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bargain or take an unfair advantage. Vul- | Mr. Stanniforth,” she said, with much gar he may be, according to your notions dignity. “ You can leave me beside Mrs. of vulgarity; but no one has ever accused Winnington." him of being dishonest. He is a man of And as soon as they had re-entered the business; and a bargain, you know, is a ball-room, she withdrew her hand from her bargain. If I go into the market to buy late partner's arm and, with a little cold an estate, or a horse, or whatever it may bow, gave him his dismissal. He lingered be, I must use my own judgment as to the near her for a moment, as if he had some. value of my purchase. If I didn't think thing more to say; but, as she turned her it worth the price asked, I shouldn't give head resolutely away from bim and began that price. In fact, the chances are that talking with great rapidity to a bystander, I shouldn't give the price unless, in my he moved off presently, with a halfopinion, it were worth a little more.” mused, half-concerned look upon his

"I once heard of a man,” said Nellie, face, which Nellie saw out of the corner “who bought whiat appeared to be a glass of her eye, and which did not serve to bead from a pedlar for a few shillings, diminish her wrath. knowing it to be a valuable diamond. She watched his tall figure skirting the He was what you would call a man of space reserved for the dancers; pres. business, I suppose. If Mr. Stanniforth ently she saw the Duke of Middlesex aris a friend of yours, I am sorry, I men. est his progress by a familiar tap on the tioned his name; but I am afraid I shall shoulder; she observed the easy defercontinue to dislike him nevertheless." ence with which he talked to the prince,

“You would not dislike him, if you were and consoled herself with an inward sneer to meet him."

at the pliability of some people's Radi“ I would not meet him for the world !" calism. Shortly afterwards she'caught cried Nellie. “Luckily, there is not the sight of his long legs extended beside least chance of my ever doing so; and as Mrs. Winnington's ample skirts, and she for his son, Mr. Tom Stanniforth, who is thought to herself, “ Now he has gone coming to stay at Longbourne very soon, over to the enemy." I shall take good care to keep out of his All this was most unjust and unfair; way.”

but those who amuse themselves by set“Isn't that rather hard lines upon poor ting traps for their neighbors must not Tom Stanniforth?”

expect the entrapped ones to judge them “I dare say it won't distress him very with strict impartiality. If Nellie could much," answered Nellie drily.

have overheard what was passing between “But indeed, if you carry out your Mr. Stanniforth and the lady at whose threat, it will distress him extremely. I side he had chosen to seat himself, she bappen to be the Tom Stanniforih in must have admitted that the second of question; so I can speak with some au- her charges at least was an unfounded thority as to his feelings.”

Nellie blessed the friendly darkness “Yes; that is the girl's brother dancing which veiled her confusion. Every word with Edith,” Mrs. Winnington was saythat she had said about the elder Stanni-ing. “ He is a shade less objectionable forth's dishonesty and plebeian origin than his sister; but that is not high praise. came back to her memory with horrible They are anything but a nice family. So distinctness; she was furious with her shockingly brought up." self for her stupidity, and if the mischief Oh, come !” cried Mr. Stanniforth, had not seemed to be past all mending, “ I'm sure you don't mean that.” she would have begged her companion's “If I did not mean it, I should not say pardon in the humblest language she it," rejoined Mrs. Winnington tartly; for could command. Unluckily, however, he several things had occurred to put her out broke out into a great jolly laugh ; and of temper that evening, and under such cir. that was more than her pride could brook. cumstances she could not always retain

" It was all your fault!” she exclaimed. coinmand over her tongue. Recollecting,

" I know it was. I ought to have told however, thatıshe was not yet this gentle. you my name long ago; but the tempta. man's mother-in-law, she made haste to tion to let you go on was too strong for add, in a more charitable spirit, “One me. Will you forgive me, Miss Brune, must not be too hard upon them; a widand shall we shake hands upon it?” ower's children are much to be pitied, and

But Miss Brune was no longer in a Mr. Brune has allowed his to run wild all mood either to accept or to offer apolo- their lives. They are not well brought gies. “I should like to go in now, please, I up - I cannot pretend to consider them



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so - but the fault is not altogether their appointment and discouragement; and own, perhaps.”

what with straitened means, and the gout, “ You told me that they had been and old age creeping on apace, there are brought up almost entirely by Margaret,” moments in which life itself seems but Mr. Stanuiforth remarked; otherwise I a doubtful blessing, and its prizes, such shouldn't have doubted your sincerity. as they are, hardly worth the worry and For my own part, I think Miss Brune weariness of struggling after. But Mrs. does Margaret infinite credit, I have not Winnington was not one to allow demet such an honest, unaffected girl for a spondency to get the upper hand of her long time. She seems to me to have a for long; and, as she had plenty of obstigood deal of character, too; and as for nacy, she very generally got her own way her looks — well, one ought not to praise in the end. She contrived, upon this ocanybody for possessing good looks, I sup- casion, to get Mr. Stanniforih to dance pose, however much one may be under with Edith before the evening was over; their influence. Beauty is a great power, and that was something. Rome was not nevertheless. Upon my word, Mrs. Win. built in a day; middle-aged bachelors nington, if I were twenty years younger, were game that required wary stalking; I believe I should fall desperately in love a boy like Walter Brune could not be any with Miss Brune."

serious obstacle in the way of well-laid Mrs. Winnington's eye-glasses fell from plans; Nellie was clearly marked out by her hand. She turned, and stared at her fate to marry that odious young Marescalneighbor, half horrified, half suspicious. chi, who would break her heart, and go Could he have guessed at the projects to the dogs. Such were the reflections which she had formed for his future do. with which Mrs. Winnington comforted mestic bliss, and was he amusing himself herself, in the intervals of slumber, during at her expense with an unseemly jest? her fifteen-mile drive home. She almost hoped that it might be so. But no; the broad smile that lighted up bis good-humored face had not a shade of malice in it; it was obvious that he was expressing his thoughts quite frankly;

From The Westminster Review. and poor Mrs. Winnington was within an


JOHN STUART MILL.* ace of losing her temper again as she looked at him.

This book is in every respect delight"I can't congratulate you upon your

ful and remarkable. It records the extaste,” she said curtly.

periences and utterances of a mind of far It really was enough to provoke a more than common intelligence and cultisaint. At the cost of much pain, labor, vation, and of a disposition at once sin. and humiliation, she had obtained an in- gularly liberal, cheerful, and devout. vitation to this ball, simply and solely in Throughout the life of Caroline Fox, her order that Tom Stanniforth, who, as 'she home was at the south-western extremity had heard, was to be present at it, might of England, and yet she could reckon in dance with her daughter; and here was her list of friends very many of the men ber reward! The wretched man bad most celebrated in literature and science, danced twice only in the course of the during the period over which her“ Memevening - only twice; and both times ories " extend. John Sterling and Jolin with the girl whom of all others she would Stuart Mill are the central tigures in her fain have kept out of his way. For of group of “Old Friends,” and she was course he would meet her again at Long. also intimate with Wordsworth, Carlyle, bourne, and of course she was pretty; the Bunsens, Hartley and Derwent CóleMrs. Winnington was perfectly well aware ridge, Tennyson, Julius C. Hare, Milman, of that. She was preitier even, perhaps, J. A. Froude, Charles Kingsley, Francis than Edith; though surely less refined, Newman, Frederick Dennison, Maurice, less aristocratic. But what did a horrid and Sir Henry Taylor; and among men Manchester man care about refinement? of science with Professors Adams, Airy,

Everything was going wrong. He had Lloyd, and Owen, the Bucklands, father · not asked Edith for a dance; he evidently did not now intend to do so; and mean-| the Journals and Letters of Caroline Fox, late of

* Memories of oid Friends, being Extracts from while Edith was spending a great deal too Penjerrick, Cornwall, from 1835 to 1871. Edited by large a portion of the evening with Wal- Horace H. Pym,

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Third Edition,

10 which are added fourteen original letters from J. S. ter Brune.

Mill, never before published. London: Smith, Eider Alas! the world we live in is full of dis- & Co.

In two volumes.


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and son, Sir Edward Sabine, Sir Charles | The family had grave elders, bright, cheery Lyell, and Sir Roderick Murchison. young branches, men and women; truly amiable

Caroline Fox belonged to a remarkable all after their sort. Most worthy, respectable, family of brothers and sisters of old and highly cultivated people, with a great deal Quaker lineage, whose forefathers two of money among them,” wrote Sterling, “who hundred years ago settled in Cornwall. nected with all the large Quaker circle — the

make the place pleasant to me. They are conTheir descendants dwelt in a cluster of Gurneys, Frys, etc., and also with Buxton, the lovely dwellings in the town of Falmouth Abolitionist."* and its neighborhood. Falmouth, some

With “Friends” wealth seems an alreaders may wish to be inforined, is built where the Truro River,* after flowing writing to a kindred spirit, who resembled

most inseparable accident. Caroline Fox, through scenery which in parts is not unworthy to be compared with that of the her alike in intellectual and spiritual charRhine, past Tregothnan, the stately home acteristics, in the possession of wealth, of the Boscawens, and Trelissick, for- and in its generous expenditure for the merly the abode of Davies Gilbert, a name

good of others, observes : once not unknown in the world of politics I always try to account for this phenomenon and letters, and still cherished by his fel- by remembering that we are essentially a midlow Cornishmen as an historian of the dle class community; that amongst us indusantiquities and topography of their com-try, perseverance, and energy of character are mon county, joins an arm of the sea, and habitually cultivated, and that as our crotchets widens into the capacious harbor of Fal- keep us out of almost all the higher walks of

professional life, this industry, perseverance, mouth, guarded by the ancient castles of and energy is found in the money market, and Pendennis and St. Mawe's. “The broth-is apt to succeed therein. All'I can say in ers,” the editor of the “ Memories "truly apology (for it does require an apology) is, that says,

• would have made a noticeable the wealth we gain is not generally spent on group in any country, and were not less ourselves alone. But, pray, tell us, candidly, conspicuous from their public spirit and which of the other crying evils of our country philanthropy than from their scientific thou wouldst urge on our attention, for there attainments, their geniality, and the sim- are many listening for. “calls” who would plicity and modesty of their lives.” + Of thankfully take a good hint.f these brothers, Robert Were Fox, Caro- This was written in 1855, but“ Friends" line's father, was the eldest. Properly to are no longer excluded from the higher bring this family before our readers' mind walks of professional life. Not only is would require a power of description such one Friend a privy councillor, but another as that which enabled Macaulay to per- is a judge of the High Court of Justice. petuate the memory of the society of Early Friends would not have tolerated Holland House, Sir James Stephen the the being spoken of as the “Right Hon. memory of the Clapham sect, or Dr. Mar- orable" gentleman, or being addressed as tineau so vividly to bring before his read." My Lord,” or “ Your Honor.” Now it ers Priestley in his American exile, on would be curious to see the effect which the outer margin of civilization, seated in would be produced if a member of the his study, beneath the pictures of the bar using all “plainness of speech” adfriends he bad lost, and surrounded by dressed the learned judge we allude to the books which had been his companions simply as Friend." through half a century and over half the We may add that this Cornish family earth, while the social voices of the group supplied a notable illustration of Richof heretics round the fireside of Essex ard Cobden's remark,“ That the Quakers Street floated on his ear, and his eye have acted Christianity, and their women would dream of the philosophers who had have approached nearer to an equality welcomed him on his yearly visits to Lon- with the other sex than any of the de. don. Lacking this power, we avail our scendants of Eve.” | The abolition of selves of the glimpse given by Carlyle in slavery and the slave trade, the spread of his “ Life of Sterling :

Christianity, the bloodless war against

ignorance, intemperance, and, not less, Of the well-known Quaker family of the against the military spirit, were supported Fox's, principal people in that place, persons by their labors and their purses. They of cultivated, opulent habits, and joining to labored also in other fields of usefulness, the fine purities and pieties of their sect, a reverence for human intelligence in all kinds.

* Carlyle's Life of Sterling, p. 259.

† Letter to the late E. T. Carne, of Penzance, vol. * More properly the Fal, unde derivatur Falmouth. ii., p. 234. † Memoir, vol. i., p. xiv.

* Life of Cobden, vol. ii., p. 366.

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specially those connected with the great The Foxes always occupied a foremost industry of their native county. The position in the Society of Friends, and president of the Royal Society, in his retained, as did Caroline to the last, many annual address, referring to the severe of the scrupulosities, and many of the loss which the Society and the scientific peculiarities in speech and dress, which world generally sustained by the death of made the Society what Caroline described Robert Were Fox, describes him as "em- it, “surely the most difficile and bizarre inent for his researches on the temper. body in Christendom." * “ It is droll,” ature and the magnetic and electrical wrote Sterling to Carlyle, “ to hear them condition of the interior of the earth, talking of all the common topics of sciespecially in connection with the forma ence, literature, and life, and in the midst tion of mineral veins; and further, as the of it, • Does thou know Wordsworth ?? inventor of some, and the improver of or, “Did thou see the coronation ?' or other instruments, now everywhere em. • Will thou take some refreshment?'" On ployed in ascertaining the properties of occasion of one of the visits of the British terrestrial magnetism.”*

Association to Dublin, there was a dinner Robert Were Fox also obtained the and soirée to all the savants at the viceBanksian medal for acclimatizing more regal lodge. " There was quite a row," than two hundred foreign plants in his Caroline records in her diary, “when the grounds at Grove Hill,ť a place singularly gentlemen wanted their bats: terrible favorable to the growth of exotics and confusion and outcry: Never before had delicate shrubs. Orange and lemon trees a broad brim so justified itself in my eyes. are grown against the garden walls, and It was found and restored to its owner, yield an abundance of very tolerable fruit. whilst I had to leave poor General Sabine His appearance and character are sympa- in a mass of perplexities." + thetically described by one, herself also Parenthetically, we may observe that of Quaker lineage, and who knew him Caroline records an imaginary saying, well:

put by Carlyle in the mouth of George The wise but determined and energetic regu. Fox, utterly inconsistent with, nay repuglator of his own, and the prop and firm sup. nant to, historic truth, and showing Carport of his mother's large family, picture to Jyle's ignorance of the man whom he pro. yourself his forehead, and the sides of his fessed to describe. He had “wandered head, with what Spurzheim used to call “ per- in to tea” with the Foxes, during one of pendicular walls of reason and of truth.” Pa; their biennial visits to London, • Looktient investigation, profound reflection, and steadfast determination sit upon his thinking ing dusky and aggrieved at having to live and bent brow. Generous and glowing feeling in such a generation, and pouring forth often kindles his deep-set eyes, whilst the firm such a string of tirades that it became closing of his mouth, the square form of the natural in his hearers to ask, “Who has chin, and the muscular activity and strong form, ever done any good in the world ?' •Whis,' show that it is continually compressed within he replied, 'there was one George Fox, by the energy of a self-governing character. he did some little good. He walked up Truth and honor unshaken, conscience unsul- to a man, and said, “ My fat-faced friend, lied, cool investigating reason and irresistible thou art a damn'd lie !!!""" I force seem to follow the outlines of his very

Of one, and not the least of the benevo. remarkable character.

lent characteristics of Friends - their Of his wife, Maria Fox, we learn from love of animals — these volumes give us the same authority that she was a “super. many illustrations. We read of Caroline eminently excellent mother. She had not when quite a child, saying, “O mamma! the scientific tastes that distinguished her do let me say my hymn louder, for my husband; but her heart and affections, poor mule is listening and cannot hear her least actions, and her very looks were me.” § We read also of a walk taken by so imbued and steeped in the living waters Caroline and her sister with Sterling. of divine truth that she seemed to have “ We took,” she notes, “poor Billy, the come to the perfection of heavenly wisdom, which made her conversation a rich

• Vol. ii., p. 234. feast and a blessed instruction.” §




+ Vol. ii., p. 255.

Readers of “Lord Macaulay's

Life' will remember the story of his uncle (a Friend), * Memoir, vol. i., pp. 14-15.

who, when in London, had looked in at Rowland Hill's + Grove Hill was R. W. Fox's Falmouth residence. Chapel, and had there lost a new hat. Penjerrick, the dearly-loved home of Caroline's later ported this misfortune to his father, the old friend relife, is some two or three miles from Falmouth.

plied, “ John, if thee'd gone to the right place of wore # Extract from a letter of M. A. Schimmelpenninck, ship, thee'd have kept thy hat on thy head.” (Vol. i. in“ Memoir,”' pp. 15 et seq.

See also her "Life,” by p. 21.) C. C. Hankin. Longmans, 1858.

I Vol. ii., p. 84. § Ibid., p. 16.

§ Memoir, vol. i., p. xvii.

When he re



to any

goat, with us when Sterling chose to lead whom these volumes are dedicated, is an it, and presented a curious spectacle: his artist of no mean ability, and exercises solemn manner with that volatile kid.” * the characteristic beneficence of her fam. On another occasion, she affectionately ily. The Polytechnic Society of her narefers “to Balaam, the ape, whom I had tive county, established in a great meas. borrowed for the afternoon, and the kid, ure through her exertions, did not, to use near by, quite happy in our companion- her sister's words, “hesitate to reward ship.” † Frank Buckland is described as two of her pictures with their medals, and, staying at Uncle Charles's, “and you moreover, paid them a public compliment, might have seen him in his glory, lying which her sister was “almost apt to fancy on the pavement outside the drawing- well deserved."* room door, with the three monkeys sprawl- Caroline, like her brother, possessed ing about him.” I “We were delighted,” considerable intellectual power. From is another entry, “to watch Uncle Joshua her birth she was of delicate constitution, in his sweet companionship with nature; and consequently, never went the little birds are now so intimate and school; but her mother's care, aided by trustful, that they come when he calls the best masters obtainable at that time them, and eat crumbs out of his mouth. and in her remote home, completely supIt is a charming and beautiful sight.” § plied the want of school training, but, says

Caroline Fox, one of the three children her biographer, “The best part of her of her parents, was born May 24, 1819. education was gained after the schoolHer brother, Robert Barclay Fox, was a room door was closed, and she was mis. man of intellectual power and literary ten-tress of her own time." Association with dency, both of which had received the the literary and scientific men who frecultivation common amongst Friends. quented the houses of her father and his His friendship was sought and prized by brothers, further developed ber natural three men of very different characters powers, and the works of Coleridge exerJohn Sterling, in a greater degree by John cised upon her a peculiar † fascination, Stuart Mill, and in a still greater degree and stimulated her mind to greater efforts by that much-enduring statesman, Wil- of thought. liam Edward Foster, himself reared as a Her own description of her state of Friend, and whose friendship with Robert mind in her twenty-first year is given in began, we believe, at an early period in the memoir. There is perhaps too much their lives. Like Sterling, Robert's liter. introspection to be perfectly healthy or ary tendency took the poetic form of natural in one so young. This is due to expression. From the specimens of his her training by Friends and their babit poetry || given us, we can only wish that of watching and narrating their experihe had been as fortunate as was Sterling ences. in the possession of a friend, who would, Dr. Calvert, “the excellent ingenious in the spirit of the Scriptural saying, cheery Cumberland gentleman," with “Faithful are the wounds of a friend," whom Carlyle in his “ Life of Sterling have given to his poetical aspirations, bas made us familiar, and the closing such snubbings as Carlyie and his wife years of whose life were spent at Fal. gave those of Sterling.

inouth, was one of the intimate friends of . Far better was a prose effort of his - a the Fox circle; “A few solemn words tract, entitled, “My friend Mr. B." Its spoken by him awakened a consciousness purpose was to counteract the effect of in Caroline's mind of the worthlessness the foolish invasion panic of 1853. Writ. of a merely traditional faith in highest ten from the Friends' point of view, both truths." " The more," she says, " 1 exas regards the immorality of the war amined into my reasons for believing spirit and its anti-economical tendency, it doctrines, the more was I staggered and so delighted Cobden that be requested a filled with anxious thought.” She was in copy of it might be sent to every member the state of mind whichiCarlyle describes of both Houses, which was done. I

as the spasmodic efforts of some to be. Anna Maria, the sister of Caroline and lieve that they believe.” This description Robert, who survives them both, and to she appropriated to herself.

“I fully

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believe," she continues, “in Christ as a • Vol. i., p. 242.

Mediator and Exemplar, but I could not † Vol. i., p. 246. i ! ii., p. 307.

bring my reason to accept him as a Sav. $ Ibid., P: 30. di Vide vol. i. Memoir, p. 25, vol. ii., pp. 43-230. It is reprinted in full in vol. ii., in the notes to p.

• Vol. ii., p. 192:
† Memoir, vol. i., p. 18

204, et seq.

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