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program offices. Their findings clearly indicated that IA has policy, administrative, and management information responsibilities that are unique to IA and does not duplicate program office activities. An expansion of those responsibilities was recommended.

An Energy Research Advisory Board (ERAB) study on international RED collaboration recommends an even stronger role for IA, building upon its unique capabilities and responsibilities. Those who have carefully studied the situation recommend increased funding for policy studies.

The IA studies provide us with the intellectual capital to formulate R&D collaboration policies consistent with overall foreign policy to improve our ability, to understand foreign country energy technology programs within the context of their overall energy policy, to develop strategies that will ensure that our international collaboration activities will provide significant benefits to this country, and to develop negotiating positions for bargaining with specific countries, including possible multiple technology arrangements.


The work of the International Affairs program is carried out by

three organizations reporting to the Deputy Assistant Secretary

for International Affairs.

The organizations are:

The Office of International Energy Analysis

This office is responsible for providing in-depth analyses of trends in world energy supply, demand, and trade with particular emphasis on policy implications; and for managing and

coordinating the international aspects of DOE/U.s. participation

in energy security planning and programs. The office also coordinates and implements policies regarding U.s. participation in the International Energy Agency (IEA), and NATO, and monitors the discussion of energy policy issues within the European Community. In addition, the office coordinates bilateral exchanges of views on national energy policy goals and objectives at the technical and Ministerial levels with other countries.

The Office of International Research and Development Policy

This office is responsible for coordinating DOE participation in international energy research and development collaboration activities; coordinating and implementing policies and activities regarding bilateral and multilateral scientific and technological collaboration; and developing policies for related technology trade issues. The office also emphasizes the development of

priorities for DOE international R&D efforts, negotiates umbrella agreements and provides expertise for specific R&D program


The Office of Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy

This office is responsible, in coordination with the Department of State, for developing and implementing u.s. nuclear nonproliferation policies. Duties include implementing the statutory responsibilities for "subsequent arrangements" under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act, supporting the Department of State in the negotiation (and renegotiation) of Agreements for

Civilian Nuclear Cooperation, and coordinating DOE's positions

on, and financial support of, the International Atomic Energy

Agency's (IAEA) programs. The work of this office is closely coordinated with the Office of International Security Affairs in the Department's Office of Defense Programs.


The FY 1987 budget request for International Affairs is $5,080,000, an increase of approximately $1,141,000 from 1986. At this level, 51 full-time equivalents (FTEs) are funded, the same as in FY 1986. Requested funding shown below under Program Direction provides for the salaries, benefits, and travel for International Affairs' employees. Also, funds are requested to conduct International Policy Studies. The budget summary is

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The FY 1987 budget request for International Policy Studies is $1,700,000, an increase of $737,000 from 1986. This requested increase in funding is targeted to contribute to the achievement of the Administration's goal of enhancement of the energy security of the u.s. and its allies by increasing the level of international collaboration in energy R&D and thereby increasing the effectiveness of DOE'S R&D investments.

Funds will be used to provide technical and analytical support

for international R&D coordination and facilitation; provide

analyses of recent successful international cooperation

activities; gather information on foreign energy R&D programs and

opportunities for future joint energy-related projects; develope

a process for early joint planning on a program level, leading ultimately to collaborative activities; focus on multilateral R&D cooperation opportunities under the Committee on Research and

Development of the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), and the International Atomic Energy Agency

(IAEA) organizational umbrellas; and establish management information systems to monitor DOE foreign travel, foreign visits and assignments to the U.S. and status of agreements, negotiations and discussions for R&D collaboration.

In the area of international energy analysis, funds will be used to study such areas as energy trends in China and the Pacific Basin; changes in the international oil market structure and energy trade policies; and the utilization of natural gas resources in developing countries.

In the nuclear nonproliferation area, funds will be used for

follow-on support for the 1985 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Review Conference, and for other nuclear nonproliferation issues.


The following are among the major accomplishments of the Office of International Affairs:

Represented the United States at the International Energy Agency (IEA) in achieving an agreement by IEA Ministers on a common approach toward such issues as gas security and oil product imports.

Negotiated, in conjunction with the Department of State, the
successful conclusion of Agreements for Cooperation for
Civil Uses of Atomic Energy with China and Finland that will
allow the export of v.s. material, equipment components and
U.S. reactor technology.

Negotiated with foreign governments the establishment of new administrative arrangements required under Agreements for Nuclear Cooperation and initiated new procedures.

Approved more than 150 *subsequent arrangements" for the transfer of nuclear material while improving the control


Continued progress on the renegotiation of Agreements for Nuclear Cooperation with Japan and EURATOM as directed by the 1978 Nuclear Nonproliferation Act (NNPA).

In cooperation with the Department of Commerce, laid the

groundwork for the President's decision on June 14, 1985 to

remove restrictions on crude oil exports to Canada. This action was taken in response to a similar decision by Canada

to deregulate crude exports to the U.S.

Developed the policy framework and rationale for removing restrictions on the export of Alaskan Cook Inlet crude oil to the Far East. This action could involve the export of up to 30,000 barrels per day of crude.

Provided policy and technical support throughout the Government on international gas issues, including the Spanish proposal for a natural gas pipeline from Africa to Europe and development of Western European gas supplies.

Provided protocol support for the Secretary of Energy and

other senior DOE management for visits by foreign energy officials and visits abroad by U.S. officials.

Devised a strategy to seek to achieve optimal use of energy R&D resources here and abroad. A process of international

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