Overige edities - Alles bekijken
abstrac Adeimantus admit animals answer appear argument Aristotle Asclepius beauty become begin better body called cause Cephalus Certainly citizens Critias desire disease divine drink earth elements enemies equally eternal evil eyes fire flesh give Glaucon gods guardians gymnastic happiness harmony hear heaven Hellenes Hephaestus Hermocrates Hesiod Homer honor human idea ideal imagine imitation individual injustice justice kind knowledge light lives lover mankind manner matter mean military tactics mind motion nature never oligarchy opinion opposite orichalcum pain perfect Phaedrus philosopher phlegm Plato pleasure poets Polemarchus Poseidon principle Protagoras question reason replied Republic rulers sense sight Socrates Solon sort soul speak suppose tell temperance things thought Thrasymachus Timaeus timocracy tion triangles true truth tyrant unjust virtue whole wisdom women words youth Zeus
Pagina 305 - Until philosophers are kings, or the kings and princes of this world have the spirit and power of philosophy, and political greatness and wisdom meet in one, and those commoner natures who pursue either to the exclusion of the other are compelled to stand aside, cities will never have rest from their evils, — no, nor the human race, as I believe, — and then only will this our State have a possibility of life and behold the light of day.
Pagina 442 - Homer is the greatest of poets and first of tragedy writers; but we must remain firm in our conviction that hymns to the gods and praises of famous men are the only poetry which ought to be admitted into our State. For if you go beyond this and allow the honeyed muse to enter, either in epic or lyric verse, not law and the reason of mankind, which by common consent have ever been deemed best, but pleasure and pain will be the rulers in our State.
Pagina 345 - ... from turning round their heads. Above and behind them a fire is blazing at a distance, and between the fire and the prisoners there is a raised way; and you will see, if you look, a low wall built along the way, like the screen which marionette players have in front of them, over which they show the puppets.
Pagina 345 - You have shown me a strange image, and they are strange prisoners. Like ourselves, I replied; and they see only their own shadows, or the shadows of one another, which the fire throws on the opposite wall of the cave? True, he said; how could they see anything but the shadows if they were never allowed to move their heads?
Pagina 274 - ... to act, if he has to act, whether in a matter of property, or in the treatment of the body, or in some...
Pagina 348 - ... of all, and is seen only with an effort; and, when seen, is also inferred to be the universal author of all things beautiful and right, parent of light and of the lord of light in this...
Pagina 524 - Many great and wonderful deeds are recorded of your state in our histories. But one of them exceeds all the rest in greatness and valour. For these histories tell of a mighty power which unprovoked made an expedition against the whole of Europe and Asia, and to which your city put an end.
Pagina 186 - For all men believe in their hearts that injustice is far more profitable to the individual than justice, and he who argues as I have been supposing will say that they are right. If you could imagine...
Pagina 452 - ... this light is the belt of heaven, and holds together the circle of the universe, like the undergirders of a trireme. From these ends is extended the spindle of Necessity, on which all the revolutions turn. The shaft and hook of this spindle are made of steel, and the whorl is made partly of steel and also partly of other materials.
Pagina 345 - Behold! human beings living in an underground den. which has a mouth open towards the light and reaching all along the den; here they have been from their childhood, and have their legs and necks chained so that they cannot move, and can only see before them, being prevented by the chains from turning round their heads.