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The FY 1987 request includes eight new projects including
laboratory restoration at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, piping system restoration and steam distribution system upgrade at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, rehabilitation of laboratory space and waterline replacement at Argonne National Laboratory, mechanical systems rehabilitation at Argonne and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories and electrical system rehabilitation at Argonne National Laboratory.
Environmental Compliance is a separate subprogram because of the
magnitude of the requirements at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
As such, it will identify and correct deficiencies at ORNL to
ensure compliance with existing state and Federal regulations.
Over the years, ORNL has generated a variety of radioactive and nonradioactive pollutants which were handled in accordance with existing environmental regulations. Since that time, a number of new regulatory requirements have resulted in the application of more stringent environmental criteria. As a result, longestablished procedures and approaches to handling hazardous wastes are no longer acceptable.
The Department is currently working to fully determine the actions
necessary to bring ORNL into compliance with all applicable
regulations. The Environmental compliance FY 1987 budget request
of $25.3 million will allow initiation of activities to correct
environmental deficiencies at ORNL. The Operating Expenses request
of si4.3 million will allow initial activities in the following
areas: process waste system upgrades, hazardous and toxic material management improvements; characterization of hazardous and radioactive wastes; determination of potential for ground water contamination in spill sites, holding ponds and White Oak Creek watershed; and upgrades of sanitary and storm sewers. The Capital Equipment request of $1.0 million is for equipment necessary to provide for the cleanup activities. In addition,
$3.0 million is for general plant projects (e.g., upgrade of the process waste collection system; goundwater monitoring network, etc.) and $7.0 million is for the Non-radiological Process Waste Treatment Project.
ADVISORY AND OVERSIGHT PROGRAM DIRECTION AND POLICY AND MANAGEMENT
The FY 1987 budget request for Advisory and oversight Program
Direction is $2.9 million. The FY 1987 request will provide the staffing resources required by the Director of Energy Research to carry out his responsibilities under legislation (P.L. 95-91) and those assigned or delegated by the Secretary in areas beyond the scope of other ongoing Energy Research programs. These funds are required to provide for the salaries, benefits, travel and other expenses associated with 44 full-time equivalents.
The FY 1987 budget request for Policy and Management is $0.5
million. These funds are required to provide for the salaries and related expenses associated with 8 full-time equivalents in the Office of the Director of Energy Research.
Mr. Chairman, that concludes my testimony. I would be happy to
answer any questions.
ALVIN W. TRIVELPIECE
Dr. Alvin W. Trivelpiece was nominated by the President on July 8, 1981, and confirmed by the Senate on July 27, 1981, as Director of the Office of Energy Research, U.s. Department of Energy (DOE). In this position, Dr. Trivelpiece serves as technical adviser to the Secretary on the Department's energy research and development programs and is responsible for the multipurpose laboratories and energy education and training activities. In addition, he manages DOE'S programs for basic energy research, health and environmental research, high energy and nuclear physics, and magnetic fusion.
Dr. Trivelpiece has extensive experience in the areas of plasma physics and fusion research. From 1978 until assuming his current position, Dr. Trivelpiece was corporate Vice President of Science Applications, Inc., of La Jolla, California, primarily responsible for internal research programs relative to innovative technical developments. From 1976 to 1978, he was Vice President for Engineering and Research at Maxwell Laboratories, San Diego, California.
During the period 1973 to 1975, Dr. Trivelpiece served with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission as Assistant Director for Research in the Division of Controlled Thermonuclear Research. Prior to joining the Federal Government, he was Professor of Physics at the University of Maryland, serving in that capacity from 1966 to 1976. From 1959 to 1966, he was a professor at.the University of California at Berkeley in the Department of Electrical Engineering.
He received a B.S. degree from California Polytechnic State University in 1953, an M.s. degree in 1955, and a Ph.D. degree in 1958. Both advanced degrees were awarded by the California Institute of Technology.
The recipient of several honors and awards, Dr. Trivelpiece is listed in American Men and Women of Science, Who's Who in America, and Who's Who in the world. He holds several patents in the area of physics research and is the author and coauthor of over 100 technical reports and books. Dr. Trivelpiece is a member of numerous professional organizations and is a. Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has served as a consultant to various private associations and Government agencies and has lectured at conferences and universities throughout the United States and abroad.
Dr. Trivelpiece was born in Stockton, California. He is married and has three children.
SUPERCONDUCTING SUPER COLLIDER Chairman HATFIELD. Thank you, Dr. Trivelpiece.
Let me go back and sort of have you highlight again, the activity of the SSC, since there seems to be a great deal of public interest in that throughout the country and also in my State.
Again, how much is the figure that you request for fiscal year 1987 for continued R&D on the SSC?
Dr. TRIVELPIECE. No amount is specified at the moment on the fiscal year 1987 budget for that activity. The reasons for this, in part, stem from the Gramm-Rudman activities, although I won't blame it on that specifically.
What happened is, in effect, that two new facilities have come on line, the Stanford linear collider and the Tevatron I facility at Fermilab. Both of these have budget requests that are consistent with getting the facility operating for the first time. We were stuck with the problem of reducing the amount, perhaps, that might be devoted to research and development on the SSC next year. So rather than spelling that out in the budget, we decided that we would move ahead by 1 year the time in which we would try to seek a decision to go ahead for the selection.
Approximately 80 to 90 percent of the information is now available. We have a site criteria document; the conceptual design report is in the process of its final preparation, we have done the magnet designs, selected a magnet, decided on a 52-mile circumference and a number of things. They are all done now.
We are going to present this to Secretary Herrington and go through the science and technology, the feasibility, the costs, the schedule, with the objective of seeking to have him make a decision on a fiscal year 1988 construction start.
Now, if we start the construction in fiscal year 1988, the things that we do in fiscal year 1987 are different than if, for instance, he decides not to ask for this funding from the President, in which case, then, we would have to do something different.
So, it is a question of the activities. We wouldn't necessarily be proposing any supplementals. It is just that the collection of activities that needs to be done is different, depending on the outcome of the Secretary's decision, and at the time that we had originally prepared our budget, the Gramm-Rudman-Holling's bill had not yet passed, and so there were some things that changed in the course of our final budget preparation before the President's budget was sent up here.
Chairman HATFIELD. Dr. Trivelpiece, as much as I oppose GrammRudman, and voted against it, consider it an idea whose time had not come for whatever reason, we really can't blame on the GrammRudman the budgetary process up to this point. Let me ask you, did you make a request for funding at the $20 million, your current level or some other level to OMB, or did you not make a request for that?
Dr. TRIVELPIECE. Yes; there was a request, I think, of $30 million.
prowe do, then perts, and we will be review, the Sessage and just sem
Dr. TRIVELPIECE. $30 million.
Chairman HATFIELD. $30 million. So the program was, in effect, excised as a result of consultation with the OMB?
Dr. TRIVELPIECE. I want to make it clear that this does not refiect a shift in the administration's position with regard to this program. The only thing that has happened is that we have moved forward by 1 year the time in which we would seek to make a go-no go decision on the construction. That is perhaps, an inconvenience. I would have preferred to have waited l more year of gathering R&D information without necessarily going forward to seek a go-no go decision.
But we weren't able to, in the budgetary constraints within which we were forced to live, able to make a commitment of $30 million, and I was reluctant to see an amount of, say, $5 million in there, in which case we would have had to say we were terminating the project.
Either of those levels carries with it a certain message. So we are trying to avoid specifically making any particular message and just saying that we are going to conduct this review, the Secretary has an open mind on the subject, and we will decide to proceed in 1988 or not, and if we do, then perhaps it does take $30 million. If we decide not to proceed and it takes some other amount, or it may be that we can say he doesn't think that we are ready in 1988, and go on to 1989, and then a different amount would be required.
In all cases, it is an amount, it is the collection of activities that would have to be done, not necessarily the total amount of funding requested for the whole High Energy Physics Program that would need to change.
PROJECT REVIEW PROCESS Chairman HATFIELD. I had the impression that this in-depth review would be completed, perhaps by this summer.
Dr. TRIVELPIECE. My hope is that it will be completed some time early enough in the summer to permit us to factor the Secretary's decisions into our fiscal year 1988 planning and give him time to, should he want to do so, discuss the matter with the President before the next year's budget is prepared.
A $6 billion item like this shouldn't be sent over from the Department to OMB and surprise anyone. I think the Secretary will undoubtedly want to discuss this with the President.
Chairman HATFIELD. What would be the next normal step if your indepth review should indicate to move to the next step? What would be your normal next step, construction?
Dr. TRIVELPIECE. No; I think the normal next step would be that it might-all this is hypothetical-it would appear in the 1988 budget. So next year at this time, we might be discussing this subject. If it were in the budget, then we would propose to wait until after these hearings are completed to go forward to the site selection request.
Chairman HATFIELD. I get the very strong signal you are giving me on the matter that you don't plan to do anything until the 1988 budget.