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Question: Please provide a list of all reprogrammings that are included in the Department's budget for all programs under the jurisdiction of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Subcommittee.

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This reprogramming will offset funding shortfalls in both FY 1986 and FY 1987 for the TIMP. The primary goals of the TIMP are (1) to ensure cost effective and efficient management, control, and accountability of DOE funded research results, and (2) to obtain worldwide energy R&D results for use by DOE and U.S. scientists, engineers, and program managers. As a part of the overall Departmental program, TIMP is responsible for the management, control, and dissemination of classified and sensitive materials produced in its DOE R&D programs.

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This program involves a baseline environmental survey of approximately 40 DOE sites. These sites have an estimated total of 600 inactive waste areas, 300 hazardous waste management areas, 1,800 air emission stacks, and 400 wastewater outfall pipes. The survey will cover air, water, and soil, and all areas of environmental regulation. The survey will begin in FY 1986 with 5 sites, an additional 20 in FY 1987, and the revinder in FV 1988.

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AVLIS R&D - Oak Ridge National Lab -
Phase Out Program

-0- +17,300 17,300 a/ The AVLIS R&D at Oak Ridge National Lab, centered principally around operation of the Materials Handling Development Module (MHDM), is being phased out in FY 1986 and the residual R&D, along with approximately 30-40 personnel, will be transferred to Lawrence Livermore National Lab. The work will be consolidated with LLNL activities in preparation for the transfer to the private sector during the FY 1988-89 period. The MHDM will be decontaminated and decommissioned with FY 1986 funds.

a/This is the total amount of funding at OR for this program however, the

facility will be operated for a part of the year and the specif for OLD and phase out has not yet been determined.

FY 1987 Changes

Oak Ridge Disposal Activities
Funding Changes

FY 1987

Present Change Revised 86-D-173 Central Waste Disposal Facility,

... S 949* s -949 S 0 Interim Waste Operations, Operating Expenses...

...... 324,730 +949 325,679


The changes reflect the Department's plan to terminate the use of hydrofracture to dispose of liquid low-level waste at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The termination of hydrofracture is in response to recently revised regulations by the state of Tennessee. In addition, the Department plans to redirect other FY 1986 lowlevel waste disposal operating expense funded activities within the Interim Waste Operations subprogram in an effort to identify and implement technically and environmentally acceptable low-level waste disposal options at Oak Ridge (refer to volume I, pages 555, 556, 569 and 572 of the FY 1987 Budget Request). Richland Tank Farm

Present Change Revised 82-N-104 Waste Transfer Facilities, RL..... S 67* $ -67 5 0 82-N-107 Rail Replacement, RL.............. 550* -550 0 83-D-157 Additional Radioactive Storage Tanks, RL....

583* -583 0 87-D-174 241-AQ Tank Farm, RL.............. 2,100 +1,200 3,300 The prior year projects were completed under cost. These adjustments are necessary to provide adequate first year funding to maintain the required schedule for design and construction of four high level waste storage tanks. These new tanks, which have a TEC of $58 million, will be completed in the early 1990's (refer to Volume I, pages 569, 571). Richland Central Warehouse Upgrade

Present Change Revised 83-0-157 Additional Radioactive waste Storage Tanks, RL.......

........ S 4,200* S -4,200 S 0 85-0-158 Central Warehouse Upgrade, RL..... 1,300 +4,200 5,500

This project provides for a new warehouse at Richland to replace a dilapidated, thirty-year old structure. The use of underrun funds for this $13 million project will restore its funding, which was reduced by budget constraints, to cover planned costs for FY 1987 (refer to Volume I, pages 569, 573).

*Unobligated balances beginning FY 1987.

Question: What is the environmental impact of the Savannah River reservation of not having the proposed cooling towers?

Answer: The no-action alternative would result in the continuation of thermal discharge effects. The high water temperatures would continue as it has over the last 30 years to prevent fish, such as minnows, darters, sunfish, and blueback herring from using affected streams for foraging or spawning and, in particular, would not permit compliance with the State of South Carolina's water and temperature standards. There would be no impacts on air quality or noise or on archeological sites with this alternative.

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

Question: What is the status of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant project?

Answer: Construction of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant is progressing exceptionally well. The originally planned construction packages are about 90 percent complete. Both underground and above-ground facilities are under construction, and we expect the originally planned construction to be completed in early FY 1987. The availability of prior year construction funds will meet our FY 1986 and FY 1987 needs; therefore, no construction funds have been requested for these years. Detailed operational planning and environmental reviews have determined that additional construction could be required to complete a safe and operable, first-of-a-kind research and development facility. The timing and cost of additional construction will be addressed during development of the FY 1988 budget.

Question: What is your latest estimate of the total cost for this project?

Answer: The total estimated construction cost is $417.3 million, the total project cost is $693.4 million, which includes operating funded support activities.

Question: What is the current position of the State of New Mexico with regard to construction of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant?

Answer: Our relationship with the State of New Mexico is improving. Issues of concern to the State are being actively negotiated within the framework of the Consultation and Cooperation Agreement. One primary State concern has been the mission of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, WIPP. The Department of Energy's mission is limited to the demonstration of transuranic waste disposal and experiments with high-level waste. We want to emphasize that the WIPP facility is not being designed for permanent disposal of high-level waste. We signed an amendment to the Consultation and Cooperation Agreement last year, which included the WIPP mission as described above; and copies were provided to the appropriate committees of Congress for their information.

Question: Describe the need to increase operating funds as you transition the WIPP site from construction to operations.

Answer: As facilities and equipment are completed, they are turned over to the operations program. The construction project is now about 90 percent complete. Activities such as preoperational testing, startup and checkout, training activities, and mining for the demonstration phase will be carried out in FY 1987 with operating funds in preparation for the planned receipt of waste in October 1988. In addition, certain support activities, such as security, environmental monitoring, and various other project support activities will now be continued and funded with operating funds with the completion of construction,

Question: What is the total FY 1986 and FY 1987 operating cost of the WIPP project?


Answer: The operating costs for the WIPP projects will be approximately $24,000,000 in FY 1986 and $39,100,000 in FY 1987. will continue to increase as startup and full-scale operations occur.

Defense Waste Processing Facility

Question: What is the status for the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF)? What is the TEC and costs remaining to completion?

Answer: The DWPF is on schedule with design 92.7 percent complete, procurement 64.6 percent complete, and construction 51.5 percent complete. Hot startup is scheduled for FY 1990.

The total estimated cost is $870 million; the latest estimate of the remaining costs to be appropriated are shown below:

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Question: Please describe your preoperational activities in support of Defense Waste Processing Facility at Savannah River.

Answer: The Defense Waste Processing Facility, DWPF, will immobilize the salt and sludge, now in interim storage in tanks, in preparation for its disposal. The DWPF consists of two plants - the vitrification plant and the saltstone plant. The vitrification plant, which will begin operation in FY 1990, will solidify the sludge in borosilicate glass for disposal offsite at a Federal repository. The saltstone plant, which will begin operation in FY 1988, will incorporate decontaminated salt in concrete.

The preoperational activities are necessary to prepare for the operation of these plants. Operating personnel must be trained and operating procedures must be written and tested. Equipment must be inspected and calibrated. Chemicals, materials, and parts must be ordered and stockpiled. Subsystems are checked as installed, and

nonradioactive chemical process checkouts are carried out to thoroughly verify operability. Analytical methods are selected and tested. Emergency preparedness procedures are prepared and tested. The sequential turnover of subprojects from construction to operations will culminate in a smooth transition to radioactive DWPF operations.

Question: What is the total cost in FY 1987 of this preoperational support of Defense Waste Processing Facility?

Answer: There are three areas of preoperational support activity, 1.e., saltstone operations support, vitrification operations support, and taboratory operations support. The funding breakdown for this support follows:

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Question: Please describe the scheduled start up of the DWPF Saltstone facility.

Answer: The disposal and processing environmental permits for Defense Waste Processing Facility saltstone are expected to be received from the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control in September 1986. Construction on the processing facility is expected to begin in October, followed in November with the construction of disposal facilities. Full-scale saltstone production is expected to start in FY 1988.

Waste Transfer Program

Question: Please describe the status of the waste transfer program at Richland, Savannah River, and Idaho.

Answer: In January 1981, Richland completed the transfer of all free-standing liquid from its 149 old single-shell tanks to new double-shell tanks. Hanford then began the Stabilization and Isolation Program. The objective of this program is to stabilize the single-shell tanks by transferring all remaining drainable liquid to double-shell tanks and to isolate the old tanks by separating all unnecessary piping connections to prevent inadvertent liquid intrusion.

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