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thing, in its effect upon the emotions, to And the more that men's minds are say with Homer,
cleared, the more that the results of sciτλητον γάρ Μοίραι θυμόν θέσαν ανθρώποισιν,*
ence are frankly accepted, the more that "for an enduring heart have the destinies poetry and eloquence come to be studied
as what they really are the criticism of appointed to the children of men”? Wly life by gifted men, alive and active with should it be one thing, in its effect upon extraordinary power at an unusual numthe emotions, to say with Spinoza, Felici- ber of points; so much the more will tas in eo consistit quod homo suum esse the value of humane letters, and of art conservare potest, “ Man's happiness con- also, wbich is an utterance having a like sists in bis being able to preserve his kind of power with theirs, be felt and acown essence," and quite another thing, in knowledged, and their place in education its effect upon the emotions, to say, be secured. “ What is a man advantaged, if he gain Let us, all of us, avoid as much as posthe whole world, and lose himself, forfeit sible any invidious comparison between himself?” How does this difference of the merits of humane letters, as means of effect arise? I cannot tell, and I am not education, and the merits of the natural much concerned to know; the important sciences. But when some president of a thing is that it does arise and that we Section for Mechanical Science insists on can profit by it. But how, finally, are po- making the comparison, and tells us that etry and eloquence to exercise the power " he who in his training has substituted of relating the results of natural science literature and history for natural science to man's instinct for conduct, his instinct has chosen the less useful alternative,” for beauty? And here again. I answer let us say to him that the student of huthat I do not know how they will exercise mane letters only, will at least know also it, but that they can and will exercise it the great general conceptions brought in I am sure. I do not mean that modern by modern physical science; for science, philosophical poets and modern philosoph- as Professor Huxley says, forces them ical moralists are to relate for us the re- upon us all. But the student of the natusults of modern scientific research to our ral sciences only, will, by our very hypothneed for conduct, our need for beauty. I esis, know nothing of humane letters; not mean that we shall find, as a matter of to mention that in setting himself to be experience, if we know the best that has perpetually acccumulating natural knowl been thought and uttered in the world, we edge, he sets himself to do what only shall find that the art and poetry and elo- specialists have the gift for doing genquence of men who lived, perhaps, long ially. And so he will be unsatisfied, or ago, who had the most limited natural at any rate incomplete, and even knowledge, who had the most erroneous incomplete than the student of humane conceptions about many important mat
letters. ters, we shall find that they have in fact
I once mentioned in a school-report not only the power of refreshing and de- how a young man in a training college, lighting us, they have also the power, having to paraphrase the passage in such is the strength and worth, in essen- “Macbeth” beginning, — tials, of their authors' criticism of life,
Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased ? they have a fortifying and elevating and quickening and suggestive power capable turned this line into, “ Can you not wait of wonderfully helping us to relate the
upon the lunatic?"
And I remarked results of modern science to our need for what a curious state of things it would be, conduct, our need for beauty: Homer's if every pupil of our primary schools knew conceptions of the physical universe were, that when a taper burns the wax is conI imagine, grotesque; but really, under verted into carbonic acid and water, and the shock of learing froin modern science thought at the same time that a good para. that the world is not subordinated to
phrase for man's use, and that man is not the cyno.
Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased ? sure of things terrestrial,” I could desire no better comfort than Homer's line which
“Can you not wait upon the luna. I quoted just now,
tic.” If one is driven to choose, I think τλητον γάρ Μοίραι θυμόν θέσαν ανθρώποισιν, I would rather have a young person igno"for an enduring heart have the desti- rant about the converted wax, but aware nies appointed to the children of men."
that “ Can you not wait upon the luna.
tic?” is bad, than a young person whose • Iliad xxiv. 49.
education had left things the other way.
Or to go higher than the pupils of our and to give ourselves as much training in primary schools. I have in my mind's its disciplines as we can conveniently eye a member of Parliament who goes carry, yet the majority of men will always to travel in America, who relates his require humane letters, and so much the travels, and who shows a really masterly imore as they have the more and the knowledge of the geology of the country greater results of science to relate to the and of its mining capabilities, but who need in man for conduct, and to the need ends by gravely suggesting that the in him for beauty. United States should borrow a prince from our royal family and should make And so we have turned in favor of the him their king, and should create a House humanities the No wisdom, nor underof Lords of great landed proprietors after standing, nor counsel, against the Eter. the pattern of ours; and then America, nal! which seemed against them when he thinks, would have her future happily we started. The “hairy quadruped fursecured. Surely, in this case, the presi- nished with a tail and pointed ears, probdent of the Section for Mechanical Science ably arboreal in his habits,” carried hidden would himself hardly say that our mem. in his nature, apparently, something desber of Parliament, by concentrating him- tined to develop into a necessity for huself upon geology and mining and so on, mane letters. The time warns me to and not attending to literature and his stop; but most probably, if we went on, tory, had “chosen the more useful alter- we might arrive at the further conclusion native."
that our ancestor carried in his nature, If then there is to be separation and also, a necessity for Greek. The attackoption between humane letters on the one ers of the established course of study hand, and the natural sciences on the think that against Greek, at any rate, they other, the great majority of mankind, all have irresistible arguments. Literature who have not exceptional and overpower- may perhaps be needed in education, they ing aptitudes for the study of nature, say; but why on earth should it be Greek would do well, I cannot but think, to literature? Why not French or German? choose to be educated in humane letters nay, “has not an Englishman models in rather than in the natural sciences. Let his own literature of every kind of excelters will call out their being at more lence?” As before, it is not on any weak points, will make them live more. pleadings of my own that I rely for con
And indeed, to say the truth, I cannot vincing the gainsayer; it is on the constireally think that humane letters are in tution of human nature itself and on the danger of being thrust out from their instinct of self-preservation in humanity. leading place in education, in spite of the The instinct for beauty is set in human array of authorities against them at this nature, as surely as the instinct for knowlmoment. So long as human nature is edge is set there, or the instinct for conwhat it is, their attractions will remain duct. If the instinct for beauty is served irresistible. They will be studied more by Greek literature as it is served by no rationally, but they will not lose their other literature, we may trust to the inplace. What will happen will rather be stinct of self-preservation in humanity for that there will be crowded into education keeping Greek as part of our culture. other matters besides, far too many; there We may trust to it for even making this will be, perhaps, a period of unsettlement study more prevalent than it is now. As and confusion and false tendency; but I said of humane letters in general, Greek letters will not in the end lose their lead. will come to be studied more rationally ing place. If they lose it for a time, they than at present; but it will be increasingly will get it back again. We shall be studied as men increasingly feel the need brought back to them by our wants and in them for beauty, and how powerfully aspirations. And a poor humanist may Greek art and Greek literature can serve possess his soul in patience, neither this need. Women will again study strive nor cry, admit the energy and bril. Greek, as Lady Jane Grey did; perhaps liancy of the partisans of physical science, in that chain of sorts, with which the fair and their present favor with the public, to host of the Amazons is engirdling this be far greater than his own, and still have university, they are studying it already: a happy faith that the nature of things Defuit una mihi symmetriz prisca, said works silently on behalf of the studies Leonardo da Vinci; and he was an Italwhich he loves, and that, while we shailian. What must an Englishman feel as all have to acquaint ourselves with the to his deficiencies in this respect as the great results reached by modern science, I sense for beauty, whereof symmetry is an essential element, awakens and strength. spell of foreign service by a return to ens within him! what will not one day be England on leave. The battery of horse. his respect and desire for Greece and its artillery to which he had been attached symmetria prisca, when the scales drop had been ordered home long ago, directly from his eyes as he walks the London after the first of the little wars in which streets, and he sees such a lesson in mean. he had been engaged; but he had not ness as the Strand, for instance, in its accompanied it, as at that time he had true deformity! But here I have entered had an opportunity of seeing some furMr. Ruskin's province, and I am well ther service. Then had come in quick content to leave not only our street archi- succession the marriage of his two sisters tecture, but also letters and Greek, under and the death of his mother, entailing a the care of so distinguished a guardian. disruption of all direct home ties; and, MATTHEW ARNOLD. although when the fighting was over,
and he had gained a brevet-colonelcy, a C.B., and a bullet in his left shoulder as
his share in the results of the same, he From The Cornhill Magazine.
might have got away for a time from a NO NEW THING.
country that he hated, he chose rather,
upon mature consideration, to accept the CHAPTER VI.
offer of a well-paid staff pointinent, to THE WANDERER'S RETURN.
serve out his five years, and then to turn
his back upon India for good and all. To That Colonel Kenyon should make for lay by money and provide himself with Longbourne immediately after landing something like a competency was the chief upon his native shores was quite natural object of his life; for he had ever before and proper. Mrs. Winnington conceded him a distant, bright ideal, towards the as much, and Mrs. Winnington was ad- realization of which this prosaic achieve. mitted to be an authority upon matters of ment was a small, yet absolutely necessary propriety. “I think, my dear,” said she, step. A journey from Madras to London is that you ought to have Hugh here for a and back is not to be performed without time, when he comes back. Now that a considerable outlay; therefore he had his mother is dead, he has no home of stoutly resisted his own longings and his own to go to, and perhaps you owe it Margaret's frequent entreaties, and had to him to show him a little civility. You patiently bided his time, comforting him. might send a note to Portsmouth to awaitself in moments of depression with an his arrival, inviting him to come and stay altogether illogical conviction that so with you for ten days or a fortnight. It much labor and self-denial must surely would be as well just to mention the dates, obtain their reward at last. because people who have been in India. A more ardent lover might perhaps get such very queer notions of hospitality, have acted differently, but a more ardent and poor dear Hugh was always a little lover miglit bave been less consistently dense about knowing when to take him- faithful. Fidelity to a dream would appear self off. I remember, in days gone by, to be about the toughest sort of fidelity when he used to call upon us at the Palace, of which we mortals are capable; and, how much help he required to get out of according to enlightened students of hu. the room. Upon one occasion I actually man nature, all love, in the romantic ac. had to pick up his bat and umbrella, and ceptation of the term, partakes of the thrust them into his hand. Quitė in a character of dreams. Nothing, say they, friendly way, you know, making a sort of is so inevitably certain to dispel its illujoke of it; but if I had not done some. sions as daily intercourse with the adored thing of the kind he would never have creature; and in those rare cases in which moved at all. Yes; I think you should men have remained true to their first love let him find an invitation waiting for him. for a matter of ten years or more, it is He would feel it as a very kind piece of almost invariably absence that has kept attention, I am sure.”
Be that as it may, Hugh Ken. And Margaret did not consider herself yon was as much in love with Margaret called upon to state that such an invita- Stanniforth all through his Indian career tion, minus the time-limit, as her mother as he had been at the beginning of it. described, bad been written and de. His love, it is true, was of a sober kind, spatched to Madras some months before. as became a grey-headed man whose ac.
Various circumstances had prevented quaintance had been chiefly with the Colonel Kenyon from breaking his long I seamy side of life; but it may have been
to that very attribute that it owed its con- come worse, and at forty-five a man takes stancy. For the rest, nobody knew better such possibilities into consideration. Per. than he did that his vision of happiness haps he feared his fate too much : it can. rested upon no more solid foundation not be said that his deserts were small. than strength of will and a vague faith in He did not rush home overland - there poetical justice. Margaret's long letters, being really no need for hurry - but in which the cares and interests of her economically took passage in a troop.ship, daily life were fully treated of, and most and in due time disembarked at Ports. of the episodes of Philip Marescalchi's mouth, accompanied by a few comrades school and college career were duly set in arms who, like himself
, had been away forth, had convinced him that time had long enough to look for no very enthusi. passed a healing hand over her wounds; astic welcome on their return to the and be no longer feared, as he had once mother country. done, that in asking her to be his wife he Colonel Kenyon was so far more fortu. might seem to outrage the memory of her nate than they that he found at his club husband and his friend. This was a com- in London a very kind and cordial note, fort, so far as it went, but it did not go informing him that his Longbourne friends very far. He perceived that, if she was were anxiously expecting his arrival. less forlorn, she stood in the less need of Having despatched a post-card in answer
ctor; nor could he disguise from to this, he took his ticket, on the follow. himself that his prediction was in course ing afternoon, for Crayminster, where a of fulfilment, and that Marescalchi al- further and a wholly unánticipated compliready stood, to some extent, in the posi- ment awaited him. For the first thing tion which he had once occupied.
that he saw, when the train entered the All this being so, it is scarcely to be station, was a tall lady, dressed all in wondered at that Colonel Kenyon should black, who was eagerly scanning the carhave made few new friends during the riages as they passed lier, as if in search lengthy period of his exile, nor that he of some one whom she could not discover, should have passed for a rather dull and and whose features and figure he would morose fellow in the Madras Presidency. have recognized among a thousand. He possessed a photograph of Margaret, Hugh's heart came up into his mouth. taken years before by the one Craymin. He had never supposed that Margaret ster photographer, which, in the absence would think of coming down to Crayminof its original, served him as companion ster to meet him, and her having done so and friend. This work of art represented filled himn with an absurd delight and ela. a simpering girl of sixteen, standing be- tion. When her eyes rested upon him side a top-heavy table, and dragging a for a second, and then passed on, he was wreath of paper flowers out of a leather. not hurt. "No wonder she doesn't know work basket. It did not even remotely my yellow cheeks and gray hair," he resemble Margaret Standiforth ; but its thought to himself. Her own hair, as he owner considered it, upon the whole, a noticed, in that momentary glimpse, had very satisfactory likeness — not compli- a streak of silver in it here and there, but mentary, to be sure, still quite pleasing her face - that pleasant, kindly face, It accompanied him through all his cam- which was to him the most beautiful the paigns, it was gazed at with religious fer. world could show was unaltered, or had vor every morning and evening, and Hugh altered only for the better. She had a never sat down to indite one of his volu- bright color, and had the appearance of minous epistles to Longbourne without being in good health and good spirits ; propping it up on the desk before him to and he could not help being a little glad lend inspiration to his ideas. Sometimes to see that her widow's cap had disap. he even stopped writing to talk to it for a peared, though she still wore mourning. few minutes, for the wisest and most All these details he took in at one glance, sober of men will do silly things when and then the train glided on, and he lost nobody is looking on.
sight of her.
But before it came to a When at length the time came for our standstill, Colonel Kenyon's head was love-lorn warrior to exchange letters for thrust out of the window, his right hand speech, and doubt for certainty, he was by was fumbling for the door-handle, and he no means so overjoyed as he had expected was waving a greeting with his left, while to be. In his patient, matter-of-course he called out cheerily, “ This is really too sort of way, he had been rather unhappy good of you.” for ten years; but his condition bad not The next instant he was thanking his been so bad but that it might easily be stars that Mrs. Stannifortl's back had
been turned towards him, and that she “ But it is such a long walk, Philip, and had neither seen his signals nor heard his it is so hot,” said Margaret irresolutely. joyous hail. For lo and behold! a very “Never mind," answered Philip, with a good-looking young man had jumped down rather plaintive look at the long stretch of on to the platform and was embracing her sunny landscape that lay before him. publicly, in total disregard of the customs And then a bright idea occurred to Mar. of a self-restrained nation, and Hugh garet. Suppose we were to walk?" she heard her cry," At last! I am so glad! I suggested to Hugh. “We might go was afraid you were not coming after all." across the fields, you know, and it would
Colonel Kenyon collected his coats and be quite like old times. Would it be too umbreilas with the saddened and humili- much for you?" ated feelings of a man who has answered Hugh said he should enjoy the walk of when he has not been spoken to. Fain all things, and it certainly would not be would he have sneaked out of the station too much for him. “But will not you be without making himself known; but this tired yourself?” he asked. " You said was hardly practicable, so he advanced, something about the heat just now, and it putting as good a face upon things as he is a good three miles, as I well rememcould assume; and as soon as Margaret ber." caught sight of him she knew him, and “You must have forgotten other things bade him welcome with a warmth which if you think I am afraid of a three-mile left nothing to be desired.
walk. I like walking much better than Oh, Hugh!” she exclaimed, holding driving; and, besides, I mean to go very out both hands; and with that brief ejacu- slowly, so as to have as long a time as lation her hearer was satisfied, under possible to talk to you in.” standing by it all that he was intended to Hugh could say no more; and the ardo. He himself could find no
more rangement evidently met the views of Mr. striking rejoinder than, “ Here I am, you Marescalchi, who got into the carriage
without more ado, and was speedily driven * Yes; but why did you not tell us that away, leaning back luxuriously, and blowyou were coming by this train ? You only ing a cloud from the cigarette which he said you would be down in time for din- had just lighted. ner, and I was just thinking of asking The two friends who were thus left to Philip to wait in the town, so as to meet themselves had, no doubt, a great deal to you. I needn't introduce you to Philip, say to one another; but they experienced need I?"
the common difficulty of friends who have Colonel Kenyon intimated that no such been long separated in not knowing exintroduction was necessary; and, as the actly where to begin. During the first two men shook hands, each inwardly quarter of a mile of their walk, which led passed a hasty judgment upon the other. them across pasture-land and through Colonel Kenyon set Philip down as a hop-gardens, little passed between them swaggering young puppy; and Mares- save questions and answers referring to calchi said to himself that the new-comer the productiveness of the soil and the was a solemn old bore, who looked as if changes which time had wrought in the he would be certain to make himself ob- ownership thereof, occasional allusions to noxious in one way or another before bygone years, and comparisons between very long. Of course, however, they the climate of England and that of India. smiled upon one another amicably, and Mrs. Stanniforth led the way and did said what the occasion appeared to call most of the talking. Hugh was contented for; the younger man, wlio was the more to listen, to steal furtive glances at his at his ease, showing to greater advantage companion while she walked beside him, than the elder in this interchange of civili: and to study her full-length figure when, ties. Marescalchi, indeed, prided himself as sometimes happened, the narrowness upon always knowing the proper thing to of the path forced them to advance in say and do, and presently he gave evi. single file. But when they reached a cer: dence of his nice perception by a truly tain stile, beyond which stretched sloping magnanimous offer.
fields of oats and barley, Mrs. Stannisorth, "You two will have lots to talk about," instead of getting over it, wheeled round, he remarked, when they had passed out and, resting her elbows upon its topmost of the station, and were standing beside bar, attacked Hugh point-blank with, the open carriage which was waiting for “Well; what do you think of him?" thein. “You had better drive up together, There was no need to particularize the and I'll walk."
individual to whom her question referred.