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we are not tied to the Rest of the Sabbath, but to all the Work of the Sabbath ; and we are to abstain from bodily Labour, not because it is a dire& Duty to us as it was to the Jews, but because it is necessary in Order to our Duty that we attend to the Offices of Religion.
The Obfervation of the Lord's-Day differs nothing from the Observation of the Sabbath in the Matter of Religion, but in the Manner. They differ in the Ceremony and External Rite : Reft with them was the principal ; with us it is the acceffory. They differ in the Office or Forms of Worship : For they were then to worship God as a Creator and a gentle Father; we are to add čo that, our Redeemer, and all his other Excellencies and Mercies. And though we have more natural and proper Reason to keep the Lord's-Day than the Sabbath, yet the Jews had a Divine Commandment for their Day, which we have not for ours: But we have many Commandments to do all that, Honour to God which was intended in the fourth Commandment, and the Apostles appointed the first Day of the Week for doing it in Solemn Afsemblies. And the manner of worshipping God, and doing him Solemn Honour and Service upon this Day, we may best observe in the following Measures. Rules for keeping the Lord's-Day and other
Chriftian Festivals. 1. When you go about to distinguish Festival-Days from common, do it not by leffening the Devotions of ordinary Days, that the common Devotion may seem bigger upon Festivals : But on every Day keep your ordinary Devotions entire, and enlarge upon the Holy-Day.
2. Upon the Lord's-Day we muft abstain from all servile and laborious Works, except such which are Matters of Necessity, of common Life, or of great Charity: For these are permitted by that Authority which hath separated the Day for holy Uses. The Sabbath of the Jews, though consisting principally in Reft, and
established by God, did yield to these. The Labour of Love and the Labours of Religion were not against the Reason and the Spirit of the Commandment, for which the Letter was decreed, and to which it ought to minifter. And therefore much more is it so on the Lord's-Day, where the Letter is wholly turned into Spirit, and there is no Commandinent of God but of Spiritual and Holy Actions. The Priests might kill their Beasts and dress them for Sacrifice; and Chrift, though born under the Law, might heal a fick Man, and the fick Man might carry his Bed to witness his Recovery, and confess
the Mercy, and leap and dance to God for Joy; and an Ox might be led to Water, and an Afs be haled out of a Ditch; and a Man may take Physick, and he may eat Meat, and therefore there were of Necessity fome to prepare and minister it: And the performing these Labours did not confift in Minutes and just determining Stages, but they had, even then, a reasonable Latitude, so only as to exclude unneceffary Labour, or such as did not minister to Charity or Religion. And therefore this is to be enlarged in the Gospel, whose Sabbath or Reft is but a Circumstance, and accessory to the principal and fpiritual Duties. Upon the Christian Sabbath Neceffity is to be served first, then Charity, and then Religion; for this is to give Place to Charity in great InItances, and the second to the first in all ; and in all Cafes, God is to be worshipped
in Spirit and in Truth. 3. The Lord'sDay, being the Remembrance of a great Blessing, must be a Day of Joy; Festivity,Spiritual Rejoycing and Thanksgiving: And therefore it is a proper Work of the Day to let your Devotions spend themselves in finging or reading Psalms, in recounting the great Works of God, in remembring his Mercies, in worshipping his Excellencies, in celebrating his Attributes, in admiring his Person, in sending Portions of pleasant Meat to them for whom nothing is provided, and in all the Arts and Instruments of advancing God's Glory and the Reputation of Religion, in which it were a great Decency that a Memorial of the Refurrection should be inserted, and the particular Religion
of the day be not swallowed up in the general. And of this we may the more easily serve our felves by rising seasonably in the morning to private devotion, and by retiring at the leisures and spaces of the day not employed in publick offices.
Fail not to be present at the publick hours and places of Prayer, entring early and chearfully, attending reverently and devoutly, abiding patiently during the whole Office, piously affiting at the Prayers; and gladly also hearing the Sermon ; and at no hand omitting to receive the holy Communion when it is offered, (unless fonje great reason excuse it) this being the great folemnity of Thanksgiving, and a proper work of the Day.
5. After the Solemnities are past, and in the intervals between the Morning and Evening Devotion, (as you shall find opportunity) vifit fick Persons, reconcile Differences, do offices of Neighbourhood, enquirè into the needs of the Poor, especially House-keepers, relieve them as they shall need, and as you are able ; for then we truly rejoice in God, when we make our Neighbours, the poor
Members of Christ, rejoice together with us.
6. Whatsoever you are to do your self as necessary, you are to take care that others also, who are under your charge, do in their station and manner. Let your Servants be called to Church, and all your Family that can be spared from necessary and great houfhold ministries those that cannot let them go by turns, and be supplied otherwise as well as they may: and provide on these days especially that they be infructed in the Articles of Faith and neceffaty parts of their Duty. 7
Those who labour hard in the Week must be eafed upon the Lord's Day; such ease being a great charity and alms : but at no hand must they be permitted to use any unlawful Games, any thing forbidden by the Laws, any thing that is scandalous, or any thing that is dangerous and apt to mingle fin with it; no Games prompting to wantottness; to drunkenness; tg quarrelling to ridiculous and superstitious cu
storms; but let their refreshments be innocent, and charitable, and of good report, and not exclusive of the Duties of Religion.
8. Beyond these bounds, because neither God not Man hath passed any obligation upon us, we must preserve our Christian liberty, and not suffer ourselves to be int angled with a goke of bondage: For even a good action may become a Inare to us, if we make it áp occasion of scruple by a pretence of necessity, bind ing loads upon the Conscience not with the bands of God, but of Men, and of fancy, or of opinion, or of tyranny. Whatsoever is laid upon us by the hands of Man, must be acted and accounted of by the measures of a Man: but our best measure is this, He keeps the Lord's day belt, that keeps it with most Religion and with moft Charity.
9: What the Church hàth done in the Article of the Relurrection, the hath in some measure done in the
ther Articles of the Nativity, of the Afcenfion, and of the Descent of the Holy Ghost at Pentecoft: and so grear bleffings desérve an anniversary foleninity, fince he is a very unthankful Person that does not often record them in the whole Year, and esteem them the ground of his Hopes, the object of his Faith, the comfort of his Troubles, and the great effluxes of the Divine Mercy, greater than all the Victories over our temporal Enemies, for which all glad Persons usually give Thanks. And if with greater
reason the memory of the Resurrection does return folemnly every Week, it is but reason the other Thould return once à Year. * To which I add, that the commemoration of the Articles of our Creed in folemn Days and Offices, is a very excellent instrument to convey and imprint the sense and memory of it upon the fpirits of the most ignorant Persons. For as a picture may with more fancy convey a fóry to a Man than a plain narrative either in word or writing : so a real representment, and an
office of remembrance, and a day to declare it, is far more impreslive than a picture, or any other art of making and fixing, imagery,
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can make us happy : It is a work so eafie, fo honou
bro. The memories of the Saints are precious to God and therefore they ought alfa to be fo tacus and fuch Persons who servéd. God by holy Living, induftrious Preaching, and religious Dying, ought to have their Names preserved in Honour, and God be glorified in them, and their holy Doctrines and Lives published and imitated : and we by so doing give testimony to the Article of the Communion of Saints: But in these cafes às everyi Church is to be fparing in the namber of Days, faalfa Lhould she be temperate in her Injun&tions, not imposing them but uponr voluntary and umbufind Persons without snare or borchen. But the Hoty day is best, kepit by giving God thanks for the excellent Perfons, Apostles or Martyrs we then remeraber and, by imitating their Lives this all may dog and they that can alfo keep the folemnity, muft do that too when it is publickly enjoined. -fil roula Vilbili vs ciclistes The mixt Alions of Religion are, 1. Prayer2. Almi 3. Repentance;' 4. Receiving the blessed Sacrament. SECT. VIL "
of Prayer. THere is no greater argument in the World of ouk
fpiritual danger and unwillingness to Religion, than the backwardnefs which most Men have always and all Men have sometimes, to say their Prayers ; 10 weary of their length, fo glad when they are done, la witty to excuse and frustrate an opportunity; and yer all is nothing but a defiring of God to give us the greatest and the best Things we can need, and which rable, and to lo great purpose, that in all the InAances of Religion and Providence (except only the incarnation of his Son) God hath not given us a greater argument of his willingness to have us faved,