Bequeathing to fair Dames, and Youth,
Those elegant, yet mild enjoyments;

But in “ Palazzi,” welcome frank

We found, and kindness never chary :
Sweet music, beauty, fashion, rank,
Yea, — Envoys Extraordinary !

Tobacco. - All sweet herbs, plants, fruits,

Yields fair Hesperia. — And yet I
Prefer Manila's fine cheroots,
To thy least “worthless weed,” Minghetti!

The Cats. — How dire their concert rings !

As tigers roar, at night they bellow:-
Soon may they yield harmonic strings

For “ violini” and “the 'cello!”

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Or Venus, Psyche, or young Love,

Pan, Satyrs, Biga-horses prancing,
Or Ariadne, Bacchus, Jove,
Or piping Fauns, or Mænads dancing;

Or where yon stricken Gaul bestows

No thought on life : but, bleeding, sighing,
Tells, in those last convulsive throes,
Of the good fight he fought while dying.

Antiquities. - Etruscan arms,
Flint fakes, darts, spear-heads transcen-

dental :
Nay, — those most rare and mystic charms,
Celts of green jade the Oriental.

XXXV. Beholding which attractive blades,

I, (reconciling “ Love and Duty,”) Leave Rome with sundry handsome Jades, (One, said to be “a perfect beauty”).

All Cinquecento bric-à-brac;

Gems, lace, majolica, medaglie:
While he that gathers finds no lack
Of vases, “rhytons,” and “terraglie.”

The Ghetto. Ere you enter in,

On either hand are“ MOSES:"-"AARON :'
Rich offerings, like those “ of Sin :"
Rich scents,

unlike “the Rose of Sharon"!

The Carnival. – It roused my ire

To most extreme exacerbation :
Its flowers, “confetti,” masques, and fire
Of “moccoli," and of “ Cremation.”

The Roman Fox.Hunt.

A vague chase, Involving many a fruitless fixture : “The Meet,” in some old Classic place,

Hounds, horses, fox, in friendly mixture.

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Oft in Hyperborean clime,

While snows perpetuate December,
And “memory holds her seat,” the time

So loved in Rome, we shall remember.

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My“ Prehistoric Jades” at home

Will faithfully and oft reinind me
Of Muses, Graces, left at Rome,
(Reluctantly, I vow !) behind me.

Dear Graces, Muses, though we part,

Be “PAX VOBISCUM,” late and early:
I can but echo from my heart,
Al piacer di rivederle !"

J. P. M.


Receptions : Balls. — Faint zest, in sooth,

Had I for such polite employments;

THE TRANSPORT or Frozen FISH. - The | Hudson's Bay Settlements. The fish were steam yacht “ Diana,” has solved an interest. caught at the rate of about three tons daily, ing question with regard to the importation of and placed in the cold-air chamber immediately salmon. The vessel belongs to the Hudson's as they arrived alongside the ship. On openBay Company, and has been fitted up by the ing the hold in London the salmon were found Bell-Coleman Mechanical Refrigeration Com- in as good condition as when taken out of the pany of Glasgow with one of their patent dry water. The flesh is declared quite firm and of air refrigerators, designed by Mr. I. I. Cole- excellent color. We understand that the re

The hold is made air-tight, and lined frigerating engine to which this result is due with a non-conducting lining, and contains has not given the slightest trouble throughout about thirty-five tons weight of fish, which the voyage or freezing operations at the other have been kept at a temperature of about 20° end.

Engineering. or 22° Fahr. throughout the voyage from the


Fifth Series, Volume XXXIX.


No. 1994. – September 9, 1882.


From Beginning,

Vol. CLIV,

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CONTENTS. I. LITERATURE AND Science, By Matthew Arnold, .

Nineteenth Century,
II. No New THING. Part III.,.

Cornhill Magazine,
By Edward A. Freeman,

Fortnightly Review,
IV. Robin. By Mrs. Parr, author of “Adam
and Eve.” Part XIV.,

Temple Bar,





Chambers' Journal, XI. THE FOREIGN TRADE OF CHINA, .


Land and Water, XIII. HINDOO MARRIAGE Customs,

Leeds Mercury, XIV. Owls,


614 619 622 626 628

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Tor Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office monev-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, ihe money should be sent in n registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register Jeiters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of The LIVING Age, 18 centa

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O Life! thou too art sweet;

Thou breath'st the fragrant breath Of those whom even the hope to meet

Can cheer the gate of death.
Life is the scene their presence lighted;

Its every hour and place
Is with dear thought of them united,
Irradiate with their



There lie the duties small and great

Which we from them inherit; There spring the aims that lead us straight

To their celestial spirit.

| All glorious things, or seen or heard,

For love or justice done, The helpful deed, the ennobling word,

By this poor life are won.

A BIRTHDAY SONNET. Stay, ruthless Time, touch softly on the brow With feathered wing the one so loved, who Holds forth a hand to greet you as you pass, And checks the sand fast hurrying through

your glass, Leaving a year's more love to swell her store, Enriching that which she possessed before.

- Stay, Time, and ponder for a moment rare Upon the life of one with whom to share A tithe of all her precious gifts were fare And honor worthy of the proudest claim: A life of love, truth, spirit - all I name Could not set forth the hold she has on thee. Pass, then, with soothing touch, and give to

O Life and Death! like Day and Night,

Your guardian task combine ; Pillar of darkness and of light,

Lead through earth's storm till bright Heaven's dawn shall shine !

A. P. STANLEY (1880). Macmillan's Magazine.


BY GEORGE MAC DONALD, LL.D. Roses all the rosy way,

Roses to the rosier west, Where the roses of the day

Cling to night's unrosy breast !

me The cares which me must bear, but leave her

free. Temple Bar.

N. T. B.

O POR that afternoon, that lane
Where I pick'd flowers ! Never again
Will common wild-flowers look so well,
So freshly blush the pimpernel,
And modest blue and simple white
Stand in the grass to such delight!
I pick'd my flowers for Flora's sake,
Happy to have a chance to make
A nosegay she might chance to see,
And know that it was made by me.
I found a baby oak-leaf, too,
So I had green, white, red, and blue.


Thou who mak'st the roses, why

Give to every leaf a thorn? On thy highway here am I,

Feet and hands and spirit torn!

From The Nineteenth Century.

Times, instead of counselling Mr. Bright's

young people rather to drink deep of No wisdom, nor counsel, nor under. Homer, is for giving them, above all, the standing, against the Eternal! says the works of Darwin and Lyell and Bell and wise man. "Against the natural and ap. Huxley," and for nourishing them upon pointed course of things there is no con


voyage of the “Challenger.” Stranger tending. Te years ago I remarked on still, a brilliant man of letters in France, the gloomy prospect for letters in this M. Renan, assigns the same date of a country, inasmuch as while the aristo- hundred years bence, as the date by which cratic class, according to a famous dictum the historical and critical studies, in which of Lord Beaconsfield, was totally indiffer- his life has been passed and his reputation ent to letters, the friends of physical sci. made, will have fallen into neglect, and ence on the other hand, a growing and deservedly so fallen. It is the regret of popular body, were in active revolt against his life, M. Renan tells us, that he did them. To deprive letters of the too great

not himself originally pursue the natural place they had hitherto filled in men's sciences, in which he might have foreestimation, and to substitute other studies stalled Darwin in his discoveries. for them, was now the object, I observed,

What does it avail, in presence of all of a sort of crusade with the friends of this, that we find one of your own prophphysical science -- a busy host important ets, Bishop Thirlwall, telling his brother

in itself, important because of the gifted who was sending a son to be educated leaders who march at its head, important abroad that he might be out of the


of from its strong and increasing hold

Latin and Greek : " I do not think that

upon public savor.

the most perfect knowledge of every lanI could not help, I then went on to say, guage now spoken under the sun could I could not help being moved with a de compensate for the want of them "? What sire to plead with the friends of physical does it avail, even, that an august lover of science on behalf of letters, and in depre-science, the great Goethe, should have cation of the slight which they put upon for preserving to the literature of Greece

said: “I wish all success to those who are them. But from giving effect to this desire I was at that time drawn off by more

and Rome its predominant place in educapressing matters. Ten years have passed,

tion”? Goethe was a wise man, but the and the prospects of any pleader for let: irresistible current of things was not then

manifest as it is now. ters have certainly not mended. If the

No wisdom, nor friends of physical science were in the counsel, nor understanding, ngainst the

Eternal ! morning sunshine of popular favor even then, they stand now in its meridian radi.

But to resign oneself too passively to Sir Josiali

ason founds a college supposed designs of the Eternal is fátalat Birmingham to exclude “mere literary

ism. Perhaps they are not really designs instruction and education ;” and at its of the Eternal at all, but designs — let us opening a brilliant and charming debater, for example say -- of Mr. Herbert Spen

— Professor Huxley, is brought down to

Still the design of abasing what is pronounce their funeral oration.

called "

mere literary instruction and eduBright, in his zeal for the United States, cation,” and of exalting what is called exhorts young people to drink deep of sound, extensive, and practical scientific “Hiawatha ;” and the Times, which takes knowledge,” is a very positive design and the gloomiest view possible of the future makes great progress. The universities of letters, and thinks that a hundred years are by no means outside its scope. At hence there will only be a few eccentrics the recent congress in Sheffield of elemenreading letters and almost every one will tary teachers - a very able and important be studying the natural sciences the body of men whose movements I naturally

follow with strong interest at Sheffield

one of the principal speakers proposed Cambridge.

that the elementary teachers and the uni.



Address delivered as “The Rede Lecture"


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versities should come together on the everything. And this is, in truth, your common ground of natural science. On great, your surpassing distinction: not the ground of the dead languages, he said, your movements, but your men. From they could not possibly come together; Bacon to Byron, what a splendid roll of but if the universities would take natural great. names you can point to! We, at science for their chosen and chief ground Oxford, can show nothing equal to it. instead, they easily might. Mahomet was Yours is the university not of great moveto go to the mountain, as there was no ments, but of great men. Our experience chance of the mountain's being able to go at Oxford disposes us, perhaps, to treat to Mahomet.

movements, whether our own, or extra. The vice-chancellor has done me the neous movements such as the present honor to invite me to address you here movement for revolutionizing education, to day; although I am not a member of with too much respect. That disposition this great university. Your liberally con. finds a corrective here. Masses make ceived use of Sir Robert Rede's lecture movements, individualities explode them. leaves you free in the choice of a person on mankind in the mass, a movement, to deliver the lecture founded by him, and once started, is apt to impose itself by on the present occasion the vice-chancel routine; it is through the insight, the in. lor has gone for a lecturer to the sister dependence, the self-confidence of power. university. I will venture to say that to ful single minds that its yoke is shaken an honor of this kind from the University off. In this university of great names, of Cambridge no one on earth can be so whoever wishes not to be demoralized by sensible as a member of the University a movement comes into the right air for of Oxford. The two universities are un-being stimulated to pluck up his courage like anything else in the world, and they and to examine what stuff movements are are very like one another. Neither of really made of. them is inclined to go hastily into raptures Inspirited, then, by this tonic air in over her own living offspring or over her which I find myself speaking, I am boldly sister's ; each of them is peculiarly sen going to ask whether the present move. sitive to the good opinion of the other. ment for ousting letters from their old Nevertheless they have their points of predominance in education, and for trans. dissimilarity. One such point, in partic. ferring the predominance in education ular, cannot fail to arrest notice. Both to the natural sciences, whether this brisk universities have told powerfully upon the and flourishing movement ought to premind and life of the nation. But the Uni- vail, and whether it is likely that in the versity of Oxford, of which I am a mem- end it really will prevail. My own stud. ber, and to which I am deeply and affec. ies have been almost wholly in letters, tionately attached, has produced great and my visits to the field of the natural men, indeed, but has above all been the sciences have been very slight and inade. source or the centre of great movements. quate, although those sciences strongly We will not now go back to the Middle nove my curiosity. A man of letters, it Ages; we will keep within the range of will perhaps be said, is quite incompetent what is called modern history. Within to discuss the comparative merits of let. this range, we have the great movements ters and natural science as means of eduof Royalism, Wesleyanism, Tractarian- cation. His incompetence, however, if ism, Ritualism, all of them having their he attempts the discussion but is really source or their centre in Oxford. You incompetent for it, will be abundantly have nothing of the kind. The movement visible; nobody will be taken in ; he will taking its name from Charles Simeon is have plenty of sharp observers and critics far, far less considerable than the move to save mankind from that danger. But ment taking its name from John Wesley: the line I am going to follow is, as you will The movement attempted by the Latitude soon discover, so extremely simple, that men in the seventeenth century is next perhaps it may be followed without fail. to nothing as a movement; the men are ure even by one who for a more ambi

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