« VorigeDoorgaan »
From The Pall Mall Gazette. fore I have time to explain to the nouveau LIFE IN A PARISIAN STUDIO.
that it is his duty to keep the fire up, the "By the way, would you like to begin shout grows into a yell, and the yell into work at the atelier this morning? All a roar: "Au feu !” The stove, whose right! But stop a moment. I must just grimy pipe meanders up to the high run up-stairs and get my paint-box and rafters, glows afresh under our hands, carton. You shall see my room present and the offended dignity of the multitude ly.” In a moment we are together in the is pacified. We seek our seats and begin Rue Batignolles ; past the mairie, we work again, but are interrupted by “Chan. plunge by a side street into a wilderness tez, nouveau !” “Chantez donc !” of lanes, but soon find breathing-space sides. This appeal commences in again in a large avenue ; crossing this we kindly, encouraging tone, but remaining enter an impasse (Quartier Montmartre), at unanswered, the sputtering fire of voices the end of which are stables and studios ! assumes a hurt tone, then a complaining Here we are; and, pushing a plank door, one, then, waxing more tumultuous and we are confronted by another plank door, indignant, it dies away for a time, only to innocent of paint, but decorated with the recommence in an angrier strain, until thumbings of years, and “Entrez" the yells, groans, whistles, and knockings scrawled on it in rude black letters. I urge the bashful nouvean to desperation, am rather late this morning eight and one hea а
int tuneless gasp emerge o'clock — work has already begun, and from his throat. Heaven only know's as I come in view of the smoke-encircled what he is trying to sing! But he is not crowd a shout of “Vous êtes bien en to escape thus easily. " A la tribune!" retard ce matin," in a remonstrating tone, screams the roaring crowd. The poor stifies my “Bon jour, messieurs." “Un mortal is forced to stand up beside the nouveau !” • Un nouveau ! ” “Entrez, model on the platform, and in the aivful monsieur!” “Entrez donc !” “Entrez !” silence which succeeds the outburst he yells insinuatingly the crowd as my friend begins again his song; Does he know is seen coming behind me. I find my what he is singing? I don't! And as his easel and prepare for work, while the spavined voice dies into a wail, “ Assez!” nouveau gazes somewhat wildly about " Assez!” on all sides tells him that this him. On the throne, unembarrassed by part of his initiation is over. It now only any drapery, is posed a young Italian girí, remains for him to pay the punch, un and in a large semicircle about her are pourboire. This is twenty francs. The assembled at work some forty or fifty student delegated to demand the drink. students of all sizes, nations, kindreds, money from the couvenil advances most and tongues. Near the model the work politely, and in the choicest of words and ers are almost on the floor, while those at the most honeyed of accents requests the some distance are perched on high stools, honor of being allowed to drink his health. higher and harder ihan those of their rel. On receiving the coin he goes to the platatives in the business world. It is a large form, then, in a most solemn way, lets the room, square, and lighted by a huge side money drop on the floor, that the genuine window; the walls are painted a dirty ring may be heard by all
. “Punch!” brown, and are covered in large patches “ Absinthe!” A show of lands tells that with the scrapings from the pallets of the punch is vote, and two or three blouses past and present generations. Some rush wildly out to order the drink. A drawings and paintings, too — other her- quarter of an hour after they return, smilitages of the years – spot the walls. ing, amid general applause, bringing the And just now enormous Egyptian bulls drinks with them; that is to say, a couple and sphinxes' heads in cardboard appear of stout, becapped barmaids with trays high up, relics of the fête à l'égyptienne. and glasses appear in their wake. The
The shouts have settled down into the glasses and drinks are deposiied on the ordinary lium of conversation, broken by platform around the model, who does not snatches of songs at intervals, and the seem the least concerned, and the mixing nouveau has found a place and begun a of the punch begins under the supervision study, He is not, however, long to re- of one of the anciens, who is evidently main in obscurity. Despite the heat of well versed in these matters. Shouts now the room, which oppresses us all, the give way to chuckles, smackings of lips, model shivers. “ Mademoiselle a froid,” and other demonstrations of joyous antic“Au feu ! nouveau, au feu!” louder and ipation. louder shout the tobacco-smoking, blouse- Presently one hears, “C'est l'heure,” becovered, shaggy pallet-holders; and be." C'est l'heure !” This means that it is
time for the model to rest. All rise and crowd of critical faces, but she gets make for the platform, where the punch through very well. Blondes and bruis blazing. The model keeps her position nettes, they pose their most telling poses. of vantage, and is very ready to take her | Some have ugly faces but good ensemshare of the drinks, cakes, and cigarettes. bles, and often the pretty-faced ones are She looks a very bacchante as she appears lacking in other qualities. They have all above the encircling crowd of students, finished, and now while they are dressing glass in hand and cigarette in mouth, come the men. A huge-limbed nigger clinking glasses and exchanging à votre takes the pose of Hercules with the apsanté with her friends. Presently there ples; then a model who has sat for Christ are only the empty punch-bowl and re: comes. He has posed for the cross, and versed glasses on the liquor-bedabbled gives us the position and the look of throne; the model is sitting again, smil. agony. It is really well acted; he can do ing, while the French, the Russians, the the dead Christ too; and he finishes up Poles, Egyptians, Austrians, Americans, with the attitude of Christ in Raphael's and English sing, smoke, chaff, yell, cartoon of “Feed my Sheep.” Now all scream, and work with renewed vigor. the models go outside while a vote is We have “God save the Queen,” in taken as to their engagement. A blouse chorus a prime favorite this; then stands up. Qui est-ce qui veut? Qui “Yankee Doodle" and the “Marseil-est-ce qui ne veut pas?" and so in turns laise.” Amid this uproar a knocking is they are voted upon. Those who are heard at the door. “Entrez donc, cochon votés wait to settle the time of their sit
- entrez !” and amid a storm of missiles tings, while the others depart, often with a troop of girl models double round the rather a savage look on their faces. At door. “ Entrez, mesdemoiselles,” and twelve o'clock all the students go. There missiles cease. The models are come to is another model in the afternoon, and ask for sittings, and they wait in the during the winter still another in the corner, chatting and nodding to acquaint. evening (each model sitting a week); but ances. Presently one or two men models few students, if any, work more than come in - this is Monday, and the princi- twice a day. At night a large lamp with pal day for making engagements. After reflectors throws a stream of light on to a while the models go through a number the model, the easels being lighted by of poses on the platform, the sitting model smaller lamps. Atten o'clock all is quiet, resigning for the moment. Here is a girl the only sound being that of Père Henri's ilouvelle, and she only knows one pose; broom as it sweeps away the relics of the she is a little shy, too, when she faces the day by the light of a small lantern.
THE ELEPHANT IN CEYLON. - At a meet- phant has sixteen toes, five on each fore-foot, ing of the Leeds Naturalists' Club, the presi- and three on each hind-foot. No Singhalese dent (Mr. B. Holgate, F.G.S.) related some elephant has a fewer number than sixteen toes. curious particulars which had been furnished The mahout, or elephant-driver, rules his ele. to him by the Rev. R. Collins, of St. Silas's phant by means of an iron hook, with which Church, Hunslet, who has spent twenty-five he touches a most sensitive part behind the years in India and Ceylon. Mr. Collins states ear, which causes the most unruly elephant to that elephants are not now allowed to be shot become submissive. When Mr. Collins was as they once were, but are permitted to wander in Kandy, an elephant which had killed its at will in the forests belonging to the govern- keeper, and which had been shot in the head ment. They live to the age of about one hun before it could be captured, bad to undergo dred and thiriy years, and “come of age” at the operation of having the bullet extracted, forty. There are three sizes of them in the which was performed by the native doctors, the same herds, and when they are young the size elephant lying quietly down while the niahout that they will attain is pretty nearly known by kept his hook on this sensitive part. The elethe number of their toes. Those which grow phant-drivers are a drunken set of men, and to the largest size have eighteen toes, five on sometimes, while drunk, will treat their charge each of the two fore feet, and four on each of unmercifully, and the elephant itself is an ani. the hind ones. Those which grow to a medium mal which bears grudges — the result being size have seventeen toes, five on each of the that nearly all elephant-keepers are sooner or fore-feet, as before, and four on one hind.foot, later killed by their elephants. and three on the other. The least size of ele.
Fifth Series, Volamo XXXIX.
No. 1988.- July 29, 1882.
CONTENTS. 1. NEWTON AND DARWIN. By R. A. Proctor, Contemporary Review, . II. Robin. By Mrs. Parr, author of Adam and Eve.” Part XII., .
• Contemporary Review, . VI. Some THOUGHTS ON BROWNING, .
Macmillan's Magazine, VII. HUMORS OF IRISH DISTRICT VISITING, Chambers' Journal, VIII. INDIAN SMELLS AND SOUNDS,
Temple Bar, IX. THE PILGRIMAGE TO KEVLAAR,
Contemporary Review, .
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight Dollars, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.
Remiriances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register Jetters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.
Single Numbers of The LIVING AGE, 18 cents.
ONE OF THESE DAYS.
Swift ceaseless toil scarce winneth bread :
From early dawn till twilight falls,
Shut in by four dull ugly walls,
The hours crawl round with murderous tread.
And all the while, in some still place,
Where intertwining boughs embrace,
The blackbirds build, time flies apace.
With envy of the folk who die
Who may at last their leisure take,
Whose longed-for sleep none roughly wake,
Tired hands the restless needle ply.
But far and wide in meadows green
The golden buttercups are seen,
And reddening sorrel nods between.
Too pure and proud to soil her soul
Or stoop to basely gotten gain,
By days of changeless want and pain
The seamstress earns a prisoner's dole.
While in the peaceful fields the sheep
Feed, quiet; and ihrough heaven's blue deep
The silent cloud-wings stainless sweep.
And if she be alive or dead
That weary woman scarcely knows,
Bụt back and forth her needle goes
In tune with throbbing heart and head.
Lo, where the leaning alders part,
White-bosomed surllows, blithe of heart,
Above still waters skin and dart.
O God in heaven ! shall I, who share
That dying woman's womanhood,
Taste all the summer's bounteous good
The white moon-daisies star the grass,
The lengthening shadows o'er them pass:
The meadow pool is smooth as glass.
The following, from a list of the wages of women
workers, sent by the chaplain of Clerkenwell Prison to Hearts find the gold.
the May number of the Women's Union Journal,
gave occasion to the above lines: -
Making Paper Bags - 4'5d. to 5'5d. a thousand;
earn from 5s. to 9s. a week.
Making knapsacks — 3.5d. each ; average 105. a Passively lay,
week. Faintly your whisper then
Buttonholes - (Various deponents) '25d. for seven, Answered my gaze,
6d. for twenty-four, 3.5d. a dozen, 3.5d. for three dozen “Love, we shall meet again
in shirts; makes 8s. a week — 155. with help of children.
Shirts - 2d. each and find own cotton; can get six “One of these days.”
a day done from 6 A.M. TO II P.M. Golden Hours.
NELLA PARKER. Button-maker-(Girl of sixteen), 25. for one hun
dred gross, lathe-work with chest.
Sack-Sewing - 6d. for twenty-five, Sd. to is. 6d. a hundred, 6d. a dozen, (smaller size) makes is. to 1s. 6d. a day, 7s. week.
Carpet-Bag Making -8s, a week.
Pill-Box Making – is. for thirty-six gross; can make
IS. 3d. a day.
Collar Button-Hole Making – id. a dozen ; can do
three or four dozen collars a day, begins at 5 A.M., ends WITHIN a dreary narrow room
at dark; others make is. 6d. to 25. a gross. That looks upon a noisome street,
Whip-Making is. a dozen; can do a dozen a day. Half fainting with the stilling heat
Trouser-Finishing — (After machine) 3d. to side
each ; can do four a day. A starving girl works out her doom.
Trouser-Basting-(Before machine) 15d. a dozen. Yet not the less in God's sweet air
- 6s, a week. The little birds sing free of care,
Tobacco-Spinner - 75. a week. And hawthorns blossom everywhere.
Shirt-Finishing - 3d. and 4d. a dozen.
From The Contemporary Review. relative insignificance of the earth was NEWTON AND DARWIN.
demonstrated. The teachings of the telIt is singular that the theory which, escope showed in turn the insignificance of all those advanced since Newton es of the solar system. With every increase tablished the law of gravitation, has given of light.gathering power the universe of to thoughtful minds the grandest con- stars grew larger and larger, even when ceptions of nature and the laws of na- as yet no scale had been obtained whereture, should have been, of all theories by to determine the distance separating perhaps ever suggested by man, the most star from star. With every improvement thoroughly misunderstood. There can be in the defining qualities and the measurno doubt that many who recognize the ing power of telescopes, the universe of real significance of the theory of natural stars grew larger and larger, indepen. development, who know that its influence dently of mere increase in number of is by no means limited to biological evo- stars; for though for a long time no lution, but has been felt in the far wider measurement of star distances could be
- the infinitely wide field of cosmical effected, each failure with improved ineans evolution, have been pained by the to measure the distances of even the nearthought that with the widening of the do- est stars showed that the scale of the main of development, the belief in a power stellar universe was larger than had been working in and through all things seems before imagined. to be set on one side in the name of uni
Larger and larger grew the universe, versal evolution. It is this thought, this then, as men turned more and more powe fear it may be called perhaps, which I erful, more and more exact instruments propose to consider here. I shall endeav. to the survey of the heavens. When at or to show that those who are perplexed length the distance of the nearest star was by such doubts overlook the parallelism measured, and found to be more than which exists between three lines along twenty millions of millions of miles (more which men's thoughts have been carried than three years' light-journey, though in an ever-increasing distance, until it has each second light travels a distance ex. become obvious that two of them at least ceedingly nearly eight times the entire must be infinite, that the fear expressed circuit of the earth), the number of stars by those who see with anxiety the progo was already known to exceed twenty ress of evolutionary doctrine implies a millions. But more powerful telescopes hope that one of these lines may be finite have been made since. With every inwhile the others are essentially infinite crease of telescopic power more stars and are accepted as such without fear or come into view. With such a teleseope trouble.
as the great reflector of Parsonstown, at It was a new thought in the time of least a hundred millions of stars could be Copernicus, that men hitherto underrated seen if every part of the stellar sphere the extent of the universe, and had over. could be scrutinized with that mighty tele. rated the importance of our earth. The scopic eye. globe which had seemed the one fixed orb But what, after all, is this? Now that for whose benefit the heavenly bodies had we know how minute a creature man is, ali been made, was found to be but one how insignificant his largest works conmember of a family of orbs circling round pared with the globe on which he lives, à globe much larger than any of them. how this globe is but a point in the solar Thus the earth lost at once her central system, the solar system lost among position, her quality as the world (the sole countless millions of other suns with their abode of life), her fixity, her importance in attendant planets, how preposterous aprespect of the supposed superiority of her dimensions. When Newton had finally
proof of the cycles and epicycles of the Ptolemaic sysestablished the Copernican theory,* the tem, because under the law of gravity bodies cannot
had been established. This law carries with it the dis
Before the law was established, * It is worthy of notice that that theory could not be it was more probable that the planets all moved in regarded as demonstrated until the law of attraction | simple curves, but not certain.
move in such curves.