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« Who calls so LOW'D." Romeo and Juliet, pag. 74.
Troylus and Cressida.
“Why, what would you?
Write loyall cantons of contemned loue,
Twelfe Night, pag. 259.
And euen at hand a drumme is readie brac'd
King John, pag. 20.
First Part of Henry VI. pag. 102. SHRED ? .... Each of them the past participle of
Sherd S the verb rcyran, to sheer, or to cut off: thus, shered, shred: shered, sher'd.
FIELD......... This word, by Alfred, Gower, Chaucer, &c. was always written felb, feld. It is merely the past participle felled, felld, of the verb to fell, (fællan, be-Fælan); and is so universally written feld by all our old authors, that I should be ashamed to produce you many instances. PART II.
Field-land is opposed to wood-land ; and means ..... Land where the trees have been felled.
« In woodes, and in Feldes eke,
Gower, lib. fol. 116, pag. 2, col. 2.
Gower, lib. 5, fol. 122, pag. 1, col. 1.
Chaucer, Knyghtes Tale, fol. pag. 2, col. 2. “ My blysse and my myrthe arné FELDE, sickenesse and sorrowe ben alwaye redy."
Testament of Loue, boke 1, fol. 306, pag. 2, col. 1. In the collateral languages, the German, the Dutch, the Danish, and the Swedish, you will find the same correspondence between the equivalent verb and the supposed substantive. German fellen
Felt. CUD.... To chew the cud, i. e. to chew the chew'd. This change of pronunciation, and consequently of writing, from ch to k and from k to
is very common and frequent in our language ; and you will have more than one occasion hereafter to notice what obscurity, difficulties, and errors it has caused to our etymologists.
DASTARD....i. e. territus, the past participle of Sastrigan, adastrigan, terrere. Dastriged, dastriyed, dastried, dastred, dastr’d.
Coward....i. e. cowred, cowered, cower'd. One who has cower'd before an enemy. It is of the same import as supplex.
Ille humilis supplexque, oculos dextramque precantem protendens,....vicisti, et victum tendere palmas Ausonii videre.
Supplex, i. e. sub-plicans, supplicans, supplic's, supplix. So suppliant and supple, i. e. sous-pliant.
COWARD is the past participle of the verb to cowre or to cower; a word formerly in common
66 Her heed loueth all honour
Chaucer, Plowmans Tale, firste parte, fol, 94, p. 1, 6. 2.
66 And she was put, that I of talke,
Romaunt of the Rose, fol. 122, pag. 1, col. I.
“ Winter with his rough winds and blasts causeth a lusty “ man and woman to COURE and sit by the fire.”
Hist. of Prince Arthur, 3d part, chap. 142. “They spake all with one voice, Sir Lanncelot, for Christs şake let us ride out with Sir Galihud, for we beene neuer $ wont to COURE in castels nor in townes.”
Hist. of Prince Arthur, 3d part, chap. 160, They cow'r so o'er the coles, their eies be bler'd with 66 smooke.”
Gammer Gurton's Needle. “ The king is served with great state. His noblemen never 6 look him in the face, but sit coWRING upon their buttocks, « their faces; nor dare lift up their eyes, until his majesty com" mands them.” Voyage to Benin, by Thomas Windham,(t)
with their elbows upon their knees, and their hands before
1553, Hakluyt, vol. 2.
Second part Henry VI. pag. 134.
Pericles, act 4, sce. 4. “ COWRING and quaking at a conqu’ror's sword, “ But lofty to a lawful prince restor’d.”
Dryden, Absalom and Achitophel. M. Iault (Art. COUARD) repeats much childishness of the French etymologists concerning this word, which I will spare you.
“ CODARDO, says Menage, Da coda, codarus, “ codardus : quia post principia lateat, et in extrema “ acie, quæ veluti cauda agminis est, dice il Si - Ferrari.”
“ Dalla coda che fra le gambe portano i cani “ paurosi ; di cono gli altri.”
Junius thinks it is “ COW-HERD, Bubulcus.”
Some will have it COW-HE ART, or COWhearted."
Skinner leaves us to chuse amongst
1. CAUDA...." Chi ha tuto il suo ardire nella « coda : et nos dicimus....He has his heart in his “ heels :....vel q. d. amplâ caudâ præditus; quod
physiognomis timiditatis signum est: vel q. d. “ qui caudam crebro ostendit.”
(t) This Thomas Windham was a Norfolk gentleman: and a curious account is given in this voyage, of his usurping and cruel conduct, and of his mean, violent, selfish, and tyrannical character. [An ancestor of the Mr. Windham alluded to in the first part....an apostate whig, and one of Mr, Tooke's violent persecutors.]
2. " Cow.herd."
3. “ Sin malis a vernacula origine, petere, a « nostra cow et Germ. aerd, ard. natura....q. d. “ Indole seu ingenio vaccino præditus : nihil enim " vaccâ timidius."
4. “ Ab Hisp. cueva, antrum, specus: quia sc. “ pusillanimus latibula quærit. Cueva autem, satis “ manifeste, a Lat. cava, pro caverna, defluxit.”
Mr. Tyrwhitt says....“ I think the opinion of “ Twysden and Somner much the most probable, " who derive it from the Barb. Lat. culum vertere ; " to turn tail, or run away. See Du Cange, in v. “ culverta, and culvertagium. Culvert (as it is « written in the oldest and best French mss. that I “ have seen) might easily be corrupted, according “ to the French mode of pronunciation, into cou
ART and COUARD."
BLIND....blined, blin'd, is the past participle of the old English verb to blin (A. s. blinnan) to stop.
“ So may they eke her prayer BLYNNE
Rom. of the Rose, fol. 151, pag. 2, col. 2.
Troylus, boke 3, fol. 179, pag. 2, col. 2.
Douglas, prol. to booke 4, pag. 96. “ He sent them worde he should not Blyn tyll he had des“ troyed them.
Fabian, pag. 152.
“ That I may drowne therein.” Songes and Sonets by the Earle of Surrey, e. fol. 72, pag. 2.