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and ink, and other little requisites. Over loose a flood of light from the lamps at this shelf, suspended from the ceiling of night, and impenetrable darkness fell into the palanquin, was a strong open net, the roadside hedges. No monarch newly capital contrivance for preserving oranges
come to the high dignity of sway enjoyed and other fruit, so refreshing on a sultry a thing more than I did this first palanquin day, and which on this present occasion journey. was well filled with mangoes and custard apples, which were sadly diminished in
INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. proportion as the first day's journey drew to a close, Under the mattress itself, no Massachusetts belongs the honor of spread out between two sheets, was the establishing the first state farnı school limited change of linen, etc., allowed for for the salvation and reformation of its exthe journey, and what was soiled was posed and criminal boys. In this Magatransferred to a flat tin box on the outside, zine, some two years since, we presented which covered two thirds of the palkee an illustrated sketch of that institution, roof. There was, moreover, outside of which is located in the pleasant agricultural the palanquin, and just over the front pole, town of Westborough, and now covers with a large open wicker-work basket, well its benignant shelter six hundred boys. fastened to the iron rods that secured the Since its establishment, ten years ago, pole, and which contained a large-sized over a thousand youths have been sent goglet of water, bottles of wine and beer, forth from under its training who are giva few spare tumblers, and a plate or two. ing hopeful assurances of integrity in the Behind, in a similar position, and similarly various industrial positions which have secured, were metal basins and jugs, with been provided for them. This alone is an a wooden camp wash-hand stand, and with ample return to the commonwealth for all what Jonathan calls all the fixings. The the outlay occasioned by the building and sliding doors of the palanquin opened on maintenance of the school, over and above either side, at least two feet wide, and the pecuniary loss she must have suffered had, in addition, three distinct sets of cur if they had continued in the courses of tains, which all rolled up into a compara- vice to which they seemed inevitably pretively small space at the top. There were destined. green silk curtains for fine weather, oil cloth To Massachusetts also belongs the honones for wet, and euscuss blinds to shut or of instituting the first industrial school out the dreadful long shore winds, which for the rescue of her exposed girls ; and are bad enough in the best house, but in- also of attempting the first reform school sufferable out of doors. By keeping these upon the family system as distinguished damp, and renewing the supply of water from the penitentiary. Instead of one at every puddle or stream we came across, large building, elaborate and expensive in the scorching wind lost its effect, and blew its appointments, surrounded by walls, or in cool and invigorating. Talk to me of forming a wall itself by inclosing a hollow luxuries and inventions in traveling. I square, it will be seen by the accompanyshould like to know what could surpassing illustration, that it is made up of sevthe comforts of that palanquin? It was a eral edifices, plain in their architecture, portable palace, a locomotive drawing- and arranged to accommodate separate room, a dining-room, studio, bed-room, families, forming a little industrial village everything and all things at once and in around their common chapel. one. It was an enchanted castle, (I recol The school was opened on the 27th of lect thinking so at the time,) in which I August last, and immediately began to rehad only to harbor a wish, and that wish ceive inmates. At this time three homes, was instantly gratified. I thought “man as they are appropriately called, were comgo," and straightway fisted one out of pleted. Each house is perfect in itself, the curtain ; “ wine and water," it was having accommodations for the instruction, at my right and left; so with biscuits, so industry, and domestic training of thirty with anything to read, so with sleep, so girls. Over each house two matrons, (one with all the shadows from light to dark- called the assistant,) and affectionately ness; and, at night, vice versa. I had addressed as mother and aunt by the girls, only to close the sliding doors, and the are placed, into whose hands is given the brilliant glare of day was gone; to let / entire care and discipline of the family,
the superintendent being their counselor, | (the judges of probate being commissionand affording advice and aid whenever re ers ex officio,) in the various towns in the quested. In addition to the three homes, state, before whom the girls are brought, is a house for the superintendent, who is and who have authority to commit them also the chaplain of the institution ; a house to the institution for the term of their for the farmer, and a chapel. The school minority. The object of the school is to is situated in the quiet and beautiful old succor and save such girls, under sixteen, town of Lancaster, about thirty miles from as are exposed to a life of crime, through Boston ; a little aside from the main routes orphanage, vagrancy, unsuitable homes, of travel, but of easy access from all parts etc.; or have been guilty of acts of petty of the state. The town, with its village crime, but have not become habitual and hamlets, stretches along the two branches hardened criminals. It is painful to know of the Nashua, which unite a short dis- how large are the statistics of these classes, tance from the institution and flow at the even in our most Christian Massachusetts. foot of the farm. The great feature of the In the city of Boston alone, the chief of town is its wonderful growth of elms, which police returns, as the result of a careful line all the woods and embower the private examination, four hundred girls under sixresidences. The plateau upon which the teen exposed to almost certain ruin, and school buildings are erected is thickly yet still children, and nearly nine hundred studded with elms of a hundred years' just over sixteen. What a future is before growth, which cover its buildings and lawn these girls! What an expense will they with their venerable arms.
be to the city and the state, and after all Besides the family system, the institu- be lost! As a simple question of economy, tion differs from others in that its subjects how much cheaper to gather them up from are saved from the dishonor of a sentence their homes of sin and destitution, and train from a criminal tribunal. No girl is sent them to habits of industry and virtue! to it from the courts ; but special commis At the present writing, less than six sioners are appointed by the executive, months since the opening of the school,
some sixty girls, between the ages of eight to this, after a pupil has remained long and sixteen, averaging about twelve, have enough to awaken a personal affection for been received. The present building can the matrons, than parents do in reference accommodate ninety, and there is abundant to their children. The trustees reason room for the construction of edifices for that it is better to be subjected to some the homes of two or three hundred inmates, inconvenience in securing the return of the institution being situated upon a farm fugitives, if, on rare occasions, there are of a hundred acres. The girls under the attempts to leave the premises, than to supervision of the matrons, perform the break so seriously into the family plan as house-work, attend to the dairy, make their to introduce physical restraint. In the own garments, and soon will be able to aid case of two thirds of the present inmates, with their needles in the support of the no ordinary inducement could lead them institution. About three hours dayly are to leave without permission. The punishdevoted to the school. Prayers are con ments are simple, appealing rather to the ducted by the chaplain in the presence of moral sense than to a fear of bodily sufferall the families in the chapel, in the morn ing. The discipline chiefly relied upon, ing; the evening devotions take place in and thus far failing in no instance, is sethe several families under the direction of clusion from their companions in their own the matrons. Services adapted to the age or another room, with a light diet, and the and character of the children are held on affectionate and Christian expostulation of Sunday in the chapel.
the matron. The most impertinent and Painful revelations are made by the dis- obstinate, after a period of exclusion from closures of these girls, of the exposure of the society of their companions, and of rechildren and the powerful influences that flection, yield to the discipline of the school. draw them toward a life of crime. In a The fact that they themselves measure the majority of cases there has been a change period of their seclusion, and the weight in their domestic relations ; a large number of the punishment, soon quenches the fire have step-mothers; some step-fathers; in of passion by which their stubbornness was other cases the parents have separated or aroused. They respond quite readily to are deceased. In a number of instances the direct and kind religious instruction, they have suffered from the intemperance which in most cases for the first time in of parents. There is hardly one of them their life they receive ; and the most but was so exposed to temptation, or had effectual element of discipline is found to so far fallen under it, as to create a strong be the newly awakened sense of self-represumption of ultimate ruin if not at once spect, and the consciousness that the eye rescued, and there is scarcely one that of God ests continually upon them. does not, with the Divine blessing, afford a These girls are placed in the institution fair promise of hopeful reformation. Their until their majority, but the trustees have appearance is often squalid in the extreme authority to bind them out in suitable famwhen they first make their appearance. ilies, whenever in their judgment it will They come from homes of sin and from an be for the best interests of the child that atmosphere of moral impurity. The mis- this should be done, or when the work of erable rags that cover them are at once reformation is so far completed as to give committed to the flames, the grimed bodies them confidence in the future integrity and to an unwonted bath, and it is wonderful virtue of their previous wards. Our space to notice how early also the new and pow. will not admit of a reference to the intererful spiritual influences seem to transfigure esting personal incidents which are prethe character of the child.
sented in the first report to the Legislature. The school differs from others of the In so short an experiment marked results same class, in that it proposes to retain its could not be expected, but ample time has subjects solely by a moral and social power been allowed to show the feasibility of the rather than by walls, locks, and bars. It system upon which it is founded. As the is surrounded by a simple paling fence, family is a Divine institution, and is the and the girls take their exercise as freely best nursery of childhood, so when the upon the lawn as children of the common state assumes the care of its orphaned, or schools. There have been (in six months) worse than orphaned, children, she should but two slight attempts to escape, and the place herself as nearly as possible in the officers feel no more anxiety in reference | parental attitude.
Come, bright improvement! on the car of Truth shall pervade th' unfathom'd darkness time,
there, And rule the spacious world from clime to clime; And light the dreadful features of despair. Thy handmaid arts shall every wild explore, Hark! the stern captive spurns his heavy load, Trace every wave, and culture every shore. And asks the image back that Heaven beOn Erie's banks, where tigers steal along,
stow'd! And the dread Indian chants a dismal song ; Fierce in his eye the fire of valor burns, Where human fiends on midnight errands walk, And, as the slave departs, the man returns ! And bathe in brains the murderous tomahawk; There shall the flocks on thymy pasture stray, And shepherds dance at summer's opening day;
Ye fond adorers of departed fame, Each wandering genius of the lonely glen Who warm at Scipio's worth, or Tully's name ! Shall start to view the glittering haunts of men ;
Ye that, in fancied vision, can admire
Rapt in historic ardor, who adore
Where valor tuned, amid her chosen throng, Where barb'rous hordes on Scythian mount The Thracian trumpet and the Spartan song; ains roam,
Or, wand'ring thence, behold the later charms Truth, Mercy, Freedom yet shall find a home; Of England's glory and Helvetia's arms! Where'er degraded nature bleeds and pines, See Roman fire in Hampden's bosom swell, From Guinea's coast to Sibir's dreary mines, And fate and freedom in the shaft of Tell!
Say, ye fond zealots to the worth of yore,
Yes ! in that generous cause, forever strong, The patriot's virtue and the poet's song, Still, as the tide of ages rolls away, Shall charm the world, unconscious of decay.
In joyous youth, what soul hath never known Thought, feeling, taste, harmonious to its own? Who hath not paused while beauty's pensive
eye Ask'd from his heart the homage of a sigh? Who hath not own’d, with rapture-smitten frame, The power of grace, the magic of a name?
There be, perhaps, who barren hearts arow, Cold as the rocks on Torneo's hoary brow; There be, whose loveless wisdom never fail'd, In self-adoring pride securely mail'd : But, triumph not, ye peace-enamor'd few ! Fire, nature, genius never dwelt with you!