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spring not of faith in Jesus Christ; neither do they make men meet to receive grace, or (as the School-authors say) deservo grace of congruity : yea rather, for that they are not done as God hath willed and commanded them to be done, we doubt not but they have the nature of sin
Art. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. VOLUNTARY Works besides, over and above, God's Com
mandments, which they call Works of Supererogation, cannot be taught without arrogancy and impiety: for by them men do declare, that they do not only render unto God as much as they are bound to do, but that they do more for his sake, than of bounden duty is required: whereas Christ saith painly. When ye have done all that are commanded to you, say, We are unprofitable servants.
Art. XV. Of Christ alone without Sin. CHRIST in the truth of our nature was made like uuto us in
all things, sin only except, from which he was clearly void, both in his fiesh, and in his spirit. He came to be the Lamb without spot, who, by sacrifice of himself once made, should take away the sins of the world, and sin (as Saint John saith) was not in him. But all we the rest, although baptized, and born again in Christ, yet offend in many things; and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.
Art. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. NOT every deadly sin willingly committed after Baptism is fore the grant of repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after Baptism. After we have received the Holy Ghost, we may depart from grace given, and fall into sin, and by the grace of God we may arise again, and amend our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned, which say, they can no more sin as long as they live here, or deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent.
Art. XVII. Of Predestination and Election.
God, whereby (before the foundations of the world were laid) he hath constantly decreed by his counsel secret to us, to deliver from curse and damnation those whom he hath chosen in Christ out of maukind, and to bring them by Christ to everlasting salvation, as vessels made to honour. Wherefore, they whicli be endund with so excellent a benefit of God, be called according to God's purpose by his Spirit working in due season: they through Grace obey the calling : they be justified freely : they be made sons of God by adoption: they be made like the wage of his only-begotten Son Jesus Christ : they walk te hgiously in good works, and at length, by God's mercy, they attain to everlasting felicity.
As the godly consideration of Predestination, and our Election in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly persons, and such as feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the works of the flesh, and their earthly members, and drawing up their mind to high and heavenly things, as well because it doth greatly establish and confirm their faith of eternal Salvation to be enjoyed througii Christ, as because it doth fervently kindle their love towards God: So, for curious and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Christ, to have continually before their eyes the sentence of God's Predestination, is a most dangerous downfall, whereby the Devil doth thrust them either into desperation, or into wretchlessness of most unclean living, no less perilous than desperation.
Furthiermore, we must receive God's promises in such wise, as they be generally set forth to us in Holy Scripture: and, in our doings, that Will of God is to be followed, which we have expressly declared unto us in the Word of God.
Art. XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvation only by the
Name of Christ. THEY also are to be had accursed that presume to say, That professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that Law, and the light of Nature. For Holy Scripture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be saved.
ART. XIX. Of the Church. THE visible. Church of Christ is a congregation of faithful the Sacraments be duly ministered according to Christ's ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to the same.
As the Church of Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church of Rome hath erred, not only in their living and manner of Ceremonies, but also in matters of Faith.
Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church.
or authority in Controversies of Faith: and yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to God's Word written, neither may it so expound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. Wherefore, although the Church be a witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, yet, as it ought not to decree any thing against the same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any thing to be believed for necessity of Salvation.
ARI XXI. Of the Authority of General Councils.*
Art. XXII. Of Purgatory. THE Romish Doctrine concerning Purgatory, Pardons, Wor, also Invocation of Saints, is a fond thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the Word of God.
Art. XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congregation. IT of
public preaching, or ministering the acraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully called, and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men who lave public authority given unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's vineyard.
Art. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congregation in such a
Tongue as the people understand eth. IT is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God, and the
custom of the Primitive Church, to have public Prayer in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments, in a tongue not under standed of the people.
Art. XXV. Of the Sacraments.
or kens of Christian men's profession, but rather they be certain sure witnesses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our Faith in him.
There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the upper of the Lord.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, Confirination, l'enance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme lnction, are not to he counted for <acraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown partly of the corrupt following of ile Apostles, partly are states of life allowed in the criptures; but yet have not like nature of Sacraments with Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a whole
• The Twenty first of the former Articles is omitted ; hecanse it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining parts of it, in other Articles.
some effect or operation : but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as saint Paul saith.
Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, which hinders not the effect of the Sacraments.
be with the good, and sometimes the evil have chief authority in the Ministration of the Word and sacraments, yet forasmuch as they do not the same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his commission and authority, we may use their Ministry, bot in hearing the Word of God, and in receiving the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of Christ's ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such as by faith, and rightly, do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them; wich be effectual, because of Christ's institution and promise, although they be ministered by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences; and finally, being found guilty, by just judgment be deposed.
Art. XXVII. Of Baptism, BAPTISM
is not only a sign of profession, and mark of differthat be not christened, but it is also a sign of Regeneration or New-Birth, whereby, 'as by an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church; the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed; Faith is confirmed, and Grace increased by virtue of prayer unto God.
The Baptism of young Children is in any wise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Christ.
ART. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper.
Christians ougnt to have among themselves one to another; but rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death: insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith, receive the same, the Bread which we break is a partaking of the Body of Christ; and likewise the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (or the change of the substance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by Holy Writ; but is repugnant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions.
The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, in the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the Body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worsieipped.
Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not the Body of Christ in the use of the Lord's Supper.
; they do carnally and visibly press with their teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ; yet in no wise are they partakers of Christ : but rather to their condemnation, do eat and drink the sign or Sacrament of so great a thing.
Art. XXX. Of both Kinds.
be for both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Christ's ordinance and commandment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike.
Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upor:
the Cross. THE offering of Christ once made is that perfect redemption,
propitiation, and satisfaction, for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual ; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacrifices of Masses. in the which it was commonly said, that the Priest did offerCbrist for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blasphemou: ables, and dangerous deceits.
ART. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
, Law, either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage: therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness.
Art. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to be avoided.
is rightly cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by penance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath authority thereunto.
Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. IT is not necessary that Traditions and Ceremonies be in ali divers, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. Whosoever, through his private judg.