bless'd fig's end! the wine she drinks is made of grapes : if she had

been bless'd, she would never have loved the Moor: Bless'd pudding! Didst

thou not see her paddle with the palm of his hand ? didst not mark that? Rod. Yes, that I did; but that was but courtesy. Lago. Lechery, by this hand; an index and obscure prologue to the history of

lust and foul thoughts. They met so near with their lips that their breaths embraced together. Villainous thoughts, Roderigo! When these mutualities so marshal the way, hard at hand comes the master and main exercise, the incorporate conclusion: Pish!-But, sir, be you ruled by me: I have brought you from Venice. Watch you to-night; for the command, I 'll lay't upon you: Cassio knows you not ;—I'll not be far from you: Do you find some occasion to anger Cassio, either by speaking too loud, or tainting his discipline, or from what other course you please, which the time shall more

favourably minister. Rod. Well. Lago. Sir, he's rash, and very sudden in choler; and, haply ", may strike at you.

Provoke him that he may: for even out of that will I cause these of Cyprus to mutiny; whose qualification shall come into no true taste again, but by the displanting of Cassio. So shall you have a shorter journey to your desires, by the means I shall then have to prefer them; and the impediment most profitably removed, without the which there were no expectation of our

prosperity. Rod. I will do this, if you can bring it to any opportunity . Iago. I warrant thee. Meet me by and by at the citadel. I must fetch his

necessaries ashore. Farewell. Rod. Adieu.

(Exit. Iago. That Cassio loves her, I do well believe it;

That she loves him, 't is apt, and of great credit :
The Moor-howbeit that I endure him not-
Is of a constant, loving, noble nature ;
And, I dare think, he 'll prove to Desdemona
A most dear husband. Now I do love her too ;
Not out of absolute lust, (though, peradventure,
I stand accountant for as great a sin,)
But partly led to diet my revenge,
For that I do suspect the lusty Moor
Hath leap'd into my seat: the thought whereof

a We find in the quarto, “ Haply with his truncheon may strike at you."

The quarto reads, “ If I can bring it to any opportunity." Bat Roderigo is not one of those who relies upon himself; and the reading of the folio, “ If you can bring it to any opportunity," is far more characteristic. lago replies to this expression of reliance upon him, “I warrant thee."

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