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SR

Startup, Shutdown, Standby
Facilities Restoration
Process Development
Fuel Improvements Program
Environmental/Site Cleanup
Conceptual Engineering
Safeguards and Security
Long Range Planning
Warehousing
Change in Inventories
Miscellaneous

0.6 $ 0.5

2.4 8.4 32.5

2.1 62.1 17.0 13.0 2.0 0.5 4.6

1.8 $ 146.4

1.8 0.0 26.5 40.4

0.0 0.0 36.5 27.1 16.6 19.6 11.8 16.9 2.3 2.4 0.4 0.5 8.1 16.0 9.7

18.4 $ 114.3 $ 141.8

HQ/ New Production Reactor
CH Plasma Separation Process

Miscellaneous

3.0
0.0
1.7
4.7

3.5 $
6.8

6.2
$16.5 3

0.0 0.0 2.0 2.0

Total Supporting Services

$ 276.0

$ 249.9 $ 252.5

Funding by Location

Question: Please provide a table showing total funding at the various locations supported by Nuclear Materials Production for FY 1985, FY 1986, and FY 1987. Please identify separately each construction project.

Answer: Funding by location for the Nuclear Materials Production program is as follows:

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Oak Ridge
Operating Expenses

$ 236.9 Capital Equipment

11.6
Construction
General Plant Projects

1.5
87-D-159, Environmental
Improvements, FMPC

0.0
86-D-149, Productivity Retention
Program

0.0
85-D-140, Productivity and

Radiological Improvements, FMPC 3.0
84-D-136, Enriched Uranium

Conversion Facility Modification
(Y-12)

4.4
83-D-146, Water Pollution
Control, FMPC

4.1
82-D-124, Restoration of
Production Capabilities,
Phases II-V

5.7
Subtotal Construction

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0.0

0.0 $ 64.3

$ 18.7

38.5

Total Oak Ridge

$ 267.2

$ 336.5

$ 434.6

Nuclear Materials Production

(In Millions of dollars)

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FY 1985
Richland
Operating Expenses

$ 335.8 Capital Equipment

24.7 Construction General Plant Projects

8.9 Plant Engineering and Design

1.7 87-D-149, Reduced Chemical

Discharges to Process Sewers 0.0 87-D-150, Effluent Treatment Facility (Design-Only)

0.0 86-D-149, Productivity Retention Program

0.0 86-D-150, In-Core Neutron

Monitoring System, N Reactor 0.0 86-D-151, PUREX Electrical System Upgrade

0.0 85-D-136, Components Protection System

3.3 85-D-137, Vault Safety SNM Inventory System

2.5 84-D-135, Process Facility Modifications

10.0 82-D-124, Restoration of Prod. Capabilities, Phases II-V

8.7 82-D-126, Reactor Safety & Reliability

5.5 Prior Year Projects

(2.2) Subtotal Construction

$ 38.4

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86-D-156, Plantwide Safeguard
Systems

$ 0.0
86-D-157, Hydrofluorination
System, FB-Line

0.0
85-D-145, Fuel Production
Facility

5.8
84-D-130, Mod. Processing
Facility Substations

0.2
84-D-134, Safeguards and

Security Improvements
Plantwide

13.5
83-D-148, Non-Radioactive
Hazardous Waste Management

9.5
83-D-180, Facility Storage Mods. 3.4
82-D-124, Restoration of

Production Capabilities,
Phases II-V

58.3
82-D-126, Reactor Safety and
Reliability

5.8
82-D-127, Safeguards Improvements 12.9
82-D-201, Special Plutonium

Recovery Facilities, JB-Line 42.4 81-D-143, L Reactor Upgrade

15.0 Prior Year Projects

0.3 Subtotal Construction

$ 182.9

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Total Nuclear Materials Production $1,745.3 $1,768.1 $2,066.1 Thermal Mitigation Project at Savannah River

Question: Describe the needs that are to be met by the requirements of project 87-D-156, Reactor Effluent Cooling Water Thermal Mitigation.

Answer: The major sources of thermal effluents at the Savannah River Plant are the cooling water discharges from the production reactors, C and K, and the D Area coal-fired powerhouse. Although the production reactors have operated for approximately 30 years, at present, the discharge from these facilities do not meet the temperature limits prescribed by the State of South Carolina's standards. The Department of Energy has developed this project to enable operations to comply with these standards and to meet the requirements of a Consent Order between DOE and the State of South Carolina's Department of Health and Environmental Control.

Question:

What is the total cost of project 87-D-156?

Answer: $109 million.

The total project cost for project 87-D-156 is

Question: What cost/benefit analysis has been performed on requirements of project 87-D-156?

Answer: The Department of Energy has performed a cost benefit study and has published the results which describe the systems which can best implement compliance with the water quality standards. As a result, DOE is considering the construction and operation of once-through cooling towers for C and K Reactors and implementation of increased coolant flow with mixing for the D Area powerhouse.

Question: What alternative measures have been analyzed to the use of these cooling towers?

of

Answer: The Department of Energy has examined alternatives which improve on the existing situation and which either meet or fail to meet the full requirements of the existing standards. the alternatives which meet the standards, cooling lakes, recirculating cooling towers, once-through cooling towers, and combinations of these have been evaluated. Of the alternatives which would significantly improve thermal discharges but which would not meet the standards, DOE has examined spray canals, lakes, energy recovery systems, and combinations of these.

Question: What is the environmental impact on the Savannah River site of having the proposed cooling towers?

Answer: The proposed project will require 1,125 to 1,600 acres of land. This includes flooding of 700 to 815 acres of upland hardwoods and pines under the new holding ponds. The equivalent of 50,000 barrels of crude oil will be consumed each year to power the fans and pumps to be installed. There will also be increased fogging due to the moisture discharged into the atmosphere by the towers.

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